Glossary


A | B | C | D | E | F | G | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W

A

account rule
The rule that processing uses to derive complete accounts or segment values on a subledger journal entry. Conditions can be defined within the rule to derive a different account based on specific attributes of the transaction.
accounting event class
Categories that classify transaction types and group event types for accounting rules.
accounting flexfield
The structure that determines the chart of accounts, including the number and order of the individual segments, as well as assigning the value sets to the segments.
accounting method
A set of journal entry rules which determine how a subledger journal entry is created for each event class or event type.
action
The kind of access, such as view or edit, named in a security policy.
ADF
Acronym for Application Developer Framework. A set of programming principles and rules for developing software applications.
analytics
Business intelligence objects such as analyses and dashboards that provide meaningful data to help with decision making.
application feature
A standardized functionality that is available to implemented.
application identity
Predefined application level user with elevated privileges. An application identity authorizes jobs and transactions for which other users are not authorized, such as a payroll run authorized to access a taxpayer ID while the user who initiated the job is not authorized to access such personally identifiable information.
application partner
A B2B trading partner defined in Oracle Applications Cloud that engages in the collaboration messaging activity. For example, a supplier site, or a customer account.
assignment
A set of information, including job, position, pay, compensation, managers, working hours, and work location, that defines a worker's or nonworker's role in a legal employer.
automatic assignment catalog
A non-hierarchical catalog to which categories that match the catalog's Catalog Structure value are automatically added. Add categories and share categories actions are disabled for this catalog configuration.

B

balancing segment
A chart of accounts segment used to automatically balance all journal entries for each value of this segment.
browsing category
Parent or intermediate category that is associated with other categories in the catalog hierarchy, but has no assigned items.
business function
A business process or an activity that can be performed by people working within a business unit. Describes how a business unit is used.
business intelligence catalog
The repository where all business intelligence objects, including analytics, reports, briefing books, and agents, are stored. The catalog contains separate folders for personal, shared, and custom objects.
business object
A resource in an enterprise database, such as an invoice or purchase order.
business unit
A unit of an enterprise that performs one or many business functions that can be rolled up in a management hierarchy.

C

calendar event
A period that signifies an event, such as a public holiday or a training course, that impacts worker availability.
catalog
A collection of categories used to classify items which can be organized into a hierarchy that represents a taxonomy.
category
Catalog component that is associated to a catalog to classify items.
chart of accounts
The account structure your organization uses to record transactions and maintain account balances.
clause adoption
Reusing a clause from the global business unit in local business units either by adopting the clause without change or by localizing it.
clause localization
A type of clause adoption where the adopted clause is edited to suit the local business unit needs.
clause numbering level
Specifies the determinant type of the document sequence for automatic clause numbering
condition
The part of a data security policy that specifies what portions of a database resource are secured.
constant
Holds the numeric value used to evaluate numeric conditions in Contract Expert rules. A constant permits you to reset the conditions of many rules with just one edit.
context
A grouping of flexfield segments to store related information.
context segment
The flexfield segment used to store the context value. Each context value can be associated with a different set of context-sensitive segments.
context-sensitive segment
A flexfield segment that may or may not appear depending upon a context. Context-sensitive segments are custom attributes that apply to certain entity rows based on the value of the context segment.
contract deliverable
A task that needs to be performed as part of the execution of a contract or business document, and that is tracked as part of the contract terms and conditions.
contract deviations
Differences between the contract terms in a contract and those in the contract terms template applied to that contract and any deviations from company policies as determined by Contract Expert feature rules.
Contract Expert
A feature of the application that permits you to create business rules in the Contract Terms Library to enforce corporate policies and standards for contracts.
Contract Expert
A feature that lets you create and evaluate business rules in the terms library such that the contract terms meet your business standards, by suggesting contract changes or additional clauses.
Contract Terms Library
A repository of standard clauses, contract terms templates, and business rules maintained by your organization.
Contract Terms Library
A repository of standard clauses, contract terms templates, and business rules built using Contract Expert.
contract terms template
A template of standard clauses set up in the Contract Terms Library applied during contract authoring either automatically by the application or manually by contract authors.
contract type
A setup that specifies enterprise contract content, including the presence of contract terms and contract lines.
corporate rate type
Rate you define to standardize rates used in conversion of one currency to another over a period of time. This rate is generally a standard market rate determined by senior financial management for use throughout the organization.
CORS
Acronym for Cross-Origin Resource Sharing. A web service standard to enable a client application running in one domain to retrieve resources from another domain, using HTTP requests.
cost center
A unit of activity or a group of employees used to assign costs for accounting purposes.
Cost Factor
Cost factors allow a buyer to identify and control for additional costs associated with a negotiation line. Cost factors can be calculated as either a per-unit cost, a percentage of the line price, or a fixed amount for the line.
cost organization
A grouping of inventory organizations that indicates legal and financial ownership of inventory, and which establishes common costing and accounting policies.
country holding company
A legal entity that acts on behalf of several divisions within an enterprise, and is the legal employer in a country.

