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Oracle® Fusion Accounting Hub Implementation Guide
11g Release 5 (11.1.5)
Part Number E20374-05
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account rule

The rule that builds the account on a subledger journal entry. It can be used to derive complete accounts or a segment value. Conditions can be defined within a rule so that a different account is used based on particular attributes of a transaction.

accounting attribute

Predefined fields that map to components of subledger journal entries. Sources are assigned to accounting attributes.

accounting class usage

Grouping of accounting classes to be used in reporting or processing based on subledger journal entries.

accounting event class

Categories that classify transaction types and group event types for accounting rules.

accounting event type

Represents a business operation that may have an accounting impact.

accounting method

A set of journal entry rules which determine how a subledger journal entry is to be created for each event class or event type.

accounting period

The fiscal period used to report financial results, such as a calendar month or fiscal period.


Abbreviation for application programming interface.

application feature

A standardized functionality that is available to implemented.

application identity

Predefined application level user with elevated privileges. An application identity authorizes jobs and transactions for which other users are not authorized, such as a payroll run authorized to access a taxpayer ID while the user who initiated the job is not authorized to access such personally identifiable information.

AutoPost criteria sets

A grouping of options and submission frequencies used to select journal entries for automatic posting.

balancing segment

A chart of accounts segment used to automatically balance all journal entries for each value of this segment.

business object

A resource in an enterprise database, such as an invoice or purchase order.

business unit

A unit of an enterprise that performs one or many business functions that can be rolled up in a management hierarchy.

chart of accounts

The account structure your organization uses to record transactions and maintain account balances.

clearing company

The intercompany clearing entity used to balance the journal.


Holds the numeric value used to evaluate numeric conditions in Contract Expert rules. A constant permits you to reset the conditions of many rules with just one edit.


A grouping of flexfield segments to store related information.

context segment

The flexfield segment used to store the context value. Each context value can have a different set of context-sensitive segments.

context-sensitive segment

A flexfield segment that may or may not appear depending upon a context such as other information that has been captured. Context-sensitive segments are custom attributes that apply to certain entity rows based on the value of the context segment.

conversion rate

Ratio at which the principal unit of one currency can be converted into another currency.

corporate rate type

Rate you define to standardize rates used in conversion of one currency to another over a period of time. This rate is generally a standard market rate determined by senior financial management for use throughout the organization.

cost center

A unit of activity or group of employees used to assign costs for accounting purposes.

cost organization

A grouping of inventory organizations that indicates legal and financial ownership of inventory, and which establishes common costing and accounting policies.

country holding company

A legal entity that acts on behalf of several divisions within an enterprise, and is the legal employer in a country.


A block of data that contains three or more dimensions. An Essbase database is a cube.


A division of a business enterprise dealing with a particular area of activity.

description rule

The rule that defines the description content that appears on the subledger journal header and line.

descriptive flexfield

Customizable expansion space, such as fields used to capture additional descriptive information or attributes about an entity, such as customer cases. Information collection and storage may be configured to vary based on conditions or context.


A business-oriented subdivision within an enterprise. Each division is organized to deliver products and services or address different markets.

document sequence

A unique number that is automatically or manually assigned to a created and saved document.


An organization with one or more legal entities under common control.


Acronym for Enterprise Storage Server. An application that optimizes data storage.

financial reporting book

Comprised of reports and other documents such as text, PDF, PowerPoint, Excel and Word files. When run, the report data is dynamically retrieved from the database; the snapshot data remains static.

fixed rate type

Rate you set between two currencies that remains constant. For example, a rate set between the euro currency and each Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) currency during the conversion to the euro currency.


Grouping of extensible data fields called segments, where each segment is an attribute added to an entity for capturing additional information.

flexfield segment

An extensible data field that represents an attribute on an entity and captures a single atomic value corresponding to a predefined, single extension column in the Oracle Fusion Applications database. A segment appears globally or based on a context of other captured information.

interface table

A database table used for transferring data between applications or from an external application or data file.

item master

A collection of data that describes items and their attributes recorded in a database file.


A generic role that is independent of any single department or location. For example, the jobs Manager and Consultant can occur in many departments.


An element of a journal entry consisting of the name, accounting date, category, ledger, and currency for single currency journal entries. Used to group journal lines.

journal batch

An element of a journal entry consisting of the name, source, and accounting period. Used to group journals for processing and easier querying.

journal category

A name used to group journal entries with similar characteristics, such as adjustments, accruals, or reclassifications.

journal entry

Point of entry of business transactions into the accounting system. Chronological record, with an explanation of each transaction, the accounts affected, and the amounts to increase or decrease each account.

journal line

An element of journal entries consisting of account combinations and credit or debit amounts. Optionally, contains statistical quantities, currency information for multicurrency journals, and additional information.

journal line rule

A rule that includes options to convert transactional data into a subledger journal line. A condition can be defined within a rule so that the rule is only used based on particular attributes of a transaction.

journal source

A name that indicates the origin of journal entries, such as payables, receivables, or manual. Used as an attribute in automatic posting and journal import processes.

key flexfield

Configurable key consisting of multiple parts or segments, each of which may be meaningful individually or in combination with the others. Key flexfields are commonly implemented to represent part numbers and account numbers.

legal authority

A government or legal body that is charged with powers such as make laws, levy and collect fees and taxes, and remit financial appropriations for a given jurisdiction.

legal employer

A legal entity that employs people.

legal entity

An entity is identified and given rights and responsibilities under commercial law, through the registration with the country's appropriate authority.

legal jurisdiction

A physical territory, such as a group of countries, single country, state, county, parish, or city, which comes under the purview of a legal authority.

legal reporting unit

The lowest level component of a legal structure that requires registrations. Used to group workers for the purpose of tax and social insurance reporting or represent a part of your enterprise with a specific statutory or tax reporting obligation.

legislative data group

A means of partitioning payroll and related data. At least one legislative data group is required for each country where the enterprise operates. Each legislative data group is associated with one or more payroll statutory units.

line of business

Set of one or more highly related products which service a particular customer transaction or business need. Refers to an internal corporate business unit.


