Display information about all the files in a directory by using the ls command.
% ls -la
Displays the long format that includes user ownership, group ownership, and file permissions.
Displays all files, including hidden files that begin with a dot (.).
For all options to the ls command, see the ls(1) man page.
In this example, a partial list of the files in the /sbin directory is displayed.
% cd /sbin % ls -l total 4960 -r-xr-xr-x 1 root bin 21K May 31 2016 6to4relay* lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 May 31 2016 accept -> cupsaccept* -r-xr-xr-x 1 root bin 57K May 31 2016 acctadm* -r-xr-xr-x 2 root sys 94K May 31 2016 add_drv* -r-xr-xr-x 1 root bin 26K May 31 2016 admhist* drwxr-xr-x 2 root bin 9 May 31 2016 amd64 -r-xr-xr-x 1 root bin 156 May 31 2016 archiveadm* -r-xr-xr-x 1 root bin 21K May 31 2016 arp* . . .
Each line displays information about a file in the following order:
Type of file – For example, d. For list of file types, see File and Directory Ownership.
Permissions – For example, r-xr-xr-x. For description, see File and Directory Ownership.
Number of hard links – For example, 2.
Owner of the file – For example, root.
Group of the file – For example, bin.
Size of the file, in bytes or kilobytes – For example, 156 and 21K.
Date the file was created or the last date that the file was changed – For example, May 31 2016.
Name of the file – For example, arp.