This chapter describes the tasks that you must complete before you start Oracle Universal Installer.
Note:To use Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM) or Oracle Restart, you must first install Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a standalone server before you install and create the database. Otherwise, you must manually register the database with Oracle Restart.
"Configuring Servers for Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server" before you proceed with the database preinstallation tasks
This chapter includes information about the following topics:
"Preinstallation Requirements" section in Oracle Configuration Manager Installation and Administration Guide and Oracle Configuration Manager Prerequisites
Appendix A, "Country Codes", in Oracle Configuration Manager Installation and Administration Guide for a list of valid country codes that can be used while installing Oracle Configuration Manager
During installation, you must perform tasks as
root or as other users on remote terminals. Complete the following procedure for user accounts that you want to enable for remote display.
Note:If you log in as another user (for example,
grid), then repeat this procedure for that user as well.
To log in as the
root user and enable remote display, complete one of the following procedures:
If you are installing the software from an X Window System workstation or X terminal, then:
Start a new X terminal session (
If you are installing the software on another system and using the system as an X11 display, then enter a command using the following syntax to enable remote hosts to display X applications on the local X server:
$ xhost + RemoteHost
RemoteHost is the fully qualified remote host name. For example:
$ xhost + somehost.example.com somehost.example.com being added to the access control list
If you are not installing the software on the local system, then use the
telnet command to connect to the system where you want to install the software:
$ ssh -Y RemoteHost
If you are not logged in as the
root user, then enter the following command to switch the user to
$ sudo sh password: #
Note:If necessary, see the X server documentation, or contact your X server vendor or system administrator for more information about completing this procedure. Depending on the X server software that you are using, you may have to complete the tasks in a different order.
Start the X Window System software.
Configure the security settings of the X Window System software to permit remote hosts to display X applications on the local system.
Connect to the remote system where you want to install the software as the oracle software installation owner (
oracle) and start an X terminal session (
xterm) on that system.
Open another terminal on the remote system, and log in as the
root user on the remote system, so you can run scripts as
root when prompted.
This section describes the following operating system tasks you must complete before you install Oracle Database:
Run the following commands to check your current system information:
To determine the physical RAM size, enter the following command:
# /usr/contrib/bin/machinfo | grep -i Memory
To determine the size of the configured swap space, enter the following command:
# /usr/sbin/swapinfo -a
If necessary, see your operating system documentation for information about how to configure additional swap space.
Oracle recommends that you take multiple values for the available RAM and swap space before finalizing a value. This is because the available RAM and swap space keep changing depending on the user interactions with the computer.
Contact your operating system vendor for swap space allocation guidance for your server. The vendor guidelines supersede the swap space requirements listed in this guide.
To determine the amount of disk space available in the
/tmp directory, enter the following command:
# bdf /tmp
Delete unnecessary files from the
/tmp directory to meet the disk space requirement.
TMPDIR environment variables when setting the
oracle user's environment.
See Also:"Configuring Oracle Software Owner Environment" for more information about setting
Extend the file system that contains the
To determine the amount of free disk space on the system, enter the following command:
To determine if the system architecture can run the software, enter the following command:
# uname -m
Verify that the processor architecture matches the Oracle software release to install. For example, you should see the following for a x86-64 bit system:
If you do not see the expected output, then you cannot install the software on this system.
To view the shared memory kernel parameters (
shmmax) and determine if any changes are necessary for your system., run the following command:
# kctune -v shmmni # kctune -v shmseg # kctune -v shmmax
shmmni=1024 command to set the memory kernel parameter to the required value.
Ensure the following general minimum requirements on your system:
Ensure that the system is started with run level 3.
Ensure display cards provide at least 1024 x 768 display resolution, so that Oracle Universal Installer displays correctly while performing a system console-based installation.
Ensure that your system meets the following storage requirements:
Ensure that your system meets the disk space requirement for software files and date files as described in Table 3-1
At least 1 GB of space in the
Delete unnecessary files from the
/tmp directory to meet the disk space requirement.
TMPDIR environment variables when setting the
oracle user's environment.
See Also:"Configuring Oracle Software Owner Environment" for more information about setting
Extend the file system that contains the
Ensure that your system meets the following memory requirements:
Minimum: 1 GB of RAM
Recommended: 2 GB of RAM or more
Table 3-2 describes the relationship between the installed RAM and the configured swap space recommendation:
Secure operating systems are an important basis for general system security. Ensure that your operating system deployment is in compliance with common security practices as described in your operating system vendor security guide.