D

dashboard
A page that provides quick access to key tasks and summary information for various objects within a functional area of interest.
data security
The control of access and action a user can take against which data.
data security policy
A grant of entitlement to a role on an object or attribute group for a given condition.
database resource
An applications data object at the instance, instance set, or global level, which is secured by data security policies.
department
A division of a business enterprise dealing with a particular area of activity.
descriptive flexfield
Customizable expansion space, such as fields used to capture additional descriptive information or attributes about an entity, such as a customer case. You may configure information collection and storage based on the context.
determinant
A value that specifies the use of a reference data set in a particular business context.
determinant type
An optional value that affects document sequencing in a transaction. The available determinant types are Business Unit, Ledger, Legal Entity, and Tax Registration.
determinant type
The value that affects sharing of reference data in a transaction across organizations, such as a business unit or a cost organization.
determinant value
A value specific to the selected determinant type of a document sequence. If Ledger is the determinant type for a document sequence, the determinant value is the specific ledger number whose documents are numbered by the document sequence. It is relevant in a document sequence assignment only if the document sequence has a determinant type.
division
A business-oriented subdivision within an enterprise. Each division is organized to deliver products and services or address different markets.
document sequence
A unique number that is automatically or manually assigned to a created and saved document.
document type
A categorization of contracts, including auction, blanket purchase agreement, contract purchase agreement, RFI, RFQ, standard purchase order, and enterprise contract.

E

enterprise
An organization with one or more legal entities under common control.
enterprise contract
A contract created in the Oracle Fusion Enterprise Contracts application.
entitlement
Grant of access to functions and data. Oracle Fusion Middleware term for privilege.
extensible flexfield
Customizable expansion space used to capture multiple sets of information within a context or multiple contexts. Some extensible flexfields let you group contexts into categories.
external system or external application
A system or application that is external to and not part of Order Management. An order capture system that resides upstream of Order Management is an example of an external system. A fulfillment application that resides downstream of Order Management is an example of an external application.

F

feature choice
A selection you make when configuring offerings that modifies a setup task list, or a setup page, or both.
filmstrip
The single strip of icons above a page that you can use to open other pages.
fixed rate type
Rate you set between two currencies that remains constant. For example, a rate set between the euro currency and each Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) currency during the conversion to the euro currency.
flexfield
A flexible data field that you can customize to contain one or more segments or store additional information. Each segment has a value and a meaning.
flexfield segment
An extensible data field that represents an attribute and captures a value corresponding to a predefined, single extension column in the database. A segment appears globally or based on a context of other captured information.

G

global business unit
A business unit, designated as global during business unit setup, that can make its clauses and contract terms templates available for adoption by local business units.
global header
The uppermost region in the user interface that remains the same no matter which page you're on.
grade
A component of the employment model that defines the level of compensation for a worker.

I

import
In the context of data integration, the transfer of data from interface tables to application tables, where the data is available to application users.
infolet
A small, interactive widget on the home page that provides key information and actions for a specific area, for example social networking or your personal profile. Each infolet can have multiple views.
intent
Specifies if an object in the Contract Terms Library is used for procurement contracts or for sales contracts.
interface table
A database table that stores data during data transfer between applications or from an external system or data file.
inventory organization
A logical or physical entity in the enterprise that tracks inventory transactions and balances, stores definitions of items, and manufactures or distributes products.
invoice business unit
Business unit with the Payables Invoicing business function that is responsible for processing invoice transactions.
item master
A collection of data that describes items and their attributes recorded in a database file.
item organization
Item definition where inventory balances are not stored and movement of inventory is not tracked in the applications. Item attributes that carry financial and accounting information are hidden.
item subinventory
An association of an item with a subinventory that is created when you add an item to a subinventory.

J

job
A generic role that is independent of any single department or location. For example, the jobs Manager and Consultant can occur in many departments.
job definition
The metadata that determines what a job does and what options are available to users when they submit the scheduled process. A job is the executable for a scheduled process.
job role
A role, such as an accounts payable manager or application implementation consultant, that usually identifies and aggregates the duties or responsibilities that make up the job.
journal line rule
A rule that includes options to convert transactional data into a subledger journal line. Conditions can be defined within the rule so it's only used based on specific attributes of a transaction.

