Module java.base

Class ArrayBlockingQueue<E>

java.lang.Object
java.util.AbstractCollection<E>
java.util.AbstractQueue<E>
java.util.concurrent.ArrayBlockingQueue<E>
Type Parameters:
E - the type of elements held in this queue
All Implemented Interfaces:
Serializable, Iterable<E>, Collection<E>, BlockingQueue<E>, Queue<E>

public class ArrayBlockingQueue<E>
extends AbstractQueue<E>
implements BlockingQueue<E>, Serializable
A bounded blocking queue backed by an array. This queue orders elements FIFO (first-in-first-out). The head of the queue is that element that has been on the queue the longest time. The tail of the queue is that element that has been on the queue the shortest time. New elements are inserted at the tail of the queue, and the queue retrieval operations obtain elements at the head of the queue.

This is a classic "bounded buffer", in which a fixed-sized array holds elements inserted by producers and extracted by consumers. Once created, the capacity cannot be changed. Attempts to put an element into a full queue will result in the operation blocking; attempts to take an element from an empty queue will similarly block.

This class supports an optional fairness policy for ordering waiting producer and consumer threads. By default, this ordering is not guaranteed. However, a queue constructed with fairness set to true grants threads access in FIFO order. Fairness generally decreases throughput but reduces variability and avoids starvation.

This class and its iterator implement all of the optional methods of the Collection and Iterator interfaces.

This class is a member of the Java Collections Framework.

Since:
1.5
See Also:
Serialized Form
  • Constructor Summary

    Constructors
    Constructor Description
    ArrayBlockingQueue​(int capacity)
    Creates an ArrayBlockingQueue with the given (fixed) capacity and default access policy.
    ArrayBlockingQueue​(int capacity, boolean fair)
    Creates an ArrayBlockingQueue with the given (fixed) capacity and the specified access policy.
    ArrayBlockingQueue​(int capacity, boolean fair, Collection<? extends E> c)
    Creates an ArrayBlockingQueue with the given (fixed) capacity, the specified access policy and initially containing the elements of the given collection, added in traversal order of the collection's iterator.
  • Method Summary

    Modifier and Type Method Description
    boolean add​(E e)
    Inserts the specified element at the tail of this queue if it is possible to do so immediately without exceeding the queue's capacity, returning true upon success and throwing an IllegalStateException if this queue is full.
    void clear()
    Atomically removes all of the elements from this queue.
    boolean contains​(Object o)
    Returns true if this queue contains the specified element.
    int drainTo​(Collection<? super E> c)
    Removes all available elements from this queue and adds them to the given collection.
    int drainTo​(Collection<? super E> c, int maxElements)
    Removes at most the given number of available elements from this queue and adds them to the given collection.
    void forEach​(Consumer<? super E> action)
    Performs the given action for each element of the Iterable until all elements have been processed or the action throws an exception.
    Iterator<E> iterator()
    Returns an iterator over the elements in this queue in proper sequence.
    boolean offer​(E e)
    Inserts the specified element at the tail of this queue if it is possible to do so immediately without exceeding the queue's capacity, returning true upon success and false if this queue is full.
    boolean offer​(E e, long timeout, TimeUnit unit)
    Inserts the specified element at the tail of this queue, waiting up to the specified wait time for space to become available if the queue is full.
    void put​(E e)
    Inserts the specified element at the tail of this queue, waiting for space to become available if the queue is full.
    int remainingCapacity()
    Returns the number of additional elements that this queue can ideally (in the absence of memory or resource constraints) accept without blocking.
    boolean remove​(Object o)
    Removes a single instance of the specified element from this queue, if it is present.
    boolean removeAll​(Collection<?> c)
    Removes all of this collection's elements that are also contained in the specified collection (optional operation).
    boolean removeIf​(Predicate<? super E> filter)
    Removes all of the elements of this collection that satisfy the given predicate.
    boolean retainAll​(Collection<?> c)
    Retains only the elements in this collection that are contained in the specified collection (optional operation).
    int size()
    Returns the number of elements in this queue.
    Spliterator<E> spliterator()
    Returns a Spliterator over the elements in this queue.
    Object[] toArray()
    Returns an array containing all of the elements in this queue, in proper sequence.
    <T> T[] toArray​(T[] a)
    Returns an array containing all of the elements in this queue, in proper sequence; the runtime type of the returned array is that of the specified array.

