The create index statement generates a new index on the specified columns in the given table.
create_index_statement ::= CREATE INDEX [IF NOT EXISTS] index_name ON table_name "(" path_list ")" [WITH NO NULLS][
path_list ::= index_path ("," index_path)*
index_path ::= name_path [path_type] | multikey_path_prefix [.name_path] [path_type]
name_path ::= field_name ("." field_name)*
multikey_path_prefix ::= field_name ( ("." field_name) | ("[" "]") | ("." VALUES"("")" ) )* ( ("[" "]") | ("." VALUES"(""")" ) | ("." KEYS"(""")") )
path_type ::= AS (INTEGER | LONG | DOUBLE | STRING | BOOLEAN | NUMBER | ANYATOMIC |POINT | GEOMETRY)
The index name is unique to a table. If an index with the same name already exists in a table, then the statement will fail and report an error. For example, you can have only one index named
myindex1 in the
The index name is specific to a table. You can use the same index name in multiple tables. For example, you can use the same index name
myindex1 in the
The index specification is unique to a table. If an index with the same specification already exists in a table, then the statement will fail and report an error.
CREATE INDEX myindex1 ON UserInfo (info.income AS ANYATOMIC);
myindex2index is a duplicate of an existing index with another name. In this case, even though the index names are different, the index specifications are the same.
CREATE INDEX myindex2 ON UserInfo(info.income AS ANYATOMIC);
If the optional IF NOT EXISTS clause is specified in the CREATE INDEX statement, and if an index with the same name exists, then the statement will not execute and will not report an error.
If the optional WITH NO NULLS clause is specified in the CREATE INDEX statement, then the rows with NULL and/or EMPTY values on the indexed fields will not be indexed.
The indexes that are created with the WITH NO NULLS clause may be useful when the data contain a lot of NULL and/or EMPTY values on the indexed fields. It will reduce the time and space overhead during indexing. However, the use of such indexes by queries is restricted. For more information, see Using Indexes for Query Optimization section.
If the optional COMMENT is specified, then this becomes part of the index metadata and is not interpreted. The "comment" will be displayed in the output of the DESCRIBE statement.
If JSON data is indexed, you must specify a data type using the AS keyword next to every index path into the JSON data. For all other typed data, you should not specify the data type, as the data type will be inferred from the table schema.
The index entries are automatically updated when rows are inserted, deleted, or updated in the specified table.
Note: The maximum number of index keys generated per row is 10000. An
IllegalArgumentException will be raised during indexing if the number of index keys generated per is row exceeds 10000.