4 Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method

This chapter explains how you can install only the software binaries of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control at one point, and configure the installation at a later point. In particular, this chapter covers the following:

Note:

All general purpose file systems, including OCFS2 and ACFS, are acceptable for storing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 13c software binaries and OMS instance home files (configuration files in gc_inst). However, OCFS is not considered a general purpose file system, and therefore is not considered acceptable for this use.

WARNING:

Do not install Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 13c on servers of SPARC series: T1000, T2000, T5xx0, and T3-*. For more information, see My Oracle Support note 1590556.1.

Introduction to Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method

You can choose to install only the software binaries of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control at one point and configure it at a later point in time to work with an existing, certified Oracle Database. This approach enables you to divide the installation process into two phases, mainly the installation phase and the configuration phase. Understandably, the installation phase takes less time compared to the configuration phase because the installation phase involves only copying of binaries. This approach helps you plan your installation according to the time and priorities you have.

During the installation phase, you invoke the installer to create Oracle homes and install the following:

  • Installs Oracle WebLogic Server 12c Release 2 (12.2.1.3.0).

  • Installs Java Development Kit (JDK) 1.8.0_231.

  • Installs Oracle Management Service 13c Release 4.

  • Installs Oracle Management Agent 13c Release 4 in the agent base directory you specify (outside the middleware home).

  • Installs Oracle JRF 12c Release 2 (12.2.1.3.0).

  • Installs Oracle Web Tier 12c Release 2 (12.2.1.3.0).

  • Installs Oracle BI Publisher 12c Release 2 (12.2.1.3.0).

During the configuration phase, you invoke a configuration script to do the following:

  • Create an Oracle WebLogic domain called GCDomain. For this WebLogic Domain, a default user account, weblogic, is used as the administrative user. You can choose to change this, if you want, in the installer.

  • Create a Node Manager user account called nodemanager. A Node Manager enables you to start, shut down, or restart an Oracle WebLogic Server instance remotely, and is recommended for applications with high availability requirements.

    Note:

    On Microsoft Windows, a Node Manager service is NOT created. This is an expected behavior.

  • Configure an Oracle Management Service Instance Base location (gc_inst) outside the Middleware home, for storing all configuration details related to Oracle Management Service 13c.

    For example, if the Middleware home is /u01/software/em13c/oraclehome, then the instance base location is /u01/software/em13c/gc_inst.

  • Configures Oracle Management Repository in the existing, certified Oracle Database. If the database instance is created using the database template offered by Oracle, then this step is skipped.

  • Creates a plug-in directory and installs the following default plug-ins.

    • Oracle Database Plug-in

    • Oracle Fusion Middleware Plug-in

      Note:

      Starting with 13c Release 1, as part of the Oracle Fusion Middleware Plug-in deployment, one Java Virtual Machine Diagnostics (JVMD) Engine is installed by default on the OMS. For every additional OMS you deploy, you receive one JVMD Engine by default with that OMS.

      JVMD enables administrators to diagnose performance problems in Java applications in the production environment. By eliminating the need to reproduce problems, it reduces the time required to resolve these problems, thus improving application availability and performance.

      While JVMD Engine is installed by default on the OMS host, you will still need JVMD Agents to be manually deployed on the targeted JVMs. For instructions to deploy the JVMD Agent, see Installing JVMD Agents with Advanced Install Options for installing with advanced install options.

    • Oracle Exadata Plug-in

    • Oracle Cloud Framework Plug-in

    • Oracle System Infrastructure Plug-in

    • Any other additional plug-ins you choose to deploy

  • Runs the following configuration assistants to configure the installed components for simple as well as advanced installation:

    • Plugins Prerequisites Check

    • Repository Configuration

      Note:

      If you use a database instance that was created with a preconfigured Management Repository using the database templates offered by Oracle, then Repository Out-of-Box Configuration is run instead of Repository Configuration.

    • MDS Schema Configuration

      Note:

      If you use a database instance that was created with a preconfigured Management Repository using the database templates offered by Oracle, then MDS Schema Configuration is not run.

    • BI Publisher Schema Configuration

    • OMS Configuration

    • Plugins Deployment and Configuration

    • BI Publisher Configuration

    • Start Oracle Management Service

    • Agent Configuration Assistant

Before You Begin Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method

Before you begin installing an Enterprise Manager system in silent mode, familiarize yourself with the key aspects of installation described in the Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide.

Prerequisites for Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method

Meet the prerequisites described in the chapter on installing Enterprise Manager system that is available in the Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide.

Installing the Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method

This section describes the following:

Installing an Enterprise Manager System Using Software Only Install Along With Plugins and Configuring Later

This section explains how you can install only the software binaries of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control along with Plugins at one point in graphical mode, and configure the installation at a later point.

To install Enterprise Manager Cloud Control in a production environment, use the Advanced installation type. This installation type offers custom or advanced configuration options that enable you to customize your installation to suit your needs.

Note:

This installation type is not supported in silent mode.

This installation type provides the following benefits:

  • Deploys the mandatory plug-ins such as Oracle Database plug-in, Oracle Fusion Middleware plug-in, Oracle Exadata plug-in, Oracle Cloud Framework plug-in, and Oracle System Infrastructure plug-in. In addition, enables you to select and deploy other optional plug-ins of your choice. This installation type allows you to install software only OMS bits, along with selected plugins.

    Note:

    You may choose to manually download the required plug-ins from Plug-in Update.

    In addition, plug-ins produced by partners or customers are available for download from the Enterprise Manager Extensibility Exchange.

  • You may choose to apply bundle patches available post-release, once you have completed installing the Enterprise Manager System Using Software Only Install Along With Plugins and Configuring Later option.

  • Offers an option to select the deployment size (small, medium, or large) of your choice, and depending on the deployment size you select, configures with the required memory. The deployment size essentially indicates the number of targets you plan to monitor, the number of Management Agents you plan to have, and the number of concurrent user sessions you plan to have.

  • Allows you to use a database where the Management Repository is preconfigured using the database templates offered by Oracle.

  • Allows you to change the name of the default user account weblogic for the WebLogic domain GCDomain.

  • Prompts for separate, distinct passwords for WebLogic Server administration, Node Manager, SYSMAN user account, and Management Agent registration.

  • Allows you to change the name of the default OMS instance base directory (gc_inst) to a name of your choice, and creates that directory outside the Middleware home.

  • Allows you to change the locations of the tablespaces for management, configuration data, and JVM diagnostics data.

  • Allows you to customize the ports according to your environment.

To install Enterprise Manager Cloud Control for a production site, follow these steps:

Note:

Oracle recommends you to run the EM Prerequisite Kit before invoking the installer to ensure that you meet all the repository requirements beforehand. Even if you do not run it manually, the installer anyway runs it in the background while installing the product. However, running it manually beforehand sets up your Management Repository even before you can start the installation or upgrade process. For information on the kit, to understand how to run it, and to know about the prerequisite checks it runs, see Overview of the EM Prerequisite Kit in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.

However, if you plan to use a database instance that was created with a preconfigured Management Repository using the database templates offered by Oracle, then make sure you pass the following parameter while invoking the EM Prerequisite Kit.

-componentVariables repository:EXECUTE_CHECKS_NOSEED_DB_FOUND:false

  1. Invoke the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard.

    Invoke the installation wizard as a user who belongs to the oinstall group you created following the instructions in Creating Operating System Groups and Users for Enterprise Manager Cloud Control in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.

    ./em13400_<platform>.bin INSTALL_SWONLY_WITH_PLUGINS=true[-invPtrLoc <absolute_path_to_oraInst.loc>]

    For example, for Linux platform, run /u1/software/em/em13400_linux64.bin  INSTALL_SWONLY_WITH_PLUGINS=true[-invPtrLoc <absolute_path_to_oraInst.loc>]

    Note:

    • To invoke the installation wizard on UNIX platforms, run em13400_<platform>.bin. To invoke on Microsoft Windows platforms, run setup_em13400_win64.exe.

    • The installer requires about 14 GB of hard disk space in the temporary directory. If your temporary directory does not have this space, then pass the -J-Djava.io.tmpdir parameter and provide an alternative directory where there is 14 GB of space.

      The directory specified by this parameter will also be used as the location for the Provisioning Advisor Framework (PAF) staging directory, which is used for copying the Software Library entities related to the deployment procedures. The PAF staging directory is used only for provisioning activities — entities are copied for a deployment procedure, and then, deleted once the deployment procedure ends.

      For example,

      ./em13400_linux64.bin -J-Djava.io.tmpdir=/u01/software/em13c/stage/

    • Ensure that there are no white spaces in the name of the directory where you download and run the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control software from. For example, do not download and run the software from a directory titled EM Software because there is a white space between the two words of the directory name.

  2. (Optional) Enter My Oracle Support Details.

    (Optional) On the My Oracle Support Details screen, enter your My Oracle Support credentials to enable Oracle Configuration Manager. If you do not want to enable Oracle Configuration Manager now, go to Step (3).

    If the host from where you are running the installation wizard does not have a connection to the Internet, then enter only the e-mail address and leave the other fields blank. After you complete the installation, manually collect the configuration information and upload it to My Oracle Support. For instructions, see Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide

  3. Click Next.

  4. (Recommended) Install Software Updates.

    On the Software Updates screen, select Search for Updates, and then select one of the following options to apply the latest software updates:

    • Local Directory, if you do not have Internet connectivity on your host, and want to download the updates in offline mode and apply them while performing the installation.

    • My Oracle Support, if you have Internet connectivity on your host, and want to connect to My Oracle Support directly via the installer to download the updates in online mode and apply them while performing the installation.

    For more information on these options, and for instructions to download and apply the software updates using these options, see the Enterprise Manager Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide.

    Note:

    The Software Updates screen uses the built-in feature Auto Update to automatically download and deploy the latest recommended patches while installing or upgrading Enterprise Manager Cloud Control. This way, you do not have to keep a manual check on the patches released by Oracle. All patches required by the installer for successful installation and upgrade are automatically detected and downloaded from My Oracle Support, and applied during the installation or upgrade, thus reducing the known issues and potential failures. Oracle strongly recommends using this feature, and applying the software updates while the installation is in progress.

    Note:

    During installation, you will be prompted for the details of a database where Oracle Management Repository can be configured. If you plan to provide the details of a database that already has an Oracle Management Repository preconfigured using the database templates offered by Oracle, then the software updates selected on this screen cannot be automatically applied. In such a case, you must manually download and apply these software updates after the installation.

    Note:

    Despite providing the My Oracle Support credentials, if you are unable to download the software updates, then exit the installer, and invoke the installer again passing the -showProxy parameter in the following way:

    <Software_Location>/em13400_<platform>.bin SHOW_PROXY=true

  5. Click Next.

    If Enterprise Manager Cloud Control is the first Oracle product you are installing on the host that is running on UNIX operating system, then the Oracle Inventory screen appears. For details, see step (6). Otherwise, the Check Prerequisites screen appears. For details, see step (8).

    If Enterprise Manager Cloud Control is the first Oracle product you are installing on the host that is running on Microsoft Windows operating system, then the Oracle Inventory screen does not appear. On Microsoft Windows, the following is the default inventory directory:

    <system drive>\Program Files\Oracle\Inventory
    
  6. Enter Oracle Inventory Details.

    On the Oracle Inventory screen, do the following. You will see this screen only if this turns out to be your first ever installation of an Oracle product on the host.

    1. Enter the full path to a directory where the inventory files and directories can be placed.

      Note:

      • If this is the first Oracle product on the host, then the default central inventory location is <home directory>/oraInventory. However, if you already have some Oracle products on the host, then the central inventory location can be found in the oraInst.loc file. The oraInst.loc file is located in the /etc directory for Linux and AIX, and in the /var/opt/oracle directory for Solaris, HP-UX, and Tru64.

