The netmasks file contains network masks used to implement IP subnetting. It supports both standard subnetting as specified in RFC-950 and variable length subnetting as specified in RFC-1519. When using standard subnetting there should be a single line for each network that is subnetted in this file with the network number, any number of SPACE or TAB characters, and the network mask to use on that network. Network numbers and masks may be specified in the conventional IP `.' (dot) notation (like IP host addresses, but with zeroes for the host part). For example,
can be used to specify that the Class B network 18.104.22.168 should have eight bits of subnet field and eight bits of host field, in addition to the standard sixteen bits in the network field.
When using variable length subnetting, the format is identical. However, there should be a line for each subnet with the first field being the subnet and the second field being the netmask that applies to that subnet. The users of the database, such as ifconfig(1M), perform a lookup to find the longest possible matching mask. It is possible to combine the RFC-950 and RFC-1519 form of subnet masks in the netmasks file. For example,
22.214.171.124 255.255.255.0 126.96.36.199 255.255.255.240 188.8.131.52 255.255.255.240 184.108.40.206 255.255.255.240 220.127.116.11 255.255.255.240 18.104.22.168 255.255.255.240 22.214.171.124 255.255.255.240 126.96.36.199 255.255.255.240 188.8.131.52 255.255.255.240 184.108.40.206 255.255.255.240 220.127.116.11 255.255.255.240 18.104.22.168 255.255.255.240 22.214.171.124 255.255.255.240 126.96.36.199 255.255.255.240 188.8.131.52 255.255.255.240 184.108.40.206 255.255.255.240 220.127.116.11 255.255.255.240 18.104.22.168 255.255.255.192
can be used to specify different netmasks in different parts of the 22.214.171.124 Class B network number. Addresses 126.96.36.199 through 188.8.131.52 have a subnet mask with 28 bits in the combined network and subnet fields (often referred to as the subnet field) and 4 bits in the host field. Furthermore, addresses 184.108.40.206 through 220.127.116.11 have a 26 bits in the subnet field. Finally, all other addresses in the range 18.104.22.168 through 22.214.171.124 have a 24 bit subnet field.
Invalid entries are ignored.
Postel, Jon, and Mogul, Jeff, Internet Standard Subnetting Procedure, RFC 950, Network Information Center, SRI International, Menlo Park, Calif., August 1985.
V. Fuller, T. Li, J. Yu, K. Varadhan, Classless Inter-Domain Routing (CIDR): an Address Assignment and Aggregation Strategy, RFC 1519, Network Information Center, SRI International, Menlo Park, Calif., September 1993.
T. Pummill, B. Manning, Variable Length Subnet Table For IPv4, RFC 1878, Network Information Center, SRI International, Menlo Park, Calif., December 1995.
/etc/inet/netmasks is the official SVr4 name of the netmasks file. The symbolic link /etc/netmasks exists for BSD compatibility.