cc [ flag... ] file... -lrt [ library... ] #include <signal.h> #include <time.h>int timer_create(clockid_t clock_id, struct sigevent *evp, timer_t *timerid);
The timer_create() function creates a timer using the specified clock, clock_id, as the timing base. The timer_create() function returns, in the location referenced by timerid, a timer ID of type timer_t used to identify the timer in timer requests. This timer ID will be unique within the calling process until the timer is deleted. The particular clock, clock_id, is defined in <time.h>. The timer whose ID is returned will be in a disarmed state upon return from timer_create().
The evp argument, if non-null, points to a sigevent structure. This structure, allocated by the application, defines the asynchronous notification that willo occur when the timer expires. If the evp argument is NULL, the effect is as if the evp argument pointed to a sigevent structure with the sigev_notify member having the value SIGEV_SIGNAL, the sigev_signo having a default signal number, and the sigev_value member having the value of the timer ID, timerid.
user CPU usage clock
user and system CPU usage clock
non-adjustable, high-resolution clock
For timers created with a clock_id of CLOCK_HIGHRES, the system will attempt to use an optimal hardware source. This may include, but is not limited to, per-CPU timer sources. The actual hardware source used is transparent to the user and may change over the lifetime of the timer. For example, if the caller that created the timer were to change its processor binding or its processor set, the system may elect to drive the timer with a hardware source that better reflects the new binding. Timers based on a clock_id of CLOCK_HIGHRES are ideally suited for interval timers that have minimal jitter tolerence.
Upon successful completion, timer_create() returns 0 and updates the location referenced by timerid to a timer_t, which can be passed to the per-process timer calls. If an error occurs, the function returns -1 and sets errno to indicate the error. The value of timerid is undefined if an error occurs.
The timer_create() function will fail if:
The system lacks sufficient signal queuing resources to honor the request, or the calling process has already created all of the timers it is allowed by the system.
The specified clock ID, clock_id, is not defined.
The timer_create() function is not supported by the system.
The specified clock ID, clock_id, is CLOCK_HIGHRES and the effective user of the caller is not superuser.
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:
|ATTRIBUTE TYPE||ATTRIBUTE VALUE|
|MT-Level||MT-Safe with exceptions|