Installation on macOS Platforms
On the contrary to Oracle JDK installations performed only on a systemwide basis, Oracle GraalVM Enterprise Edition can be installed for a single user, hence administrator privileges are not required. However, if GraalVM Enterprise is meant to become a default JDK, administrator privileges are required.
Note, in macOS, the JDK installation path is
Unlike Oracle JDK or OpenJDK distributions for macOS that comes with the .dmg download, GraalVM Enterprise does not provide the installation wizard. The distribution package is comprised to tar.gz file.
Follow these steps to get GraalVM Enterprise installed and ready-to-go:
- Navigate to the Oracle Technology Network Downloads page. Depending on the workload, select Oracle GraalVM Enterprise Edition based on JDK8 for macOS or Oracle GraalVM Enterprise Edition based on JDK11 for macOS, and accept the Oracle License Agreement.
- Extract the archive to your file system:
tar -xvf <graalvm-archive>.tar.gz
Alternatively, open the file in Finder.
- Move the obtained GraalVM to its proper location, the
/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachinesdirectory. Since this is a system directory,
sudo mv <graalvm> /Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines
To verify if the move is successful and to get a list of all installed JDKs, run
- Since there can be multiple JDKs installed on the machine, the next step is to configure the runtime environment.
- Add the GraalVM
binfolder to the
Verify whether you are using GraalVM with the echo command:
$ echo $PATH.
- Set the
JAVA_HOMEenvironment variable to resolve to the GraalVM installation directory:
You can also specify GraalVM as the JRE or JDK installation in your Java IDE.
- Add the GraalVM
To check whether the installation was successful, enter
java -version command.
Note on macOS java_home command
The information property file, Info.plist, is in the top level Contents
folder. This means that GraalVM Enterprise participates in the macOS specific
/usr/libexec/java_home mechanism. Depending on other JDK 8 installation(s)
available, it is now possible that
/usr/libexec/java_home -v1.8 returns
You can run
/usr/libexec/java_home -v1.8 -V to see the complete list of 1.8
JVMs available to the
java_home command. This command appears to sort the JVMs
in decreasing version order and chooses the top one as the default for the
specified version. Within a specific version, the sort order appears to be
stable but is unspecified.
Install Additional Components
- Native Image – a technology to compile a JVM-based application ahead-of-time into a native machine-code binary.
- LLVM toolchain – a set of tools and APIs for compiling native programs to bitcode that can be executed with the GraalVM LLVM runtime
- Python – an implementation of the Python 3.8.2 language
- Ruby – an implementation of the Ruby 2.6.5 programming language
- R – a GNU R 3.6.1 compatible implementation of the R programming language
These components are not part of the GraalVM Enterprise base distribution and must be downloaded and installed separately. The components are pre-packaged as JAR files. To assist a user with installation, GraalVM Enterprise includes GraalVM Updater, a command line utility, to install and manage additional components. Proceed to the installation steps to add a necessary component from above-listed to the GraalVM Enterprise core.