Oracle Universal Installer detects when the minimum requirements for an installation are not met, and creates shell scripts, called fixup scripts, to finish incomplete system configuration steps. If Oracle Universal Installer detects an incomplete task, then it generates fixup scripts (
runfixup.sh). You can run the fixup script and click Fix and Check Again. The fixup script modifies both persistent parameter settings and parameters in memory, so you do not have to restart the system.
See Also:"Cluster Verification Utility Reference" in Oracle Clusterware Administration and Deployment Guide for information about using the
The Fixup script does the following tasks:
If necessary sets kernel parameters to values required for successful installation, including:
Shared memory parameters.
Open file descriptor and UDP send/receive parameters.
Creates and sets permissions on the Oracle Inventory (central inventory) directory.
Creates or reconfigures primary and secondary group memberships for the installation owner, if necessary, for the Oracle Inventory directory and the operating system privileges groups.
Sets shell limits if necessary to required values.
Oracle recommends that you do not modify the contents of the generated fixup script.
Note:Using fixup scripts does not ensure that all the prerequisites for installing Oracle Database are met. You must still verify that all the preinstallation requirements are met to ensure a successful installation.
Depending on the products that you intend to install, verify that you have the required operating system kernel and packages installed.
Requirements listed in this document are current as of the date listed on the title page. To obtain the most current information about kernel requirements, see the online version on the Oracle Technology Network at the following URL:
Oracle Universal Installer performs checks your system to verify that it meets the listed operating system package requirements. To ensure that these checks complete successfully, verify the requirements before you start OUI.
Note:Oracle does not support running different operating system versions on cluster members, unless an operating system is being upgraded. You cannot run different operating system version binaries on members of the same cluster, even if each operating system is supported.
The compiler and patches listed in this section are supported on HP-UX Itanium systems for Oracle Database and Oracle Grid Infrastructure 12c:
Note:The platform-specific hardware and software requirements included in this guide were current when this guide was published. However, because new platforms and operating system software versions may be certified after this guide is published, review the certification matrix on the My Oracle Support website for the most up-to-date list of certified hardware platforms and operating system versions:
Use the following table to check the minimum supported HP-UX Itanium operating system requirements for Oracle Database:
HP-UX 11.31 operating system
HP-UX 11i V3 patch Bundle Sep/ 2008 (B.11.31.0809.326a) or higher
Patches for HP-UX 11.31
The following patches must be installed:
PHCO_43503 - 11.31 diskowner(1M) cumulative patch PHKL_38038 - 11.31 vm cumulative patch PHKL_38938 - 11.31 SCSI cumulative I/O patch PHKL_40941 - 11.31 scheduler cumulative patch PHSS_36354 - 11.31 assembler patch PHSS_37042 - 11.31 hppac PHSS_37959 - Libcl patch for alternate stack issue fix (QXCR1000818011) PHSS_38141 - 11.31 aC++ Runtime PHSS_39094 - 11.31 linker + fdp cumulative patch PHSS_39100 - 11.31 Math Library Cumulative Patch PHSS_39102 - 11.31 Integrity Unwind Library
You are not required to install additional drivers and packages, but you may choose to install or configure drivers and packages in the following list:
See Also:"Oracle Application Express Installation Requirements" and "Recommended Pre-installation Tasks" in Oracle Application Express Installation Guide
Review the following sections if you plan to install Open Database Connectivity (ODBC):
Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) is a set of database access APIs that connect to the database, prepare, and then run SQL statements on the database. An application that uses an ODBC driver can access non-uniform data sources, such as spreadsheets and comma-delimited files.
Oracle ODBC driver on HP-UX Itanium is certified with ODBC Driver Manager 2.3.1. To use ODBC, you must also install
gcc 4.2.3 or later.
You do not require ODBC drivers for Oracle Clusterware or Oracle Database.
Download and install the ODBC Driver from the following website:
Review the following sections to install Oracle Messaging Gateway:
Oracle Messaging Gateway is a feature of Oracle Database that enables communication between applications based on non-Oracle messaging systems and Oracle Streams Advanced Queuing.
Oracle Messaging Gateway supports the integration of Oracle Streams Advanced Queuing (AQ) with applications based on WebSphere MQ and TIBCO Rendezvous. For information on supported versions see Oracle Database Advanced Queuing User's Guide.
Oracle Messaging Gateway is installed with the Enterprise Edition of Oracle Database.
Check My Oracle Support Certification for current requirements:
If you require a CSD for IBM WebSphere MQ, then see the following website for download and installation information:
Review the following sections to install programming environments:
Oracle Database supports multiple programming languages for application development in different environments. Some languages require that you install additional compiler packages for the operating system.
