Module java.base

Interface LongStream

All Superinterfaces:
AutoCloseable, BaseStream<Long,​LongStream>

public interface LongStream
extends BaseStream<Long,​LongStream>
A sequence of primitive long-valued elements supporting sequential and parallel aggregate operations. This is the long primitive specialization of Stream.

The following example illustrates an aggregate operation using Stream and LongStream, computing the sum of the weights of the red widgets:


     long sum = widgets.stream()
                       .filter(w -> w.getColor() == RED)
                       .mapToLong(w -> w.getWeight())
                       .sum();
 
See the class documentation for Stream and the package documentation for java.util.stream for additional specification of streams, stream operations, stream pipelines, and parallelism.

Since:
1.8
See Also:
Stream, java.util.stream
  • Nested Class Summary

    Nested Classes
    Modifier and Type Interface Description
    static interface  LongStream.Builder
    A mutable builder for a LongStream.
  • Method Summary

    Modifier and Type Method Description
    boolean allMatch​(LongPredicate predicate)
    Returns whether all elements of this stream match the provided predicate.
    boolean anyMatch​(LongPredicate predicate)
    Returns whether any elements of this stream match the provided predicate.
    DoubleStream asDoubleStream()
    Returns a DoubleStream consisting of the elements of this stream, converted to double.
    OptionalDouble average()
    Returns an OptionalDouble describing the arithmetic mean of elements of this stream, or an empty optional if this stream is empty.
    Stream<Long> boxed()
    Returns a Stream consisting of the elements of this stream, each boxed to a Long.
    static LongStream.Builder builder()
    Returns a builder for a LongStream.
    <R> R collect​(Supplier<R> supplier, ObjLongConsumer<R> accumulator, BiConsumer<R,​R> combiner)
    Performs a mutable reduction operation on the elements of this stream.
    static LongStream concat​(LongStream a, LongStream b)
    Creates a lazily concatenated stream whose elements are all the elements of the first stream followed by all the elements of the second stream.
    long count()
    Returns the count of elements in this stream.
    LongStream distinct()
    Returns a stream consisting of the distinct elements of this stream.
    default LongStream dropWhile​(LongPredicate predicate)
    Returns, if this stream is ordered, a stream consisting of the remaining elements of this stream after dropping the longest prefix of elements that match the given predicate.
    static LongStream empty()
    Returns an empty sequential LongStream.
    LongStream filter​(LongPredicate predicate)
    Returns a stream consisting of the elements of this stream that match the given predicate.
    OptionalLong findAny()
    Returns an OptionalLong describing some element of the stream, or an empty OptionalLong if the stream is empty.
    OptionalLong findFirst()
    Returns an OptionalLong describing the first element of this stream, or an empty OptionalLong if the stream is empty.
    LongStream flatMap​(LongFunction<? extends LongStream> mapper)
    Returns a stream consisting of the results of replacing each element of this stream with the contents of a mapped stream produced by applying the provided mapping function to each element.
    void forEach​(LongConsumer action)
    Performs an action for each element of this stream.
    void forEachOrdered​(LongConsumer action)
    Performs an action for each element of this stream, guaranteeing that each element is processed in encounter order for streams that have a defined encounter order.
    static LongStream generate​(LongSupplier s)
    Returns an infinite sequential unordered stream where each element is generated by the provided LongSupplier.
