You can use the zfs allow command to delegate permissions on ZFS file systems to non-root users in the following ways:
Individual permissions can be delegated to a user, group, or everyone.
Groups of individual permissions can be delegated as a permission set to a user, group, or everyone.
Permissions can be delegated either locally to the current file system only or to all descendants of the current file system.
The following table describes the operations that can be delegated and any dependent permissions that are required to perform the delegated operations.
You can delegate the following set of permissions but a permission might be limited to access, read, or change permission:
In addition, you can delegate administration of the following ZFS properties to non-root users:
Some of these properties can be set only at dataset creation time. For a description of these properties, see zfs(8).
The zfs allow syntax follows:
zfs allow -[ldugecs] everyone|user|group[,...] perm|@setname,...] filesystem| volume
The following zfs allow syntax (in bold) identifies to whom the permissions are delegated:
zfs allow [-uge]|user|group|everyone [,...] filesystem | volume
Multiple entities can be specified as a comma-separated list. If no –uge options are specified, then the argument is interpreted preferentially as the keyword everyone, then as a user name, and lastly, as a group name. To specify a user or group named "everyone", use the –u or –g option. To specify a group with the same name as a user, use the –g option. The –c option delegates create-time permissions.
The following zfs allow syntax (in bold) identifies how permissions and permission sets are specified:
zfs allow [-s] ... perm|@setname [,...] filesystem | volume
Multiple permissions can be specified as a comma-separated list. Permission names are the same as ZFS subcommands and properties. For more information, see the preceding section.
Permissions can be aggregated into permission sets and are identified by the –s option. Permission sets can be used by other zfs allow commands for the specified file system and its descendants. Permission sets are evaluated dynamically, so changes to a set are immediately updated. Permission sets follow the same naming requirements as ZFS file systems, but the name must begin with an at sign (@) and can be no more than 64 characters in length.
The following zfs allow syntax (in bold) identifies how the permissions are delegated:
zfs allow [-ld] ... ... filesystem | volume
The –l option indicates that the permissions are allowed for the specified file system and not its descendants, unless the –d option is also specified. The –d option indicates that the permissions are allowed for the descendant file systems and not for this file system, unless the –l option is also specified. If neither option is specified, then the permissions are allowed for the file system or volume and all of its descendants.
You can remove previously delegated permissions with the zfs unallow command.
For example, assume that you delegated create, destroy, mount, and snapshot permissions as follows:
$ zfs allow cindy create,destroy,mount,snapshot system1/home/cindy $ zfs allow system1/home/cindy ---- Permissions on system1/home/cindy ---------------------------------- Local+descendant permissions: user cindy create,destroy,mount,snapshot
To remove these permissions, you would use the following syntax:
$ zfs unallow cindy system1/home/cindy $ zfs allow system1/home/cindy