      • Ensure that you have read, write, and execute permissions on the default inventory directory. If you do not have the required permissions, then exit the installer, invoke the installer again with the INVENTORY_LOCATION parameter, and pass the absolute path to the alternative inventory location.

        For example,

        <Software_Location>/em13400_<platform>.bin INVENTORY_LOCATION=<absolute_path_to_inventory_directory>

        Alternatively, invoke the installer with the -invPtrLoc parameter, and pass the absolute path to the oraInst.loc file that contains the alternative inventory location.

        For example,

        <Software_Location>/em13400_<platform>.bin -invPtrLoc <absolute_path_to_oraInst.loc>

        However, note that these parameters are supported only on UNIX platforms, and not on Microsoft Windows platforms.

    2. Select the appropriate operating system group name that will own the Oracle inventory directories. The group that you select must have write permissions on the Oracle Inventory directories.

  7. Click Next.

  8. Check Prerequisites.

    On the Prerequisite Checks screen, check the status of the prerequisite checks run by the installation wizard, and verify whether your environment meets all the minimum requirements for a successful installation.

    The installation wizard runs the prerequisite checks automatically when you come to this screen. It checks for the required operating system patches, operating system packages, and so on.

    The status of the prerequisite check can be either Warning, Failed, Succeeded, Not Executed, In Progress, or Pending.

    If some checks result in Warning or Failed status, then investigate and correct the problems before you proceed with the installation. The screen provides details on why the prerequisites failed and how you can resolve them. After you correct the problems, return to this screen and click Rerun to check the prerequisites again.

    Note:

    You can choose to ignore the checks with Warning status by clicking Ignore. However, all package requirements must be met or fixed before proceeding any further.

  9. Click Next.

    Note:

    If a prerequisite check fails reporting a missing package, then make sure you install the required package, and click Rerun. The installation wizard validates the package name as well as the version, so make sure you install the packages of the minimum versions, see Package Requirements for Enterprise Manager Cloud Controlin the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide. To understand the logic the installation wizard uses to verify these packages, see About the Logic Used by the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard to Verify the Packages in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.

  10. Select Installation Type.


    Installation Types Wizard

    On the Installation Types screen, select Create a new Enterprise Manager system, then select Advanced.

  11. Click Next.

  12. Enter Installation Details.

    On the Installation Details screen, do the following:

    1. Enter the Middleware home where you want to install the OMS and other core components. This is essentially the Oracle home.

      Note:

      • The Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard installs Oracle WebLogic Server 12c Release 2 (12.2.1.3.0) and JDK 1.8.0_231 by default in this middleware home directory you enter here. A preinstalled JDK or Oracle WebLogic Server is not supported from 13c Release 1 onwards.

      • Ensure that the number of characters in the middleware home path does not exceed 70 characters for Unix platforms and 25 characters for Microsoft Windows platforms.

        For example, the middleware home path C:\Oracle\MW\EM containing only 15 characters is acceptable. However, C:\OracleSoftware\OracleMiddleware\OracleEnterpriseManager\OMS\newrelease\oms containing more than 25 characters is not acceptable for Microsoft Windows platforms.

    2. Enter the absolute path to the agent base directory, a location outside the middleware home where the Management Agent can be installed. For example, if the middleware home is /u01/software/em13c/oraclehome, then you can specify the agent base directory as /u01/software/em13c/agentbasedir.

      Ensure that this location is empty and has write permission. Also ensure that it is always maintained outside the Oracle Middleware home.

      Note:

      Ensure that the number of characters in the middleware home path does not exceed 70 characters for Unix platforms and 25 characters for Microsoft Windows platforms.

      For example, the middleware home path C:\Oracle\MW\EM containing only 15 characters is acceptable. However, C:\OracleSoftware\OracleMiddleware\OracleEnterpriseManager\OMS\newrelease\oms containing more than 25 characters is not acceptable for Microsoft Windows platforms.

    3. Validate the name of the host where you want to configure the OMS.

      The host name appears as a fully qualified name, or as a virtual host name if your host is configured with virtual machine. If the installation wizard was invoked with a value for ORACLE_HOSTNAME, then this field is prepopulated with that name.

      Accept the default host name, or enter a fully qualified domain name that is registered in the DNS and is accessible from other network hosts, or enter an alias host name that is defined in the /etc/hosts file on all the OMS instances at this site.

      Note:

      The host name must resolve to the local host or virtual host because the host name is used for the local Oracle WebLogic Server as well as the Oracle Management Service. Do not provide a remote host or a load balancer virtual host in this field. Do not enter an IP address. Do not use underscores in the name. Short names are allowed, but you will see a warning, so Oracle recommends that you enter a fully qualified domain name instead.

  13. Click Next.

  14. Deploy Plug-Ins.

    On the Plug-In Deployment screen, select the optional plug-ins you want to install from the software kit (DVD, downloaded software) while installing the Enterprise Manager system.

    Plug-Ins are pluggable entities that offer special management capabilities customized to suit specific target types or solution areas.

    The pre-selected rows are mandatory plug-ins that will be installed by default. Select the optional ones you want to install.

    Note:

    If you select a deprecated plug-in that is supported only in the current release, but not in any of the future releases, then you are prompted to evaluate your selection and decide whether or not you want to proceed with the deployment of such plug-ins.

    Note:

    During installation, if you want to install a plug-in that is not available in the software kit, then refer to the point about installing additional plug-ins in Section 4.4.1.1.1.

  15. Click Next.

  16. Enter WebLogic Server Configuration Details.

    On the WebLogic Server Configuration Details screen, enter the credentials for the WebLogic Server user account and the Node Manager user account, and validate the path to the Oracle Management Service instance base location. Ensure that the Oracle Management Service instance base location is outside the middleware home. By default, the WebLogic user name is weblogic. If you want, you can modify it.

    Note:

    Ensure that your password contains at least 8 characters without any spaces, begins with a letter, and includes at least one numeric value.

    Note:

    • Ensure that the Oracle Management Service instance base location is outside the middleware home.

    • If you are installing on an NFS-mounted drive and creating the OMS instance base directory (gc_inst) on that NFS-mounted drive, then after you install, move the lock files from the NFS-mounted drive to a local file system location. Modify the lock file location in the httpd.conf file to map to a location on a local file system. For instructions, see Performing Postinstallation Tasks After Installing an Enterprise Manager System in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.

    By default, the WebLogic Domain name is GCDomain, and the Node Manager name is nodemanager. These are non-editable fields. The installer uses this information for creating Oracle WebLogic Domain and other associated components such as the admin server, the managed server, and the node manager. A Node Manager enables you to start, shut down, or restart an Oracle WebLogic Server instance remotely, and is recommended for applications with high availability requirements.

    Note:

    On Microsoft Windows, a Node Manager service is NOT created. This is an expected behavior.

  17. Click Next.

  18. Enter Database Connection Details.

    On the Database Connection Details screen, do the following:

    1. Provide details of the existing, certified database where the Management Repository needs to be created. If you have already created a database instance with a preconfigured Management Repository using the database templates offered by Oracle, then provide details about that database instance.

      The installer uses this information to connect to the existing database for creating the SYSMAN schema and plug-in schemas. If you provide details of a database that already has a preconfigured Management Repository, then the installer only creates plug-in schemas.

      Note:

      • If you connect to a database instance that was created using the database template offered by Oracle, then note that the password assigned to the user accounts SYSMAN_MDS, SYSMAN_APM, and SYSMAN122130_OPSS, which were created while preconfiguring the Management Repository, are automatically reset with the SYSMAN password you enter on the Enterprise Manager Configuration Details screen (as described in Step (20)).

      • If you are providing the details of a pluggable database (PDB), then use the full service name instead of the alias. For example, pdb.example.com. If you are providing the details of a lone-pluggable database (Lone-PDB), then use the full service name. For example, pdb.example.com. If you are providing the details of a non-container database (Non-CDB), then use the SID.

      • For more information on creating a database instance with Preconfigured Repository using database templates for CDB and PDB, see Creating a Database Instance with Preconfigured Repository Using Database Templates for CDB and PDB in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.

      • If you are providing the details of an Oracle RAC database that is configured with Single Client Access Name (SCAN), then enter the SCAN name as the host name.

    2. Select the deployment size from the Deployment Size list to indicate the number of targets you plan to monitor, the number of Management Agents you plan to have, and the number of concurrent user sessions you plan to have.

      Table 4-1 describes each deployment size.

      Table 4-1 Deployment Size

      Deployment Size Targets Count Management Agents Count Concurrent User Session Count

      Small

      Up to 999

      Up to 99

      Up to 10

      Medium

      Between 1000 and 9999

      Between 100 and 999

      Between 10 and 24

      Large

      10,000 or more

      1000 or more

      Between 25 and 50

      Note:

      If the database you are connecting to is a database instance created with a preconfigured Management Repository using the database templates offered by Oracle (as described in Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide), then make sure the deployment size you select on this screen matches with the deployment size you selected in the Oracle Database Configuration Assistant (DBCA) while creating the database instance.

      If you want to select a deployment size different from the deployment size you had selected while creating the database instance using DBCA, then do one of the following:

      Note:

      For more information on deployment sizes, the prerequisite checks that are run, the database parameters that are set, and how you can modify the deployment size after installation, refer to Enterprise Manager Advanced Installation and Configuration Guide.

  19. Click Next.

    Note:

    • If you are connecting to an Oracle RAC database, and if you have specified the virtual IP address of one of its nodes, then the installation wizard prompts you with a Connection String dialog and requests you to update the connection string with information about the other nodes that are part of the cluster. Update the connection string and click OK. If you want to test the connection, click Test Connection.

    • If your Oracle RAC database 11.2 or higher is configured with Single Client Access Name (SCAN) listener, then you can enter a connection string using the SCAN listener.

    • If you are connecting to an Oracle Database that is configured with CDB or PDB, then make sure you open the PDB before you provide the PDB details on this screen.

    • If you use ACFS, then ensure that you have the following parameters in the cluster where you mount the ACFS disk and start the install /etc/fstab file:

      <mount_points_of_ACFS_storage> nfs rw,bg,hard,intr,nolock,rsize=32768,wsize=32768,tcp,noacl,vers=3,timeo=300,actimeo=120

      For example,

      example.com:/emfs/mpoint/oms1 /scratch/u01/oms nfs rw,bg,hard,intr,nolock,rsize=32768,wsize=32768,tcp,noacl,vers=3,timeo=300,actimeo=120

    • If you see an error stating that the connection to the database failed with ORA-01017 invalid user name/password, then follow these steps to resolve the issue:

      (1) Verify that SYS password provided is valid.

      (2) Verify that the database initialization parameter REMOTE_LOGIN_PASSWORDFILE is set to Shared or Exclusive.

      (3) Verify that password file with the file name orapw<SID> exists in the <ORACLE_HOME>/dbs directory of the database home. If it does not, create a password file using the ORAPWD command.

    • For information on all the database initialization parameters that are set, and all the prerequisite checks that are run, and for instructions to run the prerequisite checks manually if they fail, see Installing Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.

  20. Enter Enterprise Manager Configuration Details.

    On the Enterprise Manager Configuration Details screen, do the following:

    1. For SYSMAN Password, enter a password for creating the SYSMAN user account. The SYSMAN user account is used for creating the SYSMAN schema, which holds most of the relational data used in managing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control. SYSMAN is also the super administrator for Enterprise Manager Cloud Control.

      Note:

      • The SYSMAN account password must begin with a letter, and can only contain uppercase or lowercase letters, numbers and the following characters: $, # , _

        Examples of invalid passwords: Welcome!, 123oracle, #Oracle

      • If you connect to a database instance that was created using the database template offered by Oracle, then note that the password assigned to the user accounts SYSMAN_MDS, SYSMAN_APM, and SYSMAN122130_OPSS, which were created while preconfiguring the Management Repository, are automatically reset with the SYSMAN password you enter on this screen.

    2. For Registration Password, enter a password for registering the new Management Agents that join the Enterprise Manager system.

      Note:

      Ensure that your password contains at least 8 characters without any spaces, begins with a letter, and includes at least one numeric value.

    3. For Management Tablespace, enter the full path to the location where the data file for management tablespace (mgmt.dbf) can be stored. The installer uses this information for storing data about the monitored targets, their metrics, and so on. Ensure that the specified path leads up to the file name.

      For example, /u01/oracle/prod/oradata/mgmt.dbf

      If the database is on Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM) or ACFS, then the path must look like: +<disk_group>/<sid>/<subdir_path_if_any>/<datafilename>.dbf.

      For example, +DATA/oemrsp01d/datafile/mgmt.dbf

    4. For Configuration Data Tablespace, enter the full path to the location where the data file for configuration data tablespace (mgmt_ecm_depot1.dbf) can be stored. This is required for storing configuration information collected from the monitored targets. Ensure that the specified path leads up to the file name.

      For example, /u01/oracle/prod/oradata/mgmt_ecm_depot1.dbf

      If the database is on Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM), then the path must look like: +<disk_group>/<sid>/<subdir_path_if_any>/<datafilename>.dbf

      For example, +DATA/oemrsp01d/datafile/mgmt_ecm_depot1.dbf

    5. For JVM Diagnostics Data Tablespace, enter the full path to a location where the data file for JVM Diagnostics data tablespace (mgmt_deepdive.dbf) can be stored. Ensure that the specified path leads up to the file name. Enterprise Manager Cloud Control requires this data file to store monitoring data related to JVM Diagnostics and Application Dependency Performance (ADP).

      For example, /u01/oracle/prod/oradata/mgmt_deepdive.dbf.

      If the database is on Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM), then the path must look like: +<disk_group>/<sid>/<subdir_path_if_any>/<datafilename>.dbf

      For example, +DATA/oemrsp01d/datafile/mgmt_deepdive.dbf.

  21. Click Next.

  22. Configure Shared Locations.

    Note:

    When you invoke the installer on Microsoft Windows, the Enterprise Manager Shared Location Details screen does not show the Config Volume and Cluster Volume options. This is an expected behavior.

    On the Enterprise Manager Shared Location Details screen, do the following:

    1. Configure Oracle Software Library. Oracle Software Library (Software Library) is a feature within Enterprise Manager Cloud Control that acts as a repository to store software entities such as software patches, virtual appliance images, reference gold images, application software, and their associated directive scripts. You require the Software Library for operations such as provisioning, patching, and so on.

      by selecting Configure Oracle Software Library. Enter the absolute path leading up to a unique directory name. By default, the storage location that is configured is the OMS Shared File System location, so Oracle strongly recommends that the location you enter is a mounted location on the OMS host. This helps when you install additional OMS instances that can use the same mounted Software Library location.

      Note:

      Software Library supports two types of storage locations, mainly OMS Shared File System location and OMS Agent File System location. To understand these storage locations, see Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Administrator’s Guide.

      For some reason, if you are unable to configure an OMS Shared File System location, then configure an OMS Agent Storage location. For instructions, see the section on configuring an OMS Agent file system location in Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Administrator’s Guide

      Note:

      • Configuring the Software Library at the time of installation is optional. Even if you do not select this option and configure it now, your installation will succeed. You always have the option of configuring the Software Library later using the Initial Setup Console or the Software Library Administration Console (available within the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Console). However, Oracle strongly recommends that you select this option and configure it at the time of installation so that the installer can automatically configure it for you. This saves time and effort, and enables you to install an additional OMS, immediately after the first OMS, and configure it to use the same Software Library location.

      • Once the Software Library is configured, you can view the location details in the Software Library Administration Console. To access this console, from the Setup menu, select Provisioning and Patching, then select Software Library.

    2. Configure a shared location for Oracle BI Publisher that is installed and configured by default. The shared storage location will act as a common location for storing the report catalog and associated management information for the first OMS you are installing now and also for the additional OMS you plan to install in the future.

      (i) Identify a shared location that you can use for Oracle BI Publisher.

      If you do not have an existing shared location, create a new one and ensure that it is visible on the host where you are installing the first OMS and also on other hosts where you plan to install additional OMS instances.

      At install time, for the installation to be successful, you can reserve approximately 400 MB of hard disk space for the shared directory. However, Oracle recommends that you scale it to at least 12 GB eventually, and ensure that it can be extended further in the future because the space utilization increases over a period of time as you install additional plug-ins and create more reports.

      Caution:

      If you already have a shared location that you were using for the Software Library or for staging gold images in the previous release of Enterprise Manager, then you can choose to use the same location. However, ensure that the directories within the shared location are unique for Oracle BI Publisher, Software Library, and staged gold images. For example, if you already are using the shared location /u01/software/examplehost/shrd/ where the Software Library is configured in /u01/software/examplehost/shrd/SW, then you can use the same location, but make sure the directory within this shared location for Oracle BI Publisher is /u01/software/examplehost/shrd/BIP.

      (ii) On this screen, select Configure a Shared Location for Oracle BI Publisher. Enter the following directory paths. Ensure that the user account that you are using to install the first OMS has read and write permission on these paths.

      Note:

      When you invoke the installer on Microsoft Windows, the Enterprise Manager Shared Location Details screen does not show the Config Volume and Cluster Volume options. This is an expected behavior.

      For Config Volume, enter the path leading up to the /config directory on the shared storage location where Oracle BI Publisher repository and configuration files can be stored. For example, /ntwkshrd/bip/config.

      For Cluster Volume, enter the path leading up to the /cluster directory on the shared storage location where Oracle BI Publisher scheduler storage can be maintained for Oracle BI Publisher to operate in a high-availability environment. For example, /ntwkshrd/bip/cluster.

      WARNING:

      Do not delete these directories after the installation. The directories are required for proper functioning of Oracle BI Publisher, and therefore are required during the installation and also after the installation.

    3. Enable or disable the installed and configured Oracle BI Publisher. Enabling Oracle BI Publisher starts the software and keeps it ready for use within the Enterprise Manager system. Disabling Oracle BI Publisher leaves the software as it is without starting it.

      To enable Oracle BI Publisher, select Enable Oracle BI Publisher.

      Note:

      If you choose to disable Oracle BI Publisher during the installation, then you can enable it after the installation by running the following EM CTL command from the bin directory of the Oracle home.

      $<ORACLE_HOME>/bin/emctl config oms -enable_bip

      The command only enables Oracle BI Publisher, but does not start it. To start it, run the following command from the bin directory of the Oracle home.

      $<ORACLE_HOME>/bin/emctl start oms -bip_only

  23. Click Next.

  24. Customize Ports.

    On the Port Configuration Details screen, customize the ports to be used for various components.

    Note:

    If all the ports on this screen appear as -1, then it indicates that the installer is unable to bind the ports on the host. To resolve this issue, exit the installer, verify the host name and the IP configuration of this host (ensure that the IP address of the host is not being used by another host), restart the installer, and try again.

    You can enter a free custom port that is either within or outside the port range recommended by Oracle.

    To verify if a port is free, run the following command:

    • On Unix:

      netstat -an | grep <port no>

    • On Microsoft Windows:

      netstat -an|findstr <port_no>

    However, the custom port must be greater than 1024 and lesser than 65535. Alternatively, if you already have the ports predefined in a staticports.ini file and if you want to use those ports, then click Import staticports.ini file and select the file.

    Note:

    If the staticports.ini file is passed during installation, then by default, the ports defined in the staticports.ini file are displayed. Otherwise, the first available port from the recommended range is displayed.

    The staticports.ini file is available in the following location:

    <Software_Extracted_Location>/response

  25. Click Next.

  26. Review and Install.

    On the Review screen, review the details you provided for the selected installation type.

    • If you want to change the details, click Back repeatedly until you reach the screen where you want to make the changes.

    • After you verify the details, if you are satisfied, click Install to begin the installation process.

  27. Track the Progress.

    On the Install Progress screen, view the overall progress (in percentage) of the installation.

  28. End the Installation.

    On the Finish screen, you should see information pertaining to the installation of Enterprise Manager. Review the information and click Close to exit the installation wizard.

  29. Run Scripts.

    Once the software binaries are copied, you are prompted to run the allroot.sh script, and the oraInstRoot.sh script if this is the first Oracle product installation on the host. Open another window, log in as root, and manually run the scripts.

    If you are installing on Microsoft Windows operating system, then you will NOT be prompted to run this script.

  30. Configuration.

    To configure the Enterprise Manager, run the ConfigureGC.sh script, using the following command:

    $<ORACLE_HOME>/oui/bin/ConfigureGC.sh ORACLE_HOME=<absolute_path_to_Middleware_home> MODE=perform ACTION=configure COMPONENT_XML={encap_oms.1_0_0_0_0.xml}

    For Microsoft Windows platforms, invoke ConfigureGC.bat script.

    Note:

    • If a configuration assistant fails, the installer stops and none of the subsequent configuration assistants are run. Resolve the issue and retry the configuration assistant.

    • If you accidently exit the installer before clicking Retry, then do NOT restart the installer to reach the same screen; instead, invoke the runConfig.sh script from the Oracle home to rerun the Configuration Assistant in silent mode. For Microsoft Windows platforms, invoke runConfig.bat script.

      $<ORACLE_HOME>/oui/bin/runConfig.sh ORACLE_HOME=<absolute_path_to_Oracle_home> MODE=perform ACTION=configure COMPONENT_XML={encap_oms.1_0_0_0_0.xml}

      If the runConfig.sh script fails, then clean up your environment and redo the installation.

    • If a Server Load Balancer (SLB) is configured in your environment, and the upload port is locked, then configure the SLB for JVMD Engines, and then secure the OMS.

      If an SLB is configured in your environment, but the upload port is unlocked, then decide whether you want to route the JVMD traffic through the SLB. If you do, then configure the SLB for JVMD Engines, and then secure the OMS. If you do not wish to configure the SLB for JVMD, post upgrade then you may choose to skip it.

      To secure the OMS, run the following command:

      <ORACLE_HOME>/bin/emctl secure oms -host <SLB host>-slb_jvmd_http_port <JVMD_SLB_HTTP_Port> -slb_jvmd_https_port <JVMD_SLB_HTTPS_Port> -sysman_pwd <system_password> -reg_pwd <agent_registration_password>

Apply Bundle Patch

If you want to apply a Bundle Patch that is available on top of 13c Release 4 release on an Oracle Home, perform the following steps:

Note:

Since omspatcher is located in ‘$ORACLE_HOME/OMSPatcher’, ensure that the directory is included in the path before running the commands.
  1. Execute omspatcher in bitonly mode for the Bundle Patch.

