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Oracle Solaris 11.1 Administration: Oracle Solaris Zones, Oracle Solaris 10 Zones, and Resource Management     Oracle Solaris 11.1 Information Library
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Part I Oracle Solaris Resource Management

1.  Introduction to Resource Management

2.  Projects and Tasks (Overview)

3.  Administering Projects and Tasks

4.  Extended Accounting (Overview)

5.  Administering Extended Accounting (Tasks)

6.  Resource Controls (Overview)

7.  Administering Resource Controls (Tasks)

8.  Fair Share Scheduler (Overview)

9.  Administering the Fair Share Scheduler (Tasks)

10.  Physical Memory Control Using the Resource Capping Daemon (Overview)

11.  Administering the Resource Capping Daemon (Tasks)

12.  Resource Pools (Overview)

13.  Creating and Administering Resource Pools (Tasks)

14.  Resource Management Configuration Example

Part II Oracle Solaris Zones

15.  Introduction to Oracle Solaris Zones

16.  Non-Global Zone Configuration (Overview)

17.  Planning and Configuring Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

Planning and Configuring a Non-Global Zone (Task Map)

Evaluating the Current System Setup

Disk Space Requirements

Restricting Zone Size

Determine the Zone Host Name and the Network Requirements

Zone Host Name

Shared-IP Zone Network Address

IPv4 Zone Network Address

IPv6 Zone Network Address

Exclusive-IP Zone Network Address

File System Configuration

Creating, Revising, and Deleting Non-Global Zone Configurations (Task Map)

Configuring, Verifying, and Committing a Zone

How to Configure the Zone

Where to Go From Here

Script to Configure Multiple Zones

How to Display the Configuration of a Non-Global Zone

Using the zonecfg Command to Modify a Zone Configuration

How to Modify a Resource Type in a Zone Configuration

How to Clear a Property in a Zone Configuration

How to Rename a Zone

How to Add a Dedicated Device to a Zone

How to Set zone.cpu-shares in the Global Zone

Using the zonecfg Command to Revert or Remove a Zone Configuration

How to Revert a Zone Configuration

How to Delete a Zone Configuration

18.  About Installing, Shutting Down, Halting, Uninstalling, and Cloning Non-Global Zones (Overview)

19.  Installing, Booting, Shutting Down, Halting, Uninstalling, and Cloning Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

20.  Non-Global Zone Login (Overview)

21.  Logging In to Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

22.  About Zone Migrations and the zonep2vchk Tool

23.  Migrating Oracle Solaris Systems and Migrating Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

24.  About Automatic Installation and Packages on an Oracle Solaris 11.1 System With Zones Installed

25.  Oracle Solaris Zones Administration (Overview)

26.  Administering Oracle Solaris Zones (Tasks)

27.  Configuring and Administering Immutable Zones

28.  Troubleshooting Miscellaneous Oracle Solaris Zones Problems

Part III Oracle Solaris 10 Zones

29.  Introduction to Oracle Solaris 10 Zones

30.  Assessing an Oracle Solaris 10 System and Creating an Archive

31.  (Optional) Migrating an Oracle Solaris 10 native Non-Global Zone Into an Oracle Solaris 10 Zone

32.  Configuring the solaris10 Branded Zone

33.  Installing the solaris10 Branded Zone

34.  Booting a Zone, Logging in, and Zone Migration



Determine the Zone Host Name and the Network Requirements

You must determine the host name for the zone.

Inside an exclusive-IP zone, you configure addresses as you do for the global zone.

For a shared-IP zone that will have network connectivity, you must do one of the following:

For more information on exclusive-IP and shared-IP types, see Zone Network Interfaces

Zone Host Name

If you are using the NIS or DNS name services, or the LDAP directory service, then the host information is stored in a database, such as hosts.byname, that exists on a server.

If you use local files for the naming service, the hosts database is maintained in the /etc/inet/hosts file. The host names for zone network interfaces are resolved from the local hosts database in /etc/inet/hosts. Alternatively, for shared-IP zones, the IP address itself can be specified directly when configuring a zone so that no host name resolution is required. See the hosts(4) and nodename(4) man pages for more information. Also see Chapter 7, IPv4 Reference, in Configuring and Administering Oracle Solaris 11.1 Networks.

Shared-IP Zone Network Address

Each shared-IP zone that requires network connectivity has one or more unique IP addresses. Both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses are supported.

IPv4 Zone Network Address

If you are using IPv4, obtain an address and assign the address to the zone.

A prefix length can also be specified with the IP address. The format of this prefix is address/prefix-length, for example, Thus, the address to use is and the netmask to use is, or the mask where the first 24 bits are 1-bits.

For shared-IP zones, the IP address itself can be specified directly when configuring a zone so that no host name resolution is required.

For more information, see hosts(4), netmasks(4), and nodename(4).

IPv6 Zone Network Address

If you are using IPv6, you must manually configure the address. Typically, at least the following two types of addresses must be configured:

Link-local address

A link-local address is of the form fe80::64-bit interface ID/10. The /10 indicates a prefix length of 10 bits.

Address formed from a global prefix configured on the subnet

A global unicast address is based off a 64–bit prefix that the administrator configures for each subnet, and a 64-bit interface ID. The prefix can be obtained by running the ipadm show-addr command on any system on the same subnet that has been configured to use IPv6.

The 64–bit interface ID is typically derived from a system's MAC address. For zones use, an alternate address that is unique can be derived from the global zone's IPv4 address as follows:

16 bits of zero:upper 16 bits of IPv4 address:lower 16 bits of IPv4 address:a zone-unique number

For example, if the global zone's IPv4 address is, a suitable link-local address for a non-global zone using a zone-unique number of 1 is fe80::c0a8:c80a:1/10. If the global prefix in use on that subnet is 2001:0db8:aabb:ccdd/64, a unique global unicast address for the same non-global zone is 2001:0db8:aabb:ccdd::c0a8:c80a:1/64. Note that you must specify a prefix length when configuring an IPv6 address.

For more information about link-local and global unicast addresses, see the ipadm(1M) and inet6(7P) man pages.

Exclusive-IP Zone Network Address

Inside an exclusive-IP zone, configure addresses as you do for the global zone. Note that DHCP and IPv6 stateless address autoconfiguration can be used to configure addresses.