A branch of data that serves as a single source of truth.

mapping set

Maps a combination of input source values to specific output values A mapping set can have a segment, account, or value set as output. The output value of a mapping set is used to derive accounts or segments in account rules.

natural account

Categorizes account segment values by account type, asset, liability, expense, revenue, or equity, and sets posting, budgeting, and other options.

natural account segment

A chart of accounts segment used to categorize your accounting transactions by account type: asset, liability, owner's equity, revenue, or expense.


A comprehensive grouping of business functions, such as Sales or Product Management, that is delivered as a unit to support one or more business processes.

payroll statutory unit

A legal entity registered to report payroll tax and social insurance. A legal employer can also be a payroll statutory unit, but a payroll statutory unit can represent multiple legal employers.

period type

Is the shortest period range that must be available for incentive compensation processing, for example monthly. Associate the period type with a calendar and define incentive compensation periods (for example, Jan-10, Feb-10) for a calendar based on it.


Abbreviation for procedural structured queried language.

point of view

User selected dimensions that are not included in the grids at the row, column or page levels for a particular report. Only these dimensions can be overridden at run time, unless user also specifically defined Prompt for the dimensions on the grid.


A specific occurrence of one job, fixed within one department, also often one location. For example, the position Finance Manager is an instance of the job Manager in the Finance Department.


Update account balances by the recorded debit or credit amount in each journal entry to the related accounts in the general ledger.

primary balancing segment value

A segment value used to represent a legal entity in the chart of accounts and automatically balance all intercompany and intracompany transactions and journal entries.

primary ledger

Main record-keeping ledger.

process category

Group of one or more logically related event classes. Can be used to restrict which events are processed by the Create Accounting process.

reference data

Data in application tables that is not transactional and not high-volume such as sales methods, transaction types, or payment terms, and can be shared and used across organizational boundaries.

reference data set

Contains reference data that can be shared across a number of business units or other determinant types. A set supports common administration of that reference data.

reference object

Standardized data model containing reference information owned by other subledger applications and used by the Create Accounting process to create subledger journal entries from accounting events.


The record of a party's identity related details with the appropriate government or legal authorities for the purpose of claiming and ensuring legal and or commercial rights and responsibilities.


A runtime session that commits changes out of reach of mainline users.

secondary ledger

An optional, additional ledger that is associated with the primary ledger for an accounting setup. Secondary ledgers can represent the primary ledger's data in another accounting representation that differs in chart of accounts, accounting calendar, currency, subledger accounting method and ledger processing options.


Reference data that is organized into groups appropriate to organizational entities, to enable reference data sharing.


Contextual and reference information from subledger applications. This information is used in conjunction with accounting rules to create subledger journal entries.

source system

An external system from a non-Oracle software provider, or internally created, that generates events which are to be accounted in the Oracle Fusion Accounting Hub.

spot rate type

Rate you enter to perform conversion based on this rate as of a specific date. This rate applies to the immediate delivery of a currency.


A low-level ledger that stores and manages the details that substantiate the monetary value stored in the general ledger. Oracle Fusion Receivables and Oracle Fusion Payables are examples of subledgers.

subledger accounting options

Defines how certain accounting processing should be done for transactions at the ledger and subledger application level. For example, the option to create a reversal entry includes displaying negative amounts or reversing the debit and credit sides.

subledger journal entry

A detailed journal entry generated for a transaction in a subledger application.

subledger journal entry line

An individual debit or credit line that is part of a subledger journal entry.

subledger journal entry rule set

A set of rules defining how to generate a complete journal entry for an accounting event.

supporting reference

Stores additional source information about a subledger journal entry either at the header or line level. They can be used to establish a subledger balance for a particular source value or combination of source values for a particular account.

trading partner

An external party, such as a supplier, in the Oracle B2B application for which electronic documents are sent or from which documents are received. A trading partner in Oracle B2B corresponds to a supplier site.

transaction object

Standardized data model containing transaction information used by the Create Accounting process to create subledger journal entries from accounting events.


Information or data organized into a hierarchy with one or more root nodes connected to branches of nodes. A tree must have a structure where each node corresponds to data from one or more data sources.

tree structure

Characteristics applied to trees, such as what data to include or how the tree is versioned and accessed.

tree version

An instance of a tree. If a tree is associated with a reference data set, all versions belong to one set. Includes life cycle elements such as start and end date and a status indicator whether the tree is active or not.

user rate type

Rate you enter at journal entry time to convert foreign currency transactions to your functional currency.

value set

A set of valid values against which values entered by an end user are validated. The set may be tree structured (hierarchical).