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|Oracle Solaris Studio 12.3: Debugging a Program With dbx Oracle Solaris Studio 12.3 Information Library|
The most frequent causes for a segmentation fault are:
The name of an array index is misspelled.
The calling routine has a REAL argument, which the called routine has as INTEGER.
An array index is miscalculated.
The calling routine has fewer arguments than required.
A pointer is used before it has been defined.
Use a program to generate a segmentation fault:
demo% cat WhereSEGV.f INTEGER a(5) j = 2000000 DO 9 i = 1,5 a(j) = (i * 10) 9 CONTINUE PRINT *, a END demo%
demo% f95 -g -silent WhereSEGV.f demo% a.out Segmentation fault demo% dbx a.out Reading symbolic information for a.out program terminated by signal SEGV (segmentation violation) (dbx) run Running: a.out signal SEGV (no mapping at the fault address) in MAIN at line 4 in file "WhereSEGV.f" 4 a(j) = (i * 10) (dbx)