As of Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1), the diagnostics for each database instance are located in a dedicated directory that is specified by the DIAGNOSTIC_DEST initialization parameter.

Property Description

Parameter type



DIAGNOSTIC_DEST = { pathname | directory }

Default value

Derived from the value of the $ORACLE_BASE environment variable. If $ORACLE_BASE is not set, then derived from ORACLE_BASE as set by the Oracle Universal Installer. If ORACLE_BASE is not set, then $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/log is used.



Modifiable in a PDB




Oracle RAC

This parameter can be set on each instance. Oracle recommends that each instance in a cluster specify a DIAGNOSTIC_DEST directory location that is located on shared disk and that the same value for DIAGNOSTIC_DEST be specified for each instance.

The structure of the directory specified by DIAGNOSTIC_DEST is as follows:


This location is known as the Automatic Diagnostic Repository (ADR) Home. For example, if the database name is proddb and the instance name is proddb1, the ADR home directory would be <diagnostic_dest>/diag/rdbms/proddb/proddb1.

The following files are located under the ADR home directory:

  • Trace files - located in subdirectory <adr-home>/trace

  • Alert logs - located in subdirectory <adr-home>/alert. In addition, the alert.log file is now in XML format, which conforms to the Oracle ARB logging standard.

  • Core files - located in the subdirectory <adr-home>/cdump

  • Incident files - the occurrence of each serious error (for example, ORA-600, ORA-1578, ORA-7445) causes an incident to be created. Each incident is assigned an ID and dumping for each incident (error stack, call stack, block dumps, and so on) is stored in its own file, separated from process trace files. Incident dump files are located in <adr-home>/incident/<incdir#>. You can find the incident dump file location inside the process trace file.

See Also:

Oracle Automatic Storage Management Administrator's Guide for an example of the diagnostic directory for an Oracle ASM instance