Glossary


A | B | C | D | E | F | G | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W

A

accounting flexfield
The structure that determines the chart of accounts, including the number and order of the individual segments, as well as assigning the value sets to the segments.
accounting method
A set of journal entry rules which determine how a subledger journal entry is created for each event class or event type.
accounting period
The fiscal period used to report financial results, such as a calendar month or fiscal period.
application feature
A standardized functionality that is available to implemented.
assignment
A set of information, including job, position, pay, compensation, managers, working hours, and work location, that defines a worker's or nonworker's role in a legal employer.
AutoPost criteria sets
A grouping of options and submission frequencies used to select journal entries for automatic posting.

B

balances cube
A multidimensional database that holds accounting financial data. The cube allows different views of the balances to be quickly displayed.
balancing segment
A chart of accounts segment used to automatically balance all journal entries for each value of this segment.
business function
A business process or an activity that can be performed by people working within a business unit. Describes how a business unit is used.
business unit
A unit of an enterprise that performs one or many business functions that can be rolled up in a management hierarchy.

C

calendar event
A period that signifies an event, such as a public holiday or a training course, that impacts worker availability.
chart of accounts
The account structure your organization uses to record transactions and maintain account balances.
clearing company
The intercompany clearing entity used to balance the journal.
condition
The part of a data security policy that specifies what portions of a database resource are secured.
context
A grouping of flexfield segments to store related information.
context segment
The flexfield segment used to store the context value. Each context value can be associated with a different set of context-sensitive segments.
context-sensitive segment
A flexfield segment that may or may not appear depending upon a context. Context-sensitive segments are attributes that apply to certain entity rows based on the value of the context segment.
corporate rate type
Rate you define to standardize rates used in conversion of one currency to another over a period of time. This rate is generally a standard market rate determined by senior financial management for use throughout the organization.
cost center
A unit of activity or a group of employees used to assign costs for accounting purposes.
cost organization
A grouping of inventory organizations that indicates legal and financial ownership of inventory, and which establishes common costing and accounting policies.
country holding company
A legal entity that acts on behalf of several divisions within an enterprise, and is the legal employer in a country.
cube
A block of data that contains three or more dimensions. An Essbase database is a cube.

D

data model
The metadata that determines where data for a report comes from and how that data is retrieved.
data security policy
A grant of entitlement to a role on an object or attribute group for a given condition.
database resource
An applications data object at the instance, instance set, or global level, which is secured by data security policies.
department
A division of a business enterprise dealing with a particular area of activity.
descriptive flexfield
A configurable field that captures additional information.
descriptive flexfield
Expandable fields used for capturing additional descriptive information or attributes about an entity, such as a customer case. You may configure information collection and storage based on the context.
determinant
A value that specifies the use of a reference data set in a particular business context.
determinant type
The value that affects sharing of reference data in a transaction across organizations, such as a business unit or a cost organization.
division
A business-oriented subdivision within an enterprise. Each division is organized to deliver products and services or address different markets.
document sequence
A unique number that is automatically or manually assigned to a created and saved document.

E

enterprise
An organization having common control over one or more legal entities.
entitlement
Grant of access to functions and data. Oracle Fusion Middleware term for privilege.

F

fixed rate type
Rate you set between two currencies that remains constant. For example, a rate set between the euro currency and each Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) currency during the conversion to the euro currency.
flexfield
A flexible data field that you can configure such that it contains one or more segments or stores additional information. Each segment has a value and a meaning.
flexfield segment
An extensible data field that represents an attribute and captures a value corresponding to a predefined, single extension column in the database. A segment appears globally or based on a context of other captured information.

G

grade
A component of the employment model that defines the level of compensation for a worker.

I

infolet
A small interactive widget on the home page that provides key information and actions for a specific area, for example your personal profile. Each infolet can have multiple views.
inventory organization
A logical or physical entity in the enterprise that tracks inventory transactions and balances, stores definitions of items, and manufactures or distributes products.
item master
A collection of data that describes items and their attributes recorded in a database file.
item organization
Item definition where inventory balances are not stored and movement of inventory is not tracked in the applications. Item attributes that carry financial and accounting information are hidden.
item subinventory
An association of an item with a subinventory that is created when you add an item to a subinventory.

J

job
A generic role that's independent of any single department or location. For example, the jobs Manager and Consultant can occur in many departments.
job role
A role, such as an accounts payable manager or application implementation consultant, that usually identifies and aggregates the duties or responsibilities that make up the job.
journal
An element of a journal entry consisting of the name, accounting date, category, ledger, and currency for single currency journal entries. Used to group journal lines.
journal batch
An element of a journal entry consisting of the name, source, and accounting period. Used to group journals for processing and easier querying.
journal category
A name used to group journal entries with similar characteristics, such as adjustments, accruals, or reclassifications.

K

key flexfield
Configurable flexfield comprising multiple parts or segments, each of which has a meaning either individually or in combination with other segments. Examples of key flexfields are part numbers, asset category, and accounts in the chart of accounts.
key flexfield segment instance
A single occurrence of a key flexfield segment in a key flexfield structure instance.
key flexfield structure
The arrangement of segments in a key flexfield. In some cases, you can define multiple structures for a single key flexfield.
key flexfield structure instance
An occurrence of a key flexfield structure that shares the same order of segments as other instances of the key flexfield structure. However, each instance uses different value sets to validate the segments.