    static LongStream iterate​(long seed, LongPredicate hasNext, LongUnaryOperator next)
    Returns a sequential ordered LongStream produced by iterative application of the given next function to an initial element, conditioned on satisfying the given hasNext predicate.
    static LongStream iterate​(long seed, LongUnaryOperator f)
    Returns an infinite sequential ordered LongStream produced by iterative application of a function f to an initial element seed, producing a Stream consisting of seed, f(seed), f(f(seed)), etc.
    LongStream limit​(long maxSize)
    Returns a stream consisting of the elements of this stream, truncated to be no longer than maxSize in length.
    LongStream map​(LongUnaryOperator mapper)
    Returns a stream consisting of the results of applying the given function to the elements of this stream.
    DoubleStream mapToDouble​(LongToDoubleFunction mapper)
    Returns a DoubleStream consisting of the results of applying the given function to the elements of this stream.
    IntStream mapToInt​(LongToIntFunction mapper)
    Returns an IntStream consisting of the results of applying the given function to the elements of this stream.
    <U> Stream<U> mapToObj​(LongFunction<? extends U> mapper)
    Returns an object-valued Stream consisting of the results of applying the given function to the elements of this stream.
    OptionalLong max()
    Returns an OptionalLong describing the maximum element of this stream, or an empty optional if this stream is empty.
    OptionalLong min()
    Returns an OptionalLong describing the minimum element of this stream, or an empty optional if this stream is empty.
    boolean noneMatch​(LongPredicate predicate)
    Returns whether no elements of this stream match the provided predicate.
    static LongStream of​(long t)
    Returns a sequential LongStream containing a single element.
    static LongStream of​(long... values)
    Returns a sequential ordered stream whose elements are the specified values.
    LongStream peek​(LongConsumer action)
    Returns a stream consisting of the elements of this stream, additionally performing the provided action on each element as elements are consumed from the resulting stream.
    static LongStream range​(long startInclusive, long endExclusive)
    Returns a sequential ordered LongStream from startInclusive (inclusive) to endExclusive (exclusive) by an incremental step of 1.
    static LongStream rangeClosed​(long startInclusive, long endInclusive)
    Returns a sequential ordered LongStream from startInclusive (inclusive) to endInclusive (inclusive) by an incremental step of 1.
    long reduce​(long identity, LongBinaryOperator op)
    Performs a reduction on the elements of this stream, using the provided identity value and an associative accumulation function, and returns the reduced value.
    OptionalLong reduce​(LongBinaryOperator op)
    Performs a reduction on the elements of this stream, using an associative accumulation function, and returns an OptionalLong describing the reduced value, if any.
    LongStream skip​(long n)
    Returns a stream consisting of the remaining elements of this stream after discarding the first n elements of the stream.
    LongStream sorted()
    Returns a stream consisting of the elements of this stream in sorted order.
    long sum()
    Returns the sum of elements in this stream.
    LongSummaryStatistics summaryStatistics()
    Returns a LongSummaryStatistics describing various summary data about the elements of this stream.
    default LongStream takeWhile​(LongPredicate predicate)
    Returns, if this stream is ordered, a stream consisting of the longest prefix of elements taken from this stream that match the given predicate.
    long[] toArray()
    Returns an array containing the elements of this stream.

