1Introduction

This chapter contains the following:

Supply Chain Collaboration Introduction

Oracle Fusion Supply Chain Collaboration is a collaboration platform that manages cross-company planning and execution processes for Oracle Fusion Supply Chain Management (SCM). You use Supply Chain Collaboration with Oracle SCM Cloud Services to get timely updates from your key suppliers and contract manufacturers on important supply chain decisions.

Supply Chain Collaboration supports the following processes:

  • Supply planning collaboration to collaborate on order forecasts with tier 1 and tier 2 suppliers. The supply chain planners publish order forecasts to suppliers. The suppliers can view and analyze the order forecasts and commit to supply the requested item quantities over the planning horizon. The collaboration planners can review and adjust the supplier's commits if necessary. The commits flow to Oracle Fusion Planning Central Cloud Service or Oracle Fusion Supply Planning, where they are used as supplier capacity.

  • Contract manufacturing collaboration to share supplier's (contract manufacturer's) production progress. The suppliers can also view previously submitted updates for their projects. Once uploaded, production reports are automatically submitted to Oracle Manufacturing Cloud, and the completion status and materials usage status of the contract manufacturing work order is updated.

  • Vendor-managed inventory (VMI) enables the supplier to manage items that are located at the buyer's location. You can share on-hand quantities with the supplier, establish minimum and maximum inventory thresholds, and alert the supplier to items requiring replenishment. Suppliers can initiate the replenishment process, which can then be automated by the enterprise using Oracle Fusion Procurement.

  • Business to Business (B2B) message monitoring to see the number of failed or undelivered messages. You can monitor messages for all processes, including order-to-cash and source-to-settle. The administrators can investigate the details and reprocess the failed messages when appropriate.

Supply Planning Collaboration

You can use the Supply Chain Collaboration work area to view open collaboration tasks and monitor order forecast commit status. You can also view exceptions that potentially need attention.

In the Oracle Fusion Supplier Portal Overview work area, suppliers can participate in supply planning collaboration by reviewing and responding to order forecasts.

Use supply planning collaboration to:

  • Publish supply plans from Oracle Fusion Planning Central Cloud Service or Oracle Fusion Supply Planning, which can be analyzed and shared with suppliers as order forecasts. You can collaborate on supply plans published from Planning Central or Supply Planning using organizations and items defined within the Oracle Fusion product data model or items and organizations defined in Supply Planning imported from an external source system.

    Note: A supply plan that's partly defined in an Oracle application and partly in an external system isn't supported.

    For more information on collecting planning data from others and external source systems, see the Oracle Supply Chain Management Cloud Using Supply Planning guide.

  • Allow suppliers to view and analyze the order forecasts and commit by using Supplier Portal, Business to Business (B2B) messaging, or web services.

  • Allow Supply Chain Collaboration Planners to review all published forecasts and commits by using the Manage Order Forecasts and Commits page.

  • Manage exceptions by using the Supply Chain Collaboration work area. The exceptions may be due to:

    • Past due commits, where the supplier hasn't committed by the agreed commit due date established in the Service Level Agreement (SLA).

    • Forecast changes, where the current cycle forecast quantity has changed from the previous cycle.

    • Commit mismatches, where the committed quantity is less than the forecast quantity for a given date.

  • Manage a trading partner network by using the Manage Supply Collaboration Network page.

Supply Planning Collaboration Components

The supply planning collaboration process provides you with a seamless flow of information by bringing together supply planning, order forecasts, and supplier commits.

This figure provides an overview of the supply planning collaboration components:

This illustration shows the supply planning collaboration
components

Based on the process and actions performed, the supply planning collaboration components are:

  • Decomposition

  • Orchestration

  • Execution systems

The following table describes the supply planning collaboration components, the internal processes, and the corresponding actions.

Supply Planning Collaboration Components Internal Process Actions

Supply plan creation applications

Supply plans are created in Oracle Fusion Supply Planning or Oracle Fusion Planning Central Cloud Service.

