Glossary


A | B | C | D | E | F | G | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W

A

accounting flexfield
The structure that determines the chart of accounts, including the number and order of the individual segments, as well as assigning the value sets to the segments.
accounting method
A set of journal entry rules which determine how a subledger journal entry is created for each event class or event type.
action
The kind of access, such as view or edit, named in a security policy.
ADF
Application Developer Framework. A set of programming principles and rules for developing software applications.
analytics
Business intelligence objects such as analyses and dashboards that provide meaningful data to help with decision making.
application feature
A standardized functionality that is available to implemented.
application partner
A B2B trading partner defined in Oracle Applications Cloud that engages in the collaboration messaging activity. For example, a supplier site, or a customer account.
assignment
A set of information, including job, position, pay, compensation, managers, working hours, and work location, that defines a worker's or nonworker's role in a legal employer.
autosuggest
Suggestions that automatically appear for a search field, even before you finish typing your search term. You can select any of the suggestions to run your search.

B

balancing segment
A chart of accounts segment used to automatically balance all journal entries for each value of this segment.
business function
A business process or an activity that can be performed by people working within a business unit. Describes how a business unit is used.
business intelligence catalog
The repository where all business intelligence objects, including analyses, reports, briefing books, and agents, are stored. The catalog contains separate folders for personal, shared, and modified objects.
business object
A resource in an enterprise database, such as an invoice or purchase order.
business unit
A unit of an enterprise that performs one or many business functions that can be rolled up in a management hierarchy.

C

calendar event
A period that signifies an event, such as a public holiday or a training course, that impacts worker availability.
chart of accounts
The account structure your organization uses to record transactions and maintain account balances.
clause adoption
Reusing a clause from the global business unit in local business units either by adopting the clause without change or by localizing it.
clause localization
A type of clause adoption where the adopted clause is edited to suit the local business unit needs.
clause numbering level
Specifies the determinant type of the document sequence for automatic clause numbering
condition
The part of a data security policy that specifies what portions of a database resource are secured.
context
A grouping of flexfield segments to store related information.
context segment
The flexfield segment used to store the context value. Each context value can be associated with a different set of context-sensitive segments.
context-sensitive segment
A flexfield segment that may or may not appear depending upon a context. Context-sensitive segments are attributes that apply to certain entity rows based on the value of the context segment.
contract deviations
Differences between the contract terms in a contract and those in the contract terms template applied to that contract and any deviations from company policies as determined by Contract Expert feature rules.
Contract Expert
A feature of the application that permits you to create business rules in the Contract Terms Library to enforce corporate policies and standards for contracts.
Contract Terms Library
A repository of standard clauses, contract terms templates, and business rules built using Contract Expert.
corporate rate type
Rate you define to standardize rates used in conversion of one currency to another over a period of time. This rate is generally a standard market rate determined by senior financial management for use throughout the organization.
cost center
A unit of activity or a group of employees used to assign costs for accounting purposes.
cost organization
A grouping of inventory organizations that indicates legal and financial ownership of inventory, and which establishes common costing and accounting policies.
country holding company
A legal entity that acts on behalf of several divisions within an enterprise, and is the legal employer in a country.

D

dashboard
A page that gives quick access to key tasks and summary information for a business process or object.
data model
The metadata that determines where data for a report comes from and how that data is retrieved.
data security
The control of access and action a user can take against which data.
data security policy
A grant of entitlement to a role on an object or attribute group for a given condition.
database resource
An applications data object at the instance, instance set, or global level, which is secured by data security policies.
department
A division of a business enterprise dealing with a particular area of activity.
descriptive flexfield
Expandable fields used for capturing additional descriptive information or attributes about an entity, such as a customer case. You may configure information collection and storage based on the context.
determinant
A value that specifies the use of a reference data set in a particular business context.
determinant type
The value that affects sharing of reference data in a transaction across organizations, such as a business unit or a cost organization.
determinant type
An optional value that affects document sequencing in a transaction. The available determinant types are Business Unit, Ledger, Legal Entity, and Tax Registration.
determinant value
A value specific to the selected determinant type of a document sequence. If Ledger is the determinant type for a document sequence, the determinant value is the specific ledger number whose documents are numbered by the document sequence. It is relevant in a document sequence assignment only if the document sequence has a determinant type.
division
A business-oriented subdivision within an enterprise. Each division is organized to deliver products and services or address different markets.
document sequence
A unique number that is automatically or manually assigned to a created and saved document.

