Installing PAM for Login Authentication on Linux

Pluggable Authentication Modules (PAM) is a system of libraries that handle user authentication tasks for applications.

On Linux, external scheduler jobs require PAM. Oracle strongly recommends that you install the latest Linux-PAM library for your Linux distribution.
Use a package management system (yum, up2date, YaST) for your distribution to install the latest pam (Pluggable Authentication Modules for Linux) library.