This topic explains how to create an Oracle Exadata Cloud Infrastructure instance. It also describes how to configure required access to the Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Object Storage service and set up DNS.
When you create an Exadata Cloud Infrastructure instance using the Console or the API, the system is provisioned to support Oracle databases. Along with the Infrastructure, a VM cluster, an initial Database Home and database are created. You can create additional Database Homes and databases at any time by using the Console or the Oracle Cloud Infrastructure API. The service creates an initial database based on the options you provide and some default options described later in this topic.
Resources to Be Created
You will provision Exadata Cloud Infrastructure infrastructure and VM cluster resources separately.
- Cloud Exadata infrastructure resource: The infrastructure resource is the top-level (parent) resource. At the infrastructure level, you control the number of database and storage servers. You also control Exadata system maintenance scheduling at the Exadata infrastructure level.
- Cloud VM cluster resource: The VM cluster is a child resource of the infrastructure resource, providing a link between your Exadata cloud infrastructure resource and Oracle Database. Networking, OCPU count, IORM ( see About IORM, and Oracle Grid Infrastructure are configured and managed at the VM cluster level. To create a cloud VM cluster, you must have an existing Cloud Exadata infrastructure resource to house the VM cluster.
- Exadata Cloud Infrastructure only supports using the new resource model (consisting of separate Exadata infrastructure and VM cluster resources) to provision Exadata Cloud Infrastructure instances, regardless of the hardware shape family you are choosing (X7, X8, X8M, or X9M). The DB system resource model and APIs are deprecated for Exadata Cloud Infrastructure.
- Multi-VM enabled Infrastructure supports the creation of up to 8 VM clusters in an Infrastructure. >> Exadata Infrastructures with X8M and above generation of DB Servers can support a maximum of 8 VM clusters across all DB Servers. Maximum number of clusters across the infrastructure depends on the resources available per DB server and is subject to the per DB Server maximum VM limit. For more information, see Overview of VM Cluster Node Subsetting.
- An Exadata Cloud Service Infrastructure instance that is NOT Multi-VM enabled supports only one cloud VM cluster
Prerequisites for Creating an Cloud Exadata Infrastructure Instance
You need a SSH key pair key and a Virtual Cloud Network (VCN) to create an infrastructure instance.
- The proper IAM policy is required to proceed. See Required IAM Policy for Exadata Cloud Infrastructure
The public key, in OpenSSH format, from the key pair that you plan to use for connecting to the system via SSH. A sample public key, abbreviated for readability, is shown below.
ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAABJQAA....lo/gKMLVM2xzc1xJr/Hc26biw3TXWGEakrK1OQ== rsa-key-20160304
For more information, see Managing Key Pairs on Linux Instances .
- A correctly configured virtual cloud network (VCN) to launch the system in. Its related networking resources (gateways, route tables, security lists, DNS, and so on) must also be configured as necessary for the system. For more information, see Network Setup for Exadata Cloud Infrastructure Instances .
Default Options for the Initial Database
Default option simplify launching an Exadata Cloud Infrastructure instance in the Console and when using the API.
The following default options are used for the initial database:
- Console Enabled: False
- Create Container Database: False for version 22.214.171.124 databases. Otherwise, true.
- Create Instance Only (for standby and migration): False
- Database Home ID: Creates a database home
- Database Language: AMERICAN
- Database Sizing Template: odb2
- Database Storage: Automatic Storage Management (ASM)
- Database Territory: AMERICA
- Database Unique Name: The user-specified database name and a system-generated suffix, for example, dbtst_phx1cs.
- PDB Admin Name: pdbuser (Not applicable for version 126.96.36.199 databases.)
Using the Console to Create Infrastructure Resources
Console tasks required to create cloud resources
To create a Cloud Exadata infrastructure resource
- Open the navigation menu. Click Oracle Database, then click Oracle Exadata Database Service on Dedicated Infrastructure
- Under Oracle Exadata Database Service on Dedicated Infrastructure, click Exadata Infrastructure.
- Click Create Exadata Cloud Infrastructure.
- Compartment: Select a compartment for the Exadata infrastructure.
- Display name: Enter a display name for the Exadata infrastructure. The name doesn't need to be unique. An Oracle Cloud Identifier (OCID) will uniquely identify the Cloud Exadata infrastructure resource. Avoid entering confidential information.
- Select an availability domain: The availability domain in which the Exadata infrastructure resides.
Select the Exadata Cloud Infrastructure model: Select either a fixed-shape system (quarter, half, or full rack X7-2 or X8-2 shapes), or a scalable system (X8M-2 or X9M-2).
X9M-2: If you select the flexible X9M-2 cloud infrastructure model, your initial Exadata Cloud Infrastructure instance can have a minimum of 2 database servers and 3 storage servers up to 32 database servers and 64 storage servers. After provisioning, you can scale the service instance as needed by adding additional storage servers, compute servers, or both.
X8M-2: If you select the flexible X8M-2 cloud infrastrure model, your initial Exadata Cloud Infrastructure instance can have a minimum of 2 database servers and 3 storage servers (the equivalents of an X8 quarter rack shape) up to 32 database servers and 64 storage servers. After provisioning, you can scale the service instance as needed by adding additional storage servers, compute servers, or both.
X7 and X8: If you select an X7 or X8 system, you are given the choice of provisioning a quarter, half, or full rack. See Exadata Fixed Hardware Shapes: X6, X7, X8 and Exadata Base for hardware and capacity details.
Exadata Base: The Exadata base shape comes in a single configuration, and provides an economical alternative to provisioning a quarter rack system. See Exadata Fixed Hardware Shapes: X6, X7, X8 and Exadata Base
- If you selected a flexible shape (X8M-2 or X9M-2) , specify the Compute and storage configuration. You can specify Database servers from minimum of 2 up to 32. You can specify Storage servers from minimum of 3 up to 64.
- Select the time zone: Choose one of :
- Select another timezone
- (Browser detected) timezone
- In the Provide maintenance details pane.
The default values for Maintenance Method and Maintenance Schedule are shown. Click Edit Maintenance Preferences to change the valuesIn the Edit Maintenance Preferences dialog, under theConfigure maintenance method: Click one of Rolling or Non-rolling.
You can also select Enable custom action before performing maintenance on DB servers. Enable custom action only if you want to perform additional actions outside of Oracle’s purview. For maintenance configured with a rolling software update, enabling this option will force the maintenance run to wait for a custom action with a configured timeout before starting maintenance on each DB server. For maintenance configured with non-rolling software updates, the maintenance run will wait for a custom action with a configured timeout before starting maintenance across all DB servers. When the custom action is enabled the custom action timeout field appears.
- Rolling: By default, Exadata Infrastructure is updated in a rolling fashion, one server at a time with no downtime.
- Non-rolling: Update database and storage servers at the same time. The non-rolling maintenance method minimizes maintenance time but incurs full system downtime.
Custom action timeout (in minutes): Timeout available to perform custom action before starting maintenance on the DB Servers.
Default: 30 minutes
Maximum: 120 minutes
In the Maintenance Schedule section keep the default setting of No preference to let the system assign a date and start time for infrastructure maintenance, or select Specify a Schedule
- Click the Specify a schedule radio button to choose your preferred month, week, weekday, and start time for infrastructure maintenance.
- Under Maintenance months, specify at least one month for
each quarter during which Exadata infrastructure maintenance will take
place. You can select more than one month per quarter. If you specify a long
lead time for advanced notification (for example, 4 weeks), then you may
want to specify two or three months per quarter during which maintenance
runs can occur. This will ensure that your maintenance updates are applied
in a timely manner after accounting for your required lead time. Lead time
is discussed in the following steps:
For Exadata infrastructure resources in government regions, Oracle performs maintenance operations monthly. Enable maintenance operations for all months if your infrastructure is in a government region.
- Under Week of the month, specify which week of the month maintenance will take place. Weeks start on the 1st, 8th, 15th, and 22nd days of the month, and have a duration of seven days. Weeks start and end based on calendar dates, not days of the week. Maintenance cannot be scheduled for the fifth week of months that contain more than 28 days.
- (Optional) Under Day of the week, specify the day of the week on which the maintenance will occur. If you do not specify a day of the week, then Oracle will run the maintenance update on a weekend day to minimize disruption.
- (Optional) Under Start hour, specify the hour during which the maintenance run will begin. If you do not specify a start hour, then Oracle will choose the least disruptive time to run the maintenance update.
