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|Oracle Solaris Administration: Basic Administration Oracle Solaris 10 1/13 Information Library|
The following sections include reference information that pertains to booting a Solaris x86 based system that does not implement GRUB based booting.
Note - The GRUB menu has replaced the Solaris Device Configuration Assistant in this release. For more information about booting an x86 based system in this Oracle Solaris release, see Booting an x86 Based System by Using GRUB (Task Map).
During the boot process, the boot subsystem menus allow you to customize boot choices. If the system receives no response during the timeout periods, it continues to boot automatically using the default selections. You can stop the boot process when each boot subsystem menu is displayed. Or, you can let the boot process continue automatically.
At three points during the Solaris boot process, you can make the following choices about a booting system:
Primary Boot Subsystem (Partition Boot Menu) – This first menu appears if multiple operating systems exist on the disk. The menu enables you to boot any of the operating systems installed. By default, the operating system that is designed as active is booted.
Note that if you choose to boot a system other than the Oracle Solaris OS, you cannot reach the next two menus.
Interrupt the Autoboot Process – If the autoboot process is interrupted, you can access the Device Configuration Assistant menu.
The Solaris Device Configuration Assistant enables you to boot the Solaris system from a different boot device, configure new or misconfigured hardware, or perform other device-related or boot-related tasks.
Current Boot Parameters menu – Two forms of this menu exist, one menu for a normal Solaris boot and one menu for a Solaris installation boot:
The normal Current Boot Parameters menu enables you to boot the Solaris system with options, or enter the boot interpreter.
The install Current Boot Parameters menu enables you to select the type of installation to be performed or to customize the boot process.
The following table summarizes the purpose of the primary x86 based system boot interfaces. See the sections that follow for a detailed description and example of each boot interface.
Table 16-1 x86: Boot Subsystems
Note - If you need to create the Solaris Device Configuration Assistant boot diskette, go to http://www.oracle.com/webfolder/technetwork/hcl/index.html.
In this release, if you are booting an x86 based system with the Oracle Solaris Software CD, DVD, or performing a PXE network boot, the system will boot automatically. To use the Device Configuration Assistant, you must interrupt the boot process by pressing ESC when prompted by the system.
During the device identification phase, the Device Configuration Assistant does the following:
Scans for devices that are installed on the system
Displays the identified devices
Enables you to perform optional tasks such as selecting a keyboard type or editing devices and their resources
During the boot phase, the Device Configuration Assistant does the following:
Displays a list of devices from which to boot. The device marked with an asterisk (*) is the default boot device.
Enables you to perform optional tasks, such as editing autoboot settings and property settings, and choosing the network configuration strategy.
The following section provides examples of menus that appear during the device identification phase. The device output varies based on your system configuration.
Several screens are displayed as the Device Configuration Assistant attempts to identify devices on the system.
This section provides examples of the following boot subsystem screens:
Device Configuration Assistant screen
Bus Enumeration screen
Scanning Devices screen
Identified Devices screen
Note - In this Oracle Solaris release, the Device Configuration Assistant Screen has been replaced with the GRUB menu on x86 based systems. For more information, see Booting an x86 Based System by Using GRUB (Task Map).
In the Solaris 10 initial release, the autoboot process bypasses the Device Configuration Assistant menus, unless you press ESC when prompted by the system during the boot phase. If you choose to use the Device Configuration Assistant, the following screen is displayed.
Solaris Device Configuration Assistant The Solaris(TM)Device Configuration Assistant scans to identify system hardware, lists identified devices, and can boot the Solaris software from a specified device. This program must be used to install the Solaris operating environment, add a driver, or change the hardware on the system. > To perform a full scan to identify all system hardware, choose Continue. > To diagnose possible full scan failures, choose Specific Scan. > To add new or updated device drivers, choose Add Driver. About navigation... - The mouse cannot be used. - If the keyboard does not have function keys or they do not respond, press ESC. The legend at the bottom of the screen will change to show the ESC keys to use for navigation. - The F2 key performs the default action. F2_Continue F3_Specific Scan F4_Add Driver F6_Help
The Bus Enumeration screen appears briefly while the Device Configuration Assistant gathers hardware configuration data for devices that can be detected automatically.
Bus Enumeration Determining bus types and gathering hardware configuration data ... Please wait ...
The Scanning Devices screen appears while the Device Configuration Assistant manually scans for devices that can only be detected with special drivers.
Scanning Devices The system is being scanned to identify system hardware. If the scanning stalls, press the system's reset button. When the system reboots, choose Specific Scan or Help. Scanning: Floppy disk controller ####################### | | | | | | 0 20 40 60 80 100 Please wait ...
The Identified Devices screen displays which devices have been identified on the system. From here, you can continue to the Boot Solaris menu.
Or, you can perform the following optional device tasks:
Setting a keyboard configuration
Viewing and editing devices
Setting up a serial console
Saving and deleting configurations
Identified Devices The following devices have been identified on this system. To identify devices not on this list or to modify device characteristics, such as keyboard configuration, choose Device Tasks. Platform types may be included in this list. ISA: Floppy disk controller ISA: Motherboard ISA: PnP bios: 16550-compatible serial controller ISA: PnP bios: 16550-compatible serial controller ISA: PnP bios: Mouse controller ISA: PnP bios: Parallel port ISA: System keyboard (US-English) PCI: Bus Mastering IDE controller PCI: Universal Serial Bus PCI: VGA compatible display adapter F2_Continue F3_Back F4_Device Tasks F6_Help
Note - Starting with the Solaris 10 1/06 release the GRUB is displayed when the system is booted. For more information about GRUB based booting, see Booting an x86 Based System by Using GRUB (Task Map).
During this phase, you can determine the way in which the system is booted.
The following menus are displayed during the boot phase:
Boot Solaris menu
Current Boot Parameters menu
The Boot Solaris menu allows you to select the device from which to boot the Oracle Solaris release. You can also perform optional tasks, such as viewing and editing autoboot and property settings. Once you select a boot device and you choose Continue, the Solaris kernel begins to boot.
Boot Solaris Select one of the identified devices to boot the Solaris kernel and choose Continue. To perform optional features, such as modifying the autoboot and property settings, choose Boot Tasks. An asterisk (*) indicates the current default boot device. > To make a selection use the arrow keys, and press Enter to mark it [X]. [X] DISK: (*) Target 0:QUANTUM FIREBALL1280A on Bus Mastering IDE controller on Board PCI at Dev 7, Func 1 [ ] DISK: Target 1:ST5660A on Bus Mastering IDE controller on Board PCI at Dev 7, Func 1 [ ] DISK: Target 0:Maxtor 9 0680D4 on Bus Mastering IDE controller on Board PCI at Dev 7, Func 1 [ ] CD : Target 1:TOSHIBA CD-ROM XM-5602B 1546 on Bus Mastering IDE controller on Board PCI at Dev 7, Func 1 F2_Continue F3_Back F4_Boot Tasks F6_Help
This menu appears each time you boot the Oracle Solaris release from the local disk. Let the five-second timeout elapse if you want to boot the default kernel. If you want to boot with different options, select an appropriate option before the timeout period elapses.
<<< Current Boot Parameters >>> Boot path: /pci@0,0/pci-ide@7,1/ide@0/cmdk@0,0:a Boot args: Type b [file-name] [boot-flags] <ENTER> to boot with options or i <ENTER> to enter boot interpreter or <ENTER> to boot with defaults <<< timeout in 5 seconds >>> Select (b)oot or (i)nterpreter:
Table 16-2 x86: Description of the Boot Process
In addition to the run control scripts and boot files, there are additional boot files that are associated with booting x86 based systems.
Table 16-3 x86: Boot Files