    For example,
    $ORACLE_HOME/OMSPatcher/omspatcher apply -bitonly
    
    OMSPatcher Automation Tool
    Copyright (c) 2017, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.
    OMSPatcher version : 13.8.0.0.3
    OUI version        : 13.9.4.0.0
    Running from       : $ORACLE_HOME
    Log file location  : $ORACLE_HOME/cfgtoollogs/omspatcher/opatch<timestamp>_1.log
    OMSPatcher log file: $ORACLE_HOME/cfgtoollogs/omspatcher/1111141/omspatcher_<timestamp>_deploy.log
    
    WARNING: OMSPatcher has been invoked with 'bitonly' option but the System patch provided has deployment metadata. 
    Invocation in 'bitonly' mode will prevent OMSPatcher from deploying artifacts. 
    Do you want to proceed? [y|n]
    y
    User Responded with: Y
    
    Running apply prerequisite checks for sub-patch(es) "1111141" and Oracle Home "$ORACLE_HOME"...
    Sub-patch(es) "1111141" are successfully analyzed for Oracle Home "$ORACLE_HOME"
    To continue, OMSPatcher will do the following:
    [Patch and deploy artifacts]   : 
    Do you want to proceed? [y|n]
    y
    User Responded with: Y
    Applying sub-patch(es) "1111141"
    Please monitor log file: $ORACLE_HOME/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch<timestamp>_1.log
    
    Complete Summary
    ================
    All  log file names referenced below can be accessed from the directory "$ORACLE_HOME/cfgtoollogs/omspatcher/<timestamp>_SystemPatch_1111141_1"
    Patching summary:
    -----------------
    Binaries of the following sub-patch(es) have been applied successfully:
    Featureset   Sub-patches      Log file                        
    ----------   -----------      --------  
    oracle.sysman.top.oms_13.4.0.0.0       1111141      1111141_opatch<timestamp>_1.log
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    The following warnings have occurred during OPatch execution:
    1) OMSPatcher has been invoked with 'bitonly' option but the System patch provided has deployment metadata.
    Invocation in 'bitonly' mode will prevent OMSPatcher from deploying artifacts.
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    OMSPatcher Session completed with warnings.
    Log file location:$ORACLE_HOME/cfgtoollogs/omspatcher/1111141/omspatcher_<timestamp>_deploy.log
    OMSPatcher completed with warnings.
    
    
  2. Run omspatcher lspatches command to list all the sub-patches applied in Step 1.

    Syntax: omspatcher lspatches | grep "bp_id"

    For example,
    ************omspatcher Trace for reference
    $omspatcher lspatches | grep 30684860
    oracle.help.ohw.rcf/12.2.1.3.0                     Core
            N/A                 30684860             ADF BUNDLE PATCH
            12.2.1.3.0(ID:191219.0902.S)
    oracle.jrf.adfrt.javatools/12.2.1.3.0              Core
            N/A                 30684860             ADF BUNDLE PATCH
            12.2.1.3.0(ID:191219.0902.S)
    oracle.jrf.adfrt/12.2.1.3.0                        Core
            N/A                 30684860             ADF BUNDLE PATCH
            12.2.1.3.0(ID:191219.0902.S)
    oracle.help.ohw.share/12.2.1.3.0                   Core
            N/A                 30684860             ADF BUNDLE PATCH
            12.2.1.3.0(ID:191219.0902.S)
    oracle.jrf.adfrt.help/12.2.1.3.0                   Core
            N/A                 30684860             ADF BUNDLE PATCH
            12.2.1.3.0(ID:191219.0902.S)
    

    Note:

    The last column lists all the sub-patches applied with the Bundle Patch.
  3. Run omspatcher commit command with any one applied sub-patch-id.

    Note:

    The output of Step 2 lists all the applied sub-patches. You can pick any sub-patch id and run omspatcher commit command.

Syntax: omspatcher commit -id <subpatch_id>

For example,
OMSPatcher/omspatcher commit -id 30684860

OMSPatcher Automation Tool
Copyright (c) 2017, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

OMSPatcher version : 13.8.0.0.3
OUI version        : 13.9.4.0.0
Running from       : /scratch/XXX
Log file location  : /scratch/XXX/cfgtoollogs/omspatcher/opatch<timestamp>_1.log

OMSPatcher will now mark the patch "30684860" as auto-executed.
Log file location: /scratch/XXX/cfgtoollogs/omspatcher/opatch<timestamp>_1.log
OMSPatcher succeeded.

Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method in Graphical Mode

This section explains how you can install only the software binaries of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control at one point in graphical mode, and configure the installation at a later point. In particular, this section covers the following:

Installing the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software Binaries in Graphical Mode

To install only the software binaries of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control in graphical mode, follow these steps:

Note:

Oracle recommends you to run the EM Prerequisite Kit before invoking the installer to ensure that you meet all the repository requirements beforehand. Even if you do not run it manually, the installer anyway runs it in the background while installing the product. However, running it manually beforehand sets up your Management Repository even before you can start the installation or upgrade process. For information on the kit, to understand how to run it, and to know about the prerequisite checks it runs, see the Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide.

However, if you plan to use a database instance that was created with a preconfigured Management Repository using the database templates offered by Oracle, then make sure you pass the following parameter while invoking the EM Prerequisite Kit.

-componentVariables repository:EXECUTE_CHECKS_NOSEED_DB_FOUND:false

  1. Invoke the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard

    Invoke the installer. (On Unix, make sure you invoke the installer as a user who belongs to the oinstall group you created. For information about creating operating system groups and users, see the Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide.)

    <Software_Location>/em13400_<platform>.bin [-invPtrLoc <absolute_path_to_oraInst.loc>]

    Note:

    • To invoke the installation wizard on UNIX platforms, run em13400_<platform>.bin. To invoke on Microsoft Windows platforms, run setup_em13400_win64.exe.

    • The installer requires about 14 GB of hard disk space in the temporary directory. If your temporary directory does not have this space, then pass the -J-Djava.io.tmpdir parameter and provide an alternative directory where there is 14 GB of space.

      The directory specified by this parameter will also be used as the location for the Provisioning Advisor Framework (PAF) staging directory, which is used for copying the Software Library entities related to the deployment procedures. The PAF staging directory is used only for provisioning activities — entities are copied for a deployment procedure, and then, deleted once the deployment procedure ends.

      For example,

      ./em13400_linux64.bin -J-Djava.io.tmpdir=/u01/software/em13c/stage/

    • The -invPtrLoc parameter is supported only on UNIX platforms, and not on Microsoft Windows platforms.

    • For information about the additional, advanced options you can pass while invoking the installer, refer to Using Advanced Installer Options While Installing the Enterprise Manager Software Using the Software-Only Method in Graphical Mode.

  2. (Optional) Enter My Oracle Support Details

    On the My Oracle Support Details screen, enter your My Oracle Support credentials to enable Oracle Configuration Manager. If you do not want to enable Oracle Configuration Manager now, go to Step (3).

    If the host from where you are running the installation wizard does not have a connection to the Internet, then enter only the e-mail address and leave the other fields blank. After you complete the installation, manually collect the configuration information and upload it to My Oracle Support.

  3. Click Next.

  4. (Recommended) Install Software Updates

    On the Software Updates screen, select Search for Updates, and then select one of the following options to apply the latest software updates:

    • Local Directory, if you do not have Internet connectivity on your host, and want to download the updates in offline mode and apply them while performing the installation.

    • My Oracle Support, if you have Internet connectivity on your host, and want to connect to My Oracle Support directly via the installer to download the updates in online mode and apply them while performing the installation.

    For more information on these options, and for instructions to download and apply the software updates using these options, see How Can You Download the Software Updates?.

    Note:

    The Software Updates screen uses the built-in feature Software Update to automatically download and deploy the latest recommended patches while installing or upgrading Enterprise Manager Cloud Control. This way, you do not have to keep a manual check on the patches released by Oracle. All patches required by the installer for successful installation and upgrade are automatically detected and downloaded from My Oracle Support, and applied during the installation or upgrade, thus reducing the known issues and potential failures. Oracle strongly recommends using this feature, and applying the software updates while the installation is in progress. For more information, see What Is a Software Update?.

  5. Click Next.

    If Enterprise Manager Cloud Control is the first Oracle product you are installing on the host that is running on UNIX operating system, then the Oracle Inventory screen appears. For details, see step (6). Otherwise, the Check Prerequisites screen appears. For details, see step (8).

    If Enterprise Manager Cloud Control is the first Oracle product you are installing on the host that is running on Microsoft Windows operating system, then the Oracle Inventory screen does not appear. On Microsoft Windows, the following is the default inventory directory:

    <system drive>\Program Files\Oracle\Inventory
    
  6. Enter Oracle Inventory Details

    On the Oracle Inventory screen, do the following. You will see this screen only if this turns out to be your first ever installation of an Oracle product on the host.

    1. Enter the full path to a directory where the inventory files and directories can be placed.

      Note:

      • If this is the first Oracle product on the host, then the default central inventory location is <home directory>/oraInventory. However, if you already have some Oracle products on the host, then the central inventory location can be found in the oraInst.loc file. The oraInst.loc file is located in the /etc directory for Linux and AIX, and in the /var/opt/oracle directory for Solaris, HP-UX, and Tru64.

      • Ensure that you have read, write, and execute permissions on the default inventory directory. If you do not have the required permissions, then exit the installer, invoke the installer again with the INVENTORY_LOCATION parameter, and pass the absolute path to the alternative inventory location.

        For example,

        <Software_Location>/em13400_<platform>.bin INVENTORY_LOCATION=<absolute_path_to_inventory_directory>

        Alternatively, invoke the installer with the -invPtrLoc parameter, and pass the absolute path to the oraInst.loc file that contains the alternative inventory location.

        For example,

        <Software_Location>/em13400_<platform>.bin -invPtrLoc <absolute_path_to_oraInst.loc>

        However, note that these parameters are supported only on UNIX platforms, and not on Microsoft Windows platforms.

    2. Select the appropriate operating system group name that will own the Oracle inventory directories. The group that you select must have write permissions on the Oracle Inventory directories.

  7. Click Next.

  8. Check Prerequisites

    On the Prerequisite Checks screen, check the status of the prerequisite checks run by the installation wizard, and verify whether your environment meets all the minimum requirements for a successful installation.

    The installation wizard runs the prerequisite checks automatically when you come to this screen. It checks for the required operating system patches, operating system packages, and so on.

    The status of the prerequisite check can be either Warning, Failed, Succeeded, Not Executed, In Progress, or Pending.

    • If some checks result in Warning or Failed status, then investigate and correct the problems before you proceed with the installation. The screen provides details on why the prerequisites failed and how you can resolve them. After you correct the problems, return to this screen and click Rerun to check the prerequisites again.

    • However, all package requirements must be met or fixed before proceeding any further. Otherwise, the installation might fail.

  9. Click Next.

    Note:

    If a prerequisite check fails reporting a missing package, then make sure you install the required package, and click Rerun. The installation wizard validates the package name as well as the version, so make sure you install the packages of the minimum versions mentioned in the Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide. To understand the logic the installation wizard uses to verify these packages, see the Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide.

  10. Select Installation Type

    On the Installation Types screen, select Install software only.

  11. Click Next.

  12. Enter Installation Details

    On the Installation Details screen, do the following:

    1. Enter the Middleware home where you want to install the OMS and other core components.

      For example,

      /u01/software/em13c/oraclehome

      Note:

      • The Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard installs Oracle WebLogic Server 12c Release 2 (12.2.1.3.0) and JDK 1.8.0_231 by default in this middleware home directory you enter here. A preinstalled JDK or Oracle WebLogic Server is not supported from 13c Release 1 onwards.

      • Ensure that the number of characters in the middleware home path does not exceed 70 characters for Unix platforms and 25 characters for Microsoft Windows platforms.

        For example, the middleware home path C:\sw\em13c\oraclehome containing only 22 characters is acceptable. However, C:\OracleSoftware\OracleMiddleware\OracleEnterpriseManager\OMS\newrelease\oms containing more than 25 characters is not acceptable for Microsoft Windows platforms.

    2. Enter the absolute path to the agent base directory, a location outside the Oracle Middleware home where the Management Agent can be installed.

      For example, if the middleware home is /u01/software/em13c/oraclehome, then you can specify the agent base directory as /u01/software/em13c/agentbasedir.

      Ensure that this location is empty and has write permission. Also ensure that it is always maintained outside the middleware home.