- Under Lead Time, specify the number of weeks ahead of the maintenance event you would like to receive a notification message. Your lead time ensures that a newly released maintenance update is scheduled to account for your required period of advanced notification.
- Click Save Changes.
In the Provide maintenance details : Provide up to 10 unique maintenance contact email addresses. Click Add Contact.In the Contact Email field, provide the email ID of a desired contact.Note
At leaset one Contact is required.
Click Add Contact to add another contact.
Click Show Advanced Options to specify advanced options for the initial database.
In the Tags tab, you can add tags to the database. To apply a defined tag, you must have permissions to use the tag namespace. For more information about tagging, see Resource Tags . If you are not sure if you should apply tags, skip this option (you can apply tags later) or ask your administrator.
Click Create Exadata Infrastructure. The Cloud Exadata infrastructure appears in the Exadata Infrastructure list with a status of Provisioning. The infrastructure's icon changes from yellow to green (or red to indicate errors).
After the Cloud Exadata infrastructure resource is successfully provisioned and in the Available status, you can create a cloud VM cluster as described in To create a cloud VM cluster resource on your infrastructure. You must provision both an infrastructure resource and a VM cluster before you can create your first database in the new Exadata Cloud Infrastructure instance.
To create a cloud VM cluster resource
Create a VM cluster in an Exadata Cloud Infrastructure instance.
To create a cloud VM cluster in an Exadata Cloud Infrastructure instance, you must have first created a Cloud Exadata infrastructure resource.
Multi-VM enabled Infrastructure will support creating multiple VM Clusters. Infrastructures created before the feature Create and Manage Multiple Virtual Machines per Exadata System (MultiVM) and VM Cluster Node Subsetting was released only support creating a single cloud VM cluster.
- Open the navigation menu. Click Oracle Database, then click Oracle Exadata Database Service on Dedicated Infrastructure
- Under Oracle Exadata Database
Service on Dedicated Infrastructure, click Exadata VM
Multiple VM clusters may be created only in a Multi-VM enabled Infrastructure.
Click Create Exadata VM Cluster.
The Create Exadata VM Cluster page is displayed. Provide the required information to configure the VM cluster.
- Compartment: Select a compartment for the VM cluster resource.
- Display name: Enter a user-friendly display name for the VM cluster. The name doesn't need to be unique. An Oracle Cloud Identifier (OCID) will uniquely identify the DB system. Avoid entering confidential information.
- Select Exadata infrastructure: Select the infrastructure
resource that will contain the VM cluster. You must choose an infrastructure
resource that has enough resources to create a new VM cluster. Click
Change Compartment and pick a different compartment from
the one you are working in to view infrastructure resources in other
Multiple VM clusters may be created only in a Multi-VM enabled Infrastructure
- Choose the Oracle Grid Infrastructure version: From the list, choose the Oracle Grid Infrastructure release that you want to install on the VM cluster.
The Oracle Grid Infrastructure release determines the Oracle Database releases that can be supported on the VM cluster. You cannot run an Oracle Database release that is later than the Oracle Grid Infrastructure software release.
- Choose an Exadata image version:
- Exadata infrastructure with Oracle Linux 7 and Exadata image version 188.8.131.52.0.230422:
- The Change image button is not enabled.
- The Oracle Grid Infrastructure version defaults to 184.108.40.206.0.
- The Exadata guest version will be the same as that of the host OS.
- Exadata infrastructure with Oracle Linux 8 and Exadata image version 220.127.116.11.0.230613:
- The Exadata guest version defaults to the latest (18.104.22.168).
- The Oracle Grid Infrastructure version defaults to 22.214.171.124.0
- The Change image button is enabled.
- Click Change image.
The resulting Change image panel displays the list of available major versions of Exadata image (126.96.36.199 and 188.8.131.52).
The most recent release for each major version is indicated by "(latest)".
- Slide Display all available versions.
Six past versions including the latest versions of Exadata images 184.108.40.206 and 220.127.116.11 are displayed.
- Choose a version.
- Click Save Changes.
- Exadata infrastructure with Oracle Linux 7 and Exadata image version 18.104.22.168.0.230422:
- Configure the VM cluster: Specify the DB servers to used for
new VM cluster (by default all DB Servers are selected). Click Change DB
Servers to select from the available DB servers. In the
Resource allocation per VM pane:
- Specify the number of OCPU cores you want to allocate to each of the VM cluster's virtual machine compute nodes. Minimum is 2 OCPU per VM . The read-only Requested OCPU count for the Exadata VM cluster field displays the total number of OCPU cores you are allocating.
