Job role separation requires that you create different operating system groups for each set of system privileges that you grant through operating system authorization.
With Oracle Grid Infrastructure job role separation, Oracle ASM has separate operating system groups that provide operating system authorization for Oracle ASM system privileges for storage tier administration. This operating system authorization is separated from Oracle Database operating system authorization. In addition, the Oracle Grid Infrastructure installation owner provides operating system user authorization for modifications to Oracle Grid Infrastructure binaries.
With Oracle Database job role separation, each Oracle Database installation has separate operating system groups to provide authorization for system privileges on that Oracle Database. Multiple databases can, therefore, be installed on the cluster without sharing operating system authorization for system privileges. In addition, each Oracle software installation is owned by a separate installation owner, to provide operating system user authorization for modifications to Oracle Database binaries. Note that any Oracle software owner can start and stop all databases and shared Oracle Grid Infrastructure resources such as Oracle ASM or Virtual IP (VIP). Job role separation configuration enables database security, and does not restrict user roles in starting and stopping various Oracle Clusterware resources.
You can choose to create one administrative user and one group for operating system authentication for all system privileges on the storage and database tiers. For example, you can designate the
oracle user to be the installation owner for all Oracle software, and designate
oinstall to be the group whose members are granted all system privileges for Oracle Clusterware; all system privileges for Oracle ASM; all system privileges for all Oracle Databases on the servers; and all
OINSTALL system privileges for installation owners. This group must also be the Oracle Inventory group.
If you do not want to use role allocation groups, then Oracle strongly recommends that you use at least two groups:
A system privileges group whose members are granted administrative system privileges, including OSDBA, OSASM, and other system privileges groups.
An installation owner group (the
oraInventorygroup) whose members are granted Oracle installation owner system privileges (the
Note:To configure users for installation that are on a network directory service such as Network Information Services (NIS), refer to your directory service documentation.