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|Oracle Java CAPS Master Index Standardization Engine Reference Java CAPS Documentation|
The configuration of the finite state machine (FSM) includes defining the various states, transitions between those states, and any actions to perform during each state. Each instance of the FSM begins in the start state. In each state, the standardization engine looks for the next token (or input symbol), optionally performs certain actions against the token, determines the potential output symbols, and then uses probability-based logic to determine the output symbol to generate for the state and how to transition to the next state. Within each state, only the input symbols defined for that state are recognized. When an input symbol is recognized, the processing defined for that symbol is carried out and the transition to the next state occurs. Note that some input symbols might trigger a transition back to the current state. Once the standardization engine does not recognize any input symbols, the FSM reaches a terminal state from which no further transitions are made.
You can define specialized processing rules for each input symbol in the state model. These rules include cleansing and data transformation logic, such as converting data to uppercase, removing punctuation, comparing the input value against a list of values, and so on. Both the state model and the processing rules are defined in the process definition file, standardizer.xml. The lists that you can use to compare and normalize values for each input symbol are contained in lexicon and normalization files.
The configuration files that configure the standardization engine are stored in the master index project and appear as nodes in the Standardization Engine node of the project. The standardization files are separated into subsets that are each unique to a specific data type, which are further grouped into variants on those data types. You can define additional standardization file subsets to create new variants or even create new data types, such as automotive parts, inventory items, and so on.
The following topics provide information about the files you can configure or create to customize how your data is standardized: