A Understanding Predefined Depreciation Methods

This appendix contains the following topics:

A.1 Standard Depreciation Methods

The JD Edwards EnterpriseOne Fixed Assets system includes predefined, standard depreciation methods.

Depreciation methods 10 (MACRS Luxury Cars), 17 (AMT Luxury Cars), and 18 (ACE Luxury Cars) are user-defined depreciation methods.

These rules apply to the predefined depreciation methods that are included in the JD Edwards EnterpriseOne Fixed Assets system:

  • The system does not allow accumulated depreciation to exceed the depreciable basis.

    The depreciable basis for an asset is the asset's original cost minus its salvage value. When the total of an asset's current depreciation and accumulated depreciation is greater than the depreciable basis, the system calculates current depreciation by subtracting the accumulated depreciation from the depreciable basis.

  • The system calculates a full period's depreciation for the initial period that you acquire an asset.

    If you do not calculate depreciation for the month that you dispose of an asset, you should run the disposal before you run the depreciation. Exceptions to this rule are the mid-month, mid-quarter, and mid-year conventions.

The examples used throughout this section are based on this information, unless otherwise noted:

  • Cost: 100,000.00 USD.

  • Salvage value: 0.00.

  • Life months: 60.

  • Acquisition date: August 1, 1996.

A.1.1 Technical Considerations

This table lists some technical considerations for the predefined depreciation methods:

Consideration Explanation
Life months Life months are not required for predefined depreciation methods 06, 09, 11, and 15. Entering life months for any of these methods is informational only. The system depreciates assets until the cost is fully depreciated or you dispose of the item.

Life months are required for all user-defined depreciation methods.

Depreciating an asset after disposal When you dispose of an asset, the disposal program zeros out the cost and accumulated depreciation amounts in the ledgers that are specified in the Disposal Account Rules program (P12141). When the specified ledger uses a mid-year convention for the asset's depreciation and the asset is not fully depreciated at the time of disposal, the depreciation program cannot calculate the final depreciation amount because cost and accumulated depreciation amounts are both zero as a result of the disposal program.
Short years You can set up short years for the JD Edwards EnterpriseOne Fixed Assets system.
Depreciation methods that use the mid-year convention (Y) The system begins depreciation calculations for all of the methods that use the mid-year convention at the midpoint of a regular tax year. Examples include:
  • If an asset is placed in service during the first half of a calendar year (for example, in April, or period 4) and assigned MACRS depreciation with the mid-year convention, the system calculates depreciation only for one-half of a year, beginning in July.

  • If an asset is placed in service during the second half of a calendar year (for example, in September, or period 9) and assigned MACRS depreciation with the mid-year convention, the system calculates depreciation only for the remaining periods.


A.2 Method 00, No Depreciation Method Used

No depreciation is calculated.

A.3 Method 01, Straight Line Depreciation

The system depreciates the asset's cost (less salvage value) in equal amounts or daily (days in period/365.25) over the estimated useful life (life periods) of the asset, depending on the compute direction.

When you use the straight-line depreciation method, you can designate a mid-month, mid-quarter, or mid-year averaging convention. If you do not designate a convention, the system depreciates the full month for the period that you place the asset in service.

When you use straight-line depreciation, you must indicate one of these computation methods:

Computation Method Description
Inception-to-date (I) (daily depreciation) (((Cost - (Salvage Value)) / (life months)) * (elapsed months)) - (accumulated depreciation) = (period depreciation)

For example, depreciation for January 1997 is calculated as follows:

(((100,000.00 - 0) / 60) * 6) - 8,333.00 = 1,667.00

Remaining life (R) (daily depreciation) ((((Net book value) - salvage) / (Remaining life periods))* (months elapsed year-to-date)) - (year-to-date depreciation) = (period depreciation)

For example, depreciation for January 1997 is calculated as follows:

(((91,667.00 - 0) / 55) * 1) - 0 = 1,667.00

These rules apply to this calculation:

  • The cost less accumulated depreciation for prior years equals the net book value (NBV).

  • If the NBV less salvage value is greater than zero, it is divided by the remaining life months as of the beginning of the current fiscal year.

Current period (P) (equal amounts depreciation) (Adjusted cost) / (life months) = (period depreciation)

For example, depreciation for January 1997 is calculated as follows:

(100,000.00 - 0) / 60 = 1,667.00


A.4 Method 02, Sum of the Year's Digits

The system applies changing fractions each year to the adjusted cost of the asset. When you use this depreciation method, you must indicate the current year-to-date (C) computation method, as follows:

(Cost - (salvage value)) * (remaining useful life) /(sum of the years) = (year's depreciation)

(Year's depreciation) / (number of normal periods in the year) = (period depreciation)

These rules apply to this depreciation calculation:

  • The system converts life periods into years: for example, 36 life months / 12 months = 3 years.