      Note:

      Ensure that the number of characters in the middleware home path does not exceed 70 characters for Unix platforms and 25 characters for Microsoft Windows platforms.

      For example, the middleware home path C:\Oracle\MW\EM containing only 15 characters is acceptable. However, C:\OracleSoftware\OracleMiddleware\OracleEnterpriseManager\OMS\newrelease\oms containing more than 25 characters is not acceptable for Microsoft Windows platforms.

    3. Validate the name of the host where you want to configure the OMS.

      The host name appears as a fully qualified name, or as a virtual host name if your host is configured with virtual machine. If the installation wizard was invoked with a value for ORACLE_HOSTNAME, then this field is prepopulated with that name.

      Accept the default host name, or enter a fully qualified domain name that is registered in the DNS and is accessible from other network hosts, or enter an alias host name that is defined in the /etc/hosts file on all the OMS instances at this site.

      Note:

      The host name must resolve to the local host because the host name is used for the local Oracle WebLogic Server as well as the Oracle Management Service. Do not provide a remote host or a load balancer virtual host in this field. Do not enter an IP address. Do not use underscores in the name. Short names are allowed, but you will see a warning, so Oracle recommends that you enter a fully qualified domain name instead.

  13. Click Next.

  14. Review and Install

    On the Review screen, review the details you provided for the selected installation type.

    • If you want to change the details, click Back repeatedly until you reach the screen where you want to make the changes.

    • After you verify the details, if you are satisfied, click Install to begin the installation process.

  15. Track the Progress

    On the Install Progress screen, view the overall progress (in percentage) of the installation.

  16. End the Installation

    On the Finish screen, you should see information pertaining to the installation of Enterprise Manager. Review the information and click Close to exit the installation wizard.

Using Advanced Installer Options While Installing the Enterprise Manager Software Using the Software-Only Method in Graphical Mode

The following are some additional, advanced options you can pass while invoking the installer:

  • For Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 13c and later, GCDomain is the only supported domain name for creating the WebLogic domain. Customized WebLogic domain names are not supported.

  • If you want to set the Central Inventory, then pass the -invPtrLoc parameter. This parameter considers the path to a location where the inventory pointer file (oraInst.loc) is available. However, this parameter is supported only on UNIX platforms, and not on Microsoft Windows platforms.

    For example,

    ./em13400_<platform>.bin -invPtrLoc /scratch/OracleHomes/oraInst.loc -silent -responseFile <absolute_path_response_file>

  • After you install the software binaries, you will configure the binaries. And after the configuration ends successfully, by default, the OMS and the Management Agent start automatically. If you do not want them to start automatically, then invoke the installation wizard with START_OMS and START_AGENT options, and set them to true or false depending on what you want to control.

    Note:

    Ensure that the START_OMS and START_AGENT options are used even when the ConfigureGC.sh is invoked to configure the software binaries as described in Configuring the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software Binaries in Graphical Mode.

Running the Root Script

(For UNIX Only) After you install the software binaries of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control, log in as a root user in a new terminal and run the following scripts:

  • If this is the first Oracle product you just installed on the host, then run the oraInstroot.sh script from the inventory location specified in the oraInst.loc file that is available in the Management Agent home.

    For example, if the inventory location specified in the oraInst.loc file is $HOME/oraInventory, then run the following command:

    $HOME/oraInventory/oraInstRoot.sh

    Note:

    If you are not a root user, then use SUDO to change to a root user. For example, run the following command:

    /usr/local/bin/sudo $HOME/oraInventory/oraInstRoot.sh

  • Run the allroot.sh script from the Oracle home of the OMS host:

    $<ORACLE_HOME>/allroot.sh

    Note:

    If you are not a root user, then use SUDO to change to a root user. For example, run the following command:

    /usr/local/bin/sudo $<ORACLE_HOME>/allroot.sh

Configuring the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software Binaries in Graphical Mode

To configure Enterprise Manager Cloud Control, follow these steps:

  1. Invoke the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Installation Wizard

    Invoke the installation wizard. (On Unix, make sure you invoke the installation wizard as a user who belongs to the oinstall group you created. For information about creating operating system groups and users see, Creating Operating System Groups and Users for Enterprise Manager Cloud Control in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.

    $<ORACLE_HOME>/sysman/install/ConfigureGC.sh [-invPtrLoc <absolute_path_to_oraInst.loc>]

    Note:

    • While installing the software binaries as described in Installing the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software Binaries in Graphical Mode, if you had passed the argument -invPtrLoc, then pass the same argument here as well.

    • The -invPtrLoc parameter is supported only on UNIX platforms, and not on Microsoft Windows platforms.

    • For information about the additional, advanced options you can pass while invoking the script, refer to Using Advanced Script Options While Configuring the Enterprise Manager Software Using the Software-Only Method in Graphical Mode.

    • The only way to configure a software-only installation is to run the ConfigureGC.sh (or ConfigureGC.bat on Microsoft Windows) script. DO NOT run the individual configuration assistants to configure a software-only installation. If you want to run the individual configuration assistants to configure the installation for some reason, then contact Oracle Support.

    • If you have already configured a software-only installation (the Oracle home) using the ConfigureGC.sh script (or ConfigureGC.bat on Microsoft Windows, then DO NOT try to reconfigure it—either using the script or using the individual configuration assistants.

  2. Select Installation Type

    In the installation wizard, on the Installation Types screen, select Create a new Enterprise Manager system.

  3. Click Next.

  4. Deploy Plug-Ins

    On the Plug-In Deployment screen, select the optional plug-ins you want to install from the software kit (DVD, downloaded software) while installing the Enterprise Manager system.

    The pre-selected rows are mandatory plug-ins that will be installed by default. Select the optional ones you want to install.

    Note:

    If you select a deprecated plug-in that is supported only in 13c Release 4 but not in any of the future releases, then you are prompted to evaluate your selection and decide whether or not you want to proceed with the deployment of such plug-ins.

    Note:

    During installation, if you want to install a plug-in that is not available in the software kit, then refer to the point about installing additional plug-ins in Using Advanced Installer Options While Installing the Enterprise Manager Software Using the Software-Only Method in Graphical Mode.

  5. Click Next.

  6. Enter WebLogic Server Configuration Details

    On the WebLogic Server Configuration Details screen, enter the credentials for the WebLogic Server user account and the Node Manager user account, and validate the path to the Oracle Management Service instance base location. Ensure that the Oracle Management Service instance base location is outside the middleware home

    Note:

    Ensure that your password contains at least 8 characters without any spaces, begins with a letter, and includes at least one numeric value.

    Note:

    Ensure that the Oracle Management Service instance base location is outside the middleware home.

    By default, the WebLogic Domain name is GCDomain, and the Node Manager name is nodemanager. These are non-editable fields. The installer uses this information for creating Oracle WebLogic Domain and other associated components such as the admin server, the managed server, and the node manager.

    A Node Manager enables you to start, shut down, or restart an Oracle WebLogic Server instance remotely, and is recommended for applications with high availability requirements.

    Note:

    On Microsoft Windows, a Node Manager service is NOT created. This is an expected behavior.

    By default, the Oracle Management Service instance base location is gc_inst, which is created outside the Middleware home for storing all configuration details related to the OMS.

  7. Click Next.

  8. Enter Database Connection Details

    On the Database Connection Details screen, do the following:

    1. Provide details of the existing, certified database where the Management Repository needs to be created. If you have already created a database instance with a preconfigured Management Repository using the database templates offered by Oracle, then provide details about that database instance.

      The installer uses this information to connect to the existing database for creating the SYSMAN schema and plug-in schemas. If you provide details of a database that already has a preconfigured Management Repository, then the installer only creates plug-in schemas.

      Note:

      • For information about creating a database instance with a preconfigured Management Repository using the database templates offered by Oracle, refer to Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide.

      • If you connect to a database instance that was created using the database template offered by Oracle, then note that the password assigned to the user accounts SYSMAN_MDS, SYSMAN_APM, and SYSMAN122130_OPSS, which were created while preconfiguring the Management Repository, are automatically reset with the SYSMAN password you enter on the Repository Configuration Details screen (as described in Step (10)).

      • The PDB name will always be empdbrepos irrespective of the CDB name if the PDB is created with the above listed templates. However, if the CDB is created with <domain name> then the PDB will be empdbrepos.<domain name>. For more information see, Creating a Database Instance with Preconfigured Repository Using Database Templates in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.

      • If you are providing the details of a pluggable database (PDB), then use the full service name instead of the alias. For example, pdb.example.com. If you are providing the details of a lone-pluggable database (Lone-PDB), then use the full service name. For example, pdb.example.com. If you are providing the details of a non-container database (Non-CDB), then use the SID.

      • To identify whether your database is a certified database listed in the certification matrix, access the certification matrix as described in Accessing the Enterprise Manager Certification Matrix in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.

      • For information on all the database initialization parameters that are set, and all the prerequisite checks that are run, and for instructions to run the prerequisite checks manually if they fail, see Overview of the EM Prerequisite Kit in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Basic Installation Guide.

    2. Select the deployment size from the Deployment Size list to indicate the number of targets you plan to monitor, the number of Management Agents you plan to have, and the number of concurrent user sessions you plan to have.

      The prerequisite checks are run regardless of the selection you make, but the values to be set for the various parameters checked depend on the selection you make.

      For more information on deployment sizes, the prerequisite checks that are run, the database parameters that are set, and how you can modify the deployment size after installation, refer to What is a Deployment Size for Enterprise Manager Cloud Control in an Advanced Configuration?.

      Table 4-2 describes each deployment size.

      Table 4-2 Deployment Size

      Deployment Size Targets Count Management Agents Count Concurrent User Session Count

      Small

      Up to 999

      Up to 99

      Up to 10

      Medium

      Between 1000 and 9999

      Between 100 and 999

      Between 10 and 24

      Large

      10,000 or more

      1000 or more

      Between 25 and 50

  9. Click Next.

    Note:

    If the database you are connecting to is a database instance created with a preconfigured Management Repository using the database templates offered by Oracle, then make sure the deployment size you select on this screen matches with the deployment size you selected in the Oracle Database Configuration Assistant (DBCA) while creating the database instance.

    If you want to select a deployment size different from the deployment size you had selected while creating the database instance using DBCA, then do one of the following:

    • Select the deployment size of your choice on this screen, and click Next. When you see errors, fix the parameters in the database, then return to this screen to continue with the installation. To automatically fix the parameters using Oracle-supplied SQL scripts, see the Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide.

    • Minimize the installer, create another database instance with a template for the desired deployment size, then return to this screen and select the matching deployment size. For instructions, see the Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide.

  10. Enter Enterprise Manager Configuration Details

    On the Repository Configuration Details screen, do the following:

    1. For SYSMAN Password, enter a password for creating the SYSMAN user account. The SYSMAN user account is used for creating the SYSMAN schema, which holds most of the relational data used in managing Enterprise Manager Cloud Control. SYSMAN is also the super administrator for Enterprise Manager Cloud Control.

      Note:

      • Ensure that your password contains at least 8 characters without any spaces, begins with a letter, and includes at least one numeric value.

      • If you connect to a database instance that was created using the database template offered by Oracle, then note that the password assigned to the user accounts SYSMAN_MDS, SYSMAN_APM, and SYSMAN122130_OPSS, which were created while preconfiguring the Management Repository, are automatically reset with the SYSMAN password you enter on this screen.

    2. For Registration Password, enter a password for registering the new Management Agents that join the Enterprise Manager system.

      Note:

      Ensure that your password contains at least 8 characters without any spaces, begins with a letter, and includes at least one numeric value.

    3. For Management Tablespace, enter the absolute path to the location where the data file for management tablespace (mgmt.dbf) can be stored. The installer uses this information for storing data about the monitored targets, their metrics, and so on. Ensure that the specified path leads up to the file name.

