By default, in an Oracle RAC environment, a SQL statement executed in parallel can run across all of the nodes in the cluster. For this cross-node or inter-node parallel execution to perform, the interconnection in the Oracle RAC environment must be sized appropriately because inter-node parallel execution may result in a lot of interconnect traffic. If the interconnection has a considerably lower bandwidth in comparison to the I/O bandwidth from the server to the storage subsystem, it may be better to restrict the parallel execution to a single node or to a limited number of nodes. Inter-node parallel execution does not scale with an undersized interconnection.
To limit inter-node parallel execution, you can control parallel execution in an Oracle RAC environment using the
PARALLEL_FORCE_LOCAL initialization parameter. By setting this parameter to
TRUE, the parallel server processes can only execute on the same Oracle RAC node where the SQL statement was started.
In Oracle Real Application Clusters, services are used to limit the number of instances that participate in a parallel SQL operation. The default service includes all available instances. You can create any number of services, each consisting of one or more instances. Parallel execution servers are to be used only on instances that are members of the specified service that a given session is connected to.
Oracle Real Application Clusters Administration and Deployment Guide for more information about instance groups