  • The denominator is the sum-of-the-years digits (SYD), calculated as follows:

    SYD = n * ((n + 1) / 2) where n = useful life in years

    For example, if life months equals 36 (3 years), the SYD is 6:

    3 * ((3 + 1) / 2) = 6

  • The numerator is the remaining useful life at the beginning of the year.

  • The system makes allocations throughout the useful life of the asset.

    For example, if you purchase an asset during the eighth month of the year, 5/12 of the first full year's depreciation is deductible in that year. In the second year, 7/12 of the first full year's depreciation, and 5/12 of the second year's depreciation are allowed. These allocations are followed for the entire life of the asset.

To accommodate the mid-year convention for an asset, you must change the depreciation start date to the midpoint of the year.

A.5 Methods 03, 04, and 05, Declining Balance with Cross-Over

The declining balance to cross-over methods use these percentages:

  • Method 03: 125 percent

  • Method 04: 150 percent

  • Method 05: 200 percent

Although the system does not consider the salvage value of an asset during the depreciation calculation, it does not depreciate an asset below its salvage value.

When you use a declining balance to cross-over method to depreciate an asset, you must indicate one of these methods of computation:

Calculation Method Description
Inception-to-date (I) ((NBV * percentage) / (life periods) * (elapsed periods))- (Accumulated Depreciation) = (period depreciation)

For example, using method 05, yearly depreciation is calculated as follows:

1997: (((100,000.00 * 200 percent) / 60) * 17) - 16,667.00 = 40,000.00

1998: ((100,000.00 - 16,667.00) * 200 percent / 60) * 12 = 33,333.00

These rules apply to this depreciation calculation:

  • The cost less accumulated depreciation for prior years equals the net book value (NBV).

  • Calculate NBV at the beginning of the year.

  • When the NBV divided by remaining life months is greater than the depreciation for the period, you have reached cross-over for the asset.

    At this point, the depreciation for the period equals the NBV divided by the remaining life months.

Remaining life (R) (NBV (if greater than zero)) * percentage / (remaining life periods) = (period depreciation)

For example, yearly depreciation would be calculated as follows:

1996: 100,000.00 * 200 percent / 60 * 5 = 16,667.00

1997: 83,333.00 * 200 percent / 60 * 12 = 33,333.00

These rules apply to this depreciation calculation:

  • When NBV divided by the remaining periods is greater than the period depreciation, you have reached cross-over for the asset.

  • The cost is reduced by the accumulated depreciation to calculate NBV at the end of each fiscal year.

Alternative minimum tax (AMT) You can use Method 04 (150 percent Declining Balance to Cross-over) for alternative minimum tax purposes.

A.6 Method 06, Fixed Percentage on Declining Balance

When you use the fixed percent on declining balance depreciation method, you must indicate one of these methods of computation:

Calculation Method Description
Current year-to-date (C) ((Cost - (accumulated depreciation)) * (fixed percent))/ (number of normal periods) = (period depreciation)
Current period (P) The current period method of computation is the same as current year-to-date, except that it does not catch up depreciation amounts within the year. If you run the first depreciation in March, the system calculates depreciation for March only. The system does not calculate depreciation for January and February.

A.7 Method 07, ACRS Standard Depreciation

This section discusses:

  • Calculation method

  • Personal property

  • Real property

A.7.1 Calculation Method

You can use the Accelerated Cost Recovery System (ACRS) method to compute the tax depreciation deduction for most tangible depreciable property that you place in service after 1980 but before 1987. Cost recovery methods and period are the same for both new and used property. The system does not use the asset's salvage value to compute ACRS allowances.

ACRS standard depreciation uses only one method of computation, the current year to date (C). This method uses this equation:

((Cost - (accumulated depreciation)) * (fixed percent))/ (number of normal periods) = (period depreciation)

A.7.2 Personal Property

The ACRS statutory recovery percentage for personal property that is placed in service after 1980 and before 1987 is determined by an IRS-prescribed table. The table takes into account the type of property (3-year, 5-year, 10-year, or 15-year) and the year that you placed the property in service.

A.7.3 Real Property

Generally, the adjusted basis of real property is recovered over a period of 19 years for real property that is placed in service after May 8, 1985, but before 1987. For real property that is placed in service after March 15, 1984, but before May 9, 1985, the unadjusted basis is recovered over a period of 18 years. A 15-year recovery period applies to real property that is placed in service after 1980 but before March 16, 1984, and to low-income housing.

The recovery percentages for such property other than low-income housing is similar to the use of the 175 percent declining balance method with a later-year switch to the straight line method.