Programming environments are options. They are not required for Oracle Database.
See Also :Oracle Database Development Guide for an overview of programming environments
Ensure that your system meets the requirements for the programming environment you want to configure:
|Programming Environments||Support Requirements|
Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) / Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Use JDK 6 (184.108.40.206) or JDK 7 (1.7.0.00) or later with the JNDI extension with Oracle Java Database Connectivity and Oracle Call Interface drivers.
JDK 6 (220.127.116.11) is installed with this release.
Note: These are not mandatory for the database installation.
Compiler Version: A.06.20 (HP C/aC++ Swlist Bundle - C.11.31.04) - Sep 2008
Patch for HP-UX 11i V3 (11.31) on HP-UX Itanium:
PHSS_39824 - 11.31 HP C/aC++ Compiler (A.06.23) patch PHSS_39826 - 11.31 u2comp/be/plugin (C.06.23) patch
Additional patches may be needed depending on applications you deploy.
Micro Focus Server Express 5.1
HP FORTRAN/90 - Sep 2008 - release
VERITAS File System
PHKL_39773 - 11.31 VRTS 5.0 GARP6 VRTSvxfs Kernel Patch
Note: The VERITAS file system is optional. This patch is required only if you want to use a VERITAS File System 5.0.
See Also:"Configuring Oracle Precompilers"
Web browsers are required only if you intend to use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Express and Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control. Web browsers must support Java Script, and the HTML 4.0 and CSS 1.0 standards. For a list of browsers that meet these requirements see the Enterprise Manager certification matrix on My Oracle Support:
See Also:Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide for steps on how to access the Enterprise Manager certification matrix
# uname -a
The output of this command is similar to the following:
HP-UX hostname B.11.31 U ia64 4156074294 unlimited-user license
In this example, the version of HP-UX is 11.31 and the processor is Itanium.
To determine the compiler installed, enter the following command:
# /usr/sbin/swlist -l product | grep -i compiler
# /usr/sbin/swlist -l patch | grep PHSS_37959
Alternatively, to list all installed patches, enter the following command:
# /usr/sbin/swlist -l patch | more
If the website has a recent version of the patch, then download and install that version.
To verify if the system meets the minimum patch bundle requirements, use the following command:
# /usr/sbin/swlist -l bundle |grep QPK
The QPK (Quality Pack) bundles have version numbers of the form
B.11.31.0809.326a (for the September 2008 release),
B.11.31.0903.334a (for the March 2009 release), and so on.
If a required bundle, product, or fileset is not installed, then you must install it. See your operating system or software documentation for information about installing products.
Note:There may be more recent versions of the patches listed in the preceding paragraph that are installed on the system. If a listed patch is not installed, then determine if a more recent version is installed before installing the version listed.
If you require a CSD for WebSphere MQ, then refer to the following website for download and installation information:
Typically, the computer on which you want to install Oracle Database is connected to a network. Ensure that the computer host name is resolvable through a Domain Name System (DNS), a network information service (NIS), or a centrally-maintained TCP/IP host file, such as
/etc/hosts. Use the
ping command to ensure that your computer host name is resolvable. For example:
ping myhostname pinging myhostname.example.com [192.0.2.2] with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 192.0.2.2: bytes=32 time=138ms TTL=56
If your computer host name does not resolve, then contact your system administrator.
You must identify or create the following directories for the Oracle software:
Ensure that the paths you select for Oracle software, such as the Oracle home path and the Oracle base path, use only ASCII characters. Because installation owner names are used by default for some paths, this ASCII character restriction applies to user names, file names, and directory names.
Ensure that all paths used by the database software, such as the Oracle home path and the Oracle base path, use characters only from the following set: "# % & ' () * + , - . / : ; < = > ? @ _ A-Z a-z 0-9. This includes user names, file names, and directory names. At the time of this release, the use of other characters for an Oracle Grid Infrastructure home or Oracle Database home is not supported. The set of characters provided is further restricted by user and file naming rules of the operating system.
The Oracle base directory is a top-level directory for Oracle software installations. The Optimal Flexible Architecture (OFA) guidelines recommend that you use a path similar to the following for the Oracle base directory:
mount_point is the mount point directory for the file system that contains the Oracle software.
The examples in this guide use
/u01 for the mount point directory.