K

key flexfield
Configurable flexfield comprising multiple parts or segments, each of which has a meaning either individually or in combination with other segments. Examples of key flexfields are part numbers, asset category, and accounts in the chart of accounts.
key flexfield segment instance
A single occurrence of a key flexfield segment in a key flexfield structure instance.
key flexfield structure
The arrangement of segments in a key flexfield. In some cases, you can define multiple structures for a single key flexfield.
key flexfield structure instance
An occurrence of a key flexfield structure that shares the same order of segments as other instances of the key flexfield structure. However, each instance uses different value sets to validate the segments.

L

legal authority
A government or legal body that is charged with powers such as the power to make laws, levy and collect fees and taxes, and remit financial appropriations for a given jurisdiction.
legal employer
A legal entity that employs people.
legal entity
An entity identified and given rights and responsibilities under commercial law through the registration with country's appropriate authority.
legal jurisdiction
A physical territory, such as a group of countries, single country, state, county, parish, or city, which comes under the purview of a legal authority.
legal reporting unit
The lowest level component of a legal structure that requires registrations. Used to group workers for the purpose of tax and social insurance reporting or represent a part of your enterprise with a specific statutory or tax reporting obligation.
legislative data group
A means of partitioning payroll and related data. At least one legislative data group is required for each country where the enterprise operates. Each legislative data group is associated with one or more payroll statutory units.
Line Attribute
A unique specification for a negotiation line and the details that a supplier should provide when responding to that negotiation line. Line attributes can be used to ensure that all responses submitted for the line include important details beyond just the price offered for the line.
line of business
Set of one or more highly related products which service a particular customer transaction or business need. Refers to an internal corporate business unit.
load
In the context of data integration, the transfer of external data from data files to the receiving interface tables in preparation for an import into application tables.
lookup code
An option available within a lookup type, such as the lookup code BLUE within the lookup type COLORS.
lookup type
The label for a static list that has lookup codes as its values.

M

mainline metadata
The primary branch of metadata that a sandbox is published to. Once published, changes made in the sandbox become available to all users.
manufacturing facilities
Employed in the making of goods for sale such as a factory or plant.
mapping set
Maps a combination of input source values to specific output values. The output value of a mapping set is used to derive accounts or segments in account rules.
model profile
A collection of the work requirements and required skills and qualifications of a workforce structure, such as a job or position.

N

native catalog
A catalog that a user is managing.
natural account
Categorizes account segment values by account type, asset, liability, expense, revenue, or equity, and sets posting, budgeting, and other options.
natural account segment
A chart of accounts segment used to categorize your accounting transactions by account type: asset, liability, owner's equity, revenue, or expense.
Navigator
The menu in the global header that you can use to open the work areas and dashboards that you have access to.
noncatalog request
A request to purchase goods or services not available from the catalog.
numbering scheme
The style of numbering used for the sections and clauses in contract terms.

O

offering
A comprehensive grouping of business functions, such as Sales or Product Management, that is delivered as a unit to support one or more business processes.
OWLCS
Abbreviation for Oracle WebLogic Communication Services. Offers the TPCC service to Oracle Sales Cloud and sets up the calls using SIP integration with the telephony network.

P

party fiscal classification
A classification used by a tax authority to categorize a party for a tax.
payroll statutory unit
A legal entity registered to report payroll tax and social insurance. A legal employer can also be a payroll statutory unit, but a payroll statutory unit can represent multiple legal employers.
position
A specific occurrence of one job that is fixed within one department. It is also often restricted to one location. For example, the position Finance Manager is an instance of the job Manager in the Finance Department.
primary balancing segment value
A segment value used to represent a legal entity in the chart of accounts and automatically balance all intercompany and intracompany transactions and journal entries.
primary ledger
Main record-keeping ledger.
privilege
A grant of access to functions and data; a single, real world action on a single business object.
procurement category hierarchy
A hierarchy of groupings of purchasing categories which maps how spend is categorized. Use them to set up buyer assignments and procurement approvals, derive spend accounts, and create reports.
profile option
User preferences and system configuration options that users can configure to control application behavior at different levels of an enterprise.
profile option level
The category or layer that defines a profile option. Site, Product, and User are the predefined levels.
profile option value
The setting mapped to the level of a profile option. A profile option may have multiple values set at different levels, such as Site or User.
project expenditure organization
An organization that can incur expenditures and hold financial plans for projects.
provision clause
A clause that is used only in negotiations and is dropped when the negotiation is converted to a contract.
PSTN
Abbreviation for public switched telephone network which is the network of the world's public circuit-switched telephone networks.