    Methods declared in interface java.util.stream.BaseStream

    close, isParallel, iterator, onClose, parallel, sequential, spliterator, unordered
  • Method Details

    • filter

      LongStream filter​(LongPredicate predicate)
      Returns a stream consisting of the elements of this stream that match the given predicate.

      This is an intermediate operation.

      Parameters:
      predicate - a non-interfering, stateless predicate to apply to each element to determine if it should be included
      Returns:
      the new stream
    • map

      LongStream map​(LongUnaryOperator mapper)
      Returns a stream consisting of the results of applying the given function to the elements of this stream.

      This is an intermediate operation.

      Parameters:
      mapper - a non-interfering, stateless function to apply to each element
      Returns:
      the new stream
    • mapToObj

      <U> Stream<U> mapToObj​(LongFunction<? extends U> mapper)
      Returns an object-valued Stream consisting of the results of applying the given function to the elements of this stream.

      This is an intermediate operation.

      Type Parameters:
      U - the element type of the new stream
      Parameters:
      mapper - a non-interfering, stateless function to apply to each element
      Returns:
      the new stream
    • mapToInt

      IntStream mapToInt​(LongToIntFunction mapper)
      Returns an IntStream consisting of the results of applying the given function to the elements of this stream.

      This is an intermediate operation.

      Parameters:
      mapper - a non-interfering, stateless function to apply to each element
      Returns:
      the new stream
    • mapToDouble

      DoubleStream mapToDouble​(LongToDoubleFunction mapper)
      Returns a DoubleStream consisting of the results of applying the given function to the elements of this stream.

      This is an intermediate operation.

      Parameters:
      mapper - a non-interfering, stateless function to apply to each element
      Returns:
      the new stream
    • flatMap

      LongStream flatMap​(LongFunction<? extends LongStream> mapper)
      Returns a stream consisting of the results of replacing each element of this stream with the contents of a mapped stream produced by applying the provided mapping function to each element. Each mapped stream is closed after its contents have been placed into this stream. (If a mapped stream is null an empty stream is used, instead.)

      This is an intermediate operation.

      Parameters:
      mapper - a non-interfering, stateless function to apply to each element which produces a LongStream of new values
      Returns:
      the new stream
      See Also:
      Stream.flatMap(Function)
    • distinct

      LongStream distinct()
      Returns a stream consisting of the distinct elements of this stream.

      This is a stateful intermediate operation.

      Returns:
      the new stream
    • sorted

      LongStream sorted()
      Returns a stream consisting of the elements of this stream in sorted order.

      This is a stateful intermediate operation.

      Returns:
      the new stream
    • peek

      LongStream peek​(LongConsumer action)
      Returns a stream consisting of the elements of this stream, additionally performing the provided action on each element as elements are consumed from the resulting stream.

      This is an intermediate operation.

      For parallel stream pipelines, the action may be called at whatever time and in whatever thread the element is made available by the upstream operation. If the action modifies shared state, it is responsible for providing the required synchronization.

      API Note:
      This method exists mainly to support debugging, where you want to see the elements as they flow past a certain point in a pipeline:
      
           LongStream.of(1, 2, 3, 4)
               .filter(e -> e > 2)
               .peek(e -> System.out.println("Filtered value: " + e))
               .map(e -> e * e)
               .peek(e -> System.out.println("Mapped value: " + e))
               .sum();
       

      In cases where the stream implementation is able to optimize away the production of some or all the elements (such as with short-circuiting operations like findFirst, or in the example described in count()), the action will not be invoked for those elements.

      Parameters:
      action - a non-interfering action to perform on the elements as they are consumed from the stream
      Returns:
      the new stream
    • limit

      LongStream limit​(long maxSize)
      Returns a stream consisting of the elements of this stream, truncated to be no longer than maxSize in length.

      This is a short-circuiting stateful intermediate operation.

      API Note:
      While limit() is generally a cheap operation on sequential stream pipelines, it can be quite expensive on ordered parallel pipelines, especially for large values of maxSize, since limit(n) is constrained to return not just any n elements, but the first n elements in the encounter order. Using an unordered stream source (such as generate(LongSupplier)) or removing the ordering constraint with BaseStream.unordered() may result in significant speedups of limit() in parallel pipelines, if the semantics of your situation permit. If consistency with encounter order is required, and you are experiencing poor performance or memory utilization with limit() in parallel pipelines, switching to sequential execution with BaseStream.sequential() may improve performance.
      Parameters:
      maxSize - the number of elements the stream should be limited to
      Returns:
      the new stream
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - if maxSize is negative
    • skip

      LongStream skip​(long n)
      Returns a stream consisting of the remaining elements of this stream after discarding the first n elements of the stream. If this stream contains fewer than n elements then an empty stream will be returned.

      This is a stateful intermediate operation.