- Specify the Memory per VM to allocate to each VM. The minimum per VM is 30 GB.
- Specify the Local Storage per VM to allocate local storage to each VM. The minimum per VM is 60 GB.
Configure Exadata storage: Specify the following:
- Specify the usable Exadata storage TB. Specify the storage in multiples of 1 TB. Minimum: 2 TB
- Allocate storage for Exadata sparse snapshots:
Select this configuration option if you intend to use
snapshot functionality within your VM cluster. If you select this
option, the SPARSE disk group is created, which enables you to use VM
cluster snapshot functionality for PDB sparse cloning. If you do not
select this option, the SPARSE disk group is not created and snapshot
functionality will not be available on any database deployments that are
created in the environment.
The storage configuration option for sparse snapshots cannot be changed after VM cluster creation.
Allocate storage for local backups: Select this
option if you intend to perform database backups to the local Exadata
storage within your Exadata Cloud Infrastructure instance. If you select this option, more space
is allocated to the RECO disk group, which is used to store backups on
Exadata storage. If you do not select this option, more space is
allocated to the DATA disk group, which enables you to store more
information in your databases.
The storage configuration option for local backups cannot be changed after VM cluster creation.
Add SSH key: Add the public key portion of each key pair you want to use for SSH access to the DB system:
- Generate SSH key pair (Default option) Select this radio button to generate an SSH keypair. Then in the dialog below click Save private key to download the key, and optionally click Save public key to download the key.
- Upload SSH key files: Select this radio button to browse or drag and drop .pub files.
- Paste SSH keys: Select this radio button to paste in individual public keys. To paste multiple keys, click + Another SSH Key, and supply a single key for each entry.
Configure the network settings: Specify the following:Note
IP addresses (100.64.0.0/10) are used for Exadata Cloud Infrastructure X8M interconnect.
- Virtual cloud network: The VCN in which you want to create the VM cluster. Click Change Compartment to select a VCN in a different compartment.
Client subnet: The subnet to which the VM cluster should attach. Click Change Compartment to select a subnet in a different compartment.
Do not use a subnet that overlaps with 192.168.16.16/28, which is used by the Oracle Clusterware private interconnect on the database instance. Specifying an overlapping subnet causes the private interconnect to malfunction.
Backup subnet: The subnet to use for the backup network, which is typically used to transport backup information to and from the Backup Destination, and for Data Guard replication. Click Change Compartment to select a subnet in a different compartment, if applicable.
Do not use a subnet that overlaps with 192.168.128.0/20. This restriction applies to both the client subnet and backup subnet.
If you plan to back up databases to Object Storage or Autonomous Recovery service, see the network prerequisites in Managing Exadata Database Backups.
Network Security Groups: Optionally, you can specify one or more network security groups (NSGs) for both the client and backup networks. NSGs function as virtual firewalls, allowing you to apply a set of ingress and egress security rules to your Exadata Cloud Infrastructure VM cluster. A maximum of five NSGs can be specified. For more information, see Network Security Groups and Network Setup for Exadata Cloud Infrastructure Instances.
Note that if you choose a subnet with a security list, the security rules for the VM cluster will be a union of the rules in the security list and the NSGs.
To use network security groups:
- Check the Use network security groups to control traffic check box. This box appears under both the selector for the client subnet and the backup subnet. You can apply NSGs to either the client or the backup network, or to both networks. Note that you must have a virtual cloud network selected to be able to assign NSGs to a network.
- Specify the NSG to use with the network. You might need to use more than one NSG. If you're not sure, contact your network administrator.
- To use additional NSGs with the network, click +;Another Network Security Group.
- To use private DNS
A Private DNS must be configured before it can be selected. See Configure Private DNS
- Check the Use private DNS Service check box.
- Select a private view. Click Change Compartment to select a private view in a different compartment.
- Select a private zone. Click Change Compartment to select a private zone in a different compartment.
Hostname prefix: Your choice of hostname for the Exadata DB system. The host name must begin with an alphabetic character and can contain only alphanumeric characters and hyphens (-). The maximum number of characters allowed for an Exadata DB system is 12.
