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Resource Management and Oracle Solaris Zones Developer's Guide     Oracle Solaris 11 Information Library
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Document Information


1.  Resource Management in the Oracle Solaris Operating System

2.  Projects and Tasks

3.  Using the C Interface to Extended Accounting

Overview of the C Interface to Extended Accounting

Extended Accounting API Functions

exacct System Calls

Operations on the exacct File

Operations on exacct Objects

Memory Management

Miscellaneous Operations

C Code Examples for Accessing exacct Files

Programming Issues With exacct Files

4.  Using the Perl Interface to Extended Accounting

5.  Resource Controls

6.  Resource Pools

7.  Design Considerations for Resource Management Applications in Oracle Solaris Zones

8.  Configuration Examples


C Code Examples for Accessing exacct Files

This section provides code examples for accessing exacct files.

Example 3-1 Displaying exacct Data for a Designated pid

This example displays a specific pid's exacct data snapshot from the kernel.

  ea_object_t *scratch;
  int unpk_flag = EUP_ALLOC;  /* use the same allocation flag */
                              /* for unpack and free */

  /* Omit return value checking, to keep code samples short */

  bsize = getacct(P_PID, pid, NULL, 0);
  buf = malloc(bsize);

  /* Retrieve exacct object and unpack */
  getacct(P_PID, pid, buf, bsize);
  ea_unpack_object(&scratch, unpk_flag, buf, bsize);

  /* Display the exacct record */
  if (scratch->eo_type == EO_GROUP) {
  ea_free_object(scratch, unpk_flag);

Example 3-2 Identifying Individual Tasks During a Kernel Build

This example evaluates kernel builds and displays a string that describes the portion of the source tree being built by this task make. Display the portion of the source being built to aid in the per-source-directory analysis.

The key points for this example include the following:

/* Omit return value checking and error processing */
/* to keep code sample short */
ptid = gettaskid();    /* Save "parent" task-id */
tid = settaskid(getprojid(), TASK_NORMAL);    /* Create new task */

/* Set data for item objects ptskid and cwd */
ea_set_item(&ptskid, EXT_UINT32 | EXC_LOCAL | MY_PTID, &ptid, 0);
ea_set_item(&cwd, EXT_STRING | EXC_LOCAL | MY_CWD, cwdbuf, strlen(cwdbuf));

/* Set grp object and attach ptskid and cwd to grp */
ea_set_group(&grp, EXT_GROUP | EXC_LOCAL |  EXD_GROUP_HEADER);
ea_attach_to_group(&grp, &ptskid);
ea_attach_to_group(&grp, &cwd);

/* Pack the object and put it back into the accounting stream */
ea_buflen = ea_pack_object(&grp, ea_buf, sizeof(ea_buf));
putacct(P_TASKID, tid, ea_buf, ea_buflen, EP_EXACCT_OBJECT);

/* Memory management: free memory allocate in ea_set_item */
ea_free_item(&cwd, EUP_ALLOC);

Example 3-3 Reading and Displaying the Contents of a System exacct File

This example shows how to read and display a system exacct file for a process or a task.

The key points for this example include the following:

/* Omit return value checking and error processing */
/* to keep code sample short */
main(int argc, char *argv)
  ea_file_t ef;
  ea_object_t scratch;
  char *fname;
  fname = argv[1];
  ea_open(&ef, fname, NULL,  EO_NO_VALID_HDR, O_RDONLY, 0);
  bzero(&scratch, sizeof (ea_object_t));
  while (ea_get_object(&ef, &scratch)  != -1) {
         if (scratch.eo_type == EO_GROUP)
             disp_group(&ef, scratch.eo_group.eg_nobjs);
         bzero(&scratch, sizeof (ea_object_t));

struct catalog_item {   /* convert Oracle Solaris catalog's type ID */
                        /* to a meaningful string */
     int    type;
     char *name;
 } catalog[] = {
     { EXD_VERSION,     "version\t" },
     { EXD_PROC_PID,    "  pid\t" },

 static char *
 catalog_name(int type)
     int i = 0;
     while (catalog[i].type != EXD_NONE) {
         if (catalog[i].type == type)
             return (catalog[i].name);    
     return ("unknown\t");

 static void disp_obj(ea_object_t *o)
     printf("%s\t", catalog_name(o->eo_catalog & 0xffffff));
     switch(o->eo_catalog & EXT_TYPE_MASK) {
     case EXT_UINT8:
         printf(" 8: %u", o->eo_item.ei_uint8);
     case EXT_UINT16:
 static void disp_group(ea_file_t *ef, uint_t nobjs)
     for (i = 0; i < nobjs; i++) {
         ea_get_object(ef, &scratch));
         if (scratch.eo_type == EO_GROUP)
                disp_group(ef, scratch.eo_group.eg_nobjs);