      API Note:
      While skip() is generally a cheap operation on sequential stream pipelines, it can be quite expensive on ordered parallel pipelines, especially for large values of n, since skip(n) is constrained to skip not just any n elements, but the first n elements in the encounter order. Using an unordered stream source (such as generate(LongSupplier)) or removing the ordering constraint with BaseStream.unordered() may result in significant speedups of skip() in parallel pipelines, if the semantics of your situation permit. If consistency with encounter order is required, and you are experiencing poor performance or memory utilization with skip() in parallel pipelines, switching to sequential execution with BaseStream.sequential() may improve performance.
      Parameters:
      n - the number of leading elements to skip
      Returns:
      the new stream
      Throws:
      IllegalArgumentException - if n is negative
    • takeWhile

      default LongStream takeWhile​(LongPredicate predicate)
      Returns, if this stream is ordered, a stream consisting of the longest prefix of elements taken from this stream that match the given predicate. Otherwise returns, if this stream is unordered, a stream consisting of a subset of elements taken from this stream that match the given predicate.

      If this stream is ordered then the longest prefix is a contiguous sequence of elements of this stream that match the given predicate. The first element of the sequence is the first element of this stream, and the element immediately following the last element of the sequence does not match the given predicate.

      If this stream is unordered, and some (but not all) elements of this stream match the given predicate, then the behavior of this operation is nondeterministic; it is free to take any subset of matching elements (which includes the empty set).

      Independent of whether this stream is ordered or unordered if all elements of this stream match the given predicate then this operation takes all elements (the result is the same as the input), or if no elements of the stream match the given predicate then no elements are taken (the result is an empty stream).

      This is a short-circuiting stateful intermediate operation.

      API Note:
      While takeWhile() is generally a cheap operation on sequential stream pipelines, it can be quite expensive on ordered parallel pipelines, since the operation is constrained to return not just any valid prefix, but the longest prefix of elements in the encounter order. Using an unordered stream source (such as generate(LongSupplier)) or removing the ordering constraint with BaseStream.unordered() may result in significant speedups of takeWhile() in parallel pipelines, if the semantics of your situation permit. If consistency with encounter order is required, and you are experiencing poor performance or memory utilization with takeWhile() in parallel pipelines, switching to sequential execution with BaseStream.sequential() may improve performance.
      Implementation Requirements:
      The default implementation obtains the spliterator of this stream, wraps that spliterator so as to support the semantics of this operation on traversal, and returns a new stream associated with the wrapped spliterator. The returned stream preserves the execution characteristics of this stream (namely parallel or sequential execution as per BaseStream.isParallel()) but the wrapped spliterator may choose to not support splitting. When the returned stream is closed, the close handlers for both the returned and this stream are invoked.
      Parameters:
      predicate - a non-interfering, stateless predicate to apply to elements to determine the longest prefix of elements.
      Returns:
      the new stream
      Since:
      9
    • dropWhile

      default LongStream dropWhile​(LongPredicate predicate)
      Returns, if this stream is ordered, a stream consisting of the remaining elements of this stream after dropping the longest prefix of elements that match the given predicate. Otherwise returns, if this stream is unordered, a stream consisting of the remaining elements of this stream after dropping a subset of elements that match the given predicate.

      If this stream is ordered then the longest prefix is a contiguous sequence of elements of this stream that match the given predicate. The first element of the sequence is the first element of this stream, and the element immediately following the last element of the sequence does not match the given predicate.

      If this stream is unordered, and some (but not all) elements of this stream match the given predicate, then the behavior of this operation is nondeterministic; it is free to drop any subset of matching elements (which includes the empty set).

      Independent of whether this stream is ordered or unordered if all elements of this stream match the given predicate then this operation drops all elements (the result is an empty stream), or if no elements of the stream match the given predicate then no elements are dropped (the result is the same as the input).

      This is a stateful intermediate operation.

