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Writing Device Drivers     Oracle Solaris 10 1/13 Information Library
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Part I Designing Device Drivers for the Oracle Solaris Platform

1.  Overview of Oracle Solaris Device Drivers

2.  Oracle Solaris Kernel and Device Tree

3.  Multithreading

4.  Properties

5.  Managing Events and Queueing Tasks

6.  Driver Autoconfiguration

7.  Device Access: Programmed I/O

8.  Interrupt Handlers

9.  Direct Memory Access (DMA)

10.  Mapping Device and Kernel Memory

11.  Device Context Management

12.  Power Management

13.  Hardening Oracle Solaris Drivers

14.  Layered Driver Interface (LDI)

Part II Designing Specific Kinds of Device Drivers

15.  Drivers for Character Devices

16.  Drivers for Block Devices

Block Driver Structure Overview

File I/O

Block Device Autoconfiguration

Controlling Device Access

open() Entry Point (Block Drivers)

close() Entry Point (Block Drivers)

strategy() Entry Point

buf Structure

bp_mapin Structure

Synchronous Data Transfers (Block Drivers)

Asynchronous Data Transfers (Block Drivers)

Checking for Invalid buf Requests

Enqueuing the Request

Starting the First Transfer

Handling the Interrupting Device

dump() and print() Entry Points

dump() Entry Point (Block Drivers)

print() Entry Point (Block Drivers)

Disk Device Drivers

Disk ioctls

Disk Performance

17.  SCSI Target Drivers

18.  SCSI Host Bus Adapter Drivers

19.  Drivers for Network Devices

20.  USB Drivers

21.  SR-IOV Drivers

Part III Building a Device Driver

22.  Compiling, Loading, Packaging, and Testing Drivers

23.  Debugging, Testing, and Tuning Device Drivers

24.  Recommended Coding Practices

Part IV Appendixes

A.  Hardware Overview

B.  Summary of Solaris DDI/DKI Services

C.  Making a Device Driver 64-Bit Ready

D.  Console Frame Buffer Drivers

E.  pci.conf File


dump() and print() Entry Points

This section discusses the dump(9E) and print(9E) entry points.

dump() Entry Point (Block Drivers)

The dump(9E) entry point is used to copy a portion of virtual address space directly to the specified device in the case of a system failure. dump() is also used to copy the state of the kernel out to disk during a checkpoint operation. See the cpr(7) and dump(9E) man pages for more information. The entry point must be capable of performing this operation without the use of interrupts, because interrupts are disabled during the checkpoint operation.

int dump(dev_t dev, caddr_t addr, daddr_t blkno, int nblk)



Device number of the device to receive the dump.


Base kernel virtual address at which to start the dump.


Block at which the dump is to start.


Number of blocks to dump.

The dump depends upon the existing driver working properly.

print() Entry Point (Block Drivers)

int print(dev_t dev, char *str)

The print(9E) entry point is called by the system to display a message about an exception that has been detected. print(9E) should call cmn_err(9F) to post the message to the console on behalf of the system. The following example demonstrates a typical print() entry point.

static int
 xxprint(dev_t dev, char *str)
     cmn_err(CE_CONT, “xx: %s\n”, str);
     return (0);