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Managing ZFS File Systems in Oracle® Solaris 11.4

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Updated: July 2019
 
 

Setting Reservations on ZFS File Systems

A ZFS reservation is an allocation of disk space from the pool that is guaranteed to be available to a dataset. As such, you cannot reserve disk space for a dataset if that space is not currently available in the pool. The total amount of all outstanding, unconsumed reservations cannot exceed the amount of unused disk space in the pool. ZFS reservations can be set and displayed by using the zfs set and zfs get commands. For example:

$ zfs set reservation=5G tank/home/bill
$ zfs get reservation tank/home/bill
NAME            PROPERTY     VALUE   SOURCE
tank/home/bill  reservation  5G      local

Reservations can affect the output of the zfs list command. For example:

$ zfs list -r tank/home
NAME                USED  AVAIL  REFER  MOUNTPOINT
tank/home          5.00G  61.9G    37K  /tank/home
tank/home/bill       31K  66.9G    31K  /tank/home/bill
tank/home/jeff      337K  10.0G   306K  /tank/home/jeff
tank/home/lori      547K  61.9G   547K  /tank/home/lori
tank/home/mark       31K  61.9G    31K  /tank/home/mark

Note that tank/home is using 5 GB of disk space, although the total amount of space referred to by tank/home and its descendents is much less than 5 GB. The used space reflects the space reserved for tank/home/bill. Reservations are considered in the used disk space calculation of the parent file system and do count against its quota, reservation, or both.

$ zfs set quota=5G pool/filesystem
$ zfs set reservation=10G pool/filesystem/user1
cannot set reservation for 'pool/filesystem/user1': size is greater than
available space

A dataset can use more disk space than its reservation, as long as unreserved space is available in the pool, and the dataset's current usage is below its quota. A dataset cannot consume disk space that has been reserved for another dataset.

Reservations are not cumulative. That is, a second invocation of zfs set to set a reservation does not add its reservation to the existing reservation. Rather, the second reservation replaces the first reservation. For example:

$ zfs set reservation=10G tank/home/bill
$ zfs set reservation=5G tank/home/bill
$ zfs get reservation tank/home/bill
NAME            PROPERTY     VALUE   SOURCE
tank/home/bill  reservation  5G      local

You can set a refreservation reservation to guarantee disk space for a dataset that does not include disk space consumed by snapshots and clones. This reservation is accounted for in the parent dataset's space used calculation, and counts against the parent dataset's quotas and reservations. For example:

$ zfs set refreservation=10g profs/prof1
$ zfs list
NAME                      USED  AVAIL  REFER  MOUNTPOINT
profs                    10.0G  23.2G    19K  /profs
profs/prof1                10G  33.2G    18K  /profs/prof1

You can also set a reservation on the same dataset to guarantee dataset space and snapshot space. For example:

$ zfs set reservation=20g profs/prof1
$ zfs list
NAME                      USED  AVAIL  REFER  MOUNTPOINT
profs                    20.0G  13.2G    19K  /profs
profs/prof1                10G  33.2G    18K  /profs/prof1

Regular reservations are accounted for in the parent's used space calculation.

In the preceding example, the smaller of the two quotas (10 GB as compared to 20 GB) is displayed in the zfs list output. To view the value of both quotas, use the zfs get command. For example:

$ zfs get reservation,refreserv profs/prof1
NAME         PROPERTY        VALUE        SOURCE
profs/prof1  reservation     20G          local
profs/prof1  refreservation  10G          local

If refreservation is set, a snapshot is only allowed if sufficient unreserved pool space exists outside of this reservation to accommodate the current number of referenced bytes in the dataset.