    Methods declared in class java.util.AbstractQueue

    addAll, element, remove

    Methods declared in class java.util.AbstractCollection

    containsAll, isEmpty, toString

    Methods declared in class java.lang.Object

    clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait

    Methods declared in interface java.util.concurrent.BlockingQueue

    poll, take

    Methods declared in interface java.util.Collection

    addAll, containsAll, equals, hashCode, isEmpty, parallelStream, stream, toArray

    Methods declared in interface java.util.Queue

    element, peek, poll, remove
  • Constructor Details

    • ArrayBlockingQueue

      public ArrayBlockingQueue​(int capacity)
      Creates an ArrayBlockingQueue with the given (fixed) capacity and default access policy.
      Parameters:
      capacity - the capacity of this queue
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - if capacity < 1
    • ArrayBlockingQueue

      public ArrayBlockingQueue​(int capacity, boolean fair)
      Creates an ArrayBlockingQueue with the given (fixed) capacity and the specified access policy.
      Parameters:
      capacity - the capacity of this queue
      fair - if true then queue accesses for threads blocked on insertion or removal, are processed in FIFO order; if false the access order is unspecified.
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - if capacity < 1
    • ArrayBlockingQueue

      public ArrayBlockingQueue​(int capacity, boolean fair, Collection<? extends E> c)
      Creates an ArrayBlockingQueue with the given (fixed) capacity, the specified access policy and initially containing the elements of the given collection, added in traversal order of the collection's iterator.
      Parameters:
      capacity - the capacity of this queue
      fair - if true then queue accesses for threads blocked on insertion or removal, are processed in FIFO order; if false the access order is unspecified.
      c - the collection of elements to initially contain
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - if capacity is less than c.size(), or less than 1.
      NullPointerException - if the specified collection or any of its elements are null
  • Method Details

    • add

      public boolean add​(E e)
      Inserts the specified element at the tail of this queue if it is possible to do so immediately without exceeding the queue's capacity, returning true upon success and throwing an IllegalStateException if this queue is full.
      Specified by:
      add in interface BlockingQueue<E>
      Specified by:
      add in interface Collection<E>
      Specified by:
      add in interface Queue<E>
      Overrides:
      add in class AbstractQueue<E>
      Parameters:
      e - the element to add
      Returns:
      true (as specified by Collection.add(E))
      Throws:
      IllegalStateException - if this queue is full
      NullPointerException - if the specified element is null
    • offer

      public boolean offer​(E e)
      Inserts the specified element at the tail of this queue if it is possible to do so immediately without exceeding the queue's capacity, returning true upon success and false if this queue is full. This method is generally preferable to method add(E), which can fail to insert an element only by throwing an exception.
      Specified by:
      offer in interface BlockingQueue<E>
      Specified by:
      offer in interface Queue<E>
      Parameters:
      e - the element to add
      Returns:
      true if the element was added to this queue, else false
      Throws:
      NullPointerException - if the specified element is null
    • put

      public void put​(E e) throws InterruptedException
      Inserts the specified element at the tail of this queue, waiting for space to become available if the queue is full.
      Specified by:
      put in interface BlockingQueue<E>
      Parameters:
      e - the element to add
      Throws:
      InterruptedException - if interrupted while waiting
      NullPointerException - if the specified element is null
    • offer

      public boolean offer​(E e, long timeout, TimeUnit unit) throws InterruptedException
      Inserts the specified element at the tail of this queue, waiting up to the specified wait time for space to become available if the queue is full.
      Specified by:
      offer in interface BlockingQueue<E>
      Parameters:
      e - the element to add
      timeout - how long to wait before giving up, in units of unit
      unit - a TimeUnit determining how to interpret the timeout parameter
      Returns:
      true if successful, or false if the specified waiting time elapses before space is available
      Throws:
      InterruptedException - if interrupted while waiting
      NullPointerException - if the specified element is null
    • size

      public int size()
      Returns the number of elements in this queue.
      Specified by:
      size in interface Collection<E>
      Returns:
      the number of elements in this queue
    • remainingCapacity

      public int remainingCapacity()
      Returns the number of additional elements that this queue can ideally (in the absence of memory or resource constraints) accept without blocking. This is always equal to the initial capacity of this queue less the current size of this queue.

      Note that you cannot always tell if an attempt to insert an element will succeed by inspecting remainingCapacity because it may be the case that another thread is about to insert or remove an element.

      Specified by:
      remainingCapacity in interface BlockingQueue<E>
      Returns:
      the remaining capacity
    • remove

      public boolean remove​(Object o)
      Removes a single instance of the specified element from this queue, if it is present. More formally, removes an element e such that o.equals(e), if this queue contains one or more such elements. Returns true if this queue contained the specified element (or equivalently, if this queue changed as a result of the call).

      Removal of interior elements in circular array based queues is an intrinsically slow and disruptive operation, so should be undertaken only in exceptional circumstances, ideally only when the queue is known not to be accessible by other threads.

      Specified by:
      remove in interface BlockingQueue<E>
      Specified by:
      remove in interface Collection<E>
      Overrides:
      remove in class AbstractCollection<E>
      Parameters:
      o - element to be removed from this queue, if present
      Returns:
      true if this queue changed as a result of the call
    • contains

      public boolean contains​(Object o)
      Returns true if this queue contains the specified element. More formally, returns true if and only if this queue contains at least one element e such that o.equals(e).
      Specified by:
      contains in interface BlockingQueue<E>
      Specified by:
      contains in interface Collection<E>
      Overrides:
      contains in class AbstractCollection<E>
      Parameters:
      o - object to be checked for containment in this queue
      Returns:
      true if this queue contains the specified element
    • toArray

      public Object[] toArray()
      Returns an array containing all of the elements in this queue, in proper sequence.

      The returned array will be "safe" in that no references to it are maintained by this queue. (In other words, this method must allocate a new array). The caller is thus free to modify the returned array.

      This method acts as bridge between array-based and collection-based APIs.

      Specified by:
      toArray in interface Collection<E>
      Overrides:
      toArray in class AbstractCollection<E>
      Returns:
      an array containing all of the elements in this queue
    • toArray

      public <T> T[] toArray​(T[] a)
      Returns an array containing all of the elements in this queue, in proper sequence; the runtime type of the returned array is that of the specified array. If the queue fits in the specified array, it is returned therein. Otherwise, a new array is allocated with the runtime type of the specified array and the size of this queue.

      If this queue fits in the specified array with room to spare (i.e., the array has more elements than this queue), the element in the array immediately following the end of the queue is set to null.

      Like the toArray() method, this method acts as bridge between array-based and collection-based APIs. Further, this method allows precise control over the runtime type of the output array, and may, under certain circumstances, be used to save allocation costs.

      Suppose x is a queue known to contain only strings. The following code can be used to dump the queue into a newly allocated array of String:

       String[] y = x.toArray(new String[0]);
      Note that toArray(new Object[0]) is identical in function to toArray().

      Specified by:
      toArray in interface Collection<E>
      Overrides:
      toArray in class AbstractCollection<E>
      Type Parameters:
      T - the component type of the array to contain the collection
      Parameters:
      a - the array into which the elements of the queue are to be stored, if it is big enough; otherwise, a new array of the same runtime type is allocated for this purpose
      Returns:
      an array containing all of the elements in this queue
      Throws:
      ArrayStoreException - if the runtime type of the specified array is not a supertype of the runtime type of every element in this queue
      NullPointerException - if the specified array is null
    • clear

      public void clear()
      Atomically removes all of the elements from this queue. The queue will be empty after this call returns.
      Specified by:
      clear in interface Collection<E>
      Overrides:
      clear in class AbstractQueue<E>
    • drainTo

      public int drainTo​(Collection<? super E> c)
      Description copied from interface: BlockingQueue
      Removes all available elements from this queue and adds them to the given collection. This operation may be more efficient than repeatedly polling this queue. A failure encountered while attempting to add elements to collection c may result in elements being in neither, either or both collections when the associated exception is thrown. Attempts to drain a queue to itself result in IllegalArgumentException. Further, the behavior of this operation is undefined if the specified collection is modified while the operation is in progress.
      Specified by:
      drainTo in interface BlockingQueue<E>
      Parameters:
      c - the collection to transfer elements into
      Returns:
      the number of elements transferred
      Throws:
      UnsupportedOperationException - if addition of elements is not supported by the specified collection
      ClassCastException - if the class of an element of this queue prevents it from being added to the specified collection
      NullPointerException - if the specified collection is null
      IllegalArgumentException - if the specified collection is this queue, or some property of an element of this queue prevents it from being added to the specified collection
    • drainTo

      public int drainTo​(Collection<? super E> c, int maxElements)
      Description copied from interface: BlockingQueue
      Removes at most the given number of available elements from this queue and adds them to the given collection. A failure encountered while attempting to add elements to collection c may result in elements being in neither, either or both collections when the associated exception is thrown. Attempts to drain a queue to itself result in IllegalArgumentException. Further, the behavior of this operation is undefined if the specified collection is modified while the operation is in progress.
      Specified by:
      drainTo in interface BlockingQueue<E>
      Parameters:
      c - the collection to transfer elements into
      maxElements - the maximum number of elements to transfer
      Returns:
      the number of elements transferred
      Throws:
      UnsupportedOperationException - if addition of elements is not supported by the specified collection
      ClassCastException - if the class of an element of this queue prevents it from being added to the specified collection
      NullPointerException - if the specified collection is null
      IllegalArgumentException - if the specified collection is this queue, or some property of an element of this queue prevents it from being added to the specified collection
    • iterator

      public Iterator<E> iterator()
      Returns an iterator over the elements in this queue in proper sequence. The elements will be returned in order from first (head) to last (tail).

      The returned iterator is weakly consistent.

      Specified by:
      iterator in interface Collection<E>
      Specified by:
      iterator in interface Iterable<E>
      Specified by:
      iterator in class AbstractCollection<E>
      Returns:
      an iterator over the elements in this queue in proper sequence
    • spliterator

      public Spliterator<E> spliterator()
      Returns a Spliterator over the elements in this queue.

      The returned spliterator is weakly consistent.

      The Spliterator reports Spliterator.CONCURRENT, Spliterator.ORDERED, and Spliterator.NONNULL.

      Specified by:
      spliterator in interface Collection<E>
      Specified by:
      spliterator in interface Iterable<E>
      Implementation Note:
      The Spliterator implements trySplit to permit limited parallelism.
      Returns:
      a Spliterator over the elements in this queue
      Since:
      1.8
    • forEach

      public void forEach​(Consumer<? super E> action)
      Description copied from interface: Iterable
      Performs the given action for each element of the Iterable until all elements have been processed or the action throws an exception. Actions are performed in the order of iteration, if that order is specified. Exceptions thrown by the action are relayed to the caller.

      The behavior of this method is unspecified if the action performs side-effects that modify the underlying source of elements, unless an overriding class has specified a concurrent modification policy.

      Specified by:
      forEach in interface Iterable<E>
      Parameters:
      action - The action to be performed for each element
      Throws:
      NullPointerException - if the specified action is null
    • removeIf

      public boolean removeIf​(Predicate<? super E> filter)
      Description copied from interface: Collection
      Removes all of the elements of this collection that satisfy the given predicate. Errors or runtime exceptions thrown during iteration or by the predicate are relayed to the caller.
      Specified by:
      removeIf in interface Collection<E>
      Parameters:
      filter - a predicate which returns true for elements to be removed
      Returns:
      true if any elements were removed
      Throws:
      NullPointerException - if the specified filter is null
    • removeAll

      public boolean removeAll​(Collection<?> c)
      Description copied from class: AbstractCollection
      Removes all of this collection's elements that are also contained in the specified collection (optional operation). After this call returns, this collection will contain no elements in common with the specified collection.
      Specified by:
      removeAll in interface Collection<E>
      Overrides:
      removeAll in class AbstractCollection<E>
      Parameters:
      c - collection containing elements to be removed from this collection
      Returns:
      true if this collection changed as a result of the call
      Throws:
      NullPointerException - if this collection contains one or more null elements and the specified collection does not support null elements (optional), or if the specified collection is null
      See Also:
      AbstractCollection.remove(Object), AbstractCollection.contains(Object)
    • retainAll

      public boolean retainAll​(Collection<?> c)
      Description copied from class: AbstractCollection
      Retains only the elements in this collection that are contained in the specified collection (optional operation). In other words, removes from this collection all of its elements that are not contained in the specified collection.
      Specified by:
      retainAll in interface Collection<E>
      Overrides:
      retainAll in class AbstractCollection<E>
      Parameters:
      c - collection containing elements to be retained in this collection
      Returns:
      true if this collection changed as a result of the call
      Throws:
      NullPointerException - if this collection contains one or more null elements and the specified collection does not permit null elements (optional), or if the specified collection is null
      See Also:
      AbstractCollection.remove(Object), AbstractCollection.contains(Object)