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Oracle® ZFS Storage Appliance Administration Guide
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Document Information

Using This Documentation

Chapter 1 Oracle ZFS Storage Appliance Overview

Chapter 2 Status

Chapter 3 Initial Configuration

Chapter 4 Network Configuration

Chapter 5 Storage Configuration

Chapter 6 Storage Area Network Configuration

Chapter 7 User Configuration

Chapter 8 Setting ZFSSA Preferences

Chapter 9 Alert Configuration

Chapter 10 Cluster Configuration

Chapter 11 ZFSSA Services

Chapter 12 Shares, Projects, and Schema

Understanding Shares

Storage Pools

Using Shares

Share Properties

Share Snapshots

Share Clones

Shares Space Management

Shares Space Terminology

Understanding Snapshots

File System and Project Settings

Data Quotas

Data Reservations

Space Management for Replicating LUNs

User and Group Settings

Viewing Current Usage

Viewing Current Usage in the BUI

Viewing Current Usage in the CLI

Setting User or Group Quotas

Set User or Group Quotas Using the BUI

Set User or Group Quotas Using the CLI

Identity Management

Filesystem Namespace

Namespace Nested Mountpoints

Namespace Protocol Access to Mountpoints

Namespace NFSv2 / NFSv3

Namespace NFSv4

Namespace SMB

Namespace FTP / FTPS / SFTP

Namespace HTTP / HTTPS

Shares > Shares

Working with Shares > Shares in the BUI

List of Shares

Editing a Share

Usage Statistics

Static Properties

Shares Project Panel

Creating a Share

Working with Shares > Shares in the CLI

Navigation

Share Operations

Shares > Shares CLI Properties

Shares > Shares > General - BUI Page

Space Usage

Volume Size

Thin Provisioned

Mountpoint

Read only

Update access time on read

Non-blocking mandatory locking

Data deduplication

Data compression

Checksum

Cache Device Usage

Synchronous Write Bias

Database Record Size

Additional Replication

Virus Scan

Prevent Destruction

Restrict Ownership Change

Custom Properties

Shares > Shares > Protocols - BUI Page

Shares Protocols

Share Protocols - NFS

Share Protocols - CLI

Security Modes

Character Set Encodings

Shares - SMB

Shares - iSCSI

Shares - HTTP

Shares - FTP

Shares - SFTP

Shares > Shares > Access

Access Control

Shares - Root Directory Access

Shares - User

Shares - Group

Shares - Permissions

Shares - ACL Behavior

ACL Behavior on Mode Change

ACL Inheritance Behavior

Root Directory ACL

Shares - Snapshots

Shares - Snapshot Properties

.zfs/snapshot visible

Scheduled Snapshot Label

Listing Snapshots Using the BUI

Manual Snapshots Using the BUI

Create a project level snapshot

Create a share/LUN level snapshot

Renaming a Snapshot (BUI)

Destroying a Snapshot (BUI)

Rolling back to a Snapshot (BUI)

Cloning a Snapshot (BUI)

Scheduled Snapshots Using the BUI

Manual Snapshots Using the CLI

Listing Snapshots (CLI)

Taking Manual Snapshots (CLI)

Renaming a Snapshot (CLI)

Destroying a Snapshot (CLI)

Rolling back to a Snapshot (CLI)

Cloning a Snapshot (CLI)

Listing Dependent Clones Using the CLI

Scheduled Snapshots Using the CLI

Setting the Scheduled Snapshot Label Using the CLI

Projects

Working with Projects Using the BUI

Project Fields

Editing a Project

Usage Statistics

Static Properties

Creating Projects

Working with Projects Using the CLI

Navigation

Project Operations

Selecting a Pool in a Cluster

Project Properties

Project - General

Project - General Properties

Project - Space Usage

Project - Quota

Project - Reservation

Project - Inherited Properties

Project - Custom Properties

Filesystem Creation Defaults

LUN Creation Defaults

Project Protocols

Project Access

Project Snapshots

Project Snapshot Properites

.zfs/snapshot visible

Scheduled Snapshot Label

Schemas

Customized Share Properties

Working with Schemas in the BUI

Configuring a Schema Using the BUI

Working with Schemas Using the CLI

Configuring a Schema Using the CLI

Chapter 13 Replication

Chapter 14 Shadow Migration

Chapter 15 CLI Scripting

Chapter 16 Maintenance Workflows

Chapter 17 Integration

Index

Namespace Protocol Access to Mountpoints

Regardless of protocol settings, every filesystem must have a mountpoint. However, the way in which these mountpoints are used depends on protocol.

Namespace NFSv2 / NFSv3

Under NFS, each filesystem is a unique export made visible via the MOUNT protocol. NFSv2 and NFSv3 have no way to traverse nested filesystems, and each filesystem must be accessed by its full path. While nested mountpoints are still functional, attempts to cross a nested mountpoint will result in an empty directory on the client. While this can be mitigated through the use of automount mounts, transparent support of nested mountpoints in a dynamic environment requires NFSv4.

Namespace NFSv4

NFSv4 has several improvements over NFSv3 when dealing with mountpoints. First is that parent directories can be mounted, even if there is no share available at that point in the hierarchy. For example, if /export/home was shared, it is possible to mount /export on the client and traverse into the actual exports transparently. More significantly, some NFSv4 clients (including Linux) support automatic client-side mounts, sometimes referred to as "mirror mounts". With such a client, when a user traverses a mountpoint, the child filesystem is automatically mounted at the appropriate local mountpoint, and torn down when the filesystem is unmounted on the client. From the server's perspective, these are separate mount requests, but they are stitched together onto the client to form a seamless filesystem namespace.

Namespace SMB

The SMB protocol does not use mountpoints, as each share is made available by resource name. However, each filesystem must still have a unique mountpoint. Nested mountpoints (multiple filesystems within one resource) are not currently supported, and any attempt to traverse a mountpoint will result in an empty directory.

Namespace FTP / FTPS / SFTP

Filesystems are exported using their standard mountpoint. Nested mountpoints are fully supported and are transparent to the user. However, it is not possible to not share a nested filesystem when its parent is shared. If a parent mountpoint is shared, then all children will be shared as well.

Namespace HTTP / HTTPS

Filesystems are exported under the /shares directory, so a filesystem at /export/home will appear at /shares/export/home over HTTP/HTTPS. Nested mountpoints are fully supported and are transparent to the user. The same behavior regarding conflicting share options described in the FTP protocol section also applies to HTTP.