      API Note:
      While dropWhile() is generally a cheap operation on sequential stream pipelines, it can be quite expensive on ordered parallel pipelines, since the operation is constrained to return not just any valid prefix, but the longest prefix of elements in the encounter order. Using an unordered stream source (such as generate(LongSupplier)) or removing the ordering constraint with BaseStream.unordered() may result in significant speedups of dropWhile() in parallel pipelines, if the semantics of your situation permit. If consistency with encounter order is required, and you are experiencing poor performance or memory utilization with dropWhile() in parallel pipelines, switching to sequential execution with BaseStream.sequential() may improve performance.
      Implementation Requirements:
      The default implementation obtains the spliterator of this stream, wraps that spliterator so as to support the semantics of this operation on traversal, and returns a new stream associated with the wrapped spliterator. The returned stream preserves the execution characteristics of this stream (namely parallel or sequential execution as per BaseStream.isParallel()) but the wrapped spliterator may choose to not support splitting. When the returned stream is closed, the close handlers for both the returned and this stream are invoked.
      Parameters:
      predicate - a non-interfering, stateless predicate to apply to elements to determine the longest prefix of elements.
      Returns:
      the new stream
      Since:
      9
    • forEach

      void forEach​(LongConsumer action)
      Performs an action for each element of this stream.

      This is a terminal operation.

      For parallel stream pipelines, this operation does not guarantee to respect the encounter order of the stream, as doing so would sacrifice the benefit of parallelism. For any given element, the action may be performed at whatever time and in whatever thread the library chooses. If the action accesses shared state, it is responsible for providing the required synchronization.

      Parameters:
      action - a non-interfering action to perform on the elements
    • forEachOrdered

      void forEachOrdered​(LongConsumer action)
      Performs an action for each element of this stream, guaranteeing that each element is processed in encounter order for streams that have a defined encounter order.

      This is a terminal operation.

      Parameters:
      action - a non-interfering action to perform on the elements
      See Also:
      forEach(LongConsumer)
    • toArray

      long[] toArray()
      Returns an array containing the elements of this stream.

      This is a terminal operation.

      Returns:
      an array containing the elements of this stream
    • reduce

      long reduce​(long identity, LongBinaryOperator op)
      Performs a reduction on the elements of this stream, using the provided identity value and an associative accumulation function, and returns the reduced value. This is equivalent to:
      
           long result = identity;
           for (long element : this stream)
               result = accumulator.applyAsLong(result, element)
           return result;
       
      but is not constrained to execute sequentially.

      The identity value must be an identity for the accumulator function. This means that for all x, accumulator.apply(identity, x) is equal to x. The accumulator function must be an associative function.

      This is a terminal operation.

      API Note:
      Sum, min, max, and average are all special cases of reduction. Summing a stream of numbers can be expressed as:
      
           long sum = integers.reduce(0, (a, b) -> a+b);
       
      or more compactly:
      
           long sum = integers.reduce(0, Long::sum);
       

      While this may seem a more roundabout way to perform an aggregation compared to simply mutating a running total in a loop, reduction operations parallelize more gracefully, without needing additional synchronization and with greatly reduced risk of data races.

      Parameters:
      identity - the identity value for the accumulating function
      op - an associative, non-interfering, stateless function for combining two values
      Returns:
      the result of the reduction
      See Also:
      sum(), min(), max(), average()
    • reduce

      Performs a reduction on the elements of this stream, using an associative accumulation function, and returns an OptionalLong describing the reduced value, if any. This is equivalent to:
      
           boolean foundAny = false;
           long result = null;
           for (long element : this stream) {
               if (!foundAny) {
                   foundAny = true;
                   result = element;
               }
               else
                   result = accumulator.applyAsLong(result, element);
           }
           return foundAny ? OptionalLong.of(result) : OptionalLong.empty();
       
      but is not constrained to execute sequentially.

      The accumulator function must be an associative function.

      This is a terminal operation.

      Parameters:
      op - an associative, non-interfering, stateless function for combining two values
      Returns:
      the result of the reduction
      See Also:
      reduce(long, LongBinaryOperator)
    • collect

      <R> R collect​(Supplier<R> supplier, ObjLongConsumer<R> accumulator, BiConsumer<R,​R> combiner)
      Performs a mutable reduction operation on the elements of this stream. A mutable reduction is one in which the reduced value is a mutable result container, such as an ArrayList, and elements are incorporated by updating the state of the result rather than by replacing the result. This produces a result equivalent to:
      
           R result = supplier.get();
           for (long element : this stream)
               accumulator.accept(result, element);
           return result;
       

      Like reduce(long, LongBinaryOperator), collect operations can be parallelized without requiring additional synchronization.