E

enterprise
An organization having common control over one or more legal entities.
entitlement
Grant of access to functions and data. Oracle Fusion Middleware term for privilege.
extensible flexfield
Expandable fields that you can use to capture multiple sets of information in a context or in multiple contexts. Some extensible flexfields let you group contexts into categories.

F

feature
Business practices or methods applicable to the functional areas that enable the fine-tuning of business functionality.
filmstrip
The single strip of icons that you can use to open other pages. The strip appears between the global header and the page title.
fixed rate type
Rate you set between two currencies that remains constant. For example, a rate set between the euro currency and each Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) currency during the conversion to the euro currency.
flexfield
A flexible data field that you can configure such that it contains one or more segments or stores additional information. Each segment has a value and a meaning.
flexfield segment
An extensible data field that represents an attribute and captures a value corresponding to a predefined, single extension column in the database. A segment appears globally or based on a context of other captured information.

G

The uppermost region in the user interface that remains the same no matter which page you're on.
The search in the global header that lets you search across many business objects.
grade
A component of the employment model that defines the level of compensation for a worker.

I

import
In the context of data integration, the transfer of data from interface tables to application tables, where the data is available to application users.
incident
A collection of diagnostic information about a critical error, providing details about the state of the application when the issue occurred.
infolet
A small interactive widget on the home page that provides key information and actions for a specific area, for example your personal profile. Each infolet can have multiple views.
interface table
Database table that stores data during data transfer between applications or between databases that reside inside and outside of an Oracle Fusion application.
inventory organization
A logical or physical entity in the enterprise that tracks inventory transactions and balances, stores definitions of items, and manufactures or distributes products.
item master
A collection of data that describes items and their attributes recorded in a database file.
item organization
Item definition where inventory balances are not stored and movement of inventory is not tracked in the applications. Item attributes that carry financial and accounting information are hidden.
item subinventory
An association of an item with a subinventory that is created when you add an item to a subinventory.

J

job
A generic role that's independent of any single department or location. For example, the jobs Manager and Consultant can occur in many departments.
job definition
The metadata that determines what a job does and what options are available to users when they submit the scheduled process. A job is the executable for a scheduled process.
job role
A role, such as an accounts payable manager or application implementation consultant, that usually identifies and aggregates the duties or responsibilities that make up the job.

K

key flexfield
Configurable flexfield comprising multiple parts or segments, each of which has a meaning either individually or in combination with other segments. Examples of key flexfields are part numbers, asset category, and accounts in the chart of accounts.
key flexfield segment instance
A single occurrence of a key flexfield segment in a key flexfield structure instance.
key flexfield structure
The arrangement of segments in a key flexfield. In some cases, you can define multiple structures for a single key flexfield.
key flexfield structure instance
An occurrence of a key flexfield structure that shares the same order of segments as other instances of the key flexfield structure. However, each instance uses different value sets to validate the segments.

L

A government or legal body that is charged with powers such as the power to make laws, levy and collect fees and taxes, and remit financial appropriations for a given jurisdiction.
A legal entity that employs people.
An entity identified and given rights and responsibilities by commercial law through the registration with country's appropriate authority.
A physical territory, such as a group of countries, single country, state, county, parish, or city, which comes in the purview of a legal authority.
The lowest level component of a legal structure that requires registrations. Used to group workers for the purpose of tax and social insurance reporting or represent a part of your enterprise with a specific statutory or tax reporting obligation.
legislative data group
A means of partitioning payroll and related data. At least one legislative data group is required for each country where the enterprise operates. Each legislative data group is associated with one or more payroll statutory units.
line of business
Set of one or more highly related products which service a particular customer transaction or business need. Refers to an internal corporate business unit.
load
In the context of data integration, the transfer of external data from data files to the receiving interface tables in preparation for an import into application tables.
lookup code
An option available within a lookup type, such as the lookup code BLUE within the lookup type COLORS.
lookup type
The label for a static list that has lookup codes as its values.

M

mainline metadata
The primary branch of metadata that a sandbox is published to. Once published, changes made in the sandbox become available to all users.
manufacturing facilities
Employed in the making of goods for sale such as a factory or plant.
model profile
A collection of the work requirements and required skills and qualifications of a workforce structure, such as a job or position.

