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Oracle Solaris Administration: IP Services     Oracle Solaris 10 1/13 Information Library
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Part I Introducing System Administration: IP Services

1.  Oracle Solaris TCP/IP Protocol Suite (Overview)

Part II TCP/IP Administration

2.  Planning Your TCP/IP Network (Tasks)

3.  Introducing IPv6 (Overview)

4.  Planning an IPv6 Network (Tasks)

IPv6 Planning (Task Maps)

IPv6 Network Topology Scenario

Preparing the Existing Network to Support IPv6

Preparing the Network Topology for IPv6 Support

Preparing Network Services for IPv6 Support

Preparing Servers for IPv6 Support

How to Prepare Network Services for IPv6 Support

How to Prepare DNS for IPv6 Support

Planning for Tunnels in the Network Topology

Security Considerations for the IPv6 Implementation

Preparing an IPv6 Addressing Plan

Obtaining a Site Prefix

Creating the IPv6 Numbering Scheme

Creating a Numbering Scheme for Subnets

Creating an IPv6 Addressing Plan for Nodes

5.  Configuring TCP/IP Network Services and IPv4 Addressing (Tasks)

6.  Administering Network Interfaces (Tasks)

7.  Configuring an IPv6 Network (Tasks)

8.  Administering a TCP/IP Network (Tasks)

9.  Troubleshooting Network Problems (Tasks)

10.  TCP/IP and IPv4 in Depth (Reference)

11.  IPv6 in Depth (Reference)


12.  About DHCP (Overview)

13.  Planning for DHCP Service (Tasks)

14.  Configuring the DHCP Service (Tasks)

15.  Administering DHCP (Tasks)

16.  Configuring and Administering the DHCP Client

17.  Troubleshooting DHCP (Reference)

18.  DHCP Commands and Files (Reference)

Part IV IP Security

19.  IP Security Architecture (Overview)

20.  Configuring IPsec (Tasks)

21.  IP Security Architecture (Reference)

22.  Internet Key Exchange (Overview)

23.  Configuring IKE (Tasks)

24.  Internet Key Exchange (Reference)

25.  IP Filter in Oracle Solaris (Overview)

26.  IP Filter (Tasks)


27.  Introducing IPMP (Overview)

28.  Administering IPMP (Tasks)

Part VI IP Quality of Service (IPQoS)

29.  Introducing IPQoS (Overview)

30.  Planning for an IPQoS-Enabled Network (Tasks)

31.  Creating the IPQoS Configuration File (Tasks)

32.  Starting and Maintaining IPQoS (Tasks)

33.  Using Flow Accounting and Statistics Gathering (Tasks)

34.  IPQoS in Detail (Reference)



Preparing the Existing Network to Support IPv6

Note - The Oracle Solaris dual protocol stack supports concurrent IPv4 and IPv6 operations. You can successfully run IPv4-related operations during and after deployment of IPv6 on your network.

IPv6 introduces additional features to an existing network. Therefore, when you first deploy IPv6, you must ensure that you do not disrupt any operations that are working with IPv4. The subjects covered in this section describe how to introduce IPv6 to an existing network in a step-by-step fashion.

Preparing the Network Topology for IPv6 Support

The first step in IPv6 deployment is to assess which existing entities on your network can support IPv6. In most cases, the network topology-wires, routers, and hosts-can remain unchanged as you implement IPv6. However, you might have to prepare existing hardware and applications for IPv6 before actually configuring IPv6 addresses on network interfaces.

Verify which hardware on your network can be upgraded to IPv6. For example, check the manufacturers' documentation for IPv6 readiness regarding the following classes of hardware:

Note - All procedures in the this Part assume that your equipment, particularly routers, can be upgraded to IPv6.

Some router models cannot be upgraded to IPv6. For more information and a workaround, refer to IPv4 Router Cannot Be Upgraded to IPv6.

Preparing Network Services for IPv6 Support

The following typical IPv4 network services in the current Oracle Solaris release are IPv6 ready:

The IMAP mail service is for IPv4 only.

Nodes that are configured for IPv6 can run IPv4 services. When you turn on IPv6, not all services accept IPv6 connections. Services that have been ported to IPv6 will accept a connection. Services that have not been ported to IPv6 continue to work with the IPv4 half of the protocol stack.

Some issues can arise after you upgrade services to IPv6. For details, see Problems After Upgrading Services to IPv6.

Preparing Servers for IPv6 Support

Because servers are considered IPv6 hosts, by default their IPv6 addresses are automatically configured by the Neighbor Discovery protocol. However, many servers have multiple network interface cards (NICs) that you might want to swap out for maintenance or replacement. When you replace one NIC, Neighbor Discovery automatically generates a new interface ID for that NIC. This behavior might not be acceptable for a particular server.

Therefore, consider manually configuring the interface ID portion of the IPv6 addresses for each interface of the server. For instructions, refer to How to Configure a User-Specified IPv6 Token. Later, when you need to replace an existing NIC, the already configured IPv6 address is applied to the replacement NIC.

How to Prepare Network Services for IPv6 Support

  1. Update the following network services to support IPv6:
    • Mail servers

    • NIS servers

    • NFS

      Note - LDAP supports IPv6 without requiring IPv6-specific configuration tasks.

  2. Verify that your firewall hardware is IPv6 ready.

    Refer to the appropriate firewall-related documentation for instructions.

  3. Verify that other services on your network have been ported to IPv6.

    For more information, refer to marketing collateral and associated documentation for the software.

  4. If your site deploys the following services, make sure that you have taken the appropriate measures for these services:
  5. Audit any network services that are offered by a node prior to converting that node to IPv6.

How to Prepare DNS for IPv6 Support

The current Oracle Solaris release supports DNS resolution on both the client side and the server side. Do the following to prepare DNS services for IPv6.

For more information that is related to DNS support for IPv6, refer to System Administration Guide: Naming and Directory Services (DNS, NIS, and LDAP).

  1. Ensure that the DNS server that performs recursive name resolution is dual-stacked (IPv4 and IPv6) or for IPv4 only.
  2. On the DNS server, populate the DNS database with relevant IPv6 database AAAA records in the forward zone.

    Note - Servers that run multiple critical services require special attention. Ensure that the network is working properly. Also ensure that all critical services are ported to IPv6. Then, add the server's IPv6 address to the DNS database.

  3. Add the associated PTR records for the AAAA records into the reverse zone.
  4. Add either IPv4 only data, or both IPv6 and IPv4 data into the NS record that describes zones.

Planning for Tunnels in the Network Topology

The IPv6 implementation supports a number of tunnel configurations to serve as transition mechanisms as your network migrates to a mix of IPv4 and IPv6. Tunnels enable isolated IPv6 networks to communicate. Because most of the Internet runs IPv4, IPv6 packets from your site need to travel across the Internet through tunnels to destination IPv6 networks.

Here are some major scenarios for using tunnels in the IPv6 network topology:

For procedures for configuring tunnels, refer to Tasks for Configuring Tunnels for IPv6 Support (Task Map). For conceptual information regarding tunnels, refer to IPv6 Tunnels.

Security Considerations for the IPv6 Implementation

When you introduce IPv6 into an existing network, you must take care not to compromise the security of the site. Be aware of the following security issues as you phase in your IPv6 implementation:

This book includes security features that can be used within an IPv6 implementation.