The Publish Order Forecast scheduled process filters the supply plan data by:

  • Supply plan

  • Organization for supply planning

  • Planner, which is the Supply Demand Planner ID

  • Category

  • Item, which is the enterprise item ID

  • Supplier

  • Supplier site

  • Record the supply plans in the Supply Planning tables

  • Record the supply plan data in the Supply Chain Collaboration interface tables after the scheduled process is run

Interface Tables

The data is ready for collaboration.

Store supply forecast and commit data in the Supply Chain Collaboration interface tables

Decomposition

The Supply Planning Collaboration Decomposition scheduled process:

  • Reads the payloads from the interface tables

  • Evaluates forecast exceptions

  • Creates or updates an order forecast, used by Supply Chain Collaboration to publish to suppliers

  • Assigns and launches the orchestration process

Order forecast quantities are sent and stored in daily time buckets. However, they are displayed in weekly, monthly, or period aggregations.

  • Create order forecasts

  • Update order forecast mid-cycle

  • Launch orchestration process

Orchestration

Orchestrates supply by:

  • Assigning an orchestration process and starting orchestration

  • Running the determined business process

  • Grouping Business to Business (B2B) messages by supplier site per plan

  • Publish forecasts to Oracle Fusion Supplier Portal and Supply Chain Collaboration

  • Send B2B messages

Execution systems

Suppliers use the Supplier Portal to process commits for the order forecasts received from Supply Chain Collaboration.

Collaboration planners use the Supply Chain Collaboration to process commits on behalf of suppliers.

  • Supplier provides commits

  • Contract Manufacturer reviews order forecasts for their upstream suppliers

  • Collaboration planner reviews order forecasts and provides commits

The entities that are created and managed during collaboration are:

  • Supply plans: Contain the supply orders created for a supply request, which are published to Supply Chain Collaboration. These plans are created in Supply Planning or Planning Central.

  • Collaboration plans: Contain the order forecasts based on the supply plans that are eligible for collaboration for a specified collaboration period. These plans are created in Supply Chain Collaboration.

  • Order forecasts: Contain the forecast and commit quantities by the suggested date that is used to create the time bucket.

Supply Planning Collaboration Flow

The supply planning collaboration process flow includes the following steps:

  1. A Supply Chain Planner uses Oracle Fusion applications, such as Oracle Fusion Supply Planning or Oracle Fusion Planning Central Cloud Service to create supply plans. The supply plans can use organizations and items defined within the Oracle Fusion product data model or imported from an external source system.

  2. The Supply Chain Planner decides which supply plan data to send to Oracle Fusion Supply Chain Collaboration. The data can be filtered by attributes such as suppliers, items, and so on.

  3. Supply Chain Collaboration receives the supply plans and stores the supply plans in interface tables.

  4. Supply Chain Collaboration decomposition process decomposes the supply plans and creates order forecasts.

  5. The orchestration process publishes the order forecasts to the suppliers through Oracle Fusion Supplier Portal, B2B Messaging using Oracle Fusion Collaboration Messaging Framework, or web services.

  6. The Supply Chain Collaboration Planners and the Supplier Demand Planners can view the open collaboration tasks.

  7. The Supply Chain Collaboration Planners and the Supplier Demand Planners can view the exceptions that potentially need attention arising due to various reasons, such as past due commits, forecast changes, and forecast commit mismatches.

  8. The Supplier Demand Planners can review each time bucket request and commit to supply the requested item quantity in Supplier Portal. The Supply Chain Collaboration Planners can search and view all the published order forecasts and commits on the Manage Order Forecasts and Commits page. The Supply Chain Collaboration Planners can also update order commits on behalf of a supplier.

  9. The orchestration process triggers decomposition of the order commits from suppliers and stores the order commits in interface tables.

