Glossary


A | B | D | E | F | H | I | J | K | L | N | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W

A

accounting flexfield
The structure that determines the chart of accounts, including the number and order of the individual segments, as well as assigning the value sets to the segments.
automatic offset
A method for balancing invoice and payment journal entries that cross primary balancing segment values.

B

balancing segment
A chart of accounts segment used to automatically balance all journal entries for each value of this segment.
balancing segment value
The value of a balancing segment used to automatically balance journal entries.
bill payable
Payment documents that are payable at maturity.
business unit
A unit of an enterprise that performs one or many business functions that can be rolled up in a management hierarchy.

D

data role template
A set of instructions that specifies which base roles to combine with which dimension values to create a set of data security policies.
descriptive flexfield
Expandable fields used for capturing additional descriptive information or attributes about an entity, such as a customer case. You may configure information collection and storage based on the context.
destination type
The destination type, expense or inventory, determines the accounting behavior of the transaction line.
determinant type
The value that affects sharing of reference data in a transaction across organizations, such as a business unit or a cost organization.
determinant type
An optional value that affects document sequencing in a transaction. The available determinant types are Business Unit, Ledger, Legal Entity, and Tax Registration.
disbursement bank account
The deploying company's bank account.
distribution set
A predefined set of accounts, with or without percentages, that automatically creates invoice distributions for invoices that aren't matched to purchase orders.
document category
A high level grouping of person documents such as visas, licenses, and medical certificates. Document subcategories provide further grouping of document categories.
document payable
An item that is ready to be paid. Equivalent to an installment in Oracle Fusion Payables.
document sequence category
A classification that groups the documents of a particular type that need to be assigned a particular document sequence.

E

EFT
Acronym for Electronic Funds Transfer. A direct transfer of money from one account to another, such as an electronic payment of an amount owed a supplier by transferring money from a payer's disbursement bank account into the supplier's bank account.
extract
An XML file that contains the superset of data relevant to a payment file.

F

first party payer
The deploying company making disbursements. The first party payer disburses funds to pay suppliers, customer refunds, and to reimburse employee expenses.
format
A key setup entity in Oracle Fusion Payments, which ties together formatting attributes, such those used by Oracle Fusion Business Intelligence Publisher (BI Publisher) templates and validations to execute during transaction processing.
FTP
Acronym for File Transfer Protocol. A system for transferring computer files, generally by the Internet.
funds capture payment profile
A key setup entity that holds rules for funds capture processing.

H

HTTP
Acronym for Hypertext Transfer Protocol. A request and response standard typical of client-server computing. In HTTP, web browsers or spiders act as clients, while an application running on the computer hosting the web site acts as a server. The client, which submits HTTP requests, is also referred to as the user agent. The responding server, which stores or creates resources such as HTML files and images, may be called the origin server. In between the user agent and origin server may be several intermediaries, such as proxies, gateways, and tunnels.
HTTPS
Acronym for Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure. A protocol primarily developed for secure, safe Internet transactions. HTTPS allows secure e-commerce transactions, such as online banking.

I

installment
Any of several parts into which a debt or other sum payable is divided for payment at successive fixed times.
internal payee
The deploying company or any of its business units that receive funds from their customers, the payers. Payees receive funds from their customers by credit card payments, debit card payments, direct debits to bank accounts, or bills receivable transactions sent to banks.
invoice business unit
Business unit with the Payables Invoicing business function that is responsible for processing invoice transactions.
invoice distribution
Accounting information for an invoice line, such as accounting date, amount, and distribution combination.

J

job role
A role, such as an accounts payable manager or application implementation consultant, that usually identifies and aggregates the duties or responsibilities that make up the job.

K

key flexfield structure
The arrangement of segments in a key flexfield. In some cases, you can define multiple structures for a single key flexfield.

L

lookup code
An option available within a lookup type, such as the lookup code BLUE within the lookup type COLORS.
lookup type
The label for a static list that has lookup codes as its values.
lossy
A data encoding method that compresses data by discarding some of it.

N

natural account
Categorizes account segment values by account type, asset, liability, expense, revenue, or equity, and sets posting, budgeting, and other options.
natural account segment
A chart of accounts segment used to categorize your accounting transactions by account type: asset, liability, owner's equity, revenue, or expense.

P

payee
A supplier or employee who receives payment.
payment document
A set of documents, such as check stock, on which checks and promissory notes can be printed or written. This term can also refer to an individual document upon which a payment is printed.
payment process profile
A setup entity which drives processing behavior for each document payable, payment, and payment file.
payment process request
A grouping of documents payable, for which a calling product requests payment. Synonymous with Pay Run in Oracle Fusion Payables.
payment system
An external organization that provides financial settlement services. The payment system can be the bank at which the deploying company has its bank accounts or it can be a third-party processor that connects companies and financial networks.
payment system account
In the funds capture flow, a representation of the relationship between a payment system and the internal payee, that allows an authorization, settlement, or settlement batch to be transmitted to a payment system. In the disbursement flow, a representation of the relationship between a payment system and the internal payer that allows a payment file or positive pay file to be transmitted to a bank or other payment system.
primary balancing segment value
A segment value used to represent a legal entity in the chart of accounts and automatically balance all intercompany and intracompany transactions and journal entries.

Q

quick payment
A single payment that you create for one more invoices without submitting a payment process request.

R

reference data sharing
Facilitates sharing and reuse of common transactional data entities within the parts of a business flow or across organizations.
reference group
A logical collection of reference data sets that correspond to logical entities, such as payment terms defined across multiple tables or views. Based on the common partitioning requirements across entities, the reference data sets are grouped to facilitate data sharing among them.
reporting entity
A person or organization that has a unique tax identification number for United States 1099 tax reporting.

S

separate remittance advice
A notice sent to a payee that lists the invoices that the deploying company has paid electronically to that payee's bank account.
servlet
A Java programming language class used to extend the capabilities of servers that host applications accessed via a request-response programming model. Although servlets can respond to any type of request, they are commonly used to extend the applications hosted by Web servers. For such applications, Java Servlet technology defines HTTP-specific servlet classes.
settlement batch
A group of transactions, typically settlements and credits, that are sent to the payment system together in a file. Settlement batches are generally used with a processor-model payment system.
source product
The product that owns a transaction and submits the request for disbursement or funds capture to Oracle Fusion Payments.

T

transmission configuration
Configuration for transmitting files such as payment files.
transmission protocol
A method used to electronically transmit data, such as FTP and Secure HTTP.

U

usage rules
Rules that determine when payment methods and payment process profiles can be assigned for use on documents payable.

V

validations
Rules that ensure that transactions are valid before they are printed or submitted electronically to payment systems. You use validations to ensure that disbursement transactions, such as invoices, payments, and payment files meet specific conditions before they can be paid.
value-added tax (VAT)
An indirect tax on consumer expenditures that is collected on business transactions and imported goods. Value-added tax (VAT) is added to products at each stage of their production. If customers are registered for VAT and use the supplies for taxable business purposes, then they typically receive credit for the VAT that is paid.

W

withholding tax classification
A collection of one or more withholding tax codes.