Data Pump Import (hereinafter referred to as Import for ease of reading) is a utility for loading an export dump file set into a target system. The dump file set is made up of one or more disk files that contain table data, database object metadata, and control information. The files are written in a proprietary, binary format. During an import operation, the Data Pump Import utility uses these files to locate each database object in the dump file set.
Import can also be used to load a target database directly from a source database with no intervening dump files. This is known as a network import.
Data Pump Import enables you to specify whether a job should move a subset of the data and metadata from the dump file set or the source database (in the case of a network import), as determined by the import mode. This is done using data filters and metadata filters, which are implemented through Import commands. See "Filtering During Import Operations".
To see some examples of the various ways in which you can use Import, refer to "Examples of Using Data Pump Import".