Sun Java System Web Server 6.1 SP9 Performance Tuning, Sizing, and Scaling Guide


In the following example, acceptor threads are increased, and keep-alive connections are reduced:

In magnus.conf:
MaxKeepAliveConnections 0
 RqThrottle 128
 RcvBufSize 8192
In server.xml:
<SERVER legacyls="ls1">
     <LS id="ls1" ip="" port="8080" security="off" blocking="no"

HTTP/1.0-style workloads would have many connections established and terminated.

If users are experiencing connection timeouts from a browser to Sun Java System Web Server when the server is heavily loaded, you can increase the size of the HTTP listener backlog queue by setting the ListenQ parameter in the magnus.conf file to:

ListenQ  8192

The ListenQ parameter specifies the maximum number of pending connections on a listen socket. Connections that time out on a listen socket whose backlog queue is full will fail.

HTTP/1.1-style Workload

In general, it is a tradeoff between throughput and latency while tuning server persistent connection handling. The KeepAliveQueryQuery* directives (KeepAliveQueryMeanTime and KeepAliveQueryMaxSleepTime) control latency. Lowering the values of these directives is intended to lower latency on lightly loaded systems (for example, reduce page load times). Increasing the values of these directives is intended to raise aggregate throughput on heavily loaded systems (for example, increase the number of requests per second the server can handle). However, if there's too much latency and too few clients, aggregate throughput will suffer as the server sits idle unnecessarily. As a result, the general keep-alive subsystem tuning rules at a particular load are as follows: