This chapter discusses:
PeopleSoft Resource Management business processes.
Data components that support the staffing process.
Project-based service enterprises must maintain a staff of skilled resources and match them to the customers' requests for services. The customer typically identifies the schedule, experience, and skills required to complete the project. To effectively manage this process, you must have the tools to capture customer requests. You must also evaluate and match customer requirements with the current inventory of resource competencies, preferences, and schedules to find the best-fitting assignments for resources. In addition, you need to sustain the highest levels of resource utilization possible.
To address the tasks of managing assignable resources and fulfilling customer requests, the service organization must perform the following business processes and tasks:
Establish and manage resource information, including:
Maintain resource profiles.
Maintain resource schedules.
Maintain resource pools.
Assign resources to projects, including:
Define resource requirements.
Perform express searches for the best candidates.
Create assignments from search results.
Directly assign specific resources.
Manage service orders, generic resource requests, and assignments, including:
Record service order resource requests.
Fulfill resource requests based on resource availability, qualifications, and preferences.
Manage enterprise-wide resource supply and demand.
Outsource assignments to contractors.
Identify service orders and assignments that need attention.
Control resource assignment status and schedule changes.
Notify users of resource assignment status and schedule changes.
Request assignments for resources, including:
Search the service order pool for desirable assignments for resources.
Submit resource recommendations for assignments.
Submit resource bids for assignments.
Determine the scheduling, training, and hiring needs, including:
Analyze current and future resource availability.
Analyze and forecast workforce utilization.
Analyze current and future skill requirement trends.
Conduct capacity planning to balance resource supply with project demand.
PeopleSoft Resource Management addresses the various processes required to manage resource-scheduling activities. Those processes include maintaining a current interactive database of resources and requests for services, as well as generating reports and real-time analytical charts to review utilization and anticipate future needs.
PeopleSoft Resource Management uses a collection of data about resource qualifications and preferences, resource availability, and requests for services from customers. This information is assembled in data files that support the variety of tasks required to manage resources and staff assignments.
This section discusses:
PeopleSoft Resource Management presents employee information as an editable resource profile that organizes the information from the employee source database and adds information relevant to Resource Management. The resource profile functions as a resource's online resume. It includes skills, education, work history, preferences, specialties, objectives, and general information to match with the requirements specified on a service order resource request or express search for resources.
The resource profile contains the following information about each resource:
Resource Profile Section
Briefly describes the resource's work objectives and background.
Identifies the competencies or competency categories that are strengths or areas of expertise for the resource.
Summarizes the work that the resource has performed. This information is updated automatically by PeopleSoft Resource Management each time a resource receives a new assignment. Information can also be entered manually. You typically use manual entry when the product is implemented or when a new resource joins the organization and wants to add previous consulting experience to the profile.
Additionally, you can attach, view, and delete resume documents for the resource in the Work Experience section.
Note. If the PeopleSoft Resource Management resource is also established as an eligible resource in PeopleSoft Maintenance Management or Staffing Front Office, the profile will show all of the resource's assignments that were made through any of these products.
Lists competencies and accomplishments that describe the resource, such as competencies, interests, education, licenses and certificates, languages, memberships, honors and awards, and test results. You select the qualifications to track during PeopleSoft Resource Management implementation.
Tracks flexible resource preference attributes defined by the organization. The system uses this information to match resources with projects that they prefer.
Provides access to a resource's address and phone numbers, job information, passports and visas, weekly work days, home airport, assignment restrictions, and other resource attribute values.
Resource Profile (summary)
Appears as a single display-only page. During implementation, you select the sections to appear.
Note. Verity does not support secured documents and those documents containing metadata.
Resource pools support the staffing process and provide a mechanism to organize supply in a meaningful way to support Capacity Planning functionality. You can choose to structure your resources based on resource pools, and you can group your resources in any configuration in order to support their operations.
You can group resources into resource pools and define them in a hierarchy to establish relationships between different pools, thus enabling roll-up for analytics and reporting. You can model your resource pools on your company's organizational structure, but the way you categorize and manage your resources from a capacity standpoint can vary greatly from your organizational structure; pools may encompass a lower level of granularity or may group resources in a different ways.
You can also search for resources in the workbench and narrow your results by resource pool.
PeopleSoft Resource Management uses the resource schedule to interactively manage a resource's availability for assignments. Typically, employees in these roles have access to view and update the schedule:
You can create schedule entries manually to reflect meetings, training, or personal time. The system updates the schedule during the assignment process to reflect the resource's scheduled work.
If the Resource Management resource is also established as an eligible resource in PeopleSoft Maintenance Management or Staffing Front Office, the schedule will show all of the resource's assignments that were made through any of these products.
Once you define resource requirements for a job and identify an appropriate resource, you create an assignment to assign the resource to the job. Assignments are the goal of the staffing process. Each assignment pairs a resource with a unit of work. You can create assignments that specify the exact number of hours and minutes a resource is to be assigned to a job. You create assignments as the final step in a business process that usually begins with one of the following actions:
The creation and fulfillment of a service order.
You create an assignment when you select a resource to fulfill a resource request. You can request one or more resources—each with identical qualification and date requirements—for the same resource request. Each resource that is selected for the job has a unique assignment. In this way, you can change the assignment schedule or status for one resource without affecting the assignments for other resources who are associated with the resource request.
