Creating a Cluster

Find out how to create a cluster using Container Engine for Kubernetes (OKE).

You can use Container Engine for Kubernetes to create new Kubernetes clusters. To create a cluster, you must either belong to the tenancy's Administrators group, or belong to a group to which a policy grants the CLUSTER_MANAGE permission. See Policy Configuration for Cluster Creation and Deployment.

To ensure high availability, Container Engine for Kubernetes performs the following tasks:

  • Creates the Kubernetes control plane on multiple Oracle-managed control plane nodes, distributing the control plane nodes across different availability domains in a region (where supported).
  • Creates worker nodes in each of the fault domains in an availability domain, distributing the worker nodes as evenly as possible across the fault domains (subject to any other infrastructure restrictions).
    1. Open the navigation menu and click Developer Services. Under Containers & Artifacts, click Kubernetes Clusters (OKE).

    2. Select the compartment in which you want to create the cluster.
    3. On the Clusters page, click Create cluster.
    4. Select one of the following workflows to create the cluster:
      • Quick Create: Select this workflow when you only want to specify those properties that are absolutely essential for cluster creation. When you select this option, Container Engine for Kubernetes uses default values for many cluster properties, and creates new network resources as required.
      • Custom Create: Select this workflow when you want to be able to specify all of the cluster's properties, use existing network resources, and select advanced options.

      For more information about the different workflows, see Creating Kubernetes Clusters Using Console Workflows.

    5. Click Submit.
    6. Complete the pages of the workflow you selected. For more information, see:
  • Use the oci ce cluster create command and required parameters to create a cluster:

    oci ce cluster create --compartment-id <compartment-ocid> --kubernetes-version <kubernetes-version> --name <cluster-name> --vcn-id <vcn-ocid> [OPTIONS]

    For example:

    oci ce cluster create --compartment-id ocid1.compartment.oc1..aaaaaaaay______t6q --kubernetes-version v1.24.1 --name Finance-Cluster --vcn-id ocid1.vcn.oc1.iad.aaaaaae___yja

    To create a cluster with a virtual node pool and virtual nodes:

    1. Create a new cluster, specifying the OCI VCN-Native Pod Networking CNI plugin for pod networking:
      oci ce cluster create \
      --compartment-id <compartment-ocid> \
      --name <cluster-name> \
      --vcn-id <vcn-ocid> \
      --type ENHANCED_CLUSTER \
      --kubernetes-version <kubernetes-version> \
      --service-lb-subnet-ids "[\"<lb-subnet-ocid>\"]" \
      --endpoint-subnet-id <api-endpoint-subnet-ocid> \
      --endpoint-public-ip-enabled <true|false> \
      --endpoint-nsg-ids "[\"<api-endpoint-nsg-ocid>"]" \
      --cluster-pod-network-options '[{"cniType":"OCI_VCN_IP_NATIVE"}]'

      For example:

      oci ce cluster create \
      --compartment-id ocid1.compartment.oc1..aaaaaaaa______n5q \
      --name sales \
      --vcn-id ocid1.vcn.oc1.phx.aaaaaaaa______lhq \
      --type ENHANCED_CLUSTER \
      --kubernetes-version v1.25.4 \
      --service-lb-subnet-ids "[\"ocid1.subnet.oc1.phx.aaaaaaaa______g7q"]" \
      --endpoint-subnet-id ocid1.subnet.oc1.phx.aaaaaaaa______sna \
      --endpoint-public-ip-enabled true \
      --endpoint-nsg-ids "[\"ocid1.networksecuritygroup.oc1.phx.aaaaaaaa______5qq\"]" \
      --cluster-pod-network-options '[{"cniType":"OCI_VCN_IP_NATIVE"}]'
    2. Obtain the OCID of the new cluster for use in the next step.
    3. Create a new virtual node pool in the cluster:
      oci ce virtual-node-pool create \
      --cluster-id <cluster-ocid> \
      --compartment-id <compartment-ocid> \
      --display-name <node-pool-name> \
      --kubernetes-version <kubernetes-version> \
      --placement-configurations "[{\"availabilityDomain\":\"<ad-name>\",\"faultDomain\":[\"FAULT-DOMAIN-<n>\"],\"subnetId\":\"<virtualnode-subnet-ocid>\"}]" \
      --nsg-ids "[\"<virtual-node-nsg-ocid>\"]" \
      --pod-configuration "{\"subnetId\":\"<pod-subnet-ocid>\",\"nsgIds\":[\"<pod-nsg-ocid>\"],\"shape\":\"<shape-name>\"}" \
      --size <number-of-nodes>
      where:
      • <ad-name> is the name of the availability domain in which to place virtual nodes. To find out the availability domain name to use, run:
        oci iam availability-domain list
      • <shape-name> is one of Pod.Standard.E3.Flex, Pod.Standard.E4.Flex.

      For example:

      oci ce virtual-node-pool create \
      --cluster-id ocid1.cluster.oc1.phx.aaaaaaaa______w5q \
      --compartment-id ocid1.compartment.oc1..aaaaaaaa______n5q \
      --display-name sales-vnp \
      --kubernetes-version v1.24.1 \
      --placement-configurations "[{\"availabilityDomain\":\"GMvH:PHX-AD-1\",\"faultDomain\":[\"FAULT-DOMAIN-1\"],\"subnetId\":\"ocid1.subnet.oc1.phx.aaaaaaaa______sra\"}]" \
      --nsg-ids "[\"ocid1.networksecuritygroup.oc1.phx.aaaaaaaa______hpa\"]" \
      --pod-configuration "{\"subnetId\":\"ocid1.subnet.oc1.phx.aaaaaaaa______o7q\",\"nsgIds\":[\"ocid1.networksecuritygroup.oc1.phx.aaaaaaaa______osq\"],\"shape\":\"Pod.Standard.E4.Flex\"}" \
      --size 1
  • Run the CreateCluster operation to create a cluster.