N

natural account
Categorizes account segment values by account type, asset, liability, expense, revenue, or equity, and sets posting, budgeting, and other options.
natural account segment
A chart of accounts segment used to categorize your accounting transactions by account type: asset, liability, owner's equity, revenue, or expense.
The menu in the global header that you can use to open the work areas and dashboards that you have access to.

O

offering
Grouping of setup tasks that support specific business functions, such as Sales, Service, and Product Management.

P

party fiscal classification
A classification used by a tax authority to categorize a party for a tax.
payroll statutory unit
A legal entity registered to report payroll tax and social insurance. A legal employer can also be a payroll statutory unit, but a payroll statutory unit can represent multiple legal employers.
position
A specific occurrence of one job that's fixed within a department. It's also often restricted to one location. For example, the position Finance Manager is an instance of the job Manager in the Finance Department.
primary ledger
Main record-keeping ledger.
privilege
A grant of access to functions and data; a single, real world action on a single business object.
profile option
User preferences and system configuration options that users can configure to control application behavior at different levels of an enterprise.
profile option level
The category or layer that defines a profile option. Site, Product, and User are the predefined levels.
profile option value
The setting mapped to the level of a profile option. A profile option may have multiple values set at different levels, such as Site or User.
project expenditure organization
An organization that can incur expenditures and hold financial plans for projects.

Q

Query By Example
The icon for filtering data in a table.

R

reference data
Data in application tables that is not transactional or high-volume, which an enterprise can share across multiple organizations. For example, sales methods, transaction types, or payment terms.
reference data set
Contains reference data that can be shared across a number of business units or other determinant types. A set supports common administration of that reference data.
reference group
A logical collection of reference data sets that correspond to logical entities, such as payment terms defined across multiple tables or views. Based on the common partitioning requirements across entities, the reference data sets are grouped to facilitate data sharing among them.
registration
The record of a party's identity related details with the appropriate government or legal authorities for the purpose of claiming and ensuring legal and or commercial rights and responsibilities.
report
An output of select data in a predefined format that's optimized for printing.
role
Controls access to application functions and data.

S

sandbox
A testing environment that isolates untested code changes from the mainline environment so that these changes don't affect the mainline metadata or other sandboxes.
scheduled process
A program that you run to process data and, in some cases, generate output as a report.
segment
A segment is a single field within a flexfield and maps to a single table column in your database. When configuring a flexfield, you define the appearance and meaning of individual segments.
service provider
An intermediary that facilitates exchange of messages between Oracle Applications Cloud and trading partners.
service provider model
A business unit that provides specific business functions for another business unit.
set
Classified and grouped reference data that organizational entities share.
set enabled
A property that describes entities that an organization shares as reference data. For example, you can indicate a lookup, customer, location, or document attachment as set enabled.
spot rate type
Rate you enter to perform conversion based on this rate as of a specific date. This rate applies to the immediate delivery of a currency.
storage facilities
Commercial building for storage of goods such as a warehouse.
Style template
An .rtf template containing style information that's applied to report layout templates to achieve a consistent look and feel across reports.
Subtemplate
An .rtf or .xsl format that is defined once and used multiple times within a single report layout template or across multiple layout template files.
suggestion group
Category of suggestions that appear in the autosuggest for the global search.

T

tax registration
The registration of a party with a tax authority that confers tax rights and imposes certain tax obligations.
territory
A legally distinct region used in the country field of an address.
trading partner
A B2B partner engaging in the collaboration messaging activity but defined outside Oracle Applications Cloud.
tree
Information or data organized into a hierarchy with one or more root nodes connected to branches of nodes. A tree must have a structure where each node corresponds to data from one or more data sources.
tree structure
A set of guidelines or a framework applied to create a tree, include data, version a tree, or access a tree.
tree version
An instance of a tree that includes life cycle elements such as start and end dates, and indicates whether the tree is active. If a tree is associated with a reference data set, all tree versions belong to one set.

U

user rate type
Rate you enter at journal entry time to convert foreign currency transactions to your ledger currency.

V

value set
A predefined set to validate the values that a user enters in the application. The set may be hierarchical.

W

work area
A set of pages containing the tasks, searches, and other content you need to accomplish a business goal.
work relationship
An association between a person and a legal employer, where the worker type determines whether the relationship is a nonworker, contingent worker, or employee work relationship.
workflow
An automated process that passes a task from one user (or group of users) to another to view or act on. The task is routed in a logical sequence to achieve an end result.