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Oracle Solaris 11.1 Administration: Security Services     Oracle Solaris 11.1 Information Library
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Part I Security Overview

1.  Security Services (Overview)

Part II System, File, and Device Security

2.  Managing Machine Security (Overview)

3.  Controlling Access to Systems (Tasks)

4.  Virus Scanning Service (Tasks)

5.  Controlling Access to Devices (Tasks)

6.  Verifying File Integrity by Using BART (Tasks)

7.  Controlling Access to Files (Tasks)

Part III Roles, Rights Profiles, and Privileges

8.  Using Roles and Privileges (Overview)

9.  Using Role-Based Access Control (Tasks)

10.  Security Attributes in Oracle Solaris (Reference)

Rights Profiles

Viewing the Contents of Rights Profiles

Order of Search for Assigned Security Attributes


Authorization Naming Conventions

Delegation Authority in Authorizations

RBAC Databases

RBAC Databases and the Naming Services

user_attr Database

auth_attr Database

prof_attr Database

exec_attr Database

policy.conf File

RBAC Commands

Commands That Manage RBAC

Selected Commands That Require Authorizations


Administrative Commands for Handling Privileges

Files With Privilege Information

Privileges and Auditing

Prevention of Privilege Escalation

Legacy Applications and the Privilege Model

Part IV Cryptographic Services

11.  Cryptographic Framework (Overview)

12.  Cryptographic Framework (Tasks)

13.  Key Management Framework

Part V Authentication Services and Secure Communication

14.  Using Pluggable Authentication Modules

15.  Using Secure Shell

16.  Secure Shell (Reference)

17.  Using Simple Authentication and Security Layer

18.  Network Services Authentication (Tasks)

Part VI Kerberos Service

19.  Introduction to the Kerberos Service

20.  Planning for the Kerberos Service

21.  Configuring the Kerberos Service (Tasks)

22.  Kerberos Error Messages and Troubleshooting

23.  Administering Kerberos Principals and Policies (Tasks)

24.  Using Kerberos Applications (Tasks)

25.  The Kerberos Service (Reference)

Part VII Auditing in Oracle Solaris

26.  Auditing (Overview)

27.  Planning for Auditing

28.  Managing Auditing (Tasks)

29.  Auditing (Reference)




An RBAC authorization is a discrete right that can be granted to a role or a user. Authorizations are checked by RBAC-compliant applications before a user gets access to the application or specific operations within the application.

Authorizations are user-level, therefore extensible. You can write a program that requires authorization, add the authorizations to your system, create a rights profile for these authorizations, and assign the rights profile to users or roles who are allowed to use the program.

Authorization Naming Conventions

An authorization has a name that is used internally. For example, is the name of an authorization. An authorization has a short description, which appears in the graphical user interfaces (GUIs). For example, Set Date & Time is the description of the authorization.

By convention, authorization names consist of the reverse order of the Internet name of the supplier, the subject area, any subareas, and the function. The parts of the authorization name are separated by dots. An example would be com.xyzcorp.device.access. Exceptions to this convention are the authorizations from Oracle, which use the prefix solaris instead of an Internet name. The naming convention enables administrators to apply authorizations in a hierarchical fashion. A wildcard (*) can represent any strings to the right of a dot.

As an example of how authorizations are used, consider the following: The Network Link Security rights profile has the authorization only, while the Network Security rights profile has the Network Link Security profile as a supplementary profile, plus the* and solaris.smf.manage.ssh authorizations.

Delegation Authority in Authorizations

An authorization that ends with the suffix delegate enables a user or a role to delegate to other users any assigned authorizations that begin with the same prefix.

The solaris auth.delegate authorization enables a user or a role to delegate to other users any authorizations that these users or roles are assigned.

For example, a role with the solaris auth.delegate and authorizations can delegate the authorization to another user or role.