A program unit is a sequence of statements, terminated by an END statement. Every program unit is either a main program or a subprogram. If a program is to be executable, it must have a main program.
There are three types of subprograms: subroutines, functions, and block data subprograms. The subroutines and functions are called procedures, which are invoked from other procedures or from the main program. The block data subprograms are handled by the loader.