  10. The Supply Chain Planners can pull supplier commits back into Supply Planning or Planning Central Cloud Service as supplier capacity.

Supply Planning Collaboration User Roles

Here are the supply planning collaboration user roles:

User Role Description

Supply Chain Planner

  • Manages supply plans in Oracle Fusion Planning Central Cloud Service or Oracle Fusion Supply Planning

  • Releases order forecasts to suppliers requesting order commits

Supply Chain Collaboration Planner

  • Reviews order forecasts and supplier commits

  • Reviews and manages exceptions around supply planning commits

  • Updates commits on behalf of a supplier

Supplier Demand Planner

  • Reviews order forecasts

  • Provides commits to order forecasts using supplier portal, collaboration messaging, or direct web services

Supply Chain Application Administrator

  • Manages supply collaboration network

  • Manages collaboration plans

  • Manages collaboration planners

  • Defines aggregation schedules

  • Enables and reviews Business to Business (B2B) messages

Supply Chain Integration Specialist

  • Uses the Export Collaboration Order Forecasts scheduled process

Contract Manufacturing Collaboration

Contract manufacturing collaboration enables suppliers and the original equipment manufacturers to manage production reports and manufacturing transactions.

Contract Manufacturing Collaboration with Suppliers

The contract manufacturing collaboration process enables suppliers (contract manufacturers) to manage production reports.

In the Oracle Fusion Supplier Portal Overview work area, the supplier can:

  • Navigate to the collaboration area and upload production reports to update manufacturing progress. The transactions uploaded by the supplier are automatically submitted to manufacturing so that the completion status and materials usage status of the contract manufacturing work order can be updated.

  • Search and view completed production reports for their assigned purchase orders.

Contract Manufacturing Collaboration with Original Equipment Manufacturers

The contract manufacturing collaboration process enables the original equipment manufacturers (OEM) to track contract manufacturer's manufacturing progress.

OEM can navigate from Oracle Fusion Supply Chain Collaboration, the Supply Chain Collaboration work area or Oracle Fusion Supply Chain Orchestration, the Supply Lines Overview work area to:

  • Search for and view the supplier-provided updates for the in-progress contract manufacturing purchase orders.

  • Resubmit a report to manufacturing if the automatic submission fails.

Contract Manufacturing Collaboration Flow

The contract manufacturing collaboration process flow includes the following steps:

  1. The Supply Chain Operations Manager can view the contract manufacturing production reports submitted by suppliers (contract manufacturers) in Oracle Fusion Supply Chain Collaboration, the Supply Chain Collaboration work area or in Oracle Fusion Supply Chain Orchestration, the Supply Lines Overview work area.

  2. The Supply Chain Operations Manager can view the supply orders that are in jeopardy and navigate to the manufacturing application to view the details of the supply order.

  3. The Supply Chain Operations Manager can contact the supplier for more information about the supply order in jeopardy.

  4. The Supplier Inventory Manager can navigate to the Manage Production Reports page to upload production reports to update manufacturing progress in Oracle Manufacturing.

  5. The Supply Chain Operations Manager can view the updated production report by using Supply Chain Collaboration or Supply Chain Orchestration.

Contract Manufacturing Collaboration User Roles

The following table describes the contract manufacturing collaboration user roles:

User Role Description

Supply Inventory Manager

This role is assigned to suppliers (contract manufacturers) to:

  • Access Oracle Fusion Supplier Portal

  • View summary reports

  • Navigate to the collaboration area and provide manufacturing or production report updates

Supply Chain Operations Manager

This role is assigned to original equipment manufacturers (OEM) to:

  • View supplier-provided updates for the in-progress contract manufacturing purchase orders

Vendor-Managed Inventory

Vendor-managed inventory (VMI) is a supply chain management strategy in which a supplier manages items that are located at the buyer's location. You can use the Oracle Fusion Supply Chain Collaboration work area to view vendor-managed inventory tasks.