      For example, /u01/oracle/prod/oradata/mgmt.dbf

      If the database is on Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM), then the path must look like: +<disk_group>/<sid>/<subdir_path_if_any>/<datafilename>.dbf

      For example, +DATA/oemrsp01d/datafile/mgmt.dbf

    4. For Configuration Data Tablespace, enter the absolute path to the location where the data file for configuration data tablespace (mgmt_ecm_depot1.dbf) can be stored. This is required for storing configuration information collected from the monitored targets. Ensure that the specified path leads up to the file name.

      For example, /u01/oracle/prod/oradata/mgmt_ecm_depot1.dbf

      If the database is on Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM), then the path must look like: +<disk_group>/<sid>/<subdir_path_if_any>/<datafilename>.dbf

      For example, +DATA/oemrsp01d/datafile/mgmt_ecm_depot1.dbf

    5. For JVM Diagnostics Data Tablespace, enter the absolute path to a location where the data file for JVM Diagnostics data tablespace (mgmt_deepdive.dbf) can be stored. Ensure that the specified path leads up to the file name. Enterprise Manager Cloud Control requires this data file to store monitoring data related to JVM Diagnostics and Application Dependency Performance (ADP).

      For example, /u01/oracle/prod/oradata/mgmt_deepdive.dbf

      If the database is on Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM), then the path must look like: +<disk_group>/<sid>/<subdir_path_if_any>/<datafilename>.dbf

      For example, +DATA/oemrsp01d/datafile/mgmt_deepdive.dbf

  11. Click Next.

  12. Configure Shared Locations.

    On the Enterprise Manager Shared Location Details screen, do the following:

    1. Configure Oracle Software Library. Oracle Software Library (Software Library) is a feature within Enterprise Manager Cloud Control that acts as a repository to store software entities such as software patches, virtual appliance images, reference gold images, application software, and their associated directive scripts. You require the Software Library for operations such as provisioning, patching, and so on.

      by selecting Configure Oracle Software Library. Enter the absolute path leading up to a unique directory name. By default, the storage location that is configured is the OMS Shared File System location, so Oracle strongly recommends that the location you enter is a mounted location on the OMS host. This helps when you install additional OMS instances that can use the same mounted Software Library location.

      Note:

      Software Library supports two types of storage locations, mainly OMS Shared File System location and OMS Agent File System location. To understand these storage locations, see Upload File Locations in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Administrator's Guide..

      For some reason, if you are unable to configure an OMS Shared File System location, then configure an OMS Agent Storage location. For instructions, see Configuring an OMS Agent File system Location in the Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Administrator's Guide.

      Note:

      • Configuring the Software Library at the time of installation is optional. Even if you do not select this option and configure it now, your installation will succeed. You always have the option of configuring the Software Library later using the Initial Setup Console or the Software Library Administration Console (available within the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Console). However, Oracle strongly recommends that you select this option and configure it at the time of installation so that the installer can automatically configure it for you. This saves time and effort, and enables you to install an additional OMS, immediately after the first OMS, and configure it to use the same Software Library location.

      • Once the Software Library is configured, you can view the location details in the Software Library Administration Console. To access this console, from the Setup menu, select Provisioning and Patching, then select Software Library.

    2. Configure a shared location for Oracle BI Publisher that is installed and configured by default. The shared storage location will act as a common location for storing the report catalog and associated management information for the first OMS you are installing now and also for the additional OMS you plan to install in the future.

      (i) Identify a shared location that you can use for Oracle BI Publisher.

      If you do not have an existing shared location, create a new one and ensure that it is visible on the host where you are installing the first OMS and also on other hosts where you plan to install additional OMS instances.

      At install time, for the installation to be successful, you can reserve approximately 400 MB of hard disk space for the shared directory. However, Oracle recommends that you scale it to at least 10 GB eventually, and ensure that it can be extended further in the future because the space utilization increases over a period of time as you install additional plug-ins and create more reports.

      Caution:

      If you already have a shared location that you were using for the Software Library or for staging gold images in the previous release of Enterprise Manager, then you can choose to use the same location. However, ensure that the directories within the shared location are unique for Oracle BI Publisher, Software Library, and staged gold images. For example, if you already are using the shared location /u01/software/examplehost/shrd/ where the Software Library is configured in /u01/software/examplehost/shrd/SW, then you can use the same location, but make sure the directory within this shared location for Oracle BI Publisher is /u01/software/examplehost/shrd/BIP.

      (ii) On this screen, select Configure a Shared Location for Oracle BI Publisher. Enter the following directory paths. Ensure that the user account that you are using to install the first OMS has read and write permission on these paths.

      Note:

      When you invoke the installer on Microsoft Windows, the Enterprise Manager Shared Location Details screen does not show the Config Volume and Cluster Volume options. This is an expected behavior.

      For Config Volume, enter the path leading up to the /config directory on the shared storage location where Oracle BI Publisher repository and configuration files can be stored. For example, /u01/software/examplehost/shrd/BIP/config

      For Cluster Volume, enter the path leading up to the /cluster directory on the shared storage location where Oracle BI Publisher scheduler storage can be maintained for Oracle BI Publisher to operate in a high-availability environment. For example, /u01/software/examplehost/shrd/BIP/cluster

      WARNING:

      Do not delete these directories after the installation. The directories are required for proper functioning of Oracle BI Publisher, and therefore are required during the installation and also after the installation.

    3. Enable or disable the installed and configured Oracle BI Publisher. Enabling Oracle BI Publisher starts the software and keeps it ready for use within the Enterprise Manager system. Disabling Oracle BI Publisher leaves the software as it is without starting it.

      To enable Oracle BI Publisher, select Enable Oracle BI Publisher.

      Note:

      If you choose to disable Oracle BI Publisher during the installation, then you can enable it after the installation by running the following EM CTL command from the bin directory of the Oracle home of the first OMS host.

      $<ORACLE_HOME>/bin/emctl config oms -enable_bip

      The command only enables Oracle BI Publisher, but does not start it. To start it, run the following command from the bin directory of the Oracle home of the first OMS host.

      $<ORACLE_HOME>/bin/emctl start oms -bip_only

  13. Customize Ports

    On the Port Configuration Details screen, customize the ports to be used for various components.

    You can enter a free custom port that is either within or outside the port range recommended by Oracle.

    To verify if a port is free, run the following command:

    • On Unix:

      netstat -anp | grep <port no>

    • On Microsoft Windows:

      netstat -an|findstr <port_no>

    However, the custom port must be greater than 1024 and lesser than 65535. Alternatively, if you already have the ports predefined in a staticports.ini file and if you want to use those ports, then click Import staticports.ini file and select the file.

    Note:

    If the staticports.ini file is passed during installation, then by default, the ports defined in the staticports.ini file are displayed. Otherwise, the first available port from the recommended range is displayed.

    The staticports.ini file is available in the following location:

    <Software_Extracted_Location>/response

  14. Click Next.

  15. Review and Configure

    On the Review screen, review the details you provided for the selected installation type.

    • If you want to change the details, click Back repeatedly until you reach the screen where you want to make the changes.

    • After you verify the details, if you are satisfied, click Configure to begin the installation process.

  16. Track the Progress

    On the Install Progress screen, view the overall progress (in percentage) of the installation.

    Note:

    • If a configuration assistant fails, the installer stops and none of the subsequent configuration assistants are run. Resolve the issue and retry the configuration assistant.

    • If you accidently exit the installer before clicking Retry, then do NOT restart the installer to reach the same screen; instead, invoke the runConfig.sh script from the Oracle home of the OMS host to rerun the configuration assistant in silent mode. For Microsoft Windows platforms, invoke the runConfig.bat script.

      $<ORACLE_HOME>/oui/bin/runConfig.sh ORACLE_HOME=<absolute_path_to_OMS_home> MODE=perform ACTION=configure COMPONENT_XML={encap_oms.1_0_0_0_0.xml}

      If the runConfig.sh script fails, then clean up your environment and redo the installation.

  17. End the Installation

    On the Finish screen, you should see information pertaining to the installation of Enterprise Manager. Review the information and click Close to exit the installation wizard.

    Note:

    If a Server Load Balancer (SLB) is configured in your environment, and the upload port is locked, then configure the SLB for JVMD Engines, and then secure the OMS.

    If an SLB is configured in your environment, but the upload port is unlocked, then decide whether you want to route the JVMD traffic through the SLB. If you do, then configure the SLB for JVMD Engines, and then secure the OMS.

    To secure the OMS, run the following command from the bin directory of the Oracle home of the OMS host:

    <ORACLE_HOME>/bin/emctl secure oms -host <SLB host>-slb_jvmd_http_port <JVMD_SLB_HTTP_Port> -slb_jvmd_https_port <JVMD_SLB_HTTPS_Port> -sysman_pwd <system_password> -reg_pwd <agent_registration_password>

Using Advanced Script Options While Configuring the Enterprise Manager Software Using the Software-Only Method in Graphical Mode

The following are some additional, advanced options you can pass while invoking the configureGC.sh script (or configureGC.bat on Microsoft Windows):

  • For Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 13c and later, GCDomain is the only supported domain name for creating the WebLogic domain. Customized WebLogic domain names are not supported.

  • If you want to install some plug-ins that are not in the software kit (DVD, downloaded software), then do the following:

    1. Manually download the desired plug-ins from Oracle Enterprise Manager Extensibility Exchange and save them in a known location.

    2. Invoke the ConfigureGC.sh script (or ConfigureGC.bat on Microsoft Windows) with the following parameter, and pass the location where the additional plug-ins have been downloaded:

      On UNIX platforms:

      ./ConfigureGC.sh PLUGIN_LOCATION=<absolute_path_to_plugin_software_location>

      On Microsoft Windows platforms:

      ./ConfigureGC.bat PLUGIN_LOCATION=<absolute_path_to_plugin_software_location>

      This displays a list of plug-ins available in the software kit (DVD, downloaded software) as well as the plug-ins available in this custom location. You can choose the ones you want to install.

  • After the configuration ends successfully, the OMS and the Management Agent start automatically. If you do not want them to start automatically, then invoke the script with START_OMS and START_AGENT options, and set them to true or false depending on what you want to control.

    Note:

    Ensure that the START_OMS and START_AGENT options are used even when the installation wizard was invoked to install the software binaries as described in Installing the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software Binaries in Graphical Mode.

    For example, if you do not want the Management Agent to start automatically, then run the following command:

    $<ORACLE_HOME>/sysman/install/ConfigureGC.sh START_OMS=true START_AGENT=false

    To understand the limitations involved with this advanced option, see Limitations with the Advanced Options Supported for Installing an Enterprise Manager System in Silent Mode.

Performing Postconfiguration Tasks After Configuring the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software Binaries in Graphical Mode

Perform the post-install steps as described in the chapter on installing Enterprise Manager system that is available in the Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide.

Installing Enterprise Manager Using the Software-Only Method in Silent Mode

This section explains how you can install only the software binaries of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control at one point in silent mode, and configure the installation at a later point. In particular, this section covers the following:

Installing the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software Binaries in Silent Mode

To install only the software binaries of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control in silent mode, follow these steps:

Note:

Oracle recommends you to run the EM Prerequisite Kit before invoking the installer to ensure that you meet all the repository requirements beforehand. Even if you do not run it manually, the installer anyway runs it in the background while installing the product. However, running it manually beforehand sets up your Management Repository even before you can start the installation or upgrade process. For information on the kit, to understand how to run it, and to know about the prerequisite checks it runs, see the Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide.

However, if you plan to use a database instance that was created with a preconfigured Management Repository using the database templates offered by Oracle, then make sure you pass the following parameter while invoking the EM Prerequisite Kit.