      This is a terminal operation.

      Type Parameters:
      R - the type of the mutable result container
      Parameters:
      supplier - a function that creates a new mutable result container. For a parallel execution, this function may be called multiple times and must return a fresh value each time.
      accumulator - an associative, non-interfering, stateless function that must fold an element into a result container.
      combiner - an associative, non-interfering, stateless function that accepts two partial result containers and merges them, which must be compatible with the accumulator function. The combiner function must fold the elements from the second result container into the first result container.
      Returns:
      the result of the reduction
      See Also:
      Stream.collect(Supplier, BiConsumer, BiConsumer)
    • sum

      long sum()
      Returns the sum of elements in this stream. This is a special case of a reduction and is equivalent to:
      
           return reduce(0, Long::sum);
       

      This is a terminal operation.

      Returns:
      the sum of elements in this stream
    • min

      Returns an OptionalLong describing the minimum element of this stream, or an empty optional if this stream is empty. This is a special case of a reduction and is equivalent to:
      
           return reduce(Long::min);
       

      This is a terminal operation.

      Returns:
      an OptionalLong containing the minimum element of this stream, or an empty OptionalLong if the stream is empty
    • max

      Returns an OptionalLong describing the maximum element of this stream, or an empty optional if this stream is empty. This is a special case of a reduction and is equivalent to:
      
           return reduce(Long::max);
       

      This is a terminal operation.

      Returns:
      an OptionalLong containing the maximum element of this stream, or an empty OptionalLong if the stream is empty
    • count

      long count()
      Returns the count of elements in this stream. This is a special case of a reduction and is equivalent to:
      
           return map(e -> 1L).sum();
       

      This is a terminal operation.

      API Note:
      An implementation may choose to not execute the stream pipeline (either sequentially or in parallel) if it is capable of computing the count directly from the stream source. In such cases no source elements will be traversed and no intermediate operations will be evaluated. Behavioral parameters with side-effects, which are strongly discouraged except for harmless cases such as debugging, may be affected. For example, consider the following stream:
      
           LongStream s = LongStream.of(1, 2, 3, 4);
           long count = s.peek(System.out::println).count();
       
      The number of elements covered by the stream source is known and the intermediate operation, peek, does not inject into or remove elements from the stream (as may be the case for flatMap or filter operations). Thus the count is 4 and there is no need to execute the pipeline and, as a side-effect, print out the elements.
      Returns:
      the count of elements in this stream
    • average

      OptionalDouble average()
      Returns an OptionalDouble describing the arithmetic mean of elements of this stream, or an empty optional if this stream is empty. This is a special case of a reduction.

      This is a terminal operation.

      Returns:
      an OptionalDouble containing the average element of this stream, or an empty optional if the stream is empty
    • summaryStatistics

      LongSummaryStatistics summaryStatistics()
      Returns a LongSummaryStatistics describing various summary data about the elements of this stream. This is a special case of a reduction.

      This is a terminal operation.

      Returns:
      a LongSummaryStatistics describing various summary data about the elements of this stream
    • anyMatch

      boolean anyMatch​(LongPredicate predicate)
      Returns whether any elements of this stream match the provided predicate. May not evaluate the predicate on all elements if not necessary for determining the result. If the stream is empty then false is returned and the predicate is not evaluated.

      This is a short-circuiting terminal operation.

