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Oracle® Data Provider for .NET Developer's Guide
11g Release 2 (

Part Number E23174-02
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Installing Oracle Data Provider for .NET

Oracle Data Provider for .NET is part of Oracle Data Access Components (ODAC), which can be downloaded from OTN. Beginning with ODAC, Oracle Data Provider for .NET can be installed through XCopy or Oracle Universal Installer.


This section describes installation using the Oracle Universal Installer. For installation and configuration using the XCopy install, refer to the README.TXT file that is part of the XCopy installation.

Additionally, Oracle Data Provider for .NET Dynamic Help is registered with Visual Studio, providing context-sensitive online help that is seamlessly integrated with Visual Studio Dynamic Help. With Dynamic Help, the user can access ODP.NET documentation within the Visual Studio IDE by placing the cursor on an ODP.NET keyword and pressing the F1 function key.

Oracle Data Provider for .NET creates an entry in the machine.config file of the computer on which it is installed, for applications using ADO.NET 2.0 and OracleClientFactory class. This enables the DbProviderFactories class to recognize ODP.NET.

See Also:

Oracle Database Installation Guide for Windows for installation instructions

File Locations After Installation

The Oracle.DataAccess.dll assembly is installed to the following locations:

.NET Framework 2.0:

ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\\bin\2.x directory

.NET Framework 4:

ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\\bin\4 directory


If the machine has the corresponding .NET Framework installed, then the Oracle.DataAccess.dll assembly is added to the Global Assembly Cache (GAC) as well. This is to ensure that existing applications can start using the newly installed ODP.NET version immediately. However, if this is not desired, be sure to remove the policy DLLs from the GAC.

Documentation and the readme.txt file are installed in the ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\ODP.NET\doc directory.

Samples are provided in the ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\ODP.NET\Samples directory.

Search Order for Unmanaged DLLs

ODP.NET consists of managed and unmanaged binaries. Through the use of the DllPath configuration parameter, each application can specify the ORACLE_BASE\\ORACLE_HOME\bin location that the dependent unmanaged Oracle Client binaries are loaded from. However, the ORACLE_BASE\\ORACLE_HOME must have the same ODP.NET version installed as the version that the application uses. Otherwise, a version mismatch exception is thrown.

The Oracle.DataAccess.dll searches for dependent unmanaged DLLs (such as Oracle Client) based on the following order:

  1. Directory of the application or executable.

  2. DllPath setting specified by application config or web.config.

  3. DllPath setting specified by machine.config.

  4. DllPath setting specified by the Windows Registry.


  5. Directories specified by the Windows PATH environment variable.

Upon installation of ODP.NET, Oracle Universal Installer sets the DllPath Windows Registry value to the ORACLE_BASE\\ORACLE_HOME\bin directory where the corresponding dependent DLLs are installed. Developers must provide this configuration information on an application-by-application basis.

When a new ODP.NET version is installed, default values are set in the Windows Registry for the new version. Because the policy DLLs redirect all ODP.NET references to this new ODP.NET version, applications use the default values. Developers can provide a config or web.config file specific to the application to prevent this redirection. The configuration file settings always apply to the application, regardless of whether or not patches or new versions are installed later.

ODP.NET Configuration File Support is only available for version and later.


Both Oracle.DataAccess.dll for .NET Framework 2.0 and Oracle.DataAccess.dll for .NET Framework 4 use the same unmanaged DLL, OraOps11w.dll.

ODP.NET and Dependent Unmanaged DLL Mismatch

To enforce the usage of Oracle.DataAccess.dll assembly with the correct version of its unmanaged DLLs, an exception is raised if Oracle.DataAccess.dll notices it has loaded a mismatched version of a dependent unmanaged DLL.