Note:If you start a database instance using the server parameter file (
spfile) with the
ORACLE_BASEenvironment variable set, then its value is automatically stored in
spfile. If you unset the
ORACLE_BASEenvironment variable and start the instance again, then the database uses the value of the Oracle base directory stored in
You must specify the Oracle base directory that contains all Oracle products.
Note:If you have an existing Oracle base directory, then you can select it from the Oracle Base list during the database installation. If you do not have an Oracle base, then you can create one by editing the text in the list box. By default, the list contains the existing value for the Oracle base. See "Installing the Oracle Database Software" for more information.
You can use the same Oracle base directory for multiple installations or you can create separate Oracle base directories for different installations. If different operating system users install Oracle software on the same system, then each user must create a separate Oracle base directory. The following are examples of Oracle base directories that can exist on the same system:
The Oracle Inventory directory (
oraInventory) stores an inventory of all software installed on the system. It is required and shared by all Oracle software installations on a single system. If you have an existing Oracle Inventory path, then Oracle Universal Installer continues to use that Oracle Inventory.
The first time you install Oracle software on a system, Oracle Universal Installer provides an Optimal Flexible Architecture-compliant path in the format
/u[01-09]/app, such as
/u01/app. The user running the installation has permissions to write to that path. If this is true, then Oracle Universal Installer creates the Oracle Inventory directory in the path
/u[01-09]/app/oraInventory. For example:
If you have set
ORACLE_BASE for the
oracle user during installation, then Oracle Universal Installer creates the Oracle Inventory directory one level above the
ORACLE_BASE in the path
ORACLE_BASE/../oraInventory. For example, if
ORACLE_BASE is set to
/u01/app/oracle, then the Oracle Inventory directory is created in the path
If you have neither created an OFA-compliant path nor set
ORACLE_BASE, then the Oracle Inventory directory is placed in the home directory of the user that is performing the installation. For example:
Oracle Universal Installer creates the directory that you specify and sets the correct owner, group, and permissions for it. You do not have to create it.
All Oracle software installations rely on the Oracle Inventory directory. Ensure that you back it up regularly.
Do not delete this directory unless you have completely removed all Oracle software from the system.
By default, the Oracle Inventory directory is not installed under the Oracle Base directory. This is because all Oracle software installations share a common Oracle Inventory, so there is only one Oracle Inventory for all users. Whereas, there is a separate Oracle Base for each user.
The Oracle home directory is the directory where you install the software for a particular Oracle product. You must install different Oracle products or different releases of the same Oracle product in separate Oracle home directories. When you run Oracle Universal Installer, it prompts you to specify the path to this directory and a name that identifies it. In accordance with the OFA guidelines, Oracle strongly recommends that the Oracle home directory you specify is a subdirectory of the Oracle base directory for the user account performing the installation. Oracle recommends that you specify a path similar to the following for the Oracle home directory:
oracle_base/product/11.2.0/db_home_1 oracle_base/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1 oracle_base/product/12.1.0/grid
Oracle Universal Installer creates the directory path that you specify under the Oracle base directory. It also sets the correct owner, group, and permissions on it. You do not have to create this directory.
Note:During the installation, you must not specify an existing directory that has predefined permissions applied to it as the Oracle home directory. If you do, then you may experience installation failure due to file and group ownership permission errors.
Before starting the installation, you must either identify an existing Oracle base directory or, if required, create one. This section contains information about the following topics:
Note:You can create an Oracle base directory, even if other Oracle base directories exist on the system.
Existing Oracle base directories may not have paths that follow the Optimal Flexible Architecture (OFA) guidelines. However, if you identify an existing Oracle Inventory directory or existing Oracle home directories, then you can usually identify the Oracle base directories, as follows:
Identifying an existing Oracle Inventory directory. See "Creating the Oracle Inventory Group If an Oracle Inventory Does Not Exist" for more information.
Note:Oracle recommends that you do not put the
oraInventorydirectory under the Oracle base directory for a new installation. If you have an existing installation, then follow the steps in this section.
# more /var/opt/oracle/oratab
*:/u03/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1:N *:/opt/orauser/infra_904:N *:/oracle/9.2.0:N
The directory paths specified on each line identify Oracle home directories. Directory paths that end with the user name of the Oracle software owner to use are valid choices for an Oracle base directory. If you intend to use the
oracle user to install the software, then you can choose one of the following directories listed in the previous example:
Note:If possible, choose a directory path similar to the first one (
/u03/app/oracle). This path complies with the OFA guidelines.
Identifying an existing Oracle base directory
After you locate the Oracle home directory, run a similar command to confirm the location of Oracle base:
It is not on the same file system as the operating system.
