In funding plans, you must establish expectations for cash sources and use of excess funds from the firm's operating strategies. Funding plans might include external sources such as debt, preferred equity, common equity, or reinvestment of internal funds. It may include uses like dividends and share repurchases to treasury stock, retirement of debt or preferred equity, or investments in marketable securities.
Using the target capital structure method, you specify sources and uses within funding categories such as debt, preferred equity and common equity. This establishes a funding policy that manages your model's capital structure.