@LANCESTORS

Returns all ancestors of the members in the specified member list or all ancestors up to a specified generation or level. This function excludes the specified members.

You can use the @LANCESTORS function as a parameter of another function, where the function requires a list of members.

Syntax

@LANCESTORS ((memberSetFunction) [,genLevNum])
Parameter Description

memberSetFunction

A member set function that returns a list of members.

How the @LANCESTORS function is used determines which member set functions are allowed. Follow these guidelines:

  • If the @LANCESTORS function is used alone (not within a FIX statement), you must use the @LIST function and specify member names. For example:

    @LIST(mbr1,mbr2,...)
  • If the @LANCESTORS function is used within a FIX statement, you can use member set functions such as @UDA and @ATTRIBUTE. For example:

    @UDA(dimName,uda)
    @ATTRIBUTE (attMbrName)

    In this case, you can choose whether to use the @LIST function. For example, both of the following statements are valid, and the statements return the same results.

    Example using only @ATTRIBUTE:

    FIX(@LANCESTORS(@ATTRIBUTE(Caffeinated_True),@ATTRIBUTE(Ounces_12),"200-40"))
    ...
    ENDFIX;

    Example using @LIST and @ATTRIBUTE:

    FIX(@LANCESTORS(@LIST(@ATTRIBUTE(Caffeinated_True),@ATTRIBUTE(Ounces_12),"200-40")))
    ...
    ENDFIX;

Caution!

All members of the specified member list must be from the same dimension.

genLevNum

Optional. The integer value that defines the absolute generation or level number up to which to select members. A positive integer defines a generation number. A value of 0 or a negative integer defines a level number.

Example

All examples are from the Sample.Basic database.

@LANCESTORS(@LIST("100–10”,"200–20”),2)

Returns 100 (the ancestor of 100-10); and 200 (the ancestor of 200-20). Excludes Product because it is at generation 1.

@LANCESTORS(@LIST(“100”,“100–10”))

Returns Product (the ancestor of 100); and 100 (the ancestor of 100-10). The result does not contain duplicate members.

@LANCESTORS(@LIST(“100”,“Product”,“200”))

Returns Product (the ancestor of 100 and 200). The result does not contain duplicate members.

FIX(@LANCESTORS(@UDA(Market,“New Market”)),2)
...
ENDFIX;

Returns West, South, and Central (the ancestors, to generation 2, for the members in the Market dimension that are associated with the New Market attribute).

FIX(@LANCESTORS(@ATTRIBUTE(Caffeinated_True),@ATTRIBUTE(Ounces_12),"200–40”))
...
ENDFIX;

Returns 100, 200, 300, and Product (the ancestors of 100-10, 100-20, 200-10, 300-30—caffeinated, 12-ounce drinks, and 200-40).

See Also