      API Note:
      This method evaluates the existential quantification of the predicate over the elements of the stream (for some x P(x)).
      Parameters:
      predicate - a non-interfering, stateless predicate to apply to elements of this stream
      Returns:
      true if any elements of the stream match the provided predicate, otherwise false
    • allMatch

      boolean allMatch​(LongPredicate predicate)
      Returns whether all elements of this stream match the provided predicate. May not evaluate the predicate on all elements if not necessary for determining the result. If the stream is empty then true is returned and the predicate is not evaluated.

      This is a short-circuiting terminal operation.

      API Note:
      This method evaluates the universal quantification of the predicate over the elements of the stream (for all x P(x)). If the stream is empty, the quantification is said to be vacuously satisfied and is always true (regardless of P(x)).
      Parameters:
      predicate - a non-interfering, stateless predicate to apply to elements of this stream
      Returns:
      true if either all elements of the stream match the provided predicate or the stream is empty, otherwise false
    • noneMatch

      boolean noneMatch​(LongPredicate predicate)
      Returns whether no elements of this stream match the provided predicate. May not evaluate the predicate on all elements if not necessary for determining the result. If the stream is empty then true is returned and the predicate is not evaluated.

      This is a short-circuiting terminal operation.

      API Note:
      This method evaluates the universal quantification of the negated predicate over the elements of the stream (for all x ~P(x)). If the stream is empty, the quantification is said to be vacuously satisfied and is always true, regardless of P(x).
      Parameters:
      predicate - a non-interfering, stateless predicate to apply to elements of this stream
      Returns:
      true if either no elements of the stream match the provided predicate or the stream is empty, otherwise false
    • findFirst

      OptionalLong findFirst()
      Returns an OptionalLong describing the first element of this stream, or an empty OptionalLong if the stream is empty. If the stream has no encounter order, then any element may be returned.

      This is a short-circuiting terminal operation.

      Returns:
      an OptionalLong describing the first element of this stream, or an empty OptionalLong if the stream is empty
    • findAny

      OptionalLong findAny()
      Returns an OptionalLong describing some element of the stream, or an empty OptionalLong if the stream is empty.

      This is a short-circuiting terminal operation.

      The behavior of this operation is explicitly nondeterministic; it is free to select any element in the stream. This is to allow for maximal performance in parallel operations; the cost is that multiple invocations on the same source may not return the same result. (If a stable result is desired, use findFirst() instead.)

      Returns:
      an OptionalLong describing some element of this stream, or an empty OptionalLong if the stream is empty
      See Also:
      findFirst()
    • asDoubleStream

      DoubleStream asDoubleStream()
      Returns a DoubleStream consisting of the elements of this stream, converted to double.

      This is an intermediate operation.

      Returns:
      a DoubleStream consisting of the elements of this stream, converted to double
    • boxed

      Stream<Long> boxed()
      Returns a Stream consisting of the elements of this stream, each boxed to a Long.

      This is an intermediate operation.

      Returns:
      a Stream consistent of the elements of this stream, each boxed to Long
    • builder

      static LongStream.Builder builder()
      Returns a builder for a LongStream.
      Returns:
      a stream builder
    • empty

      static LongStream empty()
      Returns an empty sequential LongStream.
      Returns:
      an empty sequential stream
    • of

      static LongStream of​(long t)
      Returns a sequential LongStream containing a single element.
      Parameters:
      t - the single element
      Returns:
      a singleton sequential stream
    • of

      static LongStream of​(long... values)
      Returns a sequential ordered stream whose elements are the specified values.
      Parameters:
      values - the elements of the new stream
      Returns:
      the new stream
    • iterate

      static LongStream iterate​(long seed, LongUnaryOperator f)
      Returns an infinite sequential ordered LongStream produced by iterative application of a function f to an initial element seed, producing a Stream consisting of seed, f(seed), f(f(seed)), etc.

      The first element (position 0) in the LongStream will be the provided seed. For n > 0, the element at position n, will be the result of applying the function f to the element at position n - 1.

      The action of applying f for one element happens-before the action of applying f for subsequent elements. For any given element the action may be performed in whatever thread the library chooses.

