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Oracle Applications Cloud Extending the Applications
Release 13.2
Part Number E50709-02
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Glossary

abstract role

A description of a person's function in the enterprise that is unrelated to the person's job (position), such as employee, contingent worker, or line manager. A type of enterprise role.

accounting flexfield

The chart of accounts that determines the structure, such as the number and order of individual segments, as well as the corresponding values per segment.

action

The kind of access named in a security policy, such as view or edit.

activity stream

A feature that tracks and displays actions and messages from people whom you are connected to in your social network, as well as activities from the application.

ADF

Acronym for Application Developer Framework. A set of programming principles and rules for developing software applications.

analysis

A graph or table that displays data resulting from queries on real-time, transactional, or operational data, to provide answers to business questions.

application identity

Predefined application level user with elevated privileges. An application identity authorizes jobs and transactions for which other users are not authorized, such as a payroll run authorized to access a taxpayer ID while the user who initiated the job is not authorized to access such personally identifiable information.

BPEL

Business Process Execution Language; a standard language for defining how to send XML messages to remote services, manipulate XML data structures, receive XML messages asynchronously from remote services, manage events and exceptions, define parallel sequences of execution, and undo parts of processes when exceptions occur.

business object

A resource in an enterprise database, such as an invoice or purchase order.

chrome

The set of visual elements around the perimeter of a component or task flow that enables users to act directly on the object. Elements that make up the chrome of a component include the header; border; resize handle; edit, collapse, expand, and remove icons; and Actions menu.

condition

An XML filter or SQL predicate WHERE clause in a data security policy that specifies what portions of a database resource are secured.

context

A grouping of flexfield segments to store related information.

context segment

The flexfield segment used to store the context value. Each context value can have a different set of context-sensitive segments.

context-sensitive segment

A flexfield segment that may or may not appear depending upon a context such as other information that has been captured. Context-sensitive segments are custom attributes that apply to certain entity rows based on the value of the context segment.

customization

A change to standard, predefined Oracle Fusion Applications artifacts. Customizations impact multiple users.

customization layer

A level that represents the types of users impacted by a customization, for example all users or only those that meet specific criteria.

dashboard

A collection of analyses and other content, presented on one or more pages, to help users achieve specific business goals.

data dimension

A stripe of data accessed by a data role, such as the data controlled by a business unit.

data model

Metadata defining the data source, data structure, and parameters to be used by reports.

data role

A role for a defined set of data describing the job a user does within that defined set of data. A data role inherits job or abstract roles and grants entitlement to access data within a specific dimension of data based on data security policies. A type of enterprise role.

data security

The control of access to data. Data security controls what action a user can taken against which data.

data security policy

A grant of entitlement to a role on an object or attribute group for a given condition.

database resource

An applications data object at the instance, instance set, or global level, which is secured by data security policies.

descriptive flexfield

Customizable expansion space, such as fields used to capture additional descriptive information or attributes about an entity, such as customer cases. Information collection and storage may be configured to vary based on conditions or context.

design time

The type of activities performed by developers at the code or data model level.

desktop page

A page in a user interface that is optimized for extended periods of use with monitors.

desktop user interface

A standard user interface that is optimized for extended periods of use with monitors.

enterprise

An organization with one or more legal entities under common control.

enterprise role

Abstract, job, and data roles are shared across the enterprise. An enterprise role is an LDAP group. An enterprise role is propagated and synchronized across Oracle Fusion Middleware, where it is considered to be an external role or role not specifically defined within applications.

entitlement

Grants of access to functions and data. Oracle Fusion Middleware term for privilege.

extensible flexfield

Customizable expansion space, as with descriptive flexfields, but able to capture multiple sets of information within a context and multiple contexts grouped to appear in a named region of a user interface page. Some extensible flexfields let you group contexts into categories.

extension

A completely new artifact in addition to what is predefined in Oracle Fusion Applications, for example a custom business object or page.

feature choice

A selection you make when configuring offerings that modifies a setup task list, or a setup page, or both.

flexfield

Grouping of extensible data fields called segments, where each segment is an attribute added to an entity for capturing additional information.

flexfield segment

An extensible data field that represents an attribute on an entity and captures a single atomic value corresponding to a predefined, single extension column in the Oracle Fusion Applications database. A segment appears globally or based on a context of other captured information.

functional area

A set of simplified pages containing content that a user needs to accomplish a business goal. Examples of this content include searches, data entry fields, and analytics.

global area

The region across the top of the user interface. It provides access to features and tools that are relevant to any page you are on.

job role

A role for a specific job consisting of duties, such as an accounts payable manager or application implementation consultant. A type of enterprise role.

key flexfield

Configurable key consisting of multiple parts or segments, each of which may be meaningful individually or in combination with the others. Key flexfields are commonly implemented to represent part numbers and account numbers.

key flexfield segment instance

A single occurrence of a key flexfield segment in a key flexfield structure instance.

key flexfield structure

The arrangement of segments in a key flexfield. In some cases, multiple structures can be defined for a single key flexfield.

key flexfield structure instance

A single occurrence of a key flexfield structure that shares the same order of segments as every other instance of the key flexfield structure, but uses different value sets to validate the segments.

mainline

A branch of data that serves as a single source of truth.

offering

A comprehensive grouping of business functions, such as Sales or Product Management, that is delivered as a unit to support one or more business processes.

Oracle Business Intelligence Presentation Catalog

The repository where all business intelligence objects, including analyses, dashboards, and reports, are stored. The catalog contains folders to separate personal and shared objects, as well as custom objects.

personalization

A change users make to control the look or behavior of the application. Personalizations impact only the user making the change.

privilege

A grant or entitlement of access to functions and data. A privilege is a single, real world action on a single business object.

process

A program that you schedule and run to process data and, if appropriate, generate output as a report. Also known as scheduled process.

role

Controls access to application functions and data.

run time

The type of activities performed by users while they are in a running application.

sandbox

A run time session that commits changes out of reach of mainline users.

segment

See

simplified page

A page in a user interface that is optimized to provide quick access to high-volume, self-service tasks from any device.

simplified user interface

A user interface that is optimized to provide quick access to high-volume, self-service tasks from any device.

site layer

The customization layer in which customizations that are made affect all users.

SOA

Abbreviation for service-oriented architecture.

springboard

The area on the simplified user interface home page, and above all simplified pages, that contains a set of functional area icon buttons.

SQL predicate

A type of condition using SQL to constrain the data secured by a data security policy.

style template

An RTF template containing style information that is applied to other RTF layouts to achieve a consistent look and feel across reports.

subtemplate

A piece of formatting that is defined once and used multiple times within a single report layout or across multiple layout files.

tree

Information or data organized into a hierarchy with one or more root nodes connected to branches of nodes. A tree must have a structure where each node corresponds to data from one or more data sources.

tree structure

Characteristics applied to trees, such as what data to include or how the tree is versioned and accessed.

user layer

The customization layer in which personalizations are made, which impact only the user making the change.

value set

A set of valid values against which values entered by an end user are validated. The set may be tree structured (hierarchical).

XML filter

A type of condition using XML to constrain the data secured by a data security policy.