The creation and execution of an express search.
You can create an assignment by using the Express Search feature—also known as orderless searching—to find a resource that matches a specified list of competencies and accomplishments.
A direct assignment without a service order or express search.
You can use this process if you have already identified the appropriate resource to fulfill a requirement and you don't need to track the requirement on a service order.
The creation and fulfillment of generic resource requests.
You can use this process if you manage your resources with resource pools. Project managers can create generic resource requests from their project team. The requests are sent to the pool manager for approval and staffing.
If you use PeopleSoft Program Management, you can select a resource and create an assignment using any of the preceding processes. The resource must be managed in PeopleSoft Resource Management. In PeopleSoft Resource Management, you associate a project with each assignment. This enables new assignments to update the project's Resources page in PeopleSoft Program Management. Changes to the resource's project schedule in PeopleSoft Program Management are reflected on the assignment, resource schedule, and resource profile in PeopleSoft Resource Management. Conversely, changes to the assignment in PeopleSoft Resource Management are reflected in PeopleSoft Program Management.
If you use PeopleSoft Project Costing, a resource is added to the project team in Project Costing when you create an assignment for the resource in PeopleSoft Resource Management. Any changes made in the PeopleSoft Resource Management project schedule are reflected on the project team in PeopleSoft Project Costing. Changes made to the project team in PeopleSoft Project Costing are not updated in PeopleSoft Resource Management.
You can access assignment details by clicking a link in the Staffing Workbench component or My Assignments component, from Resource Management reports, or on a service order if the assignment is associated with a resource request on the order. Assigning a resource may require the approval of the resource's manager, based on the options that are selected for the business unit during PeopleSoft Resource Management implementation.
In PeopleSoft Resource Management, you can define services that are requested by a customer in the form of a service order. The service order form captures information about the customer engagement and includes one or more resource requests. The resource request section of a service order includes all data relevant to the identification of the requested resources. A new resource request is needed for each type of resource that is requested. Multiple resources can be requested on a single resource request, provided that the same requested skills, time frame, and location apply for each.
Once service orders are entered, they are maintained by a set of status values that reflect service order fulfillment progress. The system uses the requirements detailed in the service order and resource request to match the available, qualified resources during the order fulfillment process in the Staffing Workbench component.
If you use PeopleSoft Program Management, you can create service orders to fulfill generic resource placeholders on projects. When you find a named resource and create an assignment to fulfill a resource request, the named resource replaces the generic resource throughout the system.
PeopleSoft Resource Management is designed to replicate many of the manual processes inherent in professional service and internal service organizations. Its features process as much information as possible in the background. This design enables you to manage resources more effectively and to be more responsive to customers and resources by providing timely, accurate data. This approach keeps you from having to constantly research and reassemble information from resource schedules, resource profiles, and project requirements. You can confidently pair resources and assignments by relying on specified objectives and sound information.
Resource Matching evaluates the skills, experience, availability, education, and other information about resources and weighs these against the requirements that are specified in a request for services. You can use resource matching to:
Find work for resources by using the Staffing Workbench - Manage Utilization page.
Find work for yourself by using the Job Spy page.
Search for resources to fulfill demand by using the Staffing Workbench - Fulfill Orders page.
Search for resources to fulfill generic resource requests by using the Pool Manager Workbench - Fulfill Request page.
The Resource Optimization feature uses Resource Matching calculations when it evaluates candidates for a resource request.
The Express Search feature provides an ad hoc method of using Resource Matching to find resources. You can specify requirements and perform an express search for resources without a service order.
The Resource Optimization feature evaluates all open resource requests and compares them with available employee resources. It then uses that information to propose a staffing plan.
You can specify objectives and select one or more business units to include in a single optimization process. The result is a solution set that represents the optimal pairing of available employee resources to open resource requests based on weighted objectives that you define. You can create an optimal solution set for each business unit or unique group of business units.
On the Staffing Workbench - Fulfill Orders page, you can view and assign the resources that the Resource Optimization feature proposes for the requests that appear in the work space. Use the Reports folder to view each solution set in a report format.
PeopleSoft Resource Management provides Information Technology (IT) and development organizations with capacity planning functionality to empower managers who make important demand commitment decisions based on limited resources or capacity information. This functionality evaluates demand for labor resources that you capture in projects, and demand that you capture from external sources and import through an Excel-to-Component Interface utility, and compares it to available Resource Management resources.
Strategic Capacity Planning (SCP) is primarily concerned with long-term projections and decisions up to two years. Operational Capacity Planning consists of tactical or immediate resource load projections for a period of one day up to six months.
To fully use the SCP functionality from demand, PeopleSoft Program Management and Project Costing must obtain demand from projects. Demand is obtained from projects and external demand, and not from service orders.
By managing with SCP, you can:
Create and join a supply and demand forecast that highlight future resource gaps and gluts.
Perform what-if scenario analyses to find the optimal mix of demand and supply.
Plan resources to resolve future resource imbalances.
OCP provides pool managers, resource managers, and program managers with these tools to overcome day-to-day operational challenges:
Operational analytics that provide information on total, assigned, and remaining available capacity for resources.
Supply categories to classify resources more interchangeably.
Generic resource allocation to reserve pool capacity.
The ability to transfer resource assignments to other available resources.