In Supply Chain Collaboration work area, enterprise users such as a vendor-managed inventory analyst can view VMI replenishment item status and supplier-initiated replenishment requests. Supply chain application administrators can manage the VMI network and VMI analysts.

In the Oracle Fusion Supplier Portal work area, suppliers can monitor on-hand quantities and replenishment status for the items they manage. If enabled, suppliers can also initiate the replenishment process by creating replenishment requests and adjust minimum and maximum inventory thresholds.

You can use the vendor-managed inventory features to:

  • Allow suppliers to view and analyze on-hand quantities by using Supplier Portal or Vendor-Managed Inventory Items REST service.

  • Share enterprise determined minimum and maximum inventory thresholds or even allow the supplier to manage these thresholds using Supplier Portal or Vendor-Managed Inventory Items REST service.

  • Allow suppliers to initiate the replenishment process by submitting replenishment requests using Supplier Portal or Vendor-Managed Inventory Replenishment Requests REST service.

  • Provide visibility to the entire replenishment life cycle for items managed by the supplier using Supplier Portal.

  • Allow a VMI analyst to monitor the replenishment status of all replenishment items and supplier-initiated replenishment requests using the Manage Inventory page or web services.

  • Allow a supply chain application administrator to manage VMI relationships by using the Manage VMI Network page or Vendor-Managed Inventory Relationships REST service.

  • Allow a supply chain application administrator to manage VMI analysts by using the Manage VMI Analyst page or Vendor-Managed Inventory Analysts REST service.

Vendor-Managed Inventory Components

Vendor-managed inventory (VMI) provides visibility into the entire replenishment process. VMI enables the supplier or the enterprise user to own inventory planning and replenishment creation activities.

Based on the process and actions performed, VMI tasks are performed in the following product work areas:

  • Oracle Fusion Supply Chain Collaboration

  • Oracle Fusion Procurement

  • Oracle Fusion Inventory Management

  • Oracle Fusion Financials

VMI When Supplier Owns Inventory Planning and Replenishment

This figure provides an overview of VMI when a supplier owns inventory planning and replenishment:

This illustration shows VMI when a supplier owns
inventory planning and replenishment
Note: The process illustrates the supplier as the min-max quantity source. However, this process also supports the enterprise as the min-max quantity source. Min-max quantities can be manually updated or automatically calculated using the Calculate Min-Max Planning Policy Parameters scheduled process. For more information, see the Oracle Supply Chain Management Cloud Using Inventory Management guide.
Work Areas VMI Process Actions

Supplier Portal

Supplier updates the item's minimum and maximum quantities

Suppliers provide minimum and maximum thresholds

Inventory Management

Enterprise maintains on-hand quantities in Inventory Management

Share on-hand quantities with suppliers and VMI analysts

Supplier Portal

Calculate replenishment status using on-hand quantities and minimum and maximum thresholds

Suppliers create replenishment requests

Supply Chain Collaboration

Replenishment request is transformed into an externally managed purchase requisition using the Purchase Request web service

NA

Procurement

Based on a blanket purchase agreement, a purchase order is generated from the requisition, either automatically or manually

Create and approve the purchase order

If the requisition is not automatically converted into a purchase order. You can search for requisitions requiring manual processing, using the Process Requisitions and View Requisition Lines tasks.

Enterprise users can find the number of the generated purchase requisition using the Manage Replenishment Requests page in the Supply Chain Collaboration work area.

Supplier Portal

Purchase order awaits shipment

Supplier creates an advanced shipment notice (ASN)

Supplier ships the product

Inventory Management

Enterprise receives the shipment and delivers the items

Create a receipt notice

Supplier Portal

Supplier creates an invoice or enterprise can generate the invoice on behalf of the supplier

Supplier creates an invoice

Financials

Enterprise pays supplier

Enterprise creates a payment notice

Supplier Inventory Planning Owner Flow

The VMI process flow when a supplier owns inventory planning and replenishment includes the following steps:

  1. Depending on who the min-max quantity source is for an item, the enterprise user or the supplier sets the minimum and maximum quantities for the item. If enterprise and VMI relationship scope is organization, min-max quantities are set on the item record. If enterprise and VMI relationship scope is subinventory, min-max quantities are set at the item subinventory. If supplier, min-max quantities are set on the Manage Inventory page in the Supplier Portal work area or using the Vendor-Managed Inventory Items REST service.