Caution:The hostname must be unique within the subnet. If it is not unique, the VM cluster will fail to provision.
Host domain name: The domain name for the VM cluster. If the selected subnet uses the Oracle-provided Internet and VCN Resolver for DNS name resolution, this field displays the domain name for the subnet and it can't be changed. Otherwise, you can provide your choice of the domain name. Hyphens (-) are not permitted.
If you plan to store database backups in Object Storage or Autonomous Recovery service, Oracle recommends that you use a VCN Resolver for DNS name resolution for the client subnet because it automatically resolves the Swift endpoints used for backups.
- Host and domain URL: This read-only field combines the host and domain names to display the fully qualified domain name (FQDN) for the database. The maximum length is 63 characters.
Choose a license type: The type of license you want to use for the VM cluster. Your choice affects metering for billing.
- License Included means the cost of the cloud service includes a license for the Database service.
- Bring Your Own License (BYOL) means you are an Oracle Database customer with an Unlimited License Agreement or Non-Unlimited License Agreement and want to use your license with Oracle Cloud Infrastructure. This removes the need for separate on-premises licenses and cloud licenses.
- Diagnostics Collection: By enabling diagnostics
collection and notifications, Oracle Cloud Operations and you will be able to
identify, investigate, track, and resolve guest VM issues quickly and effectively.
Subscribe to Events to get notified about resource state changes.
You are opting in with the understanding that the above list of events (or metrics, log files) can change in the future. You can opt out of this feature at any time.
- Enable Diagnostic Events: Allow Oracle to collect and publish critical, warning, error, and information events to me.
- Enable Health Monitoring: Allow Oracle to collect health metrics/events such as Oracle Database up/down, disk space usage, and so on, and share them with Oracle Cloud operations. You will also receive notification of some events.
Enable Incident Logs and Trace Collection: Allow Oracle to collect incident logs and traces to enable fault diagnosis and issue resolution.
You are opting in with the understanding that the above list of events (or metrics, log files) can change in the future. You can opt-out of this feature at any time.All three checkboxes are selected by default. You can leave the default settings as is or clear the checkboxes as needed. You can view the Diagnostic Collection settings on the VM Cluster Details page under General Information >> Diagnostics Collection.
Enabled: When you choose to collect diagnostics, health metrics, incident logs, and trace files (all three options).
Disabled: When you choose not to collect diagnostics, health metrics, incident logs, and trace files (all three options).
- Partially Enabled: When you choose to collect diagnostics, health metrics, incident logs, and trace files ( one or two options).
Click Show Advanced Options to specify advanced options for the VM cluster:
Time zone: This option is located in the Management tab. The default time zone for the DB system is UTC, but you can specify a different time zone. The time zone options are those supported in both the Java.util.TimeZone class and the Oracle Linux operating system. For more information, see DB System Time Zone .Note
If you want to set a time zone other than UTC or the browser-detected time zone, and if you do not see the time zone you want, try selecting the Select another time zone, option, then selecting "Miscellaneous" in the Region or country list and searching the additional Time zone selections.
- SCAN Listener Port: This option is
located in the Network tab. You can assign a SCAN
listener port (TCP/IP) in the range between 1024 and 8999. The default is
Manually changing the SCAN listener port of a VM cluster after provisioning using the backend software is not supported. This change can cause Data Guard provisioning to fail.
- Tags: If you have permissions to create a resource, then you also have permissions to apply free-form tags to that resource. To apply a defined tag, you must have permissions to use the tag namespace. For more information about tagging, see Resource Tags . If you are not sure whether to apply tags, skip this option (you can apply tags later) or ask your administrator.
- Click Create Exadata VM Cluster.
After your VM cluster is successfully created and in the Available state, you can view the VM Cluster Details page by clicking the name of the VM cluster in the list of clusters. From the VM Cluster Details page, you can create your first database in the cluster by clicking Create Database.
- Security Rules for the Oracle Exadata Database Service on Dedicated Infrastructure
- Network Security Groups
- Network Setup for Exadata Cloud Infrastructure Instances
- Security Lists
- Configure Private DNS
- DB System Time Zone
- Resource Tags
- To create a database in an existing Exadata Cloud Infrastructure instance
- Getting Started with Events
- Overview of Database Service Events
- Overview of Automatic Diagnostic Collection