Before the grid engine system starts to dispatch jobs, the jobs are brought into priority order, highest priority first. The system then attempts to find suitable resources for the jobs in priority sequence.
Ticket-based job priority. Jobs are always treated according to their relative importance as defined by the number of tickets that the jobs have. Pending jobs are sorted in ticket order. Any change that the administrator applies to the ticket policy also changes the sorting order.
Urgency-based job priority. Jobs can have an urgency value that determines their relative importance. Pending jobs are sorted according to their urgency value. Any change applied to the urgency policy also changes the sorting order.
POSIX priority. You can use the –p option to the qsub command to implement site-specific priority policies. The –p option specifies a range of priorities from –1023 to 1024. The higher the number, the higher the priority. The default priority for jobs is zero.
Maximum number of user or user group jobs. You can restrict the maximum number of jobs that a user or a UNIX user group can run concurrently. This restriction influences the sorting order of the pending job list, because the jobs of users who have not exceeded their limit are given preference.
For each priority type, a weighting factor can be specified. This weighting factor determines the degree to which each type of priority affects overall job priority. To make it easier to control the range of values for each priority type, normalized values are used instead of the raw ticket values, urgency values, and POSIX priority values.
The following formula expresses how a job's priority values are determined:
job_priority = weight_urgency * normalized_urgency_value + weight_ticket * normalized_ticket_value + weight_priority * normalized_POSIX_priority_value
You can use the qstat command to monitor job priorities:
Use qstat –pri to monitor job priorities overall, including POSIX priority.
Use qstat –ext to monitor job priorities based on the ticket policy.
Use qstat –urg to monitor job priorities based on the urgency policy.
Use qstat –prito diagnose job priority issues when urgency policy, ticket based policies and -p <priority> are used concurrently
Use qstat –explainto diagnose various queue instance based error conditions.
The urgency policy defines an urgency value for each job. The urgency value is derived from the sum of three contributions:
Resource requirement contribution
Waiting time contribution
The resource requirement contribution is derived from the sum of all hard resource requests, one addend for each request.
If the resource request is of the type numeric, the resource request addend is the product of the following three elements:
The resource's urgency value as defined in the complex. For more information, see Configuring Complex Resource Attributes With QMON.
The assumed slot allocation of the job.
The per slot request specified by the qsub –l command.
If the resource request is of the type string, the resource request addend is the resource's urgency value as defined in the complex.
The waiting time contribution is the product of the job's waiting time, in seconds, and the waiting-weight value specified in the Policy Configuration dialog box.
The deadline contribution is zero for jobs without a deadline. For jobs with a deadline, the deadline contribution is the weight-deadline value, which is defined in the Policy Configuration dialog box, divided by the free time, in seconds, until the deadline initiation time.
For information about configuring the urgency policy, see Configuring the Urgency Policy.