You can use these conventions with the ACRS depreciation method:

Convention Description
Full-month Can be used for real property that you place in service before March 16, 1984, and for low-income housing. With the full-month convention, the system handles real property that you place in service at any time during a particular month as being placed in service on the first day of that month. This method allows a full month's cost recovery for the month that you placed the property in service. If you dispose of the property anytime during a particular month, but before the end of a recovery period, you are not allowed cost recovery for the month that you disposed of the property.
Mid-month Can be used for real property that you place in service after March 15, 1984. With the mid-month convention, the system handles real property that you place in service anytime during a particular month as being placed in service at the middle of that month. This method allows a one-half month's cost recovery for the month that you placed the property in service. If you dispose of the property during a month but before the end of a recovery period, you are allowed cost recovery for one-half of the month that you disposed of the property.
Mid-year With the regular method of ACRS standard depreciation, the mid-year convention is mandatory and built into the applicable tables. You are not allowed any deduction for the year that you dispose of an asset.

A.8 Method 08, ACRS Optional Depreciation

If you prefer a slower recovery on the cost of ACRS property than the percentages provided, you might elect to use a straight-line recovery method. This method provides a longer recovery period.

The ACRS optional depreciation method uses one of two methods of computation:

Computation Method Description
Inception-to-date (I) (((Cost - (Salvage Value)) / (life months)) * (elapsed months)) - (accumulated depreciation) = (period depreciation)

For example, depreciation for January 1997 is calculated as follows:

(((100,000.00 - 0) / 60) * 6) - 8,333.00 = 1,667.00

Remaining life (R) ((((Net book value) - salvage) / (Remaining life periods))* (months elapsed year-to-date)) - (year-to-date depreciation) = (period depreciation)

For example, depreciation for January 1997 is calculated as follows:

(((91,667.00 - 0) / 55) * 1) - 0 = 1,667.00

These rules apply to this calculation:

  • The cost less prior years' accumulated depreciation equals the net book value (NBV).

  • If the NBV less salvage value is greater than zero, it is divided by the remaining life months as of the beginning of the current fiscal year.


The calculation for ACRS Optional is the same as Straight Line, except:

  • The system bases the depreciation calculation on the cost, rather than the adjusted cost (cost less salvage value).

  • The system uses the mid-year convention for personal property.

  • The system calculates a full month of depreciation in the month that you acquire the property and no depreciation in the month that you dispose of it for 15-year real property.

  • The system calculates one-half month of depreciation in the months that you acquire and dispose of 18- and 19-year real property.

  • If depreciation information is 04 (ACRS method with Basis Reduction), the system reduces the cost by one-half of the Income Tax Credit (ITC) amount that is assigned on Master Information.

A.9 Method 09, Units of Production Method

When you use the units of production depreciation method, you must indicate the current year-to-date method of computation, as follows:

((Year-to-date production) / (depreciable unit base)* ((asset cost) - (accumulated depreciation)))

The system calculates the depreciable unit base as follows:

(Original units revisions to estimate) - (prior year's production) = (depreciable unit base)

You must run the Units of Production Close procedure to roll current year information forward into the following year.

A.10 Method 11, Fixed Percentage of Luxury Cars

Calculation: NBV * (fixed percent) = (year's depreciation).

(Year's depreciation) / (number of normal periods) =(period depreciation)

These rules apply to this method of depreciation:

  • You must use the current year-to-date (C) method of computation.

  • The depreciation amount for a year is limited to 2,000.00.

A.11 Method 12, MACRS Standard Depreciation

This section discusses:

  • MACRS calculations.

  • MACRS first-year bonus rule for HR 3090.

A.11.1 MACRS Calculations

You must depreciate most tangible property that you place in service after 1986 using the Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS), for tax purposes. Depending on the type of property, you recover the cost over a 3-, 5-, 7-, 10-, 15-, 20-, 27 1/2-, 31 1/2-, or 39-year period. You recover the cost by using the applicable depreciation method, the applicable recovery period, and the applicable convention.

MACRS calculations use these statutory recovery methods and conventions:

Period of Calculation Statutory Recovery Method
3-, 5-, 7-, 10-, 15-, and 20-year period calculations The system calculates depreciation using the 200 percent declining balance method, and the mid-year or mid-quarter convention with a switch to the straight-line method in later years.
27 1/2-, 31 1/2-, and 39-year period calculations The system calculates depreciation by using the straight line method and the mid-month convention.

To compute depreciation, the system uses MACRS depreciation tables, which contain the annual percentage depreciation rates to be applied to the adjusted basis of property in each tax year. The tables include the appropriate convention and a switch from the declining balance method to the straight-line method in the appropriate year.