      Parameters:
      seed - the initial element
      f - a function to be applied to the previous element to produce a new element
      Returns:
      a new sequential LongStream
    • iterate

      static LongStream iterate​(long seed, LongPredicate hasNext, LongUnaryOperator next)
      Returns a sequential ordered LongStream produced by iterative application of the given next function to an initial element, conditioned on satisfying the given hasNext predicate. The stream terminates as soon as the hasNext predicate returns false.

      LongStream.iterate should produce the same sequence of elements as produced by the corresponding for-loop:

      
           for (long index=seed; hasNext.test(index); index = next.applyAsLong(index)) {
               ...
           }
       

      The resulting sequence may be empty if the hasNext predicate does not hold on the seed value. Otherwise the first element will be the supplied seed value, the next element (if present) will be the result of applying the next function to the seed value, and so on iteratively until the hasNext predicate indicates that the stream should terminate.

      The action of applying the hasNext predicate to an element happens-before the action of applying the next function to that element. The action of applying the next function for one element happens-before the action of applying the hasNext predicate for subsequent elements. For any given element an action may be performed in whatever thread the library chooses.

      Parameters:
      seed - the initial element
      hasNext - a predicate to apply to elements to determine when the stream must terminate.
      next - a function to be applied to the previous element to produce a new element
      Returns:
      a new sequential LongStream
      Since:
      9
    • generate

      static LongStream generate​(LongSupplier s)
      Returns an infinite sequential unordered stream where each element is generated by the provided LongSupplier. This is suitable for generating constant streams, streams of random elements, etc.
      Parameters:
      s - the LongSupplier for generated elements
      Returns:
      a new infinite sequential unordered LongStream
    • range

      static LongStream range​(long startInclusive, long endExclusive)
      Returns a sequential ordered LongStream from startInclusive (inclusive) to endExclusive (exclusive) by an incremental step of 1.
      API Note:

      An equivalent sequence of increasing values can be produced sequentially using a for loop as follows:

      
           for (long i = startInclusive; i < endExclusive ; i++) { ... }
       

      Parameters:
      startInclusive - the (inclusive) initial value
      endExclusive - the exclusive upper bound
      Returns:
      a sequential LongStream for the range of long elements
    • rangeClosed

      static LongStream rangeClosed​(long startInclusive, long endInclusive)
      Returns a sequential ordered LongStream from startInclusive (inclusive) to endInclusive (inclusive) by an incremental step of 1.
      API Note:

      An equivalent sequence of increasing values can be produced sequentially using a for loop as follows:

      
           for (long i = startInclusive; i <= endInclusive ; i++) { ... }
       

      Parameters:
      startInclusive - the (inclusive) initial value
      endInclusive - the inclusive upper bound
      Returns:
      a sequential LongStream for the range of long elements
    • concat

      static LongStream concat​(LongStream a, LongStream b)
      Creates a lazily concatenated stream whose elements are all the elements of the first stream followed by all the elements of the second stream. The resulting stream is ordered if both of the input streams are ordered, and parallel if either of the input streams is parallel. When the resulting stream is closed, the close handlers for both input streams are invoked.

      This method operates on the two input streams and binds each stream to its source. As a result subsequent modifications to an input stream source may not be reflected in the concatenated stream result.

      API Note:
      To preserve optimization opportunities this method binds each stream to its source and accepts only two streams as parameters. For example, the exact size of the concatenated stream source can be computed if the exact size of each input stream source is known. To concatenate more streams without binding, or without nested calls to this method, try creating a stream of streams and flat-mapping with the identity function, for example:
      
           LongStream concat = Stream.of(s1, s2, s3, s4).flatMapToLong(s -> s);
       
      Implementation Note:
      Use caution when constructing streams from repeated concatenation. Accessing an element of a deeply concatenated stream can result in deep call chains, or even StackOverflowError.
      Parameters:
      a - the first stream
      b - the second stream
      Returns:
      the concatenation of the two input streams