Changes in This Release for Oracle Database PL/SQL Language Reference

Changes to Oracle Database PL/SQL Language Reference are described for each release.

This preface contains:

Changes in Oracle Database Release 19c

Starting from Oracle Database 19c, if a polymorphic table function and its implementation methods are defined in the same package, then the USING clause is optional.

See Also:

  • PIPELINED Clause for more information on polymorphic table function, syntax and semantics

SQL Macros

You can create SQL macros (SQM) to factor out common SQL expressions and statements into reusable, parameterized constructs that can be used in other SQL statements.

Starting with Oracle Database release 19c, version 19.7, SQL table macros are supported. SQL table macros are expressions, typically used in a FROM clause, to act as a sort of polymorphic (parameterized) views.

SQL table macros increase developer productivity, simplify collaborative development, and improve code quality.

See Also:

Changes in Oracle Database Release 18c

For Oracle Database 18c, Oracle Database PL/SQL Language Reference documents these new features.

New Features

Non-Persistance Support for Object Types

This feature enables you to mark abstract data types used in programs for processing only, for storage only, or for mixed use.

Instances of non-persistable types cannot persist on disk.

See Also:

  • CREATE TYPE statement [NOT] PERSISTABLE clause for more information about the syntax and semantics

Polymorphic Table Functions

A polymorphic table function (PTF) is a new type of table function whose return type is determined by the arguments passed into the PTF.

A table function is a function that returns a collection of rows and that can be called from the FROM clause of a SQL query block. 

The new polymorphic table function (PTF) provides an efficient and scalable framework to extend the analytical capabilities of the Oracle Database. A query writer is able to call these functions without knowing the details of the implementation of the PTF and the PTF doesn't need to know about the details or how the function is being executed (e.g. in serial or parallel) or whether the input rows are partitioned or ordered.

Therefore, a PTF is useful when SQL developers and database administrators want to provide generic extensions which work for arbitrary input tables or queries.

See Overview of Polymorphic Table Functions for more information.

Qualified Expressions

Aggregates and their necessary adjunct, qualified expressions, improve program clarity and programmer productivity.

Through Oracle Database 12c release 2, it was possible to supply the value of a non-scalar datatype with an expression, for example by using the type constructor for a nested table. Starting with Oracle Database Release 18c, any PL/SQL value can be provided by an expression (for example for a record or for an associative array) like a constructor provides an abstract datatype value. In PL/SQL, we use the terms "qualified expression" and "aggregate" rather than the SQL term "type constructor", but the functionality is the same.

See Qualified Expressions Overview and qualified_expression ::= for more information about the syntax and semantics.

Deprecated Features

The following features are deprecated in this release, and may be desupported in a future release.

The command ALTER TYPE ... INVALIDATE is deprecated. Use the CASCADE clause instead.

The REPLACE clause of ALTER TYPE is deprecated. Use the alter_method_spec clause instead. Alternatively, you can recreate the type using the CREATE OR REPLACE TYPE statement.

For the syntax and semantics, see ALTER TYPE Statement

Starting with Oracle Database 12c release 1 (12.1), the compilation parameter PLSQL_DEBUG is deprecated.

To compile PL/SQL units for debugging, specify PLSQL_OPTIMIZE_LEVEL=1.

For information about compilation parameters, see PL/SQL Units and Compilation Parameters.

Desupported Features

No features in PL/SQL Language Reference have been desupported for 19c.


Oracle Database Advanced Queuing continues to be enhanced and is independent of Oracle Streams, which is desupported in Oracle Database 19c.

See Also: