Module java.base
Package java.security

Class AlgorithmParameterGenerator

java.lang.Object
java.security.AlgorithmParameterGenerator

public class AlgorithmParameterGenerator
extends Object
The AlgorithmParameterGenerator class is used to generate a set of parameters to be used with a certain algorithm. Parameter generators are constructed using the getInstance factory methods (static methods that return instances of a given class).

The object that will generate the parameters can be initialized in two different ways: in an algorithm-independent manner, or in an algorithm-specific manner:

  • The algorithm-independent approach uses the fact that all parameter generators share the concept of a "size" and a source of randomness. The measure of size is universally shared by all algorithm parameters, though it is interpreted differently for different algorithms. For example, in the case of parameters for the DSA algorithm, "size" corresponds to the size of the prime modulus (in bits). When using this approach, algorithm-specific parameter generation values - if any - default to some standard values, unless they can be derived from the specified size.
  • The other approach initializes a parameter generator object using algorithm-specific semantics, which are represented by a set of algorithm-specific parameter generation values. To generate Diffie-Hellman system parameters, for example, the parameter generation values usually consist of the size of the prime modulus and the size of the random exponent, both specified in number of bits.

In case the client does not explicitly initialize the AlgorithmParameterGenerator (via a call to an init method), each provider must supply (and document) a default initialization. See the Keysize Restriction sections of the JDK Providers document for information on the AlgorithmParameterGenerator defaults used by JDK providers. However, note that defaults may vary across different providers. Additionally, the default value for a provider may change in a future version. Therefore, it is recommended to explicitly initialize the AlgorithmParameterGenerator instead of relying on provider-specific defaults.

Every implementation of the Java platform is required to support the following standard AlgorithmParameterGenerator algorithms and keysizes in parentheses:

  • DiffieHellman (1024, 2048)
  • DSA (1024, 2048)
These algorithms are described in the AlgorithmParameterGenerator section of the Java Security Standard Algorithm Names Specification. Consult the release documentation for your implementation to see if any other algorithms are supported.

Since:
1.2
See Also:
AlgorithmParameters, AlgorithmParameterSpec
  • Constructor Details

    • AlgorithmParameterGenerator

      protected AlgorithmParameterGenerator​(AlgorithmParameterGeneratorSpi paramGenSpi, Provider provider, String algorithm)
      Creates an AlgorithmParameterGenerator object.
      Parameters:
      paramGenSpi - the delegate
      provider - the provider
      algorithm - the algorithm
  • Method Details

    • getAlgorithm

      public final String getAlgorithm()
      Returns the standard name of the algorithm this parameter generator is associated with.
      Returns:
      the string name of the algorithm.
    • getInstance

      public static AlgorithmParameterGenerator getInstance​(String algorithm) throws NoSuchAlgorithmException
      Returns an AlgorithmParameterGenerator object for generating a set of parameters to be used with the specified algorithm.

      This method traverses the list of registered security Providers, starting with the most preferred Provider. A new AlgorithmParameterGenerator object encapsulating the AlgorithmParameterGeneratorSpi implementation from the first Provider that supports the specified algorithm is returned.

      Note that the list of registered providers may be retrieved via the Security.getProviders() method.

      Implementation Note:
      The JDK Reference Implementation additionally uses the jdk.security.provider.preferred Security property to determine the preferred provider order for the specified algorithm. This may be different than the order of providers returned by Security.getProviders().
      Parameters:
      algorithm - the name of the algorithm this parameter generator is associated with. See the AlgorithmParameterGenerator section in the Java Security Standard Algorithm Names Specification for information about standard algorithm names.
      Returns:
      the new AlgorithmParameterGenerator object
      Throws:
      NoSuchAlgorithmException - if no Provider supports an AlgorithmParameterGeneratorSpi implementation for the specified algorithm
      NullPointerException - if algorithm is null
      See Also:
      Provider
    • getInstance

      public static AlgorithmParameterGenerator getInstance​(String algorithm, String provider) throws NoSuchAlgorithmException, NoSuchProviderException
      Returns an AlgorithmParameterGenerator object for generating a set of parameters to be used with the specified algorithm.

      A new AlgorithmParameterGenerator object encapsulating the AlgorithmParameterGeneratorSpi implementation from the specified provider is returned. The specified provider must be registered in the security provider list.

      Note that the list of registered providers may be retrieved via the Security.getProviders() method.

      Parameters:
      algorithm - the name of the algorithm this parameter generator is associated with. See the AlgorithmParameterGenerator section in the Java Security Standard Algorithm Names Specification for information about standard algorithm names.
      provider - the string name of the Provider.
      Returns:
      the new AlgorithmParameterGenerator object
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - if the provider name is null or empty
      NoSuchAlgorithmException - if an AlgorithmParameterGeneratorSpi implementation for the specified algorithm is not available from the specified provider
      NoSuchProviderException - if the specified provider is not registered in the security provider list
      NullPointerException - if algorithm is null
      See Also:
      Provider
    • getInstance

      public static AlgorithmParameterGenerator getInstance​(String algorithm, Provider provider) throws NoSuchAlgorithmException
      Returns an AlgorithmParameterGenerator object for generating a set of parameters to be used with the specified algorithm.

      A new AlgorithmParameterGenerator object encapsulating the AlgorithmParameterGeneratorSpi implementation from the specified Provider object is returned. Note that the specified Provider object does not have to be registered in the provider list.

      Parameters:
      algorithm - the string name of the algorithm this parameter generator is associated with. See the AlgorithmParameterGenerator section in the Java Security Standard Algorithm Names Specification for information about standard algorithm names.
      provider - the Provider object.
      Returns:
      the new AlgorithmParameterGenerator object
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - if the specified provider is null
      NoSuchAlgorithmException - if an AlgorithmParameterGeneratorSpi implementation for the specified algorithm is not available from the specified Provider object
      NullPointerException - if algorithm is null
      Since:
      1.4
      See Also:
      Provider
    • getProvider

      public final Provider getProvider()
      Returns the provider of this algorithm parameter generator object.
      Returns:
      the provider of this algorithm parameter generator object
    • init

      public final void init​(int size)
      Initializes this parameter generator for a certain size. To create the parameters, the SecureRandom implementation of the highest-priority installed provider is used as the source of randomness. (If none of the installed providers supply an implementation of SecureRandom, a system-provided source of randomness is used.)
      Parameters:
      size - the size (number of bits).
    • init

      public final void init​(int size, SecureRandom random)
      Initializes this parameter generator for a certain size and source of randomness.
      Parameters:
      size - the size (number of bits).
      random - the source of randomness.
    • init

      public final void init​(AlgorithmParameterSpec genParamSpec) throws InvalidAlgorithmParameterException
      Initializes this parameter generator with a set of algorithm-specific parameter generation values. To generate the parameters, the SecureRandom implementation of the highest-priority installed provider is used as the source of randomness. (If none of the installed providers supply an implementation of SecureRandom, a system-provided source of randomness is used.)
      Parameters:
      genParamSpec - the set of algorithm-specific parameter generation values.
      Throws:
      InvalidAlgorithmParameterException - if the given parameter generation values are inappropriate for this parameter generator.
    • init

      public final void init​(AlgorithmParameterSpec genParamSpec, SecureRandom random) throws InvalidAlgorithmParameterException
      Initializes this parameter generator with a set of algorithm-specific parameter generation values.
      Parameters:
      genParamSpec - the set of algorithm-specific parameter generation values.
      random - the source of randomness.
      Throws:
      InvalidAlgorithmParameterException - if the given parameter generation values are inappropriate for this parameter generator.
    • generateParameters

      public final AlgorithmParameters generateParameters()
      Generates the parameters.
      Returns:
      the new AlgorithmParameters object.