Oracle constructs the local index so that it is equipartitioned with the underlying table. Oracle partitions the index on the same columns as the underlying table, creates the same number of partitions or subpartitions, and gives them the same partition bounds as corresponding partitions of the underlying table.
Oracle also maintains the index partitioning automatically when partitions in the underlying table are added, dropped, merged, or split, or when hash partitions or subpartitions are added or coalesced. This ensures that the index remains equipartitioned with the table.
A local index can be created
UNIQUE if the partitioning columns form a subset of the index columns. This restriction guarantees that rows with identical index keys always map into the same partition, where uniqueness violations can be detected.
Local indexes have the following advantages:
Only one index partition must be rebuilt when a maintenance operation other than
PARTITION is performed on an underlying table partition.
The duration of a partition maintenance operation remains proportional to partition size if the partitioned table has only local indexes.
Local indexes support partition independence.
Local indexes support smooth roll-out of old data and roll-in of new data in historical tables.
Oracle can take advantage of the fact that a local index is equipartitioned with the underlying table to generate better query access plans.
Local indexes simplify the task of tablespace incomplete recovery. To recover a partition or subpartition of a table to a point in time, you must also recover the corresponding index entries to the same point in time. The only way to accomplish this is with a local index. Then you can recover the corresponding table and index partitions or subpartitions.
This section contains the following topics:
Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for a description of the