The MDSYS.SDO_TUNE package contains subprograms for spatial tuning.
Format
SDO_TUNE.AVERAGE_MBR( table_name IN VARCHAR2, column_name IN VARCHAR2, width OUT NUMBER, height OUT NUMBER);
Description
Calculates the average minimum bounding rectangle (MBR) for geometries in a layer.
Parameters
Usage Notes
This procedure computes and stores the width and height of the average minimum bounding rectangle for all geometries in a spatial geometry table. It calculates the average MBR by keeping track of the maximum and minimum X and Y values for all geometries in a spatial geometry table.
Examples
The following example calculates the minimum bounding rectangle for the SHAPE column of the COLA_MARKETS table.
DECLARE table_name VARCHAR2(32) := 'COLA_MARKETS'; column_name VARCHAR2(32) := 'SHAPE'; width NUMBER; height NUMBER; BEGIN SDO_TUNE.AVERAGE_MBR( table_name, column_name, width, height); DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Width = ' || width); DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Height = ' || height); END; / Width = 3.5 Height = 4.5
Related Topics
SDO_AGGR_MBR spatial aggregate function (in Spatial Aggregate Functions)
Format
SDO_TUNE.ESTIMATE_RTREE_INDEX_SIZE( schemaname IN VARCHAR2, tabname IN VARCHAR2, colname IN VARCHAR2, partname IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL ) RETURN NUMBER;
or
SDO_TUNE.ESTIMATE_RTREE_INDEX_SIZE( number_of_geoms IN INTEGER, db_block_size IN INTEGER, sdo_rtr_pctfree IN INTEGER DEFAULT 10, num_dimensions IN INTEGER DEFAULT 2, is_geodetic IN INTEGER DEFAULT 0 ) RETURN NUMBER;
Description
Estimates the maximum number of megabytes needed for an R-tree spatial index table.
Parameters
Schema that owns the spatial geometry table.
Spatial geometry table name.
Geometry column name.
Name of a partition containing geometries from colname
. If you specify this parameter, the value returned by the function is the estimated size for an R-tree index table on geometries in that partition. If you do not specify this parameter, the value is the estimated size for an R-tree index table on all geometries in colname
.
Approximate number of geometries in the spatial geometry table.
Database block size (in bytes).
Minimum percentage of slots in each index tree node to be left empty when the index is created. Slots that are left empty can be filled later when new data is inserted into the table. The value can range from 0 to 50. The default value (10) is best for most applications; however, a value of 0 is recommended if no updates will be performed to the geometry column.
Number of dimensions to be indexed. The default value is 2. If you plan to specify the sdo_indx_dims
parameter in the CREATE INDEX statement, the num_dimensions
value should match the sdo_indx_dims
value.
A value indicating whether or not the spatial index will be a geodetic index: 1 for a geodetic index, or 0 (the default) for a non-geodetic index.
Usage Notes
The function returns the estimated maximum number of megabytes needed for the spatial index table (described in Spatial Index Table Definition) for an R-tree spatial index to be created. The value returned is the maximum number of megabytes needed after index creation. During index creation, approximately three times this value of megabytes will be needed in the tablespace, to ensure that there is enough space for temporary tables while the index is being created.
This function has two formats:
Use the format with character string parameters (schemaname
, tabname
, colname
, and optionally partname
) in most cases when the spatial geometry table already exists, you do not plan to add substantially more geometries to it before creating the index, and you plan to use the default R-tree indexing parameters.
Use the format with integer parameters (number_of_geoms
, db_block_size
, sdo_rtr_pctfree
, num_dimensions
, is_geodetic
) in any of the following cases: the spatial geometry table does not exist; the spatial geometry table exists but you plan to add substantially more geometries to it before creating the index; or the num_dimensions
value is not 2 for non-geodetic data or 3 for geodetic data, and a nondefault value will be specified using the sdo_indx_dims
parameter in the CREATE INDEX statement.
Examples
The following example estimates the maximum number of megabytes needed for a spatial index table for an index given the following information: number_of_geoms
= 1000000
(one million), db_block_size
= 2048
, sdo_rtr_pctfree
= 10
, num_dimensions
= 2
, is_geodetic = 0
.