L

A government or legal body that is charged with powers such as the power to make laws, levy and collect fees and taxes, and remit financial appropriations for a given jurisdiction.
A legal entity that employs people.
An entity identified and given rights and responsibilities by commercial law through the registration with country's appropriate authority.
A physical territory, such as a group of countries, single country, state, county, parish, or city, which comes in the purview of a legal authority.
The lowest level component of a legal structure that requires registrations. Used to group workers for the purpose of tax and social insurance reporting or represent a part of your enterprise with a specific statutory or tax reporting obligation.
legislative data group
A means of partitioning payroll and related data. At least one legislative data group is required for each country where the enterprise operates. Each legislative data group is associated with one or more payroll statutory units.
line of business
Set of one or more highly related products which service a particular customer transaction or business need. Refers to an internal corporate business unit.
lookup code
An option available within a lookup type, such as the lookup code BLUE within the lookup type COLORS.
lookup type
The label for a static list that has lookup codes as its values.

M

mainline metadata
The primary branch of metadata that a sandbox is published to. Once published, changes made in the sandbox become available to all users.
manufacturing facilities
Employed in the making of goods for sale such as a factory or plant.

N

natural account
Categorizes account segment values by account type, asset, liability, expense, revenue, or equity, and sets posting, budgeting, and other options.
natural account segment
A chart of accounts segment used to categorize your accounting transactions by account type: asset, liability, owner's equity, revenue, or expense.

O

offering
Grouping of setup tasks that support specific business functions, such as Sales, Service, and Product Management.

P

party fiscal classification
A classification used by a tax authority to categorize a party for a tax.
payroll statutory unit
A legal entity registered to report payroll tax and social insurance. A legal employer can also be a payroll statutory unit, but a payroll statutory unit can represent multiple legal employers.
position
A specific occurrence of one job that's fixed within a department. It's also often restricted to one location. For example, the position Finance Manager is an instance of the job Manager in the Finance Department.
primary balancing segment value
A segment value used to represent a legal entity in the chart of accounts and automatically balance all intercompany and intracompany transactions and journal entries.
primary ledger
Main record-keeping ledger.
profile option
User preferences and system configuration options that users can configure to control application behavior at different levels of an enterprise.
profile option level
The category or layer that defines a profile option. Site, Product, and User are the predefined levels.
profile option value
The setting mapped to the level of a profile option. A profile option may have multiple values set at different levels, such as Site or User.
project expenditure organization
An organization that can incur expenditures and hold financial plans for projects.

Q

Query By Example
The icon for filtering data in a table.

R

reference data
Data in application tables that is not transactional or high-volume, which an enterprise can share across multiple organizations. For example, sales methods, transaction types, or payment terms.
reference data set
Contains reference data that can be shared across a number of business units or other determinant types. A set supports common administration of that reference data.
reference group
A logical collection of reference data sets that correspond to logical entities, such as payment terms defined across multiple tables or views. Based on the common partitioning requirements across entities, the reference data sets are grouped to facilitate data sharing among them.
registration
The record of a party's identity related details with the appropriate government or legal authorities for the purpose of claiming and ensuring legal and or commercial rights and responsibilities.
report
An output of select data in a predefined format that's optimized for printing.
role
Controls access to application functions and data.

S

sandbox
A testing environment that isolates untested code changes from the mainline environment so that these changes don't affect the mainline metadata or other sandboxes.
service provider model
A business unit that provides specific business functions for another business unit.
set
Classified and grouped reference data that organizational entities share.
set enabled
A property that describes entities that an organization shares as reference data. For example, you can indicate a lookup, customer, location, or document attachment as set enabled.
spot rate type
Rate you enter to perform conversion based on this rate as of a specific date. This rate applies to the immediate delivery of a currency.
storage facilities
Commercial building for storage of goods such as a warehouse.
subject area
A set of columns, or pieces of data, related to a specific business object or area.
Subtemplate
An .rtf or .xsl format that is defined once and used multiple times within a single report layout template or across multiple layout template files.

T

tax registration
The registration of a party with a tax authority that confers tax rights and imposes certain tax obligations.
territory
A legally distinct region used in the country field of an address.
tree
Information or data organized into a hierarchy with one or more root nodes connected to branches of nodes. A tree must have a structure where each node corresponds to data from one or more data sources.
tree structure
A set of guidelines or a framework applied to create a tree, include data, version a tree, or access a tree.
tree version
An instance of a tree that includes life cycle elements such as start and end dates, and indicates whether the tree is active. If a tree is associated with a reference data set, all tree versions belong to one set.

U

user rate type
Rate you enter at journal entry time to convert foreign currency transactions to your ledger currency.

V

value set
A predefined set to validate the values that a user enters in the application. The set may be hierarchical.

W

work relationship
An association between a person and a legal employer, where the worker type determines whether the relationship is a nonworker, contingent worker, or employee work relationship.
workflow
An automated process that passes a task from one user (or group of users) to another to view or act on. The task is routed in a logical sequence to achieve an end result.