Q

Query By Example
The row of fields directly above table column headers, used for filtering the data in the table.

R

reference data
Data in application tables that is not transactional or high-volume, which an enterprise can share across multiple organizations. For example, sales methods, transaction types, or payment terms.
reference data set
Contains reference data that can be shared across a number of business units or other determinant types. A set supports common administration of that reference data.
reference group
A logical collection of reference data sets that correspond to logical entities, such as payment terms defined across multiple tables or views. Based on the common partitioning requirements across entities, the reference data sets are grouped to facilitate data sharing among them.
referenced category
A category within the native catalog that is shared from a designated source catalog. A reference category is not editable.
registration
The record of a party's identity related details with the appropriate government or legal authorities for the purpose of claiming and ensuring legal and or commercial rights and responsibilities.
report
An output of select data in a predefined format that's optimized for printing.
role
Controls access to application functions and data.

S

sandbox
A testing environment that isolates untested code changes from the mainline environment so that these changes don't affect the mainline metadata or other sandboxes.
scheduled process
A program that you run to process data and, in some cases, generate output as a report.
segment
A segment is a single field within a flexfield and maps to a single table column in your database. When customizing a flexfield, you define the appearance and meaning of individual segments.
service provider
An intermediary that facilitates exchange of messages between Oracle Applications Cloud and trading partners.
service provider model
A business unit that provides specific business functions for another business unit.
set
Classified and grouped reference data that organizational entities share.
set enabled
A property that describes entities that an organization shares as reference data. For example, you can indicate a lookup, customer, location, or document attachment as set enabled.
shared category
A category within a source catalog that has been added to a native catalog as a referenced category. The category can be shared with one or more catalogs.
source
Contextual and reference information from subledger applications used in conjunction with accounting rules to create subledger journal entries.
spot rate type
Rate you enter to perform conversion based on this rate as of a specific date. This rate applies to the immediate delivery of a currency.
storage facilities
Commercial building for storage of goods such as a warehouse.
subledger journal entry line
An individual debit or credit line that is part of a subledger journal entry.
subledger journal entry rule set
A set of rules defining how to generate a complete journal entry for an accounting event.
system variable
A predefined variable that gets its value from an attribute of the contract or other document.

T

tax
The classification of a charge imposed by a government through a fiscal or tax authority.
tax jurisdiction
A geographic area where a tax is levied by a specific tax authority.
tax rate
The rate specified for a tax status for an effective time period. A tax rate can be expressed as a percentage or a value per unit quantity.
tax recovery
The full or partial reclaim of taxes paid on the purchase or movement of a product.
tax regime
The set of tax rules that determines the treatment of one or more taxes administered by a tax authority.
tax registration
The registration of a party with a tax authority that confers tax rights and imposes certain tax obligations.
tax rule
A user-defined rule that looks for a result for a specific tax determination process, such as determining place of supply or tax registration, in relation to a tax on a transaction.
tax status
The taxable nature of a product in the context of a transaction for a tax.
territory
A legally distinct region used in the country field of an address.
trading partner
A B2B partner engaging in the collaboration messaging activity but defined outside Oracle Applications Cloud.
transaction account definition
Used to determine the types of accounts derived for a transaction, as well as which account rules are used for the derivation.
transaction account type
Used to determine the types of accounts derived for a transaction, as well as which sources that can be used for the derivation.
tree
Information or data organized into a hierarchy with one or more root nodes connected to branches of nodes. A tree must have a structure where each node corresponds to data from one or more data sources.
tree structure
A set of guidelines or a framework applied to create a tree, include data, version a tree, or access a tree.
tree version
An instance of a tree that includes life cycle elements such as start and end dates, and indicates whether the tree is active. If a tree is associated with a reference data set, all tree versions belong to one set.

U

user rate type
Rate you enter at journal entry time to convert foreign currency transactions to your ledger currency.
user variable
A variable that can be created by the Contract Terms Library administrator for use within clause text or in Contract Expert rules.

V

value set
A predefined set to validate the values that a user enters in the application. The set may be hierarchical.
value-added tax (VAT)
An indirect tax on consumer expenditures that is collected on business transactions and imported goods. Value-added tax (VAT) is added to products at each stage of their production. If customers are registered for VAT and use the supplies for taxable business purposes, then they typically receive credit for the VAT that is paid.

W

work area
A set of pages containing the tasks, searches, and other content you need to accomplish a business goal.
work relationship
An association between a person and a legal employer, where the worker type determines whether the relationship is a nonworker, contingent worker, or employee work relationship.
workflow
An automated process that passes a task from one user (or group of users) to another to view or act on. The task is routed in a logical sequence to achieve an end result.