Sun Java System Web Server 6.1 SP11 NSAPI Programmer's Guide


Next, the server needs to execute a Service directive to generate the response to send to the client. The server looks at each Service directive in turn, to find the first one that matches the type, method and query string. If a Service directive does not specify type, method, or query string, then the unspecified attribute matches anything.

If there is more than one Service directive, the server applies the first one that matches the conditions of the request, and ignores all remaining Service directives.

As with the PathCheck and ObjectType directives, if another object has been matched to the request as a result of the NameTrans step, the server considers the Service directives in the matching object before considering the ones in the default object. If the server successfully executes a Service directive in the matching object, it will not get around to executing the Service directives in the default object, since it only executes one Service directive.

Service Examples

For an example of how Service directives work, consider what happens when the server receives a request for the URL D:/server_name/jos.html. In this case, all directives executed by the server are in the default object.

Service method="(GET|HEAD|POST)" type="*~magnus-internal/*" fn="send-file""


Here is an example that involves using another object:

NameTrans fn=assign-name name=personnel from=/personnel


<Object name="personnel">
Service fn="index-simple"


Default Service Directive

There is usually a Service directive that does the default task (sends a file) if no other Service directive matches a request sent by a browser. This default directive should come last in the list of Service directives in the default object, to ensure it only gets called if no other Service directives have succeeded. The default Service directive is usually:

Service method="(GET|HEAD|POST)" type="*~magnus-internal/*" fn="send-file"


This directive matches requests whose method is GET, HEAD, or POST, which covers nearly virtually all requests sent by browsers. The value of the type argument uses special pattern-matching characters. For complete information about the special pattern-matching characters, seeChapter 9, Using Wildcard Patterns

The characters “*~” mean “anything that doesn’t match the following characters,” so the expression *~magnus-internal/ means “anything that doesn’t match magnus-internal/.” An asterisk by itself matches anything, so the whole expression *~magnus-internal/* matches anything that does not begin with magnus-internal/.

So if the server has not already executed a Service directive when it reaches this directive, it executes the directive so long as the request method is GET, HEAD or POST, and the value of the type attribute does not begin with magnus-internal/. The invoked function is send-file, which simply sends the contents of the requested file to the client.