-componentVariables repository:EXECUTE_CHECKS_NOSEED_DB_FOUND:false

  1. Invoke the installer and generate the response file you need to use for performing a silent software-only installation.

    ./em13400_<platform>.bin -getResponseFileTemplates -outputLoc <absolute_path_to_a_directory_to_store_the_generated_response_file>

    Note:

    The command generates three response files. You must use only the software_only.rsp file for this silent software-only installation.

  2. Edit the software_only.rsp file and enter appropriate values for the variables described in Table 4-3.
  3. Invoke the installer in silent mode and pass the updated response file.

    (On Unix, make sure you invoke the installer as a user who belongs to the oinstall group you created. For information about creating operating system groups and users, see the Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide.)

    • If this is the first Oracle product you are installing on the host, then run the following command:

      ./em13400_<platform>.bin -silent -responseFile <absolute_path_to_the_directory_where_the_generated_and_updated_response_file_is_stored>/software_only.rsp [-invPtrLoc <absolute_path_to_oraInst.loc>]

    • Otherwise, run the following command:

      ./em13400_<platform>.bin -silent -responseFile <absolute_path_to_the_directory_where_the_generated_and_updated_response_file_is_stored>/software_only.rsp

    Note:

    • To invoke the installation wizard on UNIX platforms, run em13400_<platform>.bin. To invoke on Microsoft Windows platforms, run setup_em13400_win64.exe.

    • The installer requires about 14 GB of hard disk space in the temporary directory. If your temporary directory does not have this space, then pass the -J-Djava.io.tmpdir parameter and provide an alternative directory where there is 14 GB of space.

      The directory specified by this parameter will also be used as the location for the Provisioning Advisor Framework (PAF) staging directory, which is used for copying the Software Library entities related to the deployment procedures. The PAF staging directory is used only for provisioning activities — entities are copied for a deployment procedure, and then, deleted once the deployment procedure ends.

      For example,

      ./em13400_linux64.bin -J-Djava.io.tmpdir=/u01/software/em13c/stage/

    • For information about the additional, advanced options you can pass while invoking the installer, refer to Advanced Installer Options Supported for Installing an Enterprise Manager System in Silent Mode.

Editing the software_only.rsp Response File for Installing the Enterprise Manager Software Using the Software-Only Method in Silent Mode

Table 4-3 describes what variables you must edit and how you must edit them in the software_only.rsp response file for installing the software binaries.

Table 4-3 Editing the software_only.rsp Response File for Installing the Enterprise Manager Software Using the Software-Only Method in Silent Mode

Parameter Data Type Double Quote Required for Values? Description

UNIX_GROUP_NAME

String

Yes

(Required only when central inventory does not exist) Enter the name of the UNIX group you belong to.

For example, "dba".

Note: This parameter is supported only on UNIX platforms, and not on Microsoft Windows platforms.

INVENTORY_LOCATION

String

Yes

(Required only when central inventory does not exist) Enter the absolute path to the Central Inventory. Ensure that you have read, write, and execute permissions on the default inventory directory.

For example, "/scratch/oracle/oraInventory".

Note: This parameter is supported only on UNIX platforms, and not on Microsoft Windows platforms.

SECURITY_UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT

Boolean

No

  • Enter TRUE if you want to download and install security updates. Then, enter the credentials for the following variables in double quotes:

    MYORACLESUPPORT_USERNAME

    MYORACLESUPPORT_PASSWORD

  • Enter FALSE if you do not want to download and install security updates:

DECLINE_SECURITY_UPDATES

Boolean

No

  • Enter TRUE if you want to decline the security updates. In this case, you should have entered False for SECURITY_UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT.

  • Enter FALSE if you do not want to decline the security updates. In this case, you should have entered TRUE for SECURITY_UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT.

INSTALL_UPDATES_SELECTION

String

Yes

By default, this variable is set to "skip" indicating that the software updates will not be installed during installation.

  • If you want to install the software updates from My Oracle Support, then set this variable to "download". Then, enter the credentials for the following parameters in double quotes.

    MYORACLESUPPORT_USERNAME_FOR_SOFTWAREUPDATES

    MYORACLESUPPORT_PASSWORD_FOR_SOFTWAREUPDATES

  • If you want to install the software updates from a staged location, then set this variable to "staged". Then, for the STAGE_LOCATION parameter, enter the absolute path, which leads to the Updates directory where the software updates are available, in double quotes.

ORACLE_MIDDLEWARE_HOME_LOCATION

String

Yes

Enter the location where you want the installer to install Oracle WebLogic Server 12c Release 2 (12.2.1.3.0) and Java Development Kit (JDK) 1.8.0_231. Ensure that the middleware location has write permission.

For example, "/u01/software/em13c/oraclehome".

Note: Ensure that the number of characters in the middleware home path does not exceed 70 characters for Unix platforms and 25 characters for Microsoft Windows platforms.

For example, the middleware home path C:\sw\em13c\oraclehome containing only 22 characters is acceptable. However, C:\OracleSoftware\OracleMiddleware\OracleEnterpriseManager\OMS\newrelease\oms containing more than 25 characters is not acceptable for Microsoft Windows platforms.

AGENT_BASE_DIR

String

Yes

Enter the absolute path to the agent base directory, a location outside the Oracle Middleware home where the Management Agent can be installed.

For example, "/u01/software/em13c/agentbasedir".

Ensure that this location is empty and has write permission. Also ensure that it is always maintained outside the Oracle Middleware home.

Note: (Only for Microsoft Windows) Ensure that the number of characters in the agent base directory path does not exceed 25 characters. For example, the agent base directory path C:\sw\em13c\agntbsedir containing only 22 characters is acceptable. However, C:\Oracle\ManagementAgent\12c\new containing more than 25 characters is not acceptable.

ORACLE_HOSTNAME

String

Yes

Enter a fully qualified domain name that is registered in the DNS and is accessible from other network hosts, or enter an alias host name that is defined in the /etc/hosts file on all the OMS instances at this site.

The host name must resolve to the local host because the host name is used for the local Oracle WebLogic Server as well as the Oracle Management Service. Do not provide a remote host or a load balancer virtual host in this field. Do not enter an IP address. Do not use underscores in the name. Short names are allowed, but you will see a warning, so Oracle recommends that you enter a fully qualified domain name instead.

If you do not mention the host name, the installation wizard will proceed further, honoring the host name it automatically detects for that host.

Running the Root Script

(For UNIX Only) After you install the software binaries of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control, log in as a root user in a new terminal and run the following scripts:

  • If this is the first Oracle product you just installed on the host, then run the oraInstroot.sh script from the inventory location specified in the oraInst.loc file that is available in the Management Agent home.

    For example, if the inventory location specified in the oraInst.loc file is $HOME/oraInventory, then run the following command:

    $HOME/oraInventory/oraInstRoot.sh

    Note:

    If you are not a root user, then use SUDO to change to a root user. For example, run the following command:

    /usr/local/bin/sudo $HOME/oraInventory/oraInstRoot.sh

  • Run the allroot.sh script from the OMS home:

    $<ORACLE_HOME>/allroot.sh

    Note:

    If you are not a root user, then use SUDO to change to a root user. For example, run the following command:

    /usr/local/bin/sudo $<ORACLE_HOME>/allroot.sh

Configuring the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software Binaries in Silent Mode

To configure the software binaries of Enterprise Manager Cloud Control, follow these steps:

  1. Access the new_install.rsp file that you generated in Step (1) of Installing the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software Binaries in Silent Mode. Edit that file and enter appropriate values for the variables described in Table 4-4.
  2. Configure the software binaries by invoking the ConfigureGC.sh script (or ConfigureGC.bat on Microsoft Windows) passing the response you edited in the previous step:

    $<ORACLE_HOME>/sysman/install/ConfigureGC.sh -silent -responseFile <absolute_path_to_the_directory_where_the_generated_and_updated_response_file_is_stored>/new_install.rsp [-invPtrLoc <absolute_path_to_oraInst.loc>]

    Note:

    • While installing the software binaries as described in Installing the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software Binaries in Silent Mode, if you had passed the argument -invPtrLoc, then pass the same argument here as well.

    • The -invPtrLoc parameter is supported only on UNIX platforms, and not on Microsoft Windows platforms.

    • For information about the additional, advanced options you can pass while invoking the script, refer to Using Advanced Script Options While Configuring the Enterprise Manager Software Using the Software-Only Method in Graphical Mode.

    • The only way to configure a software-only installation is to run the ConfigureGC.sh script (or ConfigureGC.bat on Microsoft Windows). DO NOT run the individual configuration assistants to configure a software-only installation. If you want to run the individual configuration assistants to configure the installation for some reason, then contact Oracle Support.

    • If you have already configured a software-only installation (the Oracle home) using the ConfigureGC.sh script (or ConfigureGC.bat on Microsoft Windows), then DO NOT try to reconfigure it—either using the script or using the individual configuration assistants.

    • If you connect to a database instance that was created using the database template offered by Oracle, then you will be prompted that the database parameters need to be modified to suit the deployment size you selected. This is because the templates are essentially designed for simple installation, and the database parameters are set as required for simple installation. Since it is used for advanced installation, the parameters must be set to different values. You can confirm the message to proceed further. The installation wizard will automatically set the parameters to the required values.

    Note:

    If a Server Load Balancer (SLB) is configured in your environment, and the upload port is locked, then configure the SLB for JVMD Engines, and then secure the OMS.

    If an SLB is configured in your environment, but the upload port is unlocked, then decide whether you want to route the JVMD traffic through the SLB. If you do, then configure the SLB for JVMD Engines, and then secure the OMS.

    To secure the OMS, run the following command from the bin directory of the Oracle home of the OMS host:

    <ORACLE_HOME>/bin/emctl secure oms -host <SLB host>-slb_jvmd_http_port <JVMD_SLB_HTTP_Port> -slb_jvmd_https_port <JVMD_SLB_HTTPS_Port> -sysman_pwd <system_password> -reg_pwd <agent_registration_password>

Note:

  • If a prerequisite check fails reporting a missing package, then make sure you install the required package, and retry the installation. The installer validates the package name as well as the version, so make sure you install the packages of the minimum versions mentioned in the Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide. To understand the logic the installer uses to verify these packages, see the Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide.

  • If any repository-related prerequisite check fails, then run the check manually. For instructions, see the appendix on EM Prerequisite Kit in the Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide.

  • If a configuration assistant fails, the installer stops and none of the subsequent configuration assistants are run. Resolve the issue and rerun the configuration assistant.

Editing the new_install.rsp Response File for Configuring the Enterprise Manager Software Using the Software-Only Method in Silent Mode

Table 4-4 describes what variables you must edit and how you must edit them in the new_install.rsp file for configuring the software binaries.

Table 4-4 Editing the new_install.rsp Response File for Configuring the Enterprise Manager Software Using the Software-Only Method in Silent Mode

Parameter Data Type Double Quotes Required for Value? Description

PLUGIN_SELECTION

By default, mandatory plug-ins such as Oracle Database Plug-in, Oracle Fusion Middleware Plug-in, and Oracle Exadata Plug-in, Oracle Cloud Framework Plug-in, and Oracle System Infrastructure Plug-in are automatically installed with the Enterprise Manager system.

In addition to the default ones, if you want to deploy any addition plug-in, then list those plug-in names in a comma-separated list. Ensure that the plug-in names are in double quotes.

If you want to deploy a deprecated plug-in that is supported only in the current release, but it's not in any of the future releases, then evaluate your selection and decide whether or not you want to proceed with the deployment of such plug-ins.

For example,

PLUGIN_SELECTION={"oracle.sysman.empa","oracle.sysman.vt"}

If you want to install some plug-ins that are not in the software kit (DVD, downloaded software), then do the following:

  1. Manually download the required plug-ins from Plug-in Update.

    In addition, plug-ins produced by partners or customers are available on the Enterprise Manager Extensibility Exchange.