SELECT SDO_TUNE.ESTIMATE_RTREE_INDEX_SIZE(1000000, 2048, 10, 2, 0) FROM DUAL; SDO_TUNE.ESTIMATE_RTREE_INDEX_SIZE(1000000,2048,10,2,0) ----------------------------------------------------- 82
The following example estimates the maximum number of megabytes needed for a spatial index table for an index on the SHAPE column in the COLA_MARKETS table in the SCOTT schema. The estimate is based on the geometries that are currently in the table.
SELECT SDO_TUNE.ESTIMATE_RTREE_INDEX_SIZE('SCOTT', 'COLA_MARKETS', 'SHAPE') FROM DUAL; SDO_TUNE.ESTIMATE_RTREE_INDEX_SIZE('SCOTT','COLA_MARKETS','SHAPE') --------------------------------------------------------------------- 1
Format
SDO_TUNE.EXTENT_OF( table_name IN VARCHAR2, column_name IN VARCHAR2, use_index VARCHAR2 default 'TRUE' ) RETURN SDO_GEOMETRY;
Parameters
Spatial geometry table, or a view based on a spatial geometry table.
Geometry column for which the minimum bounding rectangle is to be returned.
The string TRUE
(the default) causes the spatial index (if one exists) on the table to be used in the computations. The string FALSE
causes any spatial index to be ignored. (See the Usage Notes for more information about this parameter.)
Usage Notes
The SDO_AGGR_MBR function, documented in Spatial Aggregate Functions, also returns the MBR of geometries. The SDO_TUNE.EXTENT_OF function has better performance than the SDO_AGGR_MBR function if a spatial index is defined on the geometry column; however, the SDO_TUNE.EXTENT_OF function is limited to two-dimensional geometries, whereas the SDO_AGGR_MBR function is not. In addition, the SDO_TUNE.EXTENT_OF function computes the extent for all geometries in a table; by contrast, the SDO_AGGR_MBR function can operate on subsets of rows.
If an R-tree spatial index is used, this function may return an approximate MBR that encloses the largest extent of data stored in the index, even if data was subsequently deleted.
The default value of TRUE
for use_index
is best in most cases, but in some cases you may want to specify FALSE
. A spatial index can sometimes have the extent as larger than the actual data extent because DML operations might delete data around the edges, resulting in a smaller actual extent, although such deletions do not reduce the index extent. In such cases, if you want the actual data extent, specify use_index=>'FALSE'
. Note, however, that specifying FALSE
will have a significant negative impact on the performance of the function because it will require a full table scan.
Examples
The following example calculates the minimum bounding rectangle for the objects in the SHAPE column of the COLA_MARKETS table.
SELECT SDO_TUNE.EXTENT_OF('COLA_MARKETS', 'SHAPE') FROM DUAL; SDO_TUNE.EXTENT_OF('COLA_MARKETS','SHAPE')(SDO_GTYPE, SDO_SRID, SDO_POINT(X, Y, -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SDO_GEOMETRY(2003, NULL, NULL, SDO_ELEM_INFO_ARRAY(1, 1003, 3), SDO_ORDINATE_ARRAY(1, 1, 10, 11))
Related Topics
SDO_AGGR_MBR aggregate function (in Spatial Aggregate Functions)
SDO_TUNE.AVERAGE_MBR procedure
Format
SDO_TUNE.MIX_INFO( table_name IN VARCHAR2, column_name IN VARCHAR2 [, total_geom OUT INTEGER, point_geom OUT INTEGER, curve_geom OUT INTEGER, poly_geom OUT INTEGER, complex_geom OUT INTEGER] );
Description
Calculates geometry type information for a spatial layer, such as the percentage of each geometry type.
Parameters
Spatial geometry table.
Geometry object column for which the geometry type information is to be calculated.
Total number of geometry objects.
Number of point geometry objects.
Number of curve string geometry objects.
Number of polygon geometry objects.
Number of complex geometry objects.
Usage Notes
This procedure calculates geometry type information for the table. It calculates the total number of geometries, as well as the number of point, curve string, polygon, and complex geometries.
Examples
The following example displays information about the mix of geometry objects in the SHAPE column of the COLA_MARKETS table.
CALL SDO_TUNE.MIX_INFO('COLA_MARKETS', 'SHAPE'); Total number of geometries: 4 Point geometries: 0 (0%) Curvestring geometries: 0 (0%) Polygon geometries: 4 (100%) Complex geometries: 0 (0%)