A MATCHES query finds all rows in a query table that match a given document. Assuming that a table querytable has a CTXRULE index associated with it, enter the following query:

SELECT classification FROM querytable WHERE MATCHES(query_string,:doc_text) > 0;

Note the bind variable :doc_text which contains the document CLOB to be classified.

Combining everything into a simple example:

   create table queries (
      query_id      number,
      query_string  varchar2(80)

    insert into queries values (1, 'oracle');
    insert into queries values (2, 'larry or ellison');
    insert into queries values (3, 'oracle and text');
    insert into queries values (4, 'market share');

    create index queryx on queries(query_string)
      indextype is ctxsys.ctxrule;

    select query_id from queries
     where matches(query_string, 
                   'Oracle announced that its market share in databases 
                    increased over the last year.')>0

This query will return queries 1 (the word oracle appears in the document) and 4 (the phrase market share appears in the document), but not 2 (neither the word larry nor the word ellison appears, and not 3 (there is no text in the document, so it does not match the query).

Note that, in this example, the document was passed in as a string for simplicity. Typically, your document would be passed in a bind variable.

The document text used in a matches query can be VARCHAR2 or CLOB. It does not accept BLOB input, so you cannot match filtered documents directly. Instead, you must filter the binary content to CLOB using the AUTO_FILTER filter. For the following example, we make two assumptions: one, that the document data is in the bind variable :doc_blob; and, two, that we have already defined a policy, my_policy, that CTX_DOC.POLICY_FILTER can use. For example:

    doc_text clob;
    -- create a temporary CLOB to hold the document text
    doc_text := dbms_lob.createtemporary(doc_text, TRUE, DBMS_LOB.SESSION);
    -- create a simple policy for this example
    ctx_ddl.create_preference(preference_name => 'fast_filter',
                        object_name       => 'AUTO_FILTER');
    ctx_ddl.set_attribute(preference_name => 'fast_filter',
                        attribute_name    => 'OUTPUT_FORMATTING',
                        attribute_value   => 'FALSE');
    ctx_ddl.create_policy(policy_name     => 'my_policy',
                        filter            => 'fast_filter);

    -- call ctx_doc.policy_filter to filter the BLOB to CLOB data
    ctx_doc.policy_filter('my_policy', :doc_blob, doc_text, FALSE);

    -- now do the matches query using the CLOB version
    for c1 in (select * from queries where matches(query_string, doc_text)>0)
      -- do what you need to do here
    end loop;


The procedure CTX_DOC.POLICY_FILTER filters the BLOB into the CLOB data, because you need to get the text into a CLOB to enter a MATCHES query. It takes as one argument the name of a policy you have already created with CTX_DDL.CREATE_POLICY.

See Also:

Oracle Text Reference for information on CTX_DOC.POLICY_FILTER

If your file is text in the database character set, then you can create a BFILE and load it to a CLOB using the function DBMS_LOB.LOADFROMFILE, or you can use UTL_FILE to read the file into a temp CLOB locator.

If your file needs AUTO_FILTER filtering, then you can load the file into a BLOB instead, and call CTX_DOC.POLICY_FILTER, as previously shown.

See Also:

Classifying Documents in Oracle Text for more extended classification examples