  2. The supplier monitors the replenishment status of items and decides which items need replenishment. If the on-hand quantity is less than the minimum quantity, the supplier creates a replenishment request.

  3. The supplier submits replenishment request, which is then transformed into an externally managed purchase requisition by Supply Chain Collaboration using the Purchase Request web service.

  4. Based on a blanket purchase agreement, a purchase order is generated from the requisition either automatically or manually by the buyer. The purchase order is then approved and ready for the supplier to fulfill. For more information on purchase agreements and purchase orders, see the Oracle Procurement Cloud Using Procurement guide.

  5. The supplier inventory manager is now able to fulfill the purchase order. They can view the open purchase order quantity in the Purchase Order Quantity column on the Manage Inventory page. They can also navigate to the open purchase orders using the Manage Orders page.

  6. The supplier inventory manager is now able to ship the product. The supplier optionally creates an advanced shipment notice (ASN) using Create ASN on the Manage Inventory page. Once an ASN is created the quantity shipped now appears as In-Transit Quantity on the Manage Inventory page.

  7. The inventory management user receives and delivers the item to its deliver-to location. The supplier inventory manager can view the items awaiting to be delivered using the Received Quantity column on the Manage Inventory page. Once an item has been delivered it will be included in the on-hand quantity.

  8. The supplier inventory manager may create an invoice, or an invoice will be automatically generated by the enterprise on behalf of the supplier. The supplier inventory manager can view the invoices associated to a specific replenishment item by using Review Item Transactions on the Manage Inventory page.

  9. The enterprise processes the invoice and generates a payment. The supplier inventory manager can view the payments associated with a specific replenishment item using Review Item Transactions on the Manage Inventory page.

VMI When Enterprise Owns Inventory Planning and Replenishment

This figure provides an overview of VMI when the enterprise owns inventory planning and replenishment:

This illustration shows VMI when the enterprise
owns inventory planning and replenishment

The following table describes the product work areas, VMI processes, and the corresponding actions.

Work Areas VMI Process Actions

Item Record

Item Subinventory Record

Enterprise maintains minimum and maximum thresholds on the item or item subinventory record. Min-max quantities can be manually updated or calculated using the Calculate Min-Max Planning Policy Parameters scheduled process. To learn more see the Oracle Supply Chain Management Cloud Using Inventory Management guide.

Share minimum and maximum thresholds with suppliers and VMI analysts

Inventory Management

Enterprise maintains on-hand quantities in Inventory Management

Share on-hand quantities with suppliers and VMI analysts

Supplier Portal

Calculate replenishment status using on-hand quantities and minimum and maximum thresholds.

Suppliers monitor replenishment status

Inventory Management

Enterprise performs inventory replenishment.

Enterprise runs min-max planning report or manually creates purchase orders. For more information, see the Oracle Supply Chain Management Cloud Using Inventory Management guide

Supplier Portal

Purchase order awaits shipment

Supplier creates an advanced shipment notice (ASN)

Supplier ships a product

Inventory Management

Enterprise receives shipment and delivers items.

Create a receipt notice

Supplier Portal

Supplier creates invoice or enterprise can generate the invoice on behalf of the supplier.

Supplier creates an invoice

Financials

Enterprise pays supplier

Enterprise creates a payment notice

Enterprise Inventory Planning Owner Flow

The VMI process flow when the enterprise owns inventory planning and replenishment includes the following steps:

  1. The enterprise user sets the minimum and maximum quantities. If the VMI relationship scope is organization, min-max quantities are set on the item record. If the VMI relationship scope is subinventory, min-max quantities are set on the item subinventory.