Use one of these conventions with this depreciation method:

Calculation Method Description
Mid-month You can apply this convention to residential and nonresidential real property. Based on this convention, the system calculates one-half month's depreciation for the month that you acquired or disposed of the property.
Half-year Apply this convention to property other than residential and nonresidential property. Based on this convention, the system calculates one-half year's depreciation for the year that you acquire or dispose of the property.
Mid-quarter You can apply this convention to all property other than nonresidential real property and residential rental property if more than 40 percent of the total basis of such property is placed in service during the last three months of the tax year. Based on this convention, the system calculates depreciation at the midpoint of the quarter that you acquire or dispose of the property. The system computes the MACRS deduction for the first year by determining the depreciation for the full tax year and then multiplying it by one of these percentages, depending on the quarter that you placed the property in service:
  • First quarter: 87 1/2 percent

  • Second quarter: 62 1/2 percent

  • Third quarter: 37 1/2 percent

  • Fourth quarter: 2 1/2 percent


A.11.2 MACRS First Year Bonus Rule for HR 3090

This rule applies only to assets with a 20-year or less life span. [reference to the 30 percent 1styear bonus related to HR 3090 for assets placed in service between September 11, 2001 and September 10, 2004 here.]

Mid-month information does not apply to this rule.

To add a MACRS 1st year bonus rule for HR 3090:

  1. Set up three new formulas, using the Depreciation Formula Revisions program (P12853D).

    Set up the formulas according to this example:

    Formula ID Formula Description Formula Multiplier/Constant
    541 First Year Bonus 30 percent ((10-(10*12))*11)+(10*12) .300000
    542 Basis*Multiplier 10*11 N/A
    543 70 percent of Cost 01*12 .700000

  2. Run the Global Depreciation Rules Update program (R12858) to update these new formulas to the Depreciation Formulas table (F12853).

  3. Add the MACRS First Year Bonus code (50) to user-defined code (UDC) table 12/DM.

  4. Add these values to the new formulas:

    • Depreciation Formula for year 1: 54.

    • Basis Formula for year 1: 541.

    • Depreciation Formula for years 2-11: 542.

    • Basis Formula for years 2-11: 543.

      You should not change the 999 life year rule.

A.11.2.1 Example

This table shows an example of a 10-year rule using the MACRS First Year Bonus Rule for HR 3090:

Rule Element Value
Depreciation Method 50
Initial Term Apportionment Y
Compute Direction C
Life 120
In Service From Date September 11, 2001
Effective From Date September 11, 2001
Rule Description MACRS 1stYear Bonus - 10 Year
In Service Through Date September 10, 2004

A.12 Method 13, MACRS Alternative Depreciation

You can use the MACRS alternative depreciation method for these categories of property:

  • Tangible property used outside the U.S.

  • Property that is tax exempt.

  • Property that is tax exempt and bond financed.

  • Property that is imported from a foreign country for which an executive order is in effect because the country maintains trade restrictions or engages in other discriminatory acts.

  • Property for which you have made an alternative MACRS election.

If you use the MACRS Alternative depreciation method, you must indicate the inception-to-date (I), current period (P), or remaining life (R) method of computation. You must also indicate a mid-month, half-year, or mid-quarter convention.

A.13 Method 14, ACRS Alternate Real Property

You can use this depreciation method to recover costs by using a straight-line method over the regular recovery period or a longer recovery period. You must make this election on the tax return for the year that you placed the property in service. The ACRS straight-line depreciation tables contain the annual percentage depreciation rates. The rates are applied to the unadjusted basis of property in each tax year.

You must indicate the current year-to-date method of computation with the ACRS Alternate Real Property depreciation method.

A.14 Method 15, Fixed Percentage on Cost

The system calculates the fixed percent of cost depreciation method as follows:

Cost * (fixed percent) = (year's depreciation)

(Year's depreciation) / (number of normal periods) =(period depreciation)

You must indicate the current year-to-date (C) or current period (P) method of computation with this depreciation method. The current period method is the same as the current year-to-date with the exception that it does not catch up depreciation amounts within the year. If you run the first depreciation in March, the system calculates depreciation for the month of March only. The system does not calculate depreciation for January and February.

A.15 Method 16, Fixed Percentage on Declining Balance with Cross-Over

You must indicate one of these methods of computation with the fixed percent on declining balance to cross-over depreciation method:

Calculation Method Description
Remaining life (R) (NBV (if greater than zero)) * (fixed percent) / (life months) = (period depreciation)

You must apply these rules to this calculation:

  • You have reached cross-over when the NBV divided by the remaining period is greater than the period depreciation.

    At this point, the period depreciation equals the NBV divided by the remaining periods.

  • The cost is reduced by accumulated depreciation for purposes of calculating NBV at the end of each fiscal year.

Inception-to-date (I) NBV * (fixed percent) / (number of life months) = (period depreciation)

You must apply these rules to this calculation:

  • After each full year that an asset is in service, the cost is reduced by the accumulated depreciation to determine the NBV.

  • You have reached cross-over when the NBV divided by remaining life months is greater than the period depreciation.

    At this point, the depreciation for the period equals the NBV divided by the remaining life months.