Glossary


A | B | C | D | E | F | G | I | J | K | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | V | W

A

accounting flexfield
The structure that determines the chart of accounts, including the number and order of the individual segments, as well as assigning the value sets to the segments.
action
The kind of access, such as view or edit, named in a security policy.
ADF
Application Developer Framework. A set of programming principles and rules for developing software applications.
analysis
A selection of data displayed in one or more views, such as a table or chart, to provide answers to business questions.
analytics
Business intelligence objects such as analyses and dashboards that provide meaningful data to help with decision making.

B

business object
A resource in an enterprise database, such as an invoice or purchase order.

C

chrome
The set of visual elements (for example, header; expand and edit icons) around the perimeter of a component or task flow that enables users to act directly on the object.
configuration
A change to the predefined artifacts of the application. Configurations impact multiple users.
context
A grouping of flexfield segments to store related information.
context layer
A level that represents the scope of users impacted by configurations. For example, all users or only those who meet specific criteria.
context segment
The flexfield segment used to store the context value. Each context value can be associated with a different set of context-sensitive segments.
context-sensitive segment
A flexfield segment that may or may not appear depending upon a context. Context-sensitive segments are attributes that apply to certain entity rows based on the value of the context segment.

D

dashboard
A page that gives quick access to key tasks and summary information for a business process or object.
dashboard
A collection of analyses and other content that gives in-depth insight to help with business decisions.
data security
The control of access and action a user can take against which data.
descriptive flexfield
Expandable fields used for capturing additional descriptive information or attributes about an entity, such as a customer case. You may configure information collection and storage based on the context.
detailed report
A comprehensive report that provides detailed information about the subject matter. When you link a detailed report to an infolet, users can click anywhere in the infolet area to drill down to that detailed report.

E

enterprise
An organization having common control over one or more legal entities.
extensible flexfield
Expandable fields that you can use to capture multiple sets of information in a context or in multiple contexts. Some extensible flexfields let you group contexts into categories.
extension
A new artifact in addition to what's predefined in the application, for example a new business object or page.

F

feature
Business practices or methods applicable to the functional areas that enable the fine-tuning of business functionality.
filmstrip
The single strip of icons that you can use to open other pages. The strip appears between the global header and the page title.
flexfield
A flexible data field that you can configure such that it contains one or more segments or stores additional information. Each segment has a value and a meaning.
flexfield segment
An extensible data field that represents an attribute and captures a value corresponding to a predefined, single extension column in the database. A segment appears globally or based on a context of other captured information.

G

The uppermost region in the user interface that remains the same no matter which page you're on.

I

infolet
A small, interactive widget on the home page that provides key information and actions for a specific area, for example social networking or your personal profile. Each infolet can have multiple views.

J

job role
A role, such as an accounts payable manager or application implementation consultant, that usually identifies and aggregates the duties or responsibilities that make up the job.

K

key flexfield
Configurable flexfield comprising multiple parts or segments, each of which has a meaning either individually or in combination with other segments. Examples of key flexfields are part numbers, asset category, and accounts in the chart of accounts.
key flexfield segment instance
A single occurrence of a key flexfield segment in a key flexfield structure instance.
key flexfield structure
The arrangement of segments in a key flexfield. In some cases, you can define multiple structures for a single key flexfield.
key flexfield structure instance
An occurrence of a key flexfield structure that shares the same order of segments as other instances of the key flexfield structure. However, each instance uses different value sets to validate the segments.

M

mainline metadata
The primary branch of metadata that a sandbox is published to. Once published, changes made in the sandbox become available to all users.

N

The menu in the global header that you can use to open the work areas and dashboards that you have access to.

O

offering
A comprehensive grouping of business functions, such as Sales or Product Management, that is delivered as a unit to support one or more business processes.

P

panel tab
A tab that provides supplemental information or functionality for the page. Each panel tab is on the right side of the page, has an icon as the tab label, and slides out when you open the tab.
performance tile
A single, summary measure value displayed prominently with, in some cases, a trend line.
performance tile report
A summary report that shows data in the small infolet format. When you add a performance tile report to an infolet, users can see summary information about the subject matter.
personalization
A change that users make to control the look or behavior of the application. Personalizations impact only the user making the change.
privilege
A grant of access to functions and data; a single, real world action on a single business object.

R

report
An output of select data in a predefined format that's optimized for printing.
role
Controls access to application functions and data.
run time
The type of activities that users perform while they are in a running application.

S

sandbox
A testing environment that isolates untested code changes from the mainline environment so that these changes don't affect the mainline metadata or other sandboxes.
scheduled process
A program that you run to process data and, in some cases, generate output as a report.
segment
A segment is a single field within a flexfield and maps to a single table column in your database. When configuring a flexfield, you define the appearance and meaning of individual segments.
site layer
Application changes made in this layer affect all users.
springboard
The grid of icons on the home page that you can use to open pages.

T

task flow infolet
An infolet that displays summary information about a task.
tree
Information or data organized into a hierarchy with one or more root nodes connected to branches of nodes. A tree must have a structure where each node corresponds to data from one or more data sources.
tree structure
A set of guidelines or a framework applied to create a tree, include data, version a tree, or access a tree.

V

value set
A predefined set to validate the values that a user enters in the application. The set may be hierarchical.

W

work area
A set of pages containing the tasks, searches, and other content you need to accomplish a business goal.