  2. Invoke the installer with the following option and pass the location where the additional plug-ins have been downloaded:

    ./em13400_<platform>.bin PLUGIN_LOCATION=<absolute_path_to_plugin_software_location>

WLS_ADMIN_SERVER_USERNAME

String

Yes

By default, weblogic is the name assigned to the default user account that is created for the Oracle WebLogic Domain. If you want to accept the default name, then leave the field blank. However, if you want to have a custom name, then enter the name of your choice.

WLS_ADMIN_SERVER_PASSWORD

String

Yes

Enter a password for the WebLogic user account.

Ensure that your password contains at least 8 characters without any spaces, begins with a letter, and includes at least one numeric value.

WLS_ADMIN_SERVER_CONFIRM_PASSWORD

String

Yes

Confirm the password for the WebLogic user account.

NODE_MANAGER_PASSWORD

String

Yes

By default, nodemanager is the name assigned to the default user account that is created for the node manager. Enter a password for this node manager user account.

Ensure that your password contains at least 8 characters without any spaces, begins with a letter, and includes at least one numeric value.

NODE_MANAGER_CONFIRM_PASSWORD

String

Yes

Confirm the password for the node manager user account.

ORACLE_INSTANCE_HOME_LOCATION

String

Yes

By default, gc_inst is considered as the OMS Instance Base directory for storing all OMS-related configuration files. Enter the absolute path to a location outside the middleware home leading up to the directory name.

For more information about this location, see What Is an Oracle Management Service Instance Base Location?.

Note: If you are installing on an NFS-mounted drive and creating the OMS instance base directory (gc_inst) on that NFS-mounted drive, then after you install, move the lock files from the NFS-mounted drive to a local file system location. For instructions, refer to Performing Postconfiguration Tasks After Configuring the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software Binaries in Silent Mode.

DATABASE_HOSTNAME

String

Yes

Enter the fully qualified name of the host where the existing database resides. Ensure that the host name does not have underscores.

For example, "example.com".

If you have already created a database instance with a preconfigured Management Repository using the database templates offered by Oracle, then provide details about that database instance.

If you are connecting to an Oracle RAC Database, and if the nodes have virtual host names, then enter the virtual host name of one of its nodes.

The connection to the database is established with a connect string that is formed using only this virtual host name, and the installation ends successfully.

However, if you want to update the connect string with other nodes of the cluster, then after the installation, run the following command:

$<ORACLE_HOME>/bin/emctl config oms -store_repos_details -repos_conndesc "(DESCRIPTION= (ADDRESS_LIST=(FAILOVER=ON) (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=node1-vip.example.com)(PORT=1521)) (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=node2-vip.example.com)(PORT=1521))) (CONNECT_DATA=(SERVICE_NAME=EMREP)))" -repos_user sysman

If your Oracle RAC database 11.2 or higher is configured with Single Client Access Name (SCAN) listener, then you can enter a connection string using the SCAN listener.

If you use ACFS, then ensure that you have the following parameters in the cluster where you mount the ACFS disk and start the install /etc/fstab file:

<mount_points_of_ACFS_storage> nfs rw,bg,hard,intr,nolock,rsize=32768,wsize=32768,tcp,noacl,vers=3,timeo=300,actimeo=120

For example,

example.com:/emfs/mpoint/oms1 /scratch/u01/oms nfs rw,bg,hard,intr,nolock,rsize=32768,wsize=32768,tcp,noacl,vers=3,timeo=300,actimeo=120

Note: If you connect to a database instance that was created using the database template offered by Oracle, then note that the password assigned to the user accounts SYSMAN_MDS, SYSMAN_APM, and SYSMAN122130_OPSS, which were created while preconfiguring the Management Repository, are automatically reset with the SYSMAN password you enter for the SYSMAN_PASSWORD parameter.

LISTENER_PORT

String

Yes

Enter the listener port to connect to the existing database.

For example, "1521".

SERVICENAME_OR_SID

String

Yes

Enter the service name or the system ID (SID) of the existing database.

For example, "orcl".

If you are providing the details of a pluggable database (PDB), then use the full service name instead of the alias. For example, pdb.example.com. If you are providing the details of a lone-pluggable database (Lone-PDB), then use the full service name. For example, pdb.example.com. If you are providing the details of a non-container database (Non-CDB), then use the SID.

SYS_PASSWORD

String

Yes

Enter the SYS user account's password.

DEPLOYMENT_SIZE

String

Yes

Set one of the following values to indicate the number of targets you plan to monitor, the number of Management Agents you plan to have, and the number of concurrent user sessions you plan to have.

  • SMALL, to monitor up to 999 targets, with up to 99 Management Agents and up to 10 concurrent user sessions

  • MEDIUM, to monitor about 1000 to 9999 targets, with about 100 to 999 Management Agents and about 10 to 24 concurrent user sessions

  • LARGE, to monitor 10,000 or more targets, with 1000 or more Management Agents, and with about 25 to 50 concurrent user sessions.

For example, "MEDIUM".

If the database you are connecting to is a database instance created with a preconfigured Management Repository using the database templates offered by Oracle, then make sure the deployment size you set here matches with the deployment size you selected on the Step 2 of 12: Database Templates screen of Oracle Database Configuration Assistant (DBCA) while creating the database instance.

If you want to select a deployment size different from the deployment size you had selected while creating the database instance using DBCA, then do one of the following:

  • Create another database instance with a template for the desired deployment size, then return to this response file and set the same deployment size to this parameter. For instructions to create a database instance with an Oracle-supplied template, see Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide.

  • In the database instance you have created, fix the parameters to support the deployment size you want to set here in the response file. To automatically fix the database parameters using Oracle-supplied SQL scripts, see Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide.

SYSMAN_PASSWORD

String

Yes

Enter a password for creating a SYSMAN user account. This password is used to create the SYSMAN user, which is the primary owner of the Management Repository schema.

Ensure that your password contains at least 8 characters without any spaces, begins with a letter, and includes at least one numeric value.

Note: If you connect to a database instance that was created using the database template offered by Oracle, then note that the password assigned to the user accounts SYSMAN_MDS, SYSMAN_APM, and SYSMAN122130_OPSS, which were created while preconfiguring the Management Repository, are automatically reset with the SYSMAN password you enter for this parameter.

SYSMAN_CONFIRM_PASSWORD

String

Yes

Confirm the SYSMAN user account's password.

AGENT_REGISTRATION_PASSWORD

String

Yes

Enter a password to secure the communication between the OMS and the Management Agents. Note that you have to provide the same registration password for securing your Management Agents.

AGENT_REGISTRATION_CONFIRM_PASSWORD

String

Yes

Confirm the agent registration password.

MANAGEMENT_TABLESPACE_LOCATION

String

Yes

Enter the absolute path to the location where the data file for management tablespace (mgmt.dbf) can be stored. Ensure that the specified path leads up to the file name.

For example:

  • If the database is on a file system, then the path must look like "/u01/oracle/prod/oradata/mgmt.dbf".

  • If the database is on Automatic Storage Management (ASM), then the path must look like "+<disk_group1>/prod/oradata/mgmt.dbf", where disk_group1 is a diskgroup created on ASM and prod is the Service ID (SID).

  • If the database is on a raw device, then the path must look like "</dev/raw1>/prod/oradata/mgmt.dbf", where /dev/raw1 is the raw device and prod is the SID.

Enterprise Manager Cloud Control requires this data file to store information about the monitored targets, their metrics, and so on. Essentially, everything else other than configuration data, software library data, and audit data.

CONFIGURATION_DATA_TABLESPACE_LOCATION

String

Yes

Enter the absolute path to the location where the data file for configuration data tablespace (mgmt_ecm_depot1.dbf) can be stored. Ensure that the specified path leads up to the file name.

For example, "/home/john/oradata/mgmt_ecm_depot1.dbf".

Enterprise Manager Cloud Control requires this data file to store configuration information collected from the monitored targets.

JVM_DIAGNOSTICS_TABLESPACE_LOCATION

String

Yes

Enter the absolute path to a location where the data file for JVM Diagnostics data tablespace (mgmt_deepdive.dbf) can be stored. Ensure that the specified path leads up to the file name.

For example, "/home/john/oradata/mgmt_deepdive.dbf".

Enterprise Manager Cloud Control requires this data file to store monitoring data related to JVM Diagnostics and Application Dependency Performance (ADP).

CONFIGURE_ORACLE_SOFTWARE_LIBRARY

Boolean

No

If you want to configure the Software Library at the time of installation, set this parameter to TRUE. Otherwise, set it to FALSE.

Even if you do not configure it at the time of installation, your installation will succeed, and you can always configure it later from the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Console. However, Oracle recommends that you configure it at the time of installation so that it is automatically configured by the installer, thus saving your time and effort.

SOFTWARE_LIBRARY_LOCATION

String

Yes

If you have set CONFIGURE_ORACLE_SOFTWARE_LIBRARY to TRUE, then enter the absolute path leading up to a unique directory name on the OMS host where the Software Library can be configured. Ensure that the location you enter is a mounted location on the OMS host, and is placed outside the Middleware Home. Also ensure that the OMS process owner has read/write access to that location. Configuring on a mounted location helps when you install additional OMS instances as they will require read/write access to the same OMS Shared File System storage location.

CONFIGURE_SHARED_LOCATION_BIP

Boolean

No

Configure a shared location for Oracle BI Publisher that will be installed and configured by default. To do so, set the parameter to TRUE.

The shared storage location will act as a common location for storing the report catalog and associated management information for the first OMS you are installing now and also for the additional OMS you plan to install in the future.

Identify a shared location that you can use for Oracle BI Publisher. If you do not have an existing shared location, create a new one and ensure that it is visible on the host where you are installing the first OMS and also on other hosts where you plan to install additional OMS instances.

At install time, for the installation to be successful, you can reserve approximately 400 MB of hard disk space for the shared directory. However, Oracle recommends that you scale it to at least 10 GB eventually, and ensure that it can be extended further in the future because the space utilization increases over a period of time as you install additional plug-ins and create more reports.

CLUSTER_LOCATION

String

Yes

Set this only if the CONFIGURE_SHARED_LOCATION_BIP parameter is set to TRUE.

Specify the path leading up to the /cluster directory on the shared storage location where Oracle BI Publisher scheduler storage can be maintained for Oracle BI Publisher to operate in a high-availability environment. For example, /u01/software/examplehost/BIP/cluster.

CONFIG_LOCATION

String

Yes

Set this only if the CONFIGURE_SHARED_LOCATION_BIP parameter is set to TRUE.

Specify the path leading up to the /config directory on the shared storage location where Oracle BI Publisher repository and configuration files can be stored. For example, /u01/software/examplehost/BIP/config.

ENABLE_BI_PUBLISHER

Boolean

No

Enable or disable the installed and configured Oracle BI Publisher. Enabling Oracle BI Publisher starts the software and keeps it ready for use within the Enterprise Manager system. Disabling Oracle BI Publisher leaves the software as it is without starting it.

To enable Oracle BI Publisher, set this parameter to TRUE. To disable, set this parameter to FALSE.

STATIC_PORTS_FILE

String

Yes

By default, ports described in What Ports Are Used for Installation? are honored. If you want to accept the default ports, then leave this field blank.

If you want to use custom ports, then enter the absolute path to the staticports.ini file that lists the custom ports to be used for the installation.

Performing Postconfiguration Tasks After Configuring the Enterprise Manager Cloud Control Software Binaries in Silent Mode

Perform the post-install steps as described in the chapter on installing Enterprise Manager system that is available in the Enterprise Manager Basic Installation Guide.