To determine the free disk space on the file system where the Oracle base directory is located, enter the following command:
# bdf oracle_base_path
See the following sections for more information:
If an Oracle base directory exists and you want to use it, then see "Choosing a Storage Option for Oracle Database and Recovery Files" section.
When you configure the
oracle user's environment later in this chapter, set the
ORACLE_BASE environment variable to specify the directory you chose.
If an Oracle base directory does not exist on the system or to create an Oracle base directory, see "Creating an Oracle Base Directory".
Before you create an Oracle base directory, you must identify an appropriate file system with sufficient free disk space.
Determine the free disk space on each mounted file system, using the following command:
Identify a file system that has the appropriate amount of free space, from the display:
Note the name of the mount point directory for the file system that you identified.
To create the Oracle base directory and specify the correct owner, group, and permissions for it, perform the following:
# mkdir -p /mount_point/app/oracle_sw_owner # chown -R oracle:oinstall /mount_point/app/oracle_sw_owner # chmod -R 775 /mount_point/app/oracle_sw_owner
# mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle # chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01/app/oracle # chmod -R 775 /u01/app/oracle
Oracle Database files include data files, control files, redo log files, the server parameter file, and the password file. For all installations, you must choose the storage option to use for Oracle Database files. During the database installation, you must choose the storage option to use for recovery files (the fast recovery area). You do not have to use the same storage option for each file type.
Note:Database files and recovery files are supported on file systems and Oracle ASM.
Use the following guidelines when choosing the storage options for each file type:
Choose any combination of the supported storage options for each file type.
Determine whether you want to use Oracle ASM for Oracle Database files, recovery files, or both. See "Identifying Storage Requirements for Oracle Automatic Storage Management" for more information.
See "Database Storage Options" for more information about these storage options
For information on how to configure disk storage before you start the installation, see one of the following sections depending on your choice:
To use a file system for database or recovery file storage, see the "Creating Directories for Oracle Database or Recovery Files" section.
To use Oracle ASM for database or recovery file storage, see the "Configuring Storage for Oracle Automatic Storage Management" section.
To identify existing disk groups and determine the free disk space that they contain, see the "Using an Existing Oracle Automatic Storage Management Disk Group" section.
If you choose to place the Oracle Database files on a file system, then use the following guidelines when deciding where to place them:
The default path suggested by Oracle Universal Installer for the database file directory is a subdirectory of the Oracle base directory.
If you want to use a single file system, then choose a file system on a physical device that is dedicated to the database.
For best performance and reliability, choose a RAID device or a logical volume on more than one physical device and implement the stripe-and-mirror-everything (SAME) methodology.
If you want to use more than one file system, then choose file systems on separate physical devices that are dedicated to the database.
This method enables you to distribute physical input-output operations and create separate control files on different devices for increased reliability. It also enables you to fully implement the OFA guidelines. You can choose the Advanced database creation option to implement this method.
If you intend to create a preconfigured database during the installation, then the file system (or file systems) that you choose must have at least 2 GB of free disk space.
For optimum performance, the file systems that you choose must be on physical devices that are used only by the database.
oracle user must have write permissions to create the files in the path that you specify.
Note:You must perform this procedure only to place the Oracle Database or recovery files on a separate file system from the Oracle base directory.
To create directories for the Oracle database or recovery files on separate file systems from the Oracle base directory:
Use the following command to determine the free disk space on each mounted file system:
Identify the file systems to use, from the display:
|File Type||File System Requirements|
|Database files||Choose either:
|Recovery files||Choose a file system with at least 2.4 GB of free disk space|
If you are using the same file system for many file types, then add the disk space requirements for each type to determine the total disk space requirement.
Note the names of the mount point directories for the file systems that you identified.
Database file directory:
# mkdir /mount_point/oradata # chown oracle:oinstall /mount_point/oradata # chmod 775 /mount_point/oradata
The default location for the database file directory is
Recovery file directory (fast recovery area):
# mkdir /mount_point/fast_recovery_area # chown oracle:oinstall /mount_point/fast_recovery_area # chmod 775 /mount_point/fast_recovery_area
The default fast recovery area is
$ORACLE_BASE/fast_recovery_area. Oracle recommends that you keep the fast recovery area on a separate physical disk than that of the database file directory. This method enables you to use the fast recovery area to retrieve data if the disk containing
oradata is unusable for any reason.
See "Configuring Servers for Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server" and "Stopping Existing Oracle Processes" for information about using Oracle ASM for storage.