  2. The enterprise user can also automatically calculate min-max quantities using the Calculate Min-Max Planning Policy Parameters scheduled process. The enterprise user monitors the replenishment status of the item and decides which item needs replenishment. To replenish items, the enterprise user creates purchase orders manually or generates purchase orders automatically by running the min-max planning report. For more information about min-max planning report, see the Oracle Supply Chain Management Cloud Using Inventory Management guide

  3. Optionally, the generated purchase order can require supplier acknowledgment. The supplier is allowed to make changes to the suggested replenishment at that time. The supplier can view the requiring acknowledgment quantity in the Pending Acknowledgment column on the Manage Inventory page. They can also navigate to the purchase orders using the Manage Orders page.

  4. Once acknowledged, the supplier inventory manager is now able to fulfill the purchase order. They can view the open purchase order quantity listed in the Purchase Order Quantity column on the Manage Inventory page. They can also navigate to the open purchase orders using the Manage Orders page.

  5. The supplier inventory manager is now able to ship the product. The supplier can optionally create an advanced shipment notice (ASN) using Create ASN on the Manage Inventory page. Once the ASN is created, the quantity shipped now appears as In-Transit Quantity on the Manage Inventory page.

  6. The inventory management user receives and delivers the item to its deliver-to location. The supplier inventory manager can view the items awaiting to be delivered using the Received Quantity column on the Manage Inventory page. Once an item is delivered it will be included in the on-hand quantity.

  7. The supplier inventory manager may create an invoice, or an invoice will be automatically generated by the enterprise on behalf of the supplier. The supplier inventory manager can view the invoices associated to a specific replenishment item using Review Item Transactions on the Manage Inventory page.

  8. The enterprise processes the invoice and generates a payment. The supplier inventory manager can view the payments associated to a specific replenishment item using Review Item Transactions on the Manage Inventory page.

Vendor-Managed Inventory User Roles

The following table describes the vendor-managed inventory (VMI) user roles:

User Role Description

Vendor-Managed Inventory Analyst

An enterprise user who can perform the following tasks using Oracle Fusion Supply Chain Collaboration work area and REST services:

  • Monitor replenishment status using the Manage Inventory page and infolets

  • View on-hand quantities for replenishment items

  • View min-max inventory thresholds

  • Review replenishment item transactions

  • Monitor replenishment requests using the Manage Replenishment Requests page and the Replenishment Requests infolet

  • Monitor the replenishment life cycle by viewing replenishment item transactions and the Replenishment Life Cycle infolet

Supply Chain Application Administrator

An enterprise user who can perform the following tasks:

  • Manage VMI network relationships

  • Manage VMI analysts

  • Manage network and enterprise user data security using REST services

Supplier Inventory Manager

A supplier user who can perform the following tasks using Oracle Fusion Supplier Portal work area and REST services:

  • Monitor replenishment status using the Manage Inventory page

  • View on-hand quantities for replenishment items

  • View and provide minimum and maximum inventory thresholds

  • Create replenishment requests

  • Monitor the replenishment life cycle by viewing replenishment item transactions

B2B Messaging

Business to Business (B2B) messages exchange information among trading partners about key transactions in the planning collaboration, order-to-cash, and source-to-settle processes. Oracle Fusion Supply Chain Collaboration uses Oracle Fusion Collaboration Messaging Framework to better manage B2B communications with large numbers of suppliers. For a supplier to exchange B2B messages, you must enable the supplier site for B2B collaboration and select the service providers and B2B messages that apply to them.

Using the Supply Chain Collaboration work area, the collaboration planner can:

  • View a count of the failed and undelivered messages.

  • View details of the failed and undelivered messages.

  • Contact the B2B administrator to investigate the failed and undelivered messages and reprocess them.