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Oracle® VM Server for SPARC 3.6 Administration Guide

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Updated: September 2019
 
 

Oracle Solaris 11 Networking Overview

The Oracle Solaris 11 OS introduced many new networking features, which are described in the Oracle Solaris 11 networking documentation at Oracle Solaris 11.4 Documentation.

    The following Oracle Solaris 11 networking features are important to understand when you use the Oracle VM Server for SPARC software:

  • All network configuration is performed by the ipadm and dladm commands.

  • By default in Oracle Solaris 11, physical network device names use generic “vanity” names. Generic names, such as net0, are used instead of device driver names, such as nxge0, which were used in Oracle Solaris 10.

    The “vanity name by default” feature generates generic link names, such as net0, for all physical network adapters. This feature also generates generic names for virtual switches (vswn) and virtual network devices (vnetn), which appear like physical network adapters to the OS. To identify the generic link name that is associated with a physical network device, use the dladm show-phys command.

    The following command creates a virtual switch for the primary domain by specifying the generic link name, net0, instead of a driver name, such as nxge0:

    primary# ldm add-vsw net-dev=net0 primary-vsw0 primary
  • The Oracle Solaris 11 OS uses virtual network interface cards (VNICs) to create internal virtual networks.

    A VNIC is a virtual NIC. When configured by using the dladm create-vnic command, a virtual NIC behaves like a physical NIC. You can configure a virtual NIC on an SR-IOV virtual function and on a virtual network device (VNET). See Creating Virtual NICs on SR-IOV Virtual Functions and Configuring Virtual NICs on Virtual Network Devices.

  • In the Oracle Solaris 11.4 OS, use the dladm, ipadm, and route commands to perform network configuration of datalinks and IP interfaces. Network configuration profiles (NCP) are no longer supported in Oracle Solaris 11.4.

    However, when running versions of the Oracle Solaris 11 OS prior to Oracle Solaris 11.4, use the DefaultFixed NCP when configuring the Oracle VM Server for SPARC software in the control domain and in other domains. You can enable this profile during or after installation. During an Oracle Solaris 11 installation, select the Manual networking configuration.

  • Do not replace the primary network interface with the virtual switch (vsw) interface. The service domain can use the existing primary network interface to communicate with the guest domains that have virtual network devices connected to the same virtual switch.

  • Do not use the physical network adapter's MAC address for the virtual switch because using the physical adapter's MAC address for the virtual switch conflicts with the primary network interface.

The following diagram shows that a guest domain that runs the Oracle Solaris 10 OS is fully compatible with an Oracle Solaris 11 service domain. The only differences are features added or enhanced in the Oracle Solaris 11 OS.

Figure 11  Oracle VM Server for SPARC Network Overview for the Oracle Solaris 11 OS

image:Shows how to set up a virtual network on Oracle Solaris 11 as described in the text.

    The diagram shows that network device names, such as nxge0 and vnet0, can be represented by generic link names, such as netn in Oracle Solaris 11 domains. Also note the following:

  • The virtual switch in the service domain is connected to the guest domains, which enables guest domains to communicate with each other.

  • The virtual switch is also connected to the physical network device nxge0, which enables guest domains to communicate with the physical network.

    The virtual switch also enables guest domains to communicate with the service domain network interface net0 and with VNICs on the same physical network device as nxge0. This includes communication between the guest domains and the Oracle Solaris 11 service domain.


    Note - Do not configure the virtual switch itself (the vswn device) as a network device, as this functionality has been deprecated in Oracle Solaris 11 even though the device might be visible.
  • The virtual network device vnet0 in an Oracle Solaris 10 guest domain can be configured as a network interface by using the ifconfig command.

  • The virtual network device vnet0 in an Oracle Solaris 11 guest domain might appear with a generic link name, such as net0. It can be configured as a network interface by using the ipadm command.

A virtual switch behaves like a regular physical network switch and switches network packets between the different systems to which it is connected